Saturday, May 15, 2010

Pennsylvania Navy The Armed Boat Argus,1777.

I never knew that Pennsylvania had a navy, so when I came across this information I couldn’t pass it up. Pennsylvania had 47, ships in their navy, and the Argus was one. On this page you will find the Argus muster roll. At the end of this muster you will find a listing of all 47, ships. There are muster rolls of all these ships, so if you didn’t find your ancestor or a name of interest on this roll, maybe they can be found on one of the other 46, rolls. If you would like a copy of a muster roll, or just a look up, just drop me a line. My address can be found in my profile.

Muster Roll of the Armed Boat Argus, commanded by Nathaniel Gait, Esq., from April 1, 1777, to May following.

Captain. Nathaniel Gait, April 1, 1777.
Gunner. Peter Fox, April 19, 1777.


John Sivet, April 23, 1777.
Wm. Maxwell, April 25, 1777.
Isaac Hufty, April 28, 1777.

May 1, 1777, to June 1.

Captain. Nathaniel Gait, May 1, 1777.
Gunner. Peter Fox, May 1, 1777.


John Sivet, May 1, 1777.
Wm. Maxwell, May 1, 1777.
Nathan Tarry, May 1, 1777.
Nehemiah Allen, May 1, 1777.
Richard Johnson, May 5, 1777; ran away.
Joseph Fox, May 14, 1777.
Barney McMahan, May 23, 1777.
Ralph Granburg, May 24, 1777.
Aughto Corelason, May 24, 1777.

June 1, 1777, to July 1.

Captain. Nath'l Gait, June 1, 1777.
Gunner. Peter Fox, June 1, 1777; sick.


John Sivet, June 1, 1777.
Wm. Maxwell, June 1, 1777.
Nathan Tarry, June 1, 1777.
Nehemiah Allen, June 1, 1777.
Joseph Fox, June 1, 1777.
Barney McMahan, June 1, 1777.
Ralph Granburg, June 1, 1777.
Aughto, Corelason, June 1, 1777.
Michael McCowley, June 10, 1777.

July 1, 1777, to August 1.

Captain. Nath'l Gait, July 1, 1777.
Gunner. Peter Fox, July 1, 1777; sick.


John Sivet, July 1, 1777.
Wm. Maxwell, July 1, 1777.
Nathan Tarry, July 1, 1777.
Nehemiah Allen, July 1, 1777.
Joseph Fox, July 1, 1777.
Barney McMahan, July 1, 1777.
Ralph Granburg, July 1, 1777.
Aughto Corelason, July 1, 1777.
Michael McCowley, July 1, 1777.
John Stolecup, July 7, 1777.
John Narden, July 26, 1777.

August 1, 1777, to September 1.

Captain. Nath'l Gait, August 1, 1777; absent at muster.
Gunner. Peter Fox, August 1, 1777; sick in town August 17; returned August 24


John Sivet, August 1, 1777; discharged September 1, by order
of Com. Hazlewood.
Wm. Maxwell, August 1, 1777.
INathan Tarry, August 1, 1777.
Nenemiah Allen, August 1, 1777; sick August 2 to August 20.
Joseph Fox, August 1, 1777.
Barney McMahan, August 1, 1777.
Ralph Granburg, August 1, 1777.
Aughto Corelason, August 1, 1777.
Michael McCowley, August 1, 1777.
John Stolcup, August 1, 1777; hospital August 29.
John Narden, August 1, 1777; absent on leave at muster.

September 1, 1777, to October 1.

Captain. Nath'l Gait, September 1. 1777.
Gunner. Peter Fox, September 1, 1777; ran away.


Wm. Maxwell, September 1, 1777; sick in town September 6.
Nathan Tarry, September 1, 1777; ran away.
Nehemiah Allen, September 1, 1777; sick August 2 to the 30th.
Joseph Fox, September 1, 1777; ran away.
Barny McMahan, September 1, 1777; sick in town.
Ralph Granburg, September 1, 1777; sick in town.
Aughto Corelason, September 1, 1777.
Michael McCowley, September 1, 1777; sick in town.
John Stolcup, September 1, 1777; sick in hospital August 29; returned September 6; ran away.
John Narden, September 1, 1777; sick in town.

October 1, 1777, to November 1.

Captain. Nathaniel Gait, October 1, 1777.

November 1, 1777, to December 1.

Captain. Nathaniel Gait, November 1, 1777.


Wm. Maxwell, September 1; sick at Philadelphia; returned December.

December 1, 1777, to January 1, 1778.

Captain. Nath'l Gait, December 1, 1777.


Wm. Maxwell, December 1. 1777; discharged December 3 by order of Navy Board.

January 1, 1778, to February 1.

Captain. Nathaniel Gait, January 1, 1778; taken prisoner.
Gunner. John Robinet, January 1, 1778.

Pennsylvania Navy, Muster Rolls of the;

Arnold Battery.
Black Duck.
Bull Dog.
Etna .
i' irebrand.
Hazlewood's, Commodore, Barge.
Victualling Schooner Lydia.

Friday, May 14, 2010

Pennsylvania Regiments 1776-?

Here are some bites and pieces of the Pennsylvania regiments, there is no order to this information I put it down as I found it, there may be some add information on some of these men, if you see a name of interest you can request a look up. My address can be found in my profile.

10th. Pennsylvania.

1. Sergeant. Welsh, Michael, of Caernarvon township, Lancaster county, Capt. x Stout's company; shot in left knee, at Princeton, January 8, 1777.

3rd. Pennsylvania Battalion.

1. Scott, William, drummer, shot through both shoulders November 16, 1776.

12th. Pennsylvania.

1. First Lieutenant, McElhatton, William, October 16,1776; wounded at Boramtown by ball and buck shot in shoulder; lost the use of his arm, &c.; promoted captain lieutenant, and transferred to Sixth Penn'a, July 1,1778.

7th. Pennsylvania regiment.

1. Captain, Montgomery, Samuel, of the Seventh, March 20,1777; shot through the foot July 6, 1781, and returned home ; transferred to Third Penn'a, January 1, 1783.

12th. Pennsylvania.

1. McKeever, Angus, from Twelfth Penn.; Capt. James Chrystie's company ; discharged July 28, 1783 ; lost thumb and forefinger by musket ball, and wounded in the thigh with grape shot; resided in Martinsburg, Virginia, 1827.

1st. Pennsylvania.

1. Private, Smith, James, shot through the head at Germnntown, and wounded in the knee with a bayonet; living in Philadelphia in 1788, a Pennsylvania pensioner.

2. Private, Filsin, George, Captain William Wilson's company ; shot through the left leg at Trenton, January 2, 1777 ; transferred from general hospital at Bethlehem to Litiz, 20th December, 1777; from Litiz to Yellow Spring hospital; latter hospital broken up in 1781; resided in Chester county in 1785.

5th. Pennsylvania.

Private, Owen, Thomas, January 1,1777—1781; shot through the right thigh at Brandywine; resided in Chester county, 1786.

Battalion of Riflemen.

1. Private, Kelley, John. " September 14,1775, John Kelly, one of Capt. Cluggages' men, shot one of Capt. Chambers' men through the head, for stabbing him."

9th. Pennsylvania.

1, Second Lieutenant, Witman, William, February, 1777; shot through the body with a musket ball at Germantown; taken, and paroled; left out in arrangement of 1778; resided in Berks county in 1789 : died October 12,1808.

13th. Pennsylvania.

1. Sergeant, Pealing, Joshua, Marshall's company; wounded by a grape shot through the hand at Brandywine.

German regiment.

1. Private, Rybaker, John, August 17,1776; shot through the hand and shoulder at Germantown.

General Court-Martial.

Neal McGonnagel, a Soldier of the 7th P. Rigt., Try'd, first, for threatening Capt. Scott's Life; 2nd, Drawing his Bayonet & Stabbing him repeatedly while In the Execution of his Office. Found guilty of the Charges Exhibitted against him, being Breach of Sextion 2nd, article 5th, of the articles of War, & Sentenced, by a Majority of more than two thirds , to be shot to Death. His Excellency, the Commander in Chief, approves the Sentence.


At a Brigade G. Court Martial held in Gen' Clinton's Brigade Octob' 20th , '78, John Yeomans, a soldier in Colonel DeBaw's Regt., was tried for desertion & robbery. The Charge of robbery was not supported, But found Guilty of Desertion, and sentenced to be shot to Death at the head of the Brigade. The Commander in Chief approves of the sentence, But is pleased to pardon Yeomens, on account of the recent Instances of many Criminals having been executed for Breaches of Military Duty, which he hopes will not Deter him, But every other soldier in the army from violating his solemn obligation faithfully to serve the United States.


Alexander Grier alias Smith, a Soldier in Col. Megg's Reg', Tryed for Desertion, Unanimously found Guilty, and sentenced to be shot to death.

Pennsylvania Artillery.

Private, Tweedy, Thomas, May 11,1777 ; shot through the right leg, at Newtown, August 29, 1779, and through the left leg, at the Block House, July 21, 1780; resided in Chester county, in 1785.

12th., Pennsylvania.

1. Private, Lemmons, John, from Tuscarora valley, Harris' company, February 2,1777; wounded in head and left leg at Monmouth; transferred to Third Penn.

2nd. Pennsylvania.

1. Private, Holder, Jacob, wounded at Brandywine; resided in Berks county 1820, age 75.

Regiments unknown.

1. Warner, Philip, wounded at Fort Washington ; transferred to the Invalid Corps; discharged therefrom April lo, 1779; Pennsylvania pensioner, 1786.

2. Heinier, John, enlisted April 7,1776; wounded by a musket ball in the leg, and taken November 16,1776; reenlisted in the German regiment; discharged at Trenton in 1781; living in Philadelphia in 1826.

3. Kuntz, Francis, wounded and leg amputated; resided in Lancaster county in 1786.

4. Thompson, John, wounded and taken November 16,1776- transferred to the Invalid Corps.

12th.. Pennsylvania.

1. Private, Bentley, Henry, wounded at Metuchin, New Jersey; transferred to Third Penn.

2. Private, Campbell, John, from Pike's battalion, New Jersey; wounded at Piscataway, and discharged; resided in Shamokin township, Northumberland county, 1819.

3. Private, Gallant, James, wounded, and lost his right arm, at Germantown:
transferred to Invalid corps.

4.Private, Hiland, Nathaniel, wounded in service; resided in Indiana county.

5. Private, Lemmons, John, from Tuscarora valley, Harris' company, February 2,1777; wounded in head and left leg at Monmouth; transferred to Third Penn.

6. Private, McClughan, Samuel, drafted into Morgan's rifle command; wounded at Saratoga; resided in Buffalo Valley, 1786.

7. Private, McCowan, Archibald, wounded, and lost his hand, May 10, 1777.

8. Private, Martin, George, drafted into Morgan's rifle command; wounded in left side at Saratoga, October, 1777; resided in Buffalo valley, Northumberland county, in 1786; died March 10, 1816.

9. Private, Polston, Robert, 1776; wounded at Germantown; transferred to Third Penn.

13th. Pennsylvania.

1. Adjutant. Ruth, Francis, wounded in the shoulder by a dragoon ; retired on account of ill health, in 1778 ; resided in Chester county, 1806.

2. Sergeant. Pealing, Joshua, Marshall's company; wounded by a grape shot through the hand at Brandywine.

3. Private, Paul, Frederick, wounded with ball in the left side at Brandywine; lived in Philadelphia, 1835.

4. Private, Watson, William, wounded in the right knee joint at Germantown; resided in Lancaster county, 1788.

5. Private, Weyland, Michael, wounded, and discharged; died in Milton, Pennsylvania.


1. Blakely, George, Capt. Hopes' company; wounded at Paoli; three stabs in his body; captured ; when exchanged, transferred to Capt. John McDowell's company, Seventh Penn.

2. Private, Graham, Philip, enlisted from Flying Warcp; wounded at Brandywine.

3. Private, Hought, (or Houts,) Jacob, wounded at Germantown, in the knee, and transferred to Seventh Penn.

4. Private, McDowell, John, Bush's company, enlisted in 1777; wounded by a ball through his body, in Sullivan's expedition, August 3,1779, and furloughed indefinitely.


1. Private, Cook, Jacob, January 23, 1777; wounded at Brandywine, in the right leg.

2. Private, Cox, Thomas, Buck's company; wounded in the thigh, at Germantown.

3. Private, Stwart, John, wounded in the left arm, at Brandywine, September 11, 1777 ; transferred to Invalid corps.


A resolution of Congress, dated January 30, 1776, directs that Capt. Nelson's company of riflemen, now raised, consisting of one captain, three lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, and seventy privates, be enlisted for the service in Canada, on the same terms as the other troops ordered for that service. It was ordered to New York March 13,1776. It was, by Gen. Arnold's orders, attached to Col. do Haas' battalion in Canada, and after de Haas battalion left Ticonderoga, November 17,1776, it was attached to the Fourth battalion, Col. Wayne's, and on the 24th of March, 1777, was attached to Col. Francis Johnston's Fifth Pennsylvania.

1. Private, Bird, Thomas, enlisted February 28,1776 ; deserted May 2,1776.
2. Private, Brooks, Robert, enlisted February 7, 1776; deserted May 2,1776.
3. Private, Bradley, Edward, enlisted March 1,1776; sick in hospital.
4. Private, Campbell, Barnet, enlisted February 10, 1776; sick in hospital.
5. Private, Collins, Joseph, enlisted February 15, 1776; deserted March 15, 1776.
6. Private, Tollman, Isaac, enlisted February 9, 1776; deserted April 1, 1776.
7. Private, Clipper, Valentine, enlisted February 21, 1776; deserted May 2 1776.
8. Private, Easter, Nicholas, enlisted March 8,1776; deserted March 18,1776.
9. Private, Eastley, Charles, enlisted February 7,1776; deserted April 14,1776.
10. Private, Fisher, Samuel, enlisted February 10,1776; deserted March 27,1776.
11. Love, William, enlisted February 23,1776; deserted March 12,1776.
12. Private, McCullock, David, enlisted February 9,1776; killed at Fort Ann, May 29,1776.
13. Private, Mitchell, John, enlisted February 14,1776; deserted April 14,1776.
14. Private, Mullady, Robert, enlisted February 7, 1776; deserted April 2,1776.
15. Private, Rerick, George, enlisted February 14,1776; deserted March 14,1776.
16. Private, Stuckey, Michael,enlisted February 19,1776; deserted May 2,1776.
17. Private, Tingle, George, enlisted March 9,1776; deserted April 22,1776.
18. Private, Wallace, James, enlisted February 12, 1776; acting as butcher at Mt. Independence.


1. Private, Chambers, John, December 7,1776; killed in action.

2. Private, Davis, Thomas, February 6,1777; killed at Yorktown by bursting of shell, October 17,1781.

3. Private, Faghead, [Flayhead,] Thomas, January 16,1777 ; killed October 14, 1781.

4. Private, Sellers, Francis, December 12.1776; killed in Virginia, under Lafavette, October 14, 1781.

5. Thompson, Isaiah, December 16, 1776; killed October 14,1781.

6. Private, White, Isaac, December 18, 1776; promoted corporal; killed in Virginia, under Lafayette, October 14,1781.


1. Sergeant, Chambers, William, killed in action.
2. Sergeant, Rousden, John, killed in action.
3. Corporal, Wall, Anthony, killed in action.
4. Private, Cornwall, William, killed in action.
5. Private, Duke, George, killed in action.
6. Private, Elliot, John, killed in action.
7. Private, Finnemore, Joseph, killed.
8. Private, Flin, James, killed in action.
9. Private, Morris, Christopher, killed in action.
10. Private, Shauman, John, killed in action.


1. Private, Flowers, Philip, killed October 4, 1777.


1. Sergeant, Wilson, James, killed in action.
2. Sergeant, Teas, Alexander, killed in action.
3. Private, Carman, William, killed in action.
4. Private, Dempsey, Lewis, killed in action.
5. Private, Fees, Christian, killed in action.
6. Private, Himler, William, killed in action.
7. Private, McCevedy, Moses, killed in action.
8. Private, Nesbit, Alexander, killed in action.
9. Private, Truby, Thomas, killed in action.
10. Private, Watson, John, killed in action.
11. Private, Williams, Thomas, killed in action.
12. Private, Wooley, Thomas, killed in action.

Thursday, May 13, 2010

Wills & Last Testaments of Connecticut.

Have you ever wondered if your ancestor left a “will“, now is your chance to find out. Now I don’t have all the names, but I have listed a few. Most all these name will have the name of the town or county they were from or both and their Executors. This is just a will index and not the wills themselves.

If you would like a copy of the will you will need to go the Probate Court, which will be in the county set of the county your ancestor lived and died in. You may only be able to get a copy of the will by visiting the probate court yourself? But first look them up on line, they all should be on the net and see what kind of services they provide

Index to the Wills & Last Testaments of Connecticut.


1. David Wetmore, wife Sarah, of Litchfield ,District of same.

2. John Roberts, of Windsor, District Hartford, executors Mary James & Paul Roberts.

3. Joseph Eaglestone, Windsor, District Hartford, executor Henry Allyn.

4. John Church, of East Hadham, District Hartford, executor Ira Church.

5. Thomas Cook, of Durham, Hartford county, executor Samuel Doan Cook.

6. Asa Smith, of Woodstock, District of Pomphret, executor Hannah Smith.

7. Henry Marquand, of Fairfield, executors John & Lucretia Redfield.

8. Theophilus Stell, of Hartford, executor Mariamme Still.

9. John Post, of Hebron, executor Jurdon Post Jr.

10. Joshua Hemsted, of New London, Will in the hands of his son Joshua Hemsted.

11. Thomas Winchell, of Symsbury, executors Samuel Owen & Martin Winchell.

12. Edward Higby, of Midletown, executors John & David Higby.

13. Noah Pangborn, of New Haven, executor Samuel Todd, of East Hoosuck?

14. Nathaniel Seward, of Durham, No other info.

15. Orchard Guy, of Branford, executor Orchard Guy.

16. Samuel Blakely, of Woodbury, executors Ruth & Samuel Blakely.

17. John Jeffery, of Groton, Executor, Elizabeth Jeffery.


1. Captain Michael Dayton, of Waterburn, executors Charles & Mehitable Dayton.

2. Abraham Skinner, of Windham, executo William Skinner.

3. Ebenezer Crane, of Ashford, of Windham county, executor Sarah Crane.

4. Samuel Haydon, of Norwalk, executor Samuel Haydon.

5. Ezekiel Sanford, of Fairfield, executor Gideon Sanford.

6. Ephraim Smith, Executors Elisha Fitch & Seth Smith.

7. Nathaniel Penfield, of Wallingford, executor Hannah Penfield.

8. Ithiel Pettibone, of Symsbury, executor Levina Pettibone.

9. Samuel Green, of Midletown, executor Nathan Coe.

10. Samuel Galpin, executors Benjamin Galpin & Roger Norton.

11. Daniel Gold, of Redding, county of Fairfield, executor Stephen Gold.

12. Joseph White, of Chatham, county of Hartford, executor Elkanah Sears.

13. Stephen Crosby, of Killingley, executor Hannah Crosby.

14. Jonathan Palmer, of Volumtown, No other info.


1. John Ogden, of Fairfield, executor Hezekiah.

2. Gideon Hurlburt, of Fairfield, executor Thomas Nash.

3. John Bradley Jr., executor Medad Osborn.

4. Jacob Perkins, of Norwich, executor Jacob Perkins.

5. Colonel Fisher Gray, of Farmington, executors Daniel Curtiss & Ruth Gray.

6. John Alger of Killingley, No other info.

7. Captain Samuel Parker, of Windham, executors Nathaniel Ladd and others.

8. Gideon Ives, of Wallingford, executors Amos & Enos Ives.

9. Oliver Pierson, of New Haven, executors Hannah & Joseph Pierson.

10. Benjamin Jacobs, of Killingley, executor Dorothy Jacobs.

11. Nathaniel Hazard, executor Benjamin Kissam.

12. Major Elihu Humphry, of Synsbury, executors Jonathan Humphry, Benjamin Farnham, Daniel Knapp and his wife Asenah Humphry.

13. Nathaniel Harrison, of Branford, county New Haven, executor Mary Harrison.

14. Israel Camp, of Durham, executors John Curtiss, Eluathan Camp and Israel wife Mary Camp and others.

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

Slave Miscellaneous 1776-?

Slave miscellaneous is bits and pieces of slave information I found while I was searching through the revolutionary war records. This page will give the names of the slaves and the negroes and their owners names and other interesting facts about them.

State of Connecticut.


Col. John Ely to dismiss a negro slave, named Minto, belonging to Joseph Crandall, from said Ely's regiment, to return to said Crandal, and said Col. Ely is hereby directed to dismiss him accordingly, his premium, arms, &c. to be returned before dismission.

Pomp, a negro man slave belonging to the estate of Jeremiah Leming formerly of Norwalk, clerk, now absconded to the enemy of the United States, shewing to this Assembly that in consequence of a sentence of confiscation passed against said estate agreeable to an administration committed thereon the memorialist is liable to be sold for the benefit of the State, and to be continued in slavery by act of government, and praying to be emancipated and set at liberty, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist be and he is hereby emancipated and set at liberty.

State of Georgia.

The following records can be read by pushing on them.

Confiscation Estates.





State of New Hampshire.

In H. of Rep., May 5, 1758, he was allowed £i60. In
1761, Major Gilman petitioned for an allowance for the los s
of time, clothes, etc ., of his "negro slave by the name of
Ceaser Nero," who was in Capt. Richard Emery's company,
and taken prisoner at Fort William Henry in 1757. He
was allowed £8o new tenor.-ED.

Petition of Peter Hanson for a Divorce : addressed
to the General Assembly, Feb . 12, 1778 .

Most humbly sheweth, Peter Hanson of Nottingham in said State, that your Petitioner was born in that unhappy Quarter of the World called Africa, whose Inhabitants have been usually Stole, transported and Sold in the Markets of America like Cattle, notwithstanding they have but two legs, and are formed in the Same Image as White men . In like manner your Petitioner was bro't to this State and Sold, where by his faithful and diligent behaviour in his Masters Service he has Obtained his freedom ; and humbly presumes that by his Industry he is in a likely way not to be Unuseful to the Community.

He begs leave further to shew that in the time of his Servitude he was Married to one Venus his Country woman and Slave to Mr. Nathaniel Cooper of Dover, that by agreement with, and Consent of said Venus he has for more than one year past refrained to Cohabit with her as his wife, for the following reasons viz Because he Verily believes the making Slaves of any of the human Race is Unrighteous in the Sight of God, and a Cruel Despotick power used by one part of Mankind over another, and that his begetting Children to be and remain Slaves during their lives would be very Wicked , and for which he might deserve the Curses of such a Posterity groaning under Bondage-Also for that in his present happy State of Freedom he cannot have any Comfort in the Conjuga I State with a person who is a Slave and cannot reside with him or Even so much as Speak to him without leave from her Master or Mistress, which he has been formerly denied and he not Suffered to tarry in the house with her.

Wherefore your Petitioner most humbly prays that your Honours (who have so nobled Strugled in the Cause of Natural Liberty) will take his case into your wise Consideration, and relieve him from being tied to a Slave, under the Temptation of begetting Slaves, and liberate him by dissolving the Bonds of Matrimony between him and the said Venus And your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray most fervently.
His mark.
Peter P Hanson.

Each Negro Mulatto or Indian Slave being male--£20.


The petition of Major John Gilman praying an allowance for his negro being captivated & kept two years & Eleven months, being read Voted, That there be allowed to Major Jn° Gilman in full for said petition, Eighty pounds new Tenor & paid to him or his or -
der out of money in the Treasury_ & charge to the Expedition acct for 1757. (a) Sent up by Mr. Morrell.

(a) Jour . C. & Assem . Feb' 13, 176I, Mr. Morrell from the House bro't up the Petition of Mjr John Gilman setting forth that he had a slave in the year 1767 who was taken captive at the surrender of Port William Henry & Retained in captivity till the total reduction of Canada &c. praying the consideration of the Legislature in making him some allowance, and a vote of the House thereon for his receiving £80 N . Ten*, read and concurred .

Lieu. William Miles of Canterbury in the Province of New Hampshire of Lawful age Testifies & says, That sometime in May 1752 a Canada Indian named Sabbattis came to Canterbury, in Conversation told the Depont there was not a Peace made Between the St. Francis Indians & the English, the for his own part pretended friendship. That a few days after at Canterbury a Negro man named Peer a slave of Josiah Miles's and another Named Tom Belonging to James Lindsay both of Canterbury were Captivated. After a few days Peer made his escape got home, & said Sabbattis & Cristo took them Tom is not returned to this Day. That afterwards in May 1753 the said Sabbattis came to Canterbury again with an Indian Named Plausawar of the St Francis Tribe Sabbattis then told the Deponent with menacing words and Gestures that he took the aforesaid two Negroes & had sold Tom to the French for three hundred Livres at Crown Point and
Justified his Right in taking them.

Elizabeth Miles Wife to Josiah Miles of Canterbury in the Province of New Hampshire Testifies and says; That some time in the month of May 1752 two St Francis Indians (as they called themselves) named Sabbattis & Cristo came to Canterbury. Sabbattis made his General Lodging at the said Josiah's House for eight or Ten Days & was Treated with all Possible Friendship & Courtesy. Notwithstanding the said Sabbattis often Discovered a Restless & Malicious Disposition & Several times (Her husband being absent) with Insulting threats put her in very great Fear. Constantly kept a long knife Naked in his hand and on seeing any man come towards the House (of which he kept constant watch ) arm'd himself-That the evening after he went away a Negro man of the said Josiah's was taken (named Peer) and another belonging to James Lindsey of Canterbury aforesaid Named Tom and carried away said Peer of the value of five hundred pounds old Tenor at the least.

That the said Peer about three days after return'd pinion'd & Bound with Indian Lines and said that Sabbattis and Christo had taken them and that by accident he made his Escape. That sometime in the month of May 1753 she was going to the field and an Indian (named Plausway) spoke to her behind a Fence and asked for her husband who was then at work close by, her husband enquired what company he had and he said Sabbattis he enquired what he carne for or how he dare come (meaning Sabbattis) he evaded an answer, her husband Desired him to go into the house, (being vehemently suspicious they were design'd for Further mischief; where he kept him that night and urged the appearance of Sabbattis, Plausway said he was afraid that he or Lindsey would Ml him for Stealing their negroes the year Before. That after assurance that if he made his appearance he should not be hurt Next day searching in the woods found him and after a parley he came in.

The wife of James Lindsey a near neighbor, hearing the Indians was there came to the house (the Englishmen were all gone out to work) and finding Sabbattis there said Lindseys wife urged his In gratitude that after he had received so much kindness at their house to commit such a Villainous Act as to Rob her of her slave with some Few words more to the same Purpose Both the Indians immediately armed themselves with their guns Sabbattis with a Long knife and Plausway with a Hatchet and with a furious Gesture Insulted her holding the Hatchet over her head making attempts as if he would strike and told her if she said one word more about it he would split her brains out if he died for it the next minute.

Sabbattis went out to her husband in the field and told him that if lie ever see the said Lindseys wife any more he would kill her be the event what it would (as her husband the Indian told her) that the said Sabbattis insisted that the said Negro was Lawfull plunder the Deponent sold the said Indians two shirts an happened to see them when they shirted and there was next their skm Tyed a Number of Small Metump Lines not such as are usually made for Tying Packs-a Collar of a Length about sufficient to called Captive Lines.

That the Deponent and her husband frequently seeing them uncommon Lines Asked what Business Sabbattis and he could have there as they had not brought their packs for trade at length Plausway said he had a kinsman (named Sabbattis) who had at Cape Sable killed an Indian and that they agreed for his Redemption (being held by them) to pay five hundred pounds or get an English slave.

That Sabbattis being his Names sake offered to assist him in the redemption and said the Hunting was best this way That the Indian must be released by the money or other ways (by Sumer) or he must be put to Death .

Province of New Hampshire New} Canterbury May 21, 1754.

Upon a motion made by Col° Bartlett concerning a Negro Slave of Lieut. Henry Butler, who has enlisted into the regiment raising for the defense of Rhode Island, Voted , That those Negro Slaves who have enlisted into the said service without their masters leave, upon returning their enlisting money paid them, that the muster master shall strike
them out of the rolls .

Slaves of 1779.

Seneca Hall-- Peter Frost--Zebulon Gardner.
Peter Warner--Prince Whipple--Quam Sherburne.
Cato Warner-- Nero Brewster Samuel Wentworth.
Pharaoh Shores-- Pharaoh Rogers-- Will Clarkson.
Winsor Moffatt-- Romeo Rindge-- Jack Odiorne.
Garrett Colton-- Cato Newmarch-- Cipio Hubbard.
Kittindge Tuckerman-- Cesar Gerrish.


In his will he states: I Do in right and Equitty ow to any and as for my black Slave pegg my will is that She Shall be Set free in the Speace of two whole years after my Decease if She Do be have her Self well and Dutiful to wards her mis which if not her mis Shall
have Liberty to Sell her time to any person for and During the Expiration of Two years and no Longer and my other two black Slaves with the rest of my Estate to my wife Hanah.


In her will she states: after my Decease Sell & Convey my Negro Woman Slave Named Flora, and also her Child named Alice, to Some Person or Persons In the County of
Essex (if they will Purchase them), and that the Money raised thereby be appIy'd to the use of My Said Son James Stoodly, to Enable him to pay my Just Debts.

State of New Jersey.


Ran-away on the evening of the 7th inst . from Trenton ferry, a likely Mulatto slave, named Sarah, but since calls herself Rachael; she took her son with her, a Mulatto boy named Bob, about six years old, has a remarkable fair complexion, with flaxen hair: She is a lusty wench, about 34 years old, big with child; had on a striped linsey petticoat, linen jacket, flat shoes, a large white cloth cloak, and a blanket, but may change her dress, as she has other cloaths with her. She was lately apprehended in the first Maryland regiment, where she pretends to have a husband, with whom she has been the principal part of this campaign, and passed herself as a free woman. Whoever apprehends said woman and boy, and will secure them in any gaol, so that their master may get them again, shall receive the above reward, by applying to Mr. Blair M'Clenachan, of Philadelphia, Capt. Benjamin Brooks, of the third Maryland regiment, at camp, or to Mr. James Sterret, in Baltimore.
Oct. 18, 1778.

TRENTON, October 27, 1779.

James, a negro slave of Anthony Warwich, was convicted of stabbing his master he is sentenced to be executed the 26th of November next.

New-Gernumtown, West-New-Jersey, June 11, 1776.


Run away from the subscriber, on the 5th day of this inst. a Ncgroe man, named BEN, about 5 feet 4 inches high, 22 years old, his left leg considerably larger than the other, with a large scar on the same; when he went away, had on a blue coat, red jacket, black breeches, a pair of mixed coloured worsted stockings, calf-skin shoes, and a pair of carved silver buckles, a claret coloured surtout, a swanskin jacket, fine shirt with chitterlings on the bosom, woollen trowsers, a half worn wool hat; also had a bag marked I. T. supposed to be taken for carrying his Clothes. Any person taking up said Negroe, and securing him in any goal, shall receive the above reward, and reasonable charges, paid by
JOHN TAYLOR. —The Pennsylvania Gazette, June 19, 1776.

Six Dollars Reward.

Ran Away from the subscriber living in Bethlehem township, Hunterdon county, New-Jersey.
A Negro Man named Ben, about three and twenty years old, five feet six inches high, country born, lived lately in the lower parts of Maryland. He is lame in one of his feet. Had on an old hat, an old blue coat, a red jacket and buckskin breeches. Whoever secures said Negro so that the subscriber may have him again, or brings him home, shall receive the above reward with reasonable charges paid by Thomas Scott.

N. B. Whoever takes up said Negro, is desired to acquaint the subscriber by advertising him in the Pennsylvania Journal.—Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser, October 16, 1776.

Run away from the subscriber, living in Philipsburg, Hunterdon county, New-Jersey, a Negroe man, named BEN, about 23 years of age, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, country born ; he is lame in one of legs and foot. Said Negroe man ran away about the last of June, 1777. Whoever takes him up and brings him home, or secures him, so that the subscriber can get him again, shall have Six Dollars reward, and all reasonable charges, paid by
THOMAS SCOTT. —The Pennsylvania Gazette, July 9, 1777.

RUN AWAY, on the third day of June instant, from the subscriber, living in Great Egg Harbour township, Gloucester county, a Negro Man, named Sim, near 6 feet high, well made, about 24 years of age. Had on and took with him, an old felt hat, a new broad cloth jacket. Russia sheeting shirt, a pair of home-spun trousers, one pair of pumps, and one pair of shoes, and several other articles.

Whoever takes up the said negro and delivers him to his master, or secures him in any goal belonging to these states, shall receive TEN DOLLARS Reward, and all reasonable charges, if taken in Gloucester county, Cape May or Cumberland : and if out the said counties, a Reward of TWENTY—FIVE DOLLARS, and all reasonable charges paid, by

N. B. The said Negro can read and write, and has a remarkable large foot.—The Pennsylvania Journal, June 25, 1777.


Ran away on Friday, the 6th inst. (September) from the subscriber; living in Pitts-Grove, one mile below the Sweed Meeting house, in Salem County, West-Jersey, a mulatto man named PETER, about 35 years of age, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, stout and well made, is fond of strong liquor, and when drunk very saucy and talks a great deal of his abilities as a farmer; he formerly lived with David Franks, Esq; of Philadelphia, and was purchased of him about five years ago by his present master. As he was seen going towards Salem it is probable he may make for Penn's Neck. He had on and took with him, a light mixed superfine cloth coat and waistcoat, a red hair plush jacket, a white jacket with a belt before, green calimanco breeches, a holland shirt, three stocks, a pair of white plain cotton stockings, a pair of light colored silk ditto, a pair of tow trowsers, one red spotted and one black silk handkerchief, a pair of pumps, one of which is patched on the side, square silver shoe buckles, and an old hat. Whoever secures, the said fellow in any gaol so that his master may have him again, shall receive the above reward, and reasonable charges if brought home, or to Samuel Purviance and Sons in Philadelphia.
SAMUEL PURVIANCE. —The Pennsylvania Packet, {September 17, 1776.

State of Rhode Island.

Slave enlistments.

1. Joseph Bucklin, balance due for a slave named Prince, enlisted into Col.
Christopher Greene's regiment.

2. John Barber, for his slave, Ellick Barber, enlisted into Col. Greene's regiment.

3. Joseph Case, of North Kingstown, for Prince Case, an enlisted slave.

4. Jeremiah Ingraham, for an enlisted slave.

5. Cato Bannister, who was a negro slave belonging to the heirs of the late John Bannister, of Newport, deceased, and also an indented apprentice to Mr. Elkanah Humphry, of Barrington, enlisted into the late regiment commanded by Col. Christopher Greene.

Whereas, a certain negro, called Plato Wheeler, formerly a slave of Paul Wheeler, of Stonington, in the state of Connecticut, was purchased by Thomas Wells, the second, of Hopkinton, in this state, for the purpose of his, the said slave's, being made free, and entering as a soldier into the Continental regiment of this state; and the said slave did thereupon freely enlist as a soldier in the said regiment, but hath since absconded, and returned into the said state of Connecticut, and it is represented that his former master supports the said negro in the said fraudulent conduct.

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Excellency the Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to write to the governor of the state of Connecticut, and inform him of the above mentioned circumstances, and request that an order may be made, and proper means used, for remanding the said negro to this state, that he may be forwarded to the said regiment.

Quaco, a negro man, formerly a slave belonging to James Honyman, Esq., of Newport, hath represented unto this Assembly, that during the time that Newport was a British garrison, the said James Honyman had agreed to sell and dispose of him to Col. Campbell, a British officer; that the service in a British regiment being extremely disagreeable to him, he fled from the island of Rhode Island, at the peril of his life, and placed himself under the protection of the authority of this state.

Monday, May 10, 2010

Martin & Christiana Gatter Of New Haven Ct. 1779.

This is the story of the Gatter family when the British invaded New Haven. This is just one story there are hundreds more.

Martin Gatter of lawful! age testifies and says that he was detained in New Haven when the British enemy entered the town on the 5th inst., by reason of sickness, and was without arms of any kind, peacably in his own house, when a number of the British soldiers entered his house and with great fury in their countenances called him an old damned rebbel scoundrel and booger and swore they would instantly kill him, that he beged they would not abuse him saying he had not done them any harm and had no arms in his house and was peaceable about his own business, but four of them came at him with their bayonets pricked him in sundry places cut him on the head struck him on the head with a great club knocked him down and told him to go out of the house insulting him with the vilest language &c. that he got out all besmeared with blood, that they and others that came in kept plundering his house and abusing his wife, that he was much weakened by the loss of blood and other abuses, but wore out the day; and at night he fastned his house and went to bed with his wife and two small children, but about half after 2 o'clock in the morning his house was broke open by two of the enemy. The deponent further says he had suffered so much by them the day before, that he got out the back of his house and hid in a cornfield till morning, when he returned to his house and found his wife and children alive but his wife had been most horribly abused.

Martin Gatter. New Haven July 26th, 1779

Christiana Gatter of lawful age testifies and says that she was at home in New Haven when the town was sacked and plundered by the British enemy, that a number of the enemy entered their house and much abused her husband, after which she went into the garden about 4 o'clock afternoon, when a soldier met her from a neighbors garden, presented his gun at her, bid her stand, and came up to her, told her to lay down. I told him we had better go into the house. We went in, my husband being there. He would have me go into the cellar. I told him that place was not good. He asked me to go up stairs. I pretended to comply, went into the entry and told him we had better go out the fore door into the green where I flattered him along till we came in sight of Mr. Chandler who stood out before his house, to whom I called for help and he rescued me, after which at night I went home to see after my husband and children. We fastened the house and went to bed. Some time in the night was awakened by some of them breaking into the house. My husband made his escape through the back door, and two of them laid hold of me and threw me on the bed, and swore if I made any noise or resistance they would kill me in a moment. I was obliged to submit, one of them had his will of me whilst the other kept the door, afterward the other had his will of me whilst the other kept the door. It was about this time they was called to parade and they left me.
Christiana Gatter.
New Haven July 26th, 1779.

Sunday, May 09, 2010

Ship Hyder Ally.

Joshua Barney (6 July 1759 – 1 December 1818) was a commodore in the United States Navy, born in Baltimore, Maryland, who served in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Barney served in the Continental Navy beginning in February 1776, as master’s mate of Hornet where he took part in Commodore Esek Hopkins’s raid on New Providence. Later he served on the Wasp and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant for gallantry in the action between the Wasp and a British brig, the tender Betsey. While serving on Andrea Doria he took a prominent part in the defense of the Delaware River.

Joshua Barney was captured by the British while serving in the Continental Navy. He and his shipmates were kept on board in 3 foot high boxes for 53 days with minimal food and water. Upon arrival in England, he was imprisoned, but escaped with the help of a friendly guard. He returned to the Colonies to captain the privateer Hyder Ally, where he gained fame by tricking the British General Monk. As the two ships drew near, he shouted to the General Monk "Hard-a-port your helm," but had instructed his helmsman to do the opposite. The ships collided as planned, and Hyder Ally lashed her prize alongside.

Four men on the Hyder-Ally were killed and another eleven were wounded. The toll onboard the General Monk was much greater; twenty men were killed, another thirty-three wounded --- every officer on board, save one midshipman, was a casualty.

The Hyder Ally.

The merchants of Philadelphia had fitted out the ship "Hyder Ally," 18, and had appointed Lieutenant Joshua Barney of the Continental navy to command her. Proceeding down the Bay, Barney on April 8 made his memorable capture of the "General Monk," 18, Captain Josias Rogers. Both the "Hyder Ally" and the "General Monk" were now taken into the service of the state. The "General Monk," which was renamed the "Washington," was in May, 1782, loaned to Robert Morris, the Continental Agent of Marine, who sent her on a commercial errand to the Westlndies. On the return of the "Washington." Morris purchased her for the service of Congress. The "Hyder Ally" under different commanders cruised for the rest of the year with little success. In December the commissioners obtained permission from the Supreme Executive Council to sell her, and build a vessel of more suitable construction for the defense of the Delaware, for which purpose they were already equipping an armed schooner.

When the " Hyder Ally " was offered for sale, the commissioners bid her in for the state, as the bidders refused to give her full value. The establishment of officers and seamen on board the "Hyder Ally" and the "Washington" was a new one. On February 13, 1781, the officers and seamen of the first establishment were all discharged, except Captain Boys and certain disabled seamen; and on December 20 Boys was dismissed, since the service in which he was engaged was at an end.

When peace was declared in the spring of 1783, a few men were probably in naval employ under the new establishment. That the state still owned a few small vessels is certain. On April 10, 1783, the Supreme Executive Council endorsed a letter from the commissioners saying "that as no doubt appears to remain that Hostilities are ceased, we conceive it our Duty to request your permission to dispose of the Armed vessels under our direction belonging to the State, in order to enable us to close our accounts with the Public.

November 28, 1781 Hyder Ally. Pennsylvania ship. Guns: 12. Crew: Nov. 28 40. Bond: $20,000. Master: Henry Hawkins.
Mate: Justus Starr [Philadelphia]..
Bonders: William Allibone, Philadelphia. Henry Hawkins, Philadelphia.
Owners: John Wright Stanly, John Wilcocks and Nicholas Low [Philadelphia].
Witness: James Trimble.

April 27, 1782 Hyder Ally. Pennsylvania ship. Guns: 16. Crew: Apr. 2 100. Bond: $20,000. Master: Joshua Barney, Mate: Justus Starr [Philadelphia]. Bonders: Joshua Barney, Philadelphia. William Allibone, Philadelphia.
Owners: Thomas Fitzsimons, Francis Gurney, and William Allibone [Philadelphia].
Witness: James Trimble.