Monday, January 21, 2008

The American Forts Of Old P. 3

When you read the first two pages you got a lot of insight on the construction and the repairing of these forts, we found there was not always a lot of money to keep the work going and when there was funds it was slow coming. The work would come to a stop, some times because of sickness and storms, but in the end, these hardy men got the job done. Page two left off in the year of 1836, page three will take up again in 1836,and will end in 1838, But this will not be the end, I will be adding links to some maps to a few forts these should be of real interest to those of you who are researching forts. I will also be adding a list of all the fort names I can find, this too should be of a real interest to you fort researchers.

Important Note. On opening any of these address you will find a enlarging box in the lower right hand corner of the page just move your arrow around the box will come up then just push on it.

Fort Adams, Narraganset Roads, Rhode Island.

In a report of 1837, it states, Most of the excavation and embankments, both rock and earth, and a grate portion of the masonry, have been completed, and progress has been made in flooring, partitioning, and plastering the casements along the face of the northeast bastion. There yet remain to be finished portions of the glacis and of the earthen parapets, a small part of the scarps of the north and the west fronts, the remainder of the parade wall, al the breast height-walls, part of the permanent wharf above the water, the interior of the quarters and store-rooms, the gun platforms, and a considerable portion of the redoubt.

Note. The meaning of:

Redoubt, A temporary fortification built to defend a position such as a hilltop.

Glacis, a slope in front of a fortification designed to make it easier to fire on attacking forces.

Parapets, a bank of earth, rubble, or sandbags piled up along the edge of a military trench for protection from enemy fire.

Scarp, a steep slope, for example, the inner wall of a ditch, in front of a fortification.

Fort Calhoun, Hampton Roads, Virginia.

In a report in 1837, it stated, In Accordance with previous instructions, the remainder of the stone was this year nearly removed from the foundation of the work, preparation to commencing the masonry. A board of engineers appointed in September to inspect it, recommended however, in the strongest terms, on account of the continued subsidence, the reloading of the foundations, accordingly, with the sanction of the proper department, instructions to the effect were immediately issued, and the reloading is now in progress.

Castle William, New York.

In a report of 1837, it states, The sea has lately made encroachments upon the base of Castle William, which should be protected at an early day by a substantial sea wall. The old sea wall around the Island requires repairing; five thousand dollars would put it in a state of tolerable security. Stone for traverse circles, and Iron plates for the same, are yet wanted; and two wharves on Buttermilk channel require repair.

Fort Caswell, Oak Island, North Carolina.

The report of 1837, states, Since September 30, last 1,360 cubic yards masonry have been constructed, and 13,038 cubic yards of earth removed; the sheet piling has been driven around the foundations of two colonizers, and a considerable portion of the lead-roofing has been laid. The masonry constructed comprises the greater part of the counter forts and relieving arches intended to strengthen the scarp walls, the breast-height walls of the covered way of the gorge, and of face No.4, and he permanent tide lock. The effect of a storm in August last has been such as to prove conclusively the necessity of protecting the site of this fort from the sea abrasion, which has been progressing for several years.

In a report of January 8, 1838, it states, The site of Fort Caswell, Oak Island, North Carolina, is now exposed to destruction from the storm-waves and tides that are abrading the beach. The effects of a late gale were so perceptible as to cause considerable apprehension, unless timely measures were taken for its preservation.

Fort Coffee Arkansas River.

This information is way to long to put here however these address will take you to the information there will be three maps that goes with the information. The information talks of the land and more, this information is two pages long.

Fort Coffee.







Fort Delaware, Delaware River.

In a report of 1837, it was stated, No exertion were spared to hasten this work the past year, so far as could advantageously be done. It was continued till suspended by the ice in December. Little however, was accomplished in consequence of the late appropriations; of the unusually high price of labor and materials of all kinds.
Driving piles for foundations, in consequence of the nature of the soil, these piles are of the grate length forty-five feet. A grate improvement has this season been introduced in the method of driving them, by the substitution of steam power for that of horses; more then fifteen piles per day, on an average, are driven with one pile-engine, which, when worked drove only three per day; it is found too, that from the continuous tremulous motion imparted by the engine, the pile can drive, not only with grater rapidity, but to a grater depth, without injury. The number of piles driven during the season, up to September 30, is 5,353, the work of about five months, commencing with one engine and never working more then three. The grate importance of this change becomes evident when it is considered that at the commencement of the season there were twelve thousand piles to drive. There are now driven the foundations for two fronts and the others are rapidly progressing.

Fort on Foster’s Bank, Florida.

The report of 1837, states, It was to have been completed in the month of October. Its site is now considered secure from any inroads of the sea, having been exposed in August last to a very server gale, from which it sustained no injury. Several parts of the work, subject to the pressure of the arches, have been increased in their dimensions, and the terreplein covered with a terrace of masonry nine inches thick. Twelve rooms have been fitted up in the casemates for officers quarters, and six large ones for the soldiers.

Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, New York.

In a report of 1837, it states, About one hundred and thirty mechanics and laborers have been employed during the past season at this work; eight thousand one hundred and seventy-two cubic yards of masonry have been laid, comprising the foundation of the scarp walk along two whole fronts, and part of two others; the superstructure of the same in part completed along two fronts, and twenty of the piles of the casemates on the channel fronts nearly completed. The embrasures of on the channel fronts are finished.

Fort King, Florida.

In a report of 1836, it was said, A detachment of regulars and volunteers has just arrived at Fort King from Fort Brooke, and will remain till further orders. Brigadier General Clinch or the command officer will immediately hire or employ any suitable boats which are found at or near Payne’s landing, to be sent down with a sufficient detachment to receive at Picolata, or if met, from a steamer which will be dispatched to the mouth of the Ocklawaha, the subsistence which will be wanted at Fort King.

Fort Livingston, Grande Terre, Louisiana.

The report of 1837, states, Operations have been suspended at this work during the last year for want of an officer to superintend it. A keeper and one man are employed to take care of the public property and make sundry small improvements near the site of the work.

Fort McHenry, Baltimore harbor, Maryland.

In a report of 1837, states, The parapet of the fort has been strengthened by a brick revetment wall, the scarp wall has been thoroughly repaired, the quarters new floored, painted and roofed, an additional battery nearly completed, one thousand three hundred feet of the sea wall built, and fifteen acres of land purchased.

Note. Meaning of:

Parapet, A bank of earth, rubble, or sandbags piled up along the edge of a military trench for protection from enemy fire.

Fort Mifflin, Delaware River, Pennsylvania.

In a report of 1837, it was stated, The present year a gun-shed has been erected, the terreplein of the fort has been graduated and graveled, pavements have been made about the quarters, some necessary outbuildings erected, and all the wood work of the building painted; a mess-house and mess-room are now fitting up, and on their completion, the fort will be ready to receive a garrison

Note. Meaning of:
Terreplein, a raised embankment or platform behind a parapet where heavy guns are positioned.

Fortifications in Charleston harbor, Fort Moultrie.

In the report of 1837, it states, The department having no officer at its disposal for the superintendence of these works, they have been suspended, with the exception of the labor for the preservation of the site of Fort Moultrie.

Fort Pulaski, Cockspur Island Georgia.

The report of 1837, states, The Operation at this fort, after preparations were completed in October 1836, consisted principally in laying masonry of the rampart, embanking the parade, preservation of the Island on the north and northeast shore by a breakwater and catch-sand, and constructing the permanent dikes of the Island; The masonry have been laid in completing all the embrasures and piers, masonry have been laid in completing all the embrasures and piers north and northeast fronts; completion generally of piers and embrasures, walls &c., of the gorge, to the level of the bottom of casement floors, construction of the breakwater and permanent dikes.

Fort Schuyler, Throg’s Neck, East river, New York.

In a report of 1837, it states, By the purchase of a second steam boat and other auxiliaries, operation have been greatly facilitated at this work, and are now making very satisfactory progress. The sea wall has been finished, with the exception of a small part of the coping, the foundations of a considerable portion of the scarp and counter scarp walls and piles of casements laid, and the superstructure commenced. The grater part of the embankment of the glacis and part of the rampart of the cover face have been formed.

Fort Smith, Arkansas.

In a report of 1838, it was stated, Fort Smith is situated on the south side of the Arkansas river, and is immediately below the mouth of the Poteru. The river at this point runs north ten degrees east for several miles. The ground which is best calculated for a military site is about fifty or sixty feet above the low-water mark. There is from this point a handsome view of the river, and the site, in a military point of view, is naturally good. The highland around Fort Smith, as well as the river bottom, contains pools of standing water. The best timber, for miles around the place, has been cut. Stone can be procured in the river by blasting.

Note. Here is a map showing Fort Smith.

Fort Warren, Boston harbor, Massachusetts.

The report of 1837, states, Operations were resumed at this work the first of April. The average force employed has been two hundred and forty mechanics and laborers. Up to September 20, there had been laid nine thousand four hundred and seventy-eight cubic yards of stone work, in pies and scarp walls; and two thousand seven hundred and fifty-five cubic yards of brick-work, containing 1,781,000bricks; eight hundred and fifty running feet of scarp wall have been carried up sixteen feet above the ditch it along the two channel fronts, and part of another; the piers and arches of nineteen casemates are completed, twelve of which are thirty feet span, and seven smaller. The piers of the other casemates are so far advanced that all the arches for the two channel fronts may be completed the next year.

Note. This is the end of the construction and repairing reports but not the end of the information. Below you will find Fort maps and a list of fort names.


Important note. You will find on opening these address’s that the map or information may be small and hard to read not to worry there is a enlarging box in the lower right hand corner of the page just move your arrow around it will come up, then push on it.


1. Fort Clark, 1824, (fig. 3. )
2. Forts, St. Stephens, Mimms and fort Stoddart, 1817.
3. Forts Norfolk, Borough and Nelson, 1808.
4. Forts Gibson and Smith, 1838.
5. District of Fort Wayne 1831.
6. Fort Gibson, a new view 1838.
7. Fort Moultrie 1835.
8. Fort Smith new view 1838.
9. Fort Blanc 1836.
10. Fort Dearborn 1836.
11. Fort Vancouver, Illustration 1855-60.
12. Fort Old Walla Walla Illustration 1855-60.

Over the years of my researching I have been ask or heard some one ask has any one heard of fort so and so, I know there were a lot of forts out there and I know I may miss some. I will list the forts within a time frame as best as I can. There will be some kind of information on all these forts, some forts will have a lot of information while others may only have a line or two.

Fort listings.


1. Hamilton 2. St. Ctair, 3. Washington 4. Franklin 5. Pitt 6. Fidus 7. Fort Recovery 8. Massac 9. Granger 10. London 11. Crag 12. Knox 13. Wilkinson 14. Adams 15. Confederation 16. Industy 17. Mandan 18. Claiborne 19. Miro 20. Clark 21. Hawkins 22. St. Stephens 23. Osage 24. Madison 25. Wayne 26. Jackson 27. Decatur 28. Williams.


1. Harrison 2. Mitchell.


1. Adams, Brenton’s Point, Newport, Rhode Island 2. Hamilton, New Utecht Point, New York 3. Delaware, Delaware river 4. Monroe, Old Point Comfort, Virginia 5. Calhoum, Rip Rap Shoals 6. Macon, Bogue Point, North Carolina 7. Jackson, Plaquemine Bend, Louisiana 8. St. Philip, Louisiana 9. Jackson, Savannah Georgia 10. Griswold, Connecticut 11. Lafayette, Narrows, New York 12. McHenry 13. Miffllin 14. Macon 15. Moultrie 16. Pinckney 17. Snelling 18. Washington, Maryland 19. Trumbull 20. Winnebago, Michigan.


1. Adams 2. Crawford 3. Gibson 4. Hamilton 5. Independence, Massachusetts 6. Marion, Florida 7. Mifflin, Delaware 8. McHenry, Missouri 9. Sandusky 10. Schuyler 11. Smith 12. St. Marks, St. Augustine 13. Sumter 14. Columbus 15. Fort, Castle William 16. Monroe 17. Calhoun 18. Macon 19. Wood 20. Tompkins, New York 21. Hale, Connecticut 23. Wooster, Connecticut 24. Trumbull, Connecticut 25. Griswold, Connecticut 26. Fort, Preble Point, Maine 27. Naugus Head, Massachusetts 28. Fort, Seawell Massachusetts Fort Warren, George Island.


1. Adams, Narraganset roads, Rhode Island 2. Calhoun, Virginia 3. Caswell, North Carolina 4. Columbus 5. Fort, Castle William 6. Delaware, Delaware river 7. Gibson 8. Independence, Boston harbor 9. Jackson, Louisiana 10. Livingston, Grande Terre, Louisiana 11. Marion St. Augustine, Florida 12. McHenry 13. Mifflin, Delaware river 13. Monroe, Mobile Point, Alabama 14. Pickens, Pensacola, Florida 15. Pulaski, Georgia 16. Schuyler, East river, New York 17. Warren, Boston harbor, Massachusetts.


1. Niagara, New York 2. Ontario, Oswego New York 3. Preble, Portland harbor, Maine 4. Scammel, Portland harbor, Maine 5. McClary, Portsmouth harbor, New Hampshire 6. Warren, Boston harbor, Massachusetts 7. Adams 8. Trumbull 9. Schuyler 10. Hamilton 11. Wood 12. Madison 13. Washington 14. Monroe 15. Caswell, Mouth of Cape Fear river, North Carolina 16. Moultrie, Charleston harbor, South Carolina 17. Sumter, Charleston harbor, South Carolina, 18. Pulaski, Savannah river Georgia 19. Pickens, Pensacola harbor Florida 20. Barrancas, Pensacola harbor Florida 21. Pike, Louisiana 22. Wood, Louisiana 23. Jackson, Mississippi river Louisiana 24. St. Philip, Mississippi river Louisiana 25. Livingston 26. McRee, Pensacola Florida 27. Richmond, Staten Island.


1. Carroll, Baltimore harbor, Maryland 2. Clinch, Cumberland Sound, Florida 3. Gaines, Dauphin Island, Alabama 4. Taylor, Key West, Florida 5. Jefferson, Tortogas, Florida 6. Point, San Francisco bay 7. Madison, Annapolis harbor, Maryland 8. Macomb, Chef Menteur pass, Louisiana.


1. Alcatraz 2. Fort, Castle Pinkney, Charleston harbor 3. Montgomery, Lake Champlain 4. Winthrop, Governor’s Island 5. Laramie 6. Ridgeley, Minnesota Territory.


1. Abercrombie 2. Atkinson 3. Benton 4. Crawford 5. Davis, Texas 6. Gratiot 7. Howard 8. Constitution 9. McClary 10. Preble 11. Wool 12. Union, New Mexico.


1. Georges 2. Hale 3. Popham, Kennebee river Maine 4. Porter 5. Preble, Portland harbor Maine 6. Wayne 7. Pillow.


1. George or Georges, Hog Island Ledg, Portland Maine. 2. Riley, Kansas.


1. Covington, Patapsco river, Maryland 2. Leavenworth, Kansas.


1. Berthold, Dakota Territory 2. Dakota, Dakota Territory 3. Totten, Dakota Territory 4. Moultrie, Charleston harbor.


1. Collins, Colorado Territory 2. D. A. Russell, Wyoming Territory 3. Gratiot 4. Foote, Portland Maine 5. Wood, Bedloe’s Island New York 6. Scammell, Portland Maine.


1. Brandy, Michigan 2. Brown, Texas 3. Duncan, Texas 4. Houston, Tennessee 5. Kearney, Fremont county, Iowa 6. Lyon, Arkansas 7. McIntosh 8. Randall, Dakota 9. Reynolds, Colorado Territory 10. Sanders, Wyoming Territory 11. Steilacoom, Pierce county, Washington 12. Whipple, Arizona Territory 13. Yuma, Arizona Territory 14. Norfolk, Virginia, Norfolk harbor.

Important Note. Here is a listing of all the Civil War forts I could fine. I put up these list for those of you who are looking for forts of the Civil War era there will be information on all the fort, but keep in mind the information is not so much on the fort as it is about the coming and goings of the men, and the battles around the fort and more. If you have any questions on any of this information on this page fill free to ask at:

Fort of the Civil War.


Abatis, Abercrombie, Ably, Adams, Albany, Alctraz Island, Alexander Hays, Allen, Arbuckle, Argyle, Arkuckle.


Baker, Barnard, Barrancas, Bartow, Bascom, Bayard, Bennett, Benning’s bridge, Benton, Berry, Bison, Bishop, Blaidell, Blanchard, Bleker, Blenker, Bliss, Boise, Boone, Bowie, Bunker Hill, Burnside, Bragg, Branch, Breckinridge, Bridger, Bross, Brown


C. F. Smith, Canby, Carland, Carroll, Cascades, Cass, Castle fort, Castle Pinckney, Caswell, Castwell, Chadborne, Chaplin, Churchill, Clark, Cobb, Columbus, Colville, Constitution, Corcoran, Cottonwood, Craig, Crawford, Crook, Crittenden, Cummings,


Dalles, Davidson, Davis, Duncan, Dushane, De Kalb, De Russy, Delaware, Derussy, Dobritton’s Lane, Dodge, Donelson, Dupont,


Ellsworth, Ethan, Ethan Allen,


Farnsworth, Fauntleroy, Fillmore, Fisher, Foote, Forrest, Fort Camp Watson, Fort Saint Clair Morton, Fort Southworth, Fort Schwatz’s house. Fort Scott, Fort Ship Island, Foster, Franklin, Frankfort, Friend,


Gaines, Garland, Garscne, Gaston, Gibson, Gorges, Good hope, Goodwin, Grant, Greble, Gregg, Griswold, Groble,


Hall, Halleck, Haggerty, Hamilton, Hardin, Haskell, Hatteras, Haward, Hays, Heckman, Heiman, Hiskins, Hither or Hell, Horton, Holmes, Hosins , Hoskins, Huger, Humboldt, Hutchinson,


Independence, Inge


Jefferson, Jackson, Jones, Johnson


Karnasch, Kearny, Keene, Kelly, Kittery, Klamath, Know, Knox


Laramie, Larned, Lafayette, Lapwai, Lancaster, Lexington, Lincoln, Livingston, Loudon, Lyon


Madison, Magruder, Mahan, Mansfield, Marion, Marcy, Mason, Massachusetts, May, Meigs, Meikel, Mifflin, Mitchel, Mojave, Monror, Morton, McAllister, McClarn, McClellan, McCulloch, McGilvery, McHenry, McKee, McLean, McMahon, McMahonorable, McPherson, McRae, McRee


Niagara, Nelson, Nelsonun


O’Roke, Ontario


Parker, Patrick Kelly, Pennsylvania, Philpot, Pickens, Picktt, Pieble, Pike, Pillow, Point, Popham, Porter, Powell, Pulaski, Preble




Randall, Ramsay, Reno, ReNumbers, Reynolds, Rice, Richardson, Richmond, Ricketts, Robinson, Rodman, Rowan, Runyon


Saint Philip, Saragot, Saratoga, Scammel, Schuyler, Scott, Sedgwick, Sherman, Siebert, Simmons, Selmmer, Slocum, Smead, Smith, Snyder, Stanton, Stedman, Steilacoom, Stevens, Stockton, Strong, Summer, Sumter, Supner


Taylor, Tejon, Ter-Waw, Thayer, Thompson, Thorn, Tillinghast, Tompkins, Totten, Townsend, Towson, Trumbull, Turfed


Union, Umpqua, Urmsion, Unless


Wadsworth, Wagner, Walla Walla, Walla Washington, Ward Warren , Washington, Washita, Wayen, Weed Welch, Whipple, Whith, Whittesey, Williams, Willard, Wingate, Winthrop, Wise, Wolcott, Woodbury, Wood, Woods, Worth, Wright,


Yamhill, Yuma