Tuesday, January 11, 2011

The Death Of Dr. Jared Free, Civil War.

This report tells of the death of Dr. Jared Free, of the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry, Field & Staff. Jared Free Assistant Surgeon mustered in June 26, 1863, for 3., years, Killed by guerrillas near Rappahannock Station, Virginia, December 10, 1863.


SIR: I have the honor to report the facts and circumstances as far as I am able relative to the death of Dr. Jared Free, assistant surgeon Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, who was killed in an encounter with guerrillas on the 10th of December, 1863.

Dr. Jared Free joined the regiment on the 26th of June, 1863, at Frederick City, Md., when the army was on the march to Gettysburg, Pa. He participated in the battle of Gettysburg, and after the battle was retained at the First Division (Fifth Corps), hospital, where he remained until some time in September, when he rejoined the regiment at Beverly Ford, since which time until the time of his death he had been on duty with the regiment.

On the 10th of December, 1863, Dr. Free, accompanied by E. W. Bettis, quartermaster sergeant, went to the country, in charge of 20 guards and three wagons, for lumber. The pass granting them permission did not arrive at these headquarters very early in the morning, and the wagons started in advance, while Dr. Free, E. W. Bettis, quartermastger sergeant, and guard remained behind awaiting permision from brigade headquarters. By the time the pass returned from brigade headquarters, the wagons had proceeded some distance on the road toward Kelly's Ford. Dr. Free, E. W. Bettis, quartermaster sergeant, and guard followed in the direction of Kelly's Ford, whiter they supposed the wagons had gone. But on the way they met a wagon and some guards of the Forty-fourth New York Volunteers. The guard informed them that the Eighty-third wagons had gone up to Mount Holly Church. Dr. Free and party proceeded to Mount Holly Church, and were informed by some soldiers of the Forty-fourth New York Volunteers that the Eighty-third wagons had gone in the direction of the old camping ground near Captain Payne's.

Dr. Free and party concluded to take a near cut across the ravine and strike, the road at the nearest point. They passed down into the ravine without molestation, but found the opposite side of the hill too difficult of ascent, so they dismounted and followed the path up the ravine until they would come to a place that they could ascend. While following this path they were attacked by a band of guerrillas, who came rushing down the hill, at the same time ordering the quartermaster sergeant to hald and surrender, or they would blow his brains out; but notwithstanding their threats he quickly mounted his stead and escaped, but not without being shot at.

The last he saw of Dr. Free, who was in the advance, was in the act of mounting his horse. The quartermaster sergeant distinctly heard two shots fired afterward, but knew nothing of the fate of Dr. Free until the next day, December 11, 1863, when a detachment of men, and an officer of the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers went out in search of the guerrillas, and to gain some information, if possible, in regard to the fate of Dr. Free. When they arrived at the place where the attack had been seen made the day previous, they saw no guerrillas, of course, but found the body of Dr. Free, pierced by two balls and seven buck shot, lying by the side of a log some 30 feet from where he had last been seen the day previous by the quartermaster sergeant. He was shot in the right hypochondriac region, and all the bullet holes could be covered by the palm of the hand, showing conclusively that his antagonist could not have been more than 10 or 15 feet from him when he fired.

The body of Dr. Free was brought to camp lat in the evening of the 11th of December, and having been properly cleansed, was confined in a rough board coffin and kept until the 18th of December, awaiting permission for some one to accompany the body home. Nothing having been heard from the papers that were sent up on the 11th of December, we concluded that, having kept the body six days, it would be best to forward it to Washington and have it expressed from there to his friends. His body was sent on the 18th of December in charge of Sergeant McKee, and ordered to be confined in a metallic coffin and expressed to his brother, Dr. John L. Free, Shrewsbury, York County, Pa.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Surgeon, Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Lewis G. Sleeper, Civil War.

If I had been in the civil war I would have taken the side of the Union. I won’t have cared much abut the feelings of the Confederates as they were the enemy. But one forgets their just men. They have families just like us and are trying to make a better life for themself and their families. Most would rather be home with their families then on some far away battle field.

This is about Lewis G. Sleeper, A Confederate soldier who was away from home and when he return he found nothing but hardship for himself and his family. The trouble was caused by his own army. He wrote his government asking for help. There were 16, endorsement ( Letters ) written, but just as in the Union government, and the government of today, it was the old saying ( passing the buck.) And little was done. This report gives a insight into a enemies life that one rarely gets to see.

Near Dalton, Ga., January 27, 1864.


Having just returned from my home in Amite County, Miss., to which place I was sent by order of General Hardee, to obtain clothing for the company to which I belong, I am compelled to complain of the shameful conduct of our own soldiers for the manner in which my place, effects, and family have been treated by Logan's brigade of cavalry in South Mississippi, now commanded by General Wirt Adams. Last summer they camped near my place for ten days. During that time they stole 6 of my mules and horses, killed nearly all my hogs and sheep, destroyed my corn by turning their horses in the field when the corn was ripening. As many as 10 to 40 men and officers would come to the house, order their meals of victuals, and have their horses fed; and that at a time when my family were buying their subsistence at the most exorbitant prices.

This, sir, is to inquire of you if I have no recourse upon our Government, and if I am not entitled to damages for the outrage thus perpetrated upon one, a soldier, who has a large family of negroes, a wife and child, dependent upon their own exertions for a support during my absence? As for my conduct as a soldier, I refer you to the indorsement of my commanding officer.

Allow me to say, in conclusion, that the cavalry in South Mississippi is a most perfect nuisance, a terror to the people, a disgrace to all civilized warfare. All men who are conscripted join this cavalry, and consider themselves out of the service.

I saw a number of absentees from this and other portions of our army who have deserted their commands, and they are actually protected by this cavalry.

Hoping this will merit your approbation and enlist your earliest attention.

I remain, yours, most respectfully,

Sergeant Company K, 44th Mississippi Regiment.

Authors note. This was the 44th., Infantry.

Monday, January 10, 2011

General William Arnold by William D. Arnold.

I received a nice letter from a Mr. William D. Bostick with a lot of great amount of information, on William Arnold. I found the information very interesting. I asked Mr. Bostick if I could reproduce the letters here and he was kind enough to do so.

With regard to 2nd Lt William Arnold of Kentucky, I wrote an earlier biography archieved at

Came across some additional information on his service (below)

Arnold, William, 2nd Lieut., U.S. Rifles. Rgt. Commander Col. T.A. Smith. AGO Washington DC March 18th 1823 to be 2-Lieut. Dec. 3 1812 Order book 1813 to 1815 Malden. Oct 17 1813 attached to Capt. Hamilton’s Co. – promoted Lieut. May 11 1814. MoRet (monthly return, i.e., muster) Sackett’s Harbor June 30 181?. A.R. Oct 1814. Present order dated Ref Fall Nov-5-1814. Ordered to Knoxville, Tenn, on recruiting service. MoRet Columbia SC Mar 15, 1815, Absent at Columbia OH GA AR Columbia Apr 30 1815 Present. MoRet Chalk Hill, near Columbia SC Jun 30, 1815. Absent with leave at Frankfort, KY.
Note the recruiting trip to East Tennessee (see below), and the reference to leave of absence to Frankfort, KY, where his parents resided. This is William Arnold, Second Lieutenants, Rifle regiment, Kentucky (commissioned Dec. 3, 1812)[1].

This military service is cited in a letter of introduction, written by Arnold’s former commanding officer, Edward P. Gaines:

Headquarters Western department, Memphis, Tenn., March 10, 1833
Dear Sir: I do myself the honor to introduce to your attention General William Arnold, whose name you will recognize as an officer of the First when you were lieutenant colonel of the United States rifle regiment.
General Arnold visits Mexico with a view to ascertain and vindicate claims to lands in Texas in which he and some of his much-respected friends of this state are interested. He will advise you of the nature of his claims, about which I have had the means of knowing little or nothing. Of his military service, however, I have had the satisfaction to witness much, so much indeed, as to have it in my power to say that no other officer of his age or rank known to me contributed more to the achievements of the year 1811 upon the Ontario and Niagara frontier than General (then lieutenant) Arnold. He was one of the victors of Sandy creek[2] under Appling and of Conjockeity [Kenjockety Creek[3], Buffalo, NY] under Morgan, victories the first of which probably saved the fleet while in a state of preparation at Sackett’s Harbor. The last contributed mainly to save Brown’s division of the Army the day previous to my taking command, after which this first-rate sharpshooter was employed most actively in various conflicts at and in the vicinity of Fort Erie, where he was ever in the foremost of his regiment in feats of unsurpassed gallantry.
With a knowledge of these scenes of meritorious services, many of which I doubt not your recollection of the details of the war on the northern frontier has rendered familiar to you, I could not permit General Arnold to leave me for Mexico without an introduction, as I believe he has not had the pleasure of being personally known to you.
Being convinced that you will find him to be worthy of the confidences of his countrymen and neighbors and incapable of betraying any trust confided to him, I take pleasure in recommending him to your friendly attention, and I avail myself of the occasion to offer assurances of my best wishes for your health and happiness. Very respectfully your friend,
Edward Pendleton Gaines
(to) Colonel Anthony Butler, U.S.M.R. Mexico

Thus, “our” William Arnold is the same person as then-Lieutenant William Arnold, who was assigned to Roane County during the War of 1812. This is a surmise, based on place (Roane Co.), time (present before the 1824 wedding to Ms King), and assumed progression in rank (Lieutenant by 1813, Colonel before 1824 (probably before 1817; see [5]), and General by 1826).

Lieut. Wm. Arnold, of the 39th Regiment of Regulars, was sent to Kingston, TN, to recruit for the war (of 1812); one of his most distinguished recruits was private citizen Sam Houston (future Governor of Tennessee and Texas).[i] Houston and Arnold appear to have been close friends. A lesser-known soldier also recruited by Lieut. Arnold in 1813 was Littleton Davis. [ii]

Sam Houston enlisted in 1813. A first-hand observer wrote that “Lieutenant William Arnold, of the thirty-ninth regiment of Regulars, was sent to Kingston on recruiting service. ... Soon after this (the enlistment of Sam Houston and others), Lieut. Arnold had received 39 soldiers, and was ordered to send them forth to join the troops, marching to the Creek War, under the command of Col. John Williams, of Knoxville, who commanded this regiment of regulars in person at the battle of Horse shoe, and afterwards became a distinguished Senator in Congress from Tennessee. Soon after Houston left Kingston, his friends applied to President Madison for his promotion, who commissioned him as Ensign.”[iii]

Brittain (1999), Roane County Tennessee Militia Companies, 1806-1820 & 1828-1839, p. 48, refers to “Captain Arnold’s Co.” Thus, Lt. Arnold may have advanced in rank while in East Tennessee.

[1] See http://civilwarthosesurnames.blogspot.com/2009/01/united-states-rifle-regiment-of-war-of.html
[2] http://www.mywarof1812.com/battles/140529.htm. The Battle of Big Sandy was a decisive American victory in which American militia and Oneida Indians launched a surprise attack on British soldiers who were chasing them inland from Lake Ontario. … Maj. Daniel Appling and 130 regular riflemen were assigned to Woolsey as an escort, while 150 Onieda warriors were to meet them along the way. With only 8 miles left to travel, they pulled into Sandy Creek to await a further escort of marines and troops being sent from Sackets Harbor. .. The morning of May 29, Capt. Richard Smith of the U.S. Marines left Sackets Harbor with 100 officers and men, followed later by Commandant Charles Ridgely and a party of sailors. Prior to this force being sent, Brig. Gen. Edmund Gaines had sent a troop of dragoons with a couple of artillery pieces west along the road to Sandy Creek. .. The British had suffered a stunning defeat, for a minor skirmish it had important results. Yeo was now short the boats captured, and 200 officers and men.
[3] http://www.mywarof1812.com/battles/131230.htm. The Battle of Black Rock and Buffalo, New York, in the War of 1812, was fought (December 30, 1813) on the banks of Scajaquada [Kenjockety] Creek near the junction with the Niagara River. The battle was a British victory. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Buffalo The British forces drove off the hastily-organized defenders and engaged in considerable plundering and destruction. The operation was conceived as an act of retaliation for the burning by American troops of the Canadian village of Newark (present day Niagara-on-the-Lake).

[i] S.E. Roberts (1980), Roots of Roane County, Tennessee 1792-.
[ii] Roane County Tennessee Minute Book, 1816-1818, p. 213 (20-Oct-1817).
[iii] Bailey, Roane County, Tennessee, Newspaper abstracts (1998), Page 183

In a follow up letter Mr. Bostisk, give this additional information. He also asked a question which I was unable to answer, maybe one of my readers has a answer for him.

Those of you who have question or answers can reach Mr. Bostick at the following.

General Arnold is my "almost famous" relation! His father, Major John Arnold, fought in the Indian Wars, Revolution, and War of 1812. William joined his friend and former comrade Sam Houston (whom he had recruited for the War of 1812) in Colonial Texas, but inconveniently died before the Texas Revolution; his former political rival in Tennessee was David Crockett.

Question: (Have you ever seen reference to James B. Theobold for those early wars? He went by the title of Col., and was brother-in-law to William Arnold. The only service reference that I found was in "Index to War of 1812 Pension Files," for a widow's certificate for "Theobald, James F., Patsy, srv Capt Jacob Stucker's Co. KY Mil." The James Theobald who served under Stucker was listed as a Pvt.)

On January 10, 2011, Mr. Bostick, sent two more mail with some interesting information.

(1). Theobold. apparently was a "colorful" and rather elusive character (I lost track of him after the 1830 census) - he married Patsy Arnold (dau of Major John), so the War of 1812 widow's cert sounds promising, if I can figure out how to access it. Don't know when or how he became "Col. Theobold," as he was referred to in contemporary (1820-1830) records. There were other famous KY "Theobold/Theobald" during the War of 1812, e.g., at the Battle of the Thames (where Major John Arnold fought alongside General Harrison). My direct ancestor, Joel Bird Prewett, apparently also served briefly during the War of 1812, and received a military land warrent - he also married a dau of Major John Arnold.

(2). This link may be of interest to persons interested in the War of 1812:
Featured Database: War of 1812 Muster Rolls

(Source: Olive Tree Genealogy Blog via RSS Feed, 22/Oct/2010)

Also, the current issue (Jan/Feb 2011) of "Family Chronicle" magazine has several pages devoted to "US Records of the War of 1812," and mentions the digitization project for the War of 1812 pensions http://fgs.org/1812/

I mentioned the other Kentucky "Theobald" in that war; Samuel was particularly interesting, volunteering to draw fire from the enemy:
The history of Franklin County, Ky.
Frankfort, Ky.: Roberts Co. Print., 1912, 307 pgs.
p. 59: Samuel A. Theobald, a lawyer from Frankfort, was Judge Advocate in Richard M. Johnson's regiment, and was one of the immortal "Forlorn Hope" consisting of 20 men who volunteered to advance in front of the army at the Thames in order to draw the fire of the Indians.. In the history of the world there has never been a braver act than was performed by Samuel A. Theobald on that 5th day of October, 1813 (War of 1812)

James Theobold seems to have similarly held a fatalistic world view:

James G. Cisco, "Madison County," From The American Historical Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 4 (October 1902), pp. 328-348.
(Ca 1822): A little later a Mr. Theobald built another tavern on College street near the end of what is now Liberty street. College street was then called "Knotchy Trace," and was the main road of the new county.
.. Besides the taverns, as they were then called, which in Jackson's earlier days were kept by Thomas Shannon, and James Theobald, Major Charles Sevier conducted one which was situated on the lot on Main street west of Shannon street.
The first society organization in the county was called the "Sacrificial Club." It had thirteen members, among whom were William Armour, Charles Sevier, W. R. Harris, Stokeley D. Hays, John B. Cross, B. G. Stewart, W. R. Hess, Colonel Theobold and Adam Huntsman. The names of the others are lost. The origin and the object of that organization are unknown at this day, but it is reported to have originated on an occasion when those old pioneers had been for several days worshiping at the shrine of Bacchus. After they had reached a point where they began to wish that they had been engaged in some other occupation, one of them proposed that a human sacrifice should be offered as a propitiation for their sins. The proposition was favored and they agreed to east lots to determine who should be the victim, each having previously bound himself, in the most solemn manner, to abide the result. Major John B. Cross, who was at that time, one of the members of the court of pleas and quarter session of this county, and had been an Indian fighter under Jackson, was the member on whom the lot fell. A pen of logs was then built on the corner of Lafayette and Liberty streets, the present situation of the Murray Block, which was filled with the most combustible material that could be found, and thus an altar having been prepared, the master of ceremony deprived Major Cross of his apparel, put on him a white robe, and having delivered him to two high priests of the Sacrificial Club, they led him to the altar, put him on it in an erect position and then deliberately proceeded to apply to it the torch which was to set it aflame; but before that act could be successfully accomplished the Major was saved from death by fire through the timely appearance of a man, who was neither a member of the club nor knew that for its manifold sins one of its members had been selected as the propitiation. Major Cross lived for many years after he was thus saved from death and was one of the most honored citizens of this county which he represented in the Legislature of this State whenever he sought that honor.

Civil War Forts & Artillery.

This page is all about Forts and the Artillery within them. You will learn the names of the forts and the artillery regiments there, and the person in command the Garrison. This information should be helpful to those looking for a civil war fort or knowing were a artillery regiment was station.

Authors note. As there was so much information in the inspection report I was limited to how much information I could give, so I dicded to just to state the name of the fort and the artillary companies that were station there. As to why there are so many of the same companies in different forts, is that a fort may have only one company while other will have two or four, companies. A fort could have up to nine companies of artillary.

Washington, May 17, 1864.

Major-General HALLECK,

Chief of Staff:

SIR: In compliance with the directions of the Secretary of War, received on the 29th ultimo, I have made an inspection of the works in the defenses of this city, and beg leave to submit the following report of the inspection: My line being broken by court duties, I was unable to make but little progress in the inspection until the 10th instant, and since that time the movement of troops within the line of defenses has somewhat embarrassed the completion of the inspection. The character and strength of the troops garrisoning the different forts, their discipline,drill and efficiency, the kind and extent of the armament, the condition and supply of the magazines, ammunition, and implements are found int his report under the names of the respective forts.

1. Fort C. F. Smith, Major W. A. McKay commanding, Second New York Heavy Artillery.

2. Fort Strong, Major Maguire commanding, Second New York Heavy Artillery.

3. Fort Bennett, Major Maguire commanding, Second New York Heavy Artillery

4. Fort Corcoran, Lieutenant Colonel J. Palmer commanding, Second New York Heavy Artillery.

5. Fort Haggerty, Captain Charles L. Smith commanding, Second New York Heavy Artillery.

6. Fort Woodbury, Major N. Shatswell commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

7. Fort Cass, Major N. Shatswell commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

8. Fort Whipple, Major Rolfe commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

9. Fort Tillinghast, Major Rolfe commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

10. Fort Craig, Major Holt commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

11. Fort Albany, Captain Rhodes commanding, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

12. Fort Scott, Major Trumbull commanding, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

13. Fort Richardson, Major Trumbull, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

14. Fort Rodgers, Major Meservey commanding, First Wisconsin Volunteers.

15. Fort Lyon, Major Campbell commanding, Tenth New York Heavy Artillery.

16. Fort Weed, Major Campbell commanding, Tenth New York Heavy Artillery.

17. Fort Farnsworth, Major Campbell commanding, Tenth New York Heavy Artillery.

18. Fort O' Rorke, Captain Armstrong commanding, Tenth New York Heavy Artillery.

19. Fort Willard, Major Abell commanding, Tenth New York Heavy Artillery.

20. Fort Ellsworth, Major Rice commanding, Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

21. Fort Williams, Major Ells commanding, Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

22. Fort Worth, Major Hubbard commanding, Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

23. Fort Ward, Major Hemingway commanding, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

24. Fort Garesche, Lieutenant Logan commanding, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

25. Fort Reyonolds, Major Hemingway, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

26. Fort Barnard, Major Cook commanding, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

27. Fort Berry, Major Cook commanding, First Connecticut Heavy Artillery.

28. Fort Ethan Allen, Colonel A. A. Gibson commanding, Second Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery.

29. Fort Marcy, Major J. L. Anderson commanding, Second Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery.

30. Fort Sumner Colonel Daniel Chaplin commanding, First Maine Heavy Artillery

31. Fort Kearny, Major E. A. Springsteed commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

32. Fort Bayard, Major J. M. Murphy, commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

33. Fort Gaines, Captain Charles Maguire commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

34. Fort De Russy, Lieutenant Colonel John Hastings commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

35. Fort Reno, Colonel Lewis O. Morris commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

36. Fort Reno, Captain S. E. Jones commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

37. Fort De Russy, Lieutenant Colonel John Hastings commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

38. Fort Reno, Colonel Lewis O. Morris commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

39. Fort Reno, Captain S. E. Jones commanding, Seventh New York Heavy Artillery.

40. Fort Carroll, Captain Loring S. Richardson commanding, Eighth Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

41. Fort Slemmer, Major Charles Hunsdon commanding

42. Fort Totten, Major Charles Hunsdon commanding, First Vermont Artillery.

43. Fort Slocum, Lieutenant Colonel R. C. Benton commanding, First Vermont Artillery.

44. Fort Stevens, Lieutenant Colonel R. C. Benton commanding, Eleventh Vermont Volunteers (First Vermont Heavy Artillery) one company New Hampshire Heavy Artillery (unattached.)

45. Fort Meigs and Extension, Captain E. Schubert, commanding, Ninth New York Independent Battery, Ninth Company Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

46. Fort Saratoga, Captain Andrew Fagan commanding, Battery H, First Pennsylvania Artillery.

47. Fort Du Pont, Lieutenant Marcus Conant commanding, Ninth Unattached Company Massachusetts Artillery.

48. Fort Mahan. - Garrison, one company Unattached Heavy Massachusetts Artillery

49. Fort Davis, Lieutenant D. D. Dana, commanding, Ninth Unattached Company Massachusetts Volunteer Artillery.

50. Fort Lincoln and Battery Jameson, Captain A. W. Bradbury commanding, First Maine Battery.

51. Fort Bunker Hill, Captain Charles Heine commanding, Fourteenth Michigan Battery.

52. Fort Thayer, Captain H. D. Scott commanding, Sixteenth Massachusetts Battery.

53. Fort Stanton, Captain C. C. Bumpus commanding, Heavy Massachusetts Volunteer Artillery.

54. Fort Snyder, Captain James M. Richardson commanding, Twelfth Company Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers.

55. Fort Baker, Lieutenant William Cook commanding, Sixth Unattached Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers.

56. Fort Ricketts, Lieutenant Joseph M. Parsons commanding, Twelfth Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

57. Fort Wagner, Lieutenant Lewis R. Whittaker commanding, Twelfth Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

58. Fort Greble, Captain George S. Worcester commanding, Seventh Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

59. Fort Foote, Captain L. B. Whiton commanding, Unattached Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers.

The garrisons of the works throughout the line have been exercised at artillery practice and the results of the firing show a commendable degree of skill and proficiency. The magazines are furnished with the necessary materials for replenishing the ammunition, except that which is more readily obtained from the arsenal. The facilities for supplying the magazines from the arsenal are all that is necessary.
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Brigadier-General, Inspector of Artillery.

Missouri 1st. Cavalry M. S. M., Co. D. Co. M.

Holden, Mo., June 10, 1864.
Brigadier General E. B. BROWN:

GENERAL: In obedience to instructions I make the following reports of scouts: June 1, 1864, Sergeant Millerons and 20 mounted men of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, sent on a foraging expedition into the neighborhood of Chapel Hill, Mo.; saw considerable signs but no guerrillas; marched about 25 miles.

June 2, 1864, Corporal Overstreet and 14 mounted men of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on scout; marched 25 miles; found no enemy and returned to camp at Holden, Mo.

June 3, 1864, Sergeant Hart and 10 mounted men of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on scout to Kingsville and the brushy region northwest; found considerable signs of guerrillas; marched about 30 miles and returned to Camp Holden, Mo.

June 4, 1864. June 5, 1864, Sergt. David M. Key and 19 mounted men of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on scout on Crawford's Fork of Big Creek; saw some signs but no guerrillas; marched about 70 miles and returned to camp at Holden, Mo. On the night of June 6, 1864.

June 6, Lieutenant Cobb and 5 mounted men of Company M, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on a foraging expedition in the vicinity of Lone Jack, Mo.; saw no signs of guerrillas; marched 25 miles.

June 6, 1864, Sergeant Combs and 14 mounted men of Company M, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on scout on Crawford's Fork of Big Creek and the brushy region northwest of Kingsville, Mo.; searched the brush; found signs of a few scattered guerrillas, and returned to camp at Holden, Mo., June 8, 1864; marched about 50 miles.

June 6, Sergt. James M. Drury and 14 mounted men of Company D, on scout south and southwest of Kingsville, Mo.; saw no fresh signs of guerrillas; learned that 10 had passed down Big Creek on June 5, conveying 2 wounded men, said to have been wounded in the vicinity of Hopewell, Mo.; returned to camp at Holden, Mo., June 9, 1864; marched about 100 miles.

June 6, Sergt. James C. Triplett and 14 mounted men of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, sent to Kingsville, Mo., to protect citizens and workmen of Pacific Railroad line; remained there until being relieved by Sergeant George and detachment of Company M, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, June 8; started on scout north and northwest of Kingsville; saw no signs of guerrillas; marched 30 miles and returned to camp at Holden, Mo., June 9, 1864.

June 7, 1864, Captain James D. Eads and 18 mounted men of Company M, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, on scout to within miles of Pleasant Hill, Mo., and 2 miles of Lone Jack, scouting the country on Crawford's and Anderson's Forks of Big Creek; learned there were small parties of guerrillas, but saw none; returned to camp at Holden, Mo., same day; marched 25 miles.

June 7, 1864, Lieutenant Triplett, of Company D, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, and 15 men on foot, on scout on Brush Creek; scouted down to the mouth of said creek; saw some signs of guerrillas, probably passed down six or eight days previous, no more than 5 or 6 in a place; scout returned to camp on the evening of June 8, 1864.

Captain, Commanding Detach. First Cavalry, M. S. M.
MACON, MO., June 10, 1864.

Note. Ages are at the time of enlistment. Ranks are at the time of the report and not at the time of enlistment. Most stared out as Privates.

1. Sergeant, Millerons, No record found.

2. Corporal, Andrew Overstreet, Age 30, Co. D. F., enlisted Feb. 22, 1862, mustered in March 12, 1862, mustered out March 1, 1865.

3. Sergeant, Andrew S. Hart, Age 37, Co. D. F., enlisted in Feb. 3, 1862, Mustered in March 12, 1862, Sergeant March 13, 1862, First Sergeant Jun(?) 1, 1863, Mustered out March 11, 1865. Height: 5 feet 6 and a half inches, Hair: Dark, Eyes: Blue, Complexion Light, Married, Farmer, from Armstrong Co., Pennsylvania.

4. Sergeant, David M. Key, Age 30,Co. D. enlisted Feb. 3, 1862, mustered in Feb. 19, 1862, Sergeant March 11, 1863, mustered out Feb.18, 1865, Farmer, from Wayne Co. Ohio.

5. Lieutenant, Seymour E. Cobb, Age 32, Co. M., enlisted June 12, 1863, mustered in Aug. 22, 1863, resigned Aug. 8, 1864.

6. Sergeant, Andrew B. Combs, Age 32, Co. M., enlisted June 15, 1863, mustered in Aug. 22, 1863, mustered out July 12, 1865.

7. Sergeant, James M. Drury, Age 22, Co. D., enlisted Feb. 3, 1862, mustered in Feb. 19, 1862, Corporal Sept. 1, 1862, Sergeant May 1, 1863, mustered out March 11, 1865.

8. Sergeant, James C. Triplett, Age 45, Co. D., enlisted Feb. 15, 1862, mustered in Feb. 19, 1862, discharged for disability Aug. 14, 1862.

9. Captain, James D. Eads, Age 46, Co. M., enlisted Jan. (?) 5, 1864, mustered in same day, mustered out July 12, 1865.

10. Lieutenant, Charles T. Triplett, Age 19, Co. D., enlisted Feb. 3, 1862, mustered in Feb. 19, 1862, Corporal Oct. 1, 1862, First Sergeant April 4, 1864, mustered out March 9, 1865.

Sunday, January 09, 2011

Shoot out Between The Blankenship's And Missouri Army.

While I was doing some research for another page of (Sergeants ), I ran across this report. I found it very interesting, it too is about sergeants but it’s not just about them. It’s more about what was going on around them and their shoot with the Blankenship men.

Report of Captain Richard Murphy, Fifth Missouri State Militia Cavalry.

Houston, Mo., November 30, 1863.

CAPTAIN: I have the honor to submit the following as my report, required by General Orders, Numbers 28, from Headquarters District of Rolla, for the week ending November 29, 1863:

On the 23rd instant, I sent out a scout of 7 men, under command of Sergeant Basket, Company I, Sixth Enrolled Missouri Militia, to pursue some rebels who had the previous day captured 2 of my men (a report of which has been sent in). The scout pursued them some 30 mils in a southwest direction, but, finding they were far behind, they abandoned the chase and returned to camp, having been out two days.

On the 24th, while two of my men were riding about 4 miles from camp, they were met by what they supposed to be three Federal soldiers, as they were dressed in Federal uniform, and one of them wore an officer's uniform. When they were just in the act of passing, however, the three men drew their revolvers and ordered them to surrender, which, owing to the surprise and the disadvantage under which they labored, they were compelled to do. They were taken to the brush, deprived of their horses and equipments, arms, and clothing, with the exception of their under-clothing, after which they were sworn, and allowed to return to camp. Immediately upon learning of the circumstances, I sent out two scouts of 10 men each, under the respective commands of Lieutenant [William C.] Bangs, of Company D, and Sergeant [T. J.] McDowell, Company B, with instructions to scout the country in every direction for 20 miles around this post, and ascertain, if possible, the hiding-places of the bushwhackers.

The scout under Lieutenant Bangs returned yesterday, having traversed the country for 20 miles in a south-southeast and southwest direction, without having ascertained anything of their whereabouts or secret hiding-places.

The scout under Sergeant McDowell discovered, about 12 miles northeast from this place, a trail of six horses, and it appearing fresh they immediately commenced pursuit. After following it some 8 miles in the direction of Big Piney, they suddenly came upon three bushwhackers, at the house of one Blankenship. Upon discovering the approach of my men, two of the rebels succeeded in mounting their horses and making good their escape. The third (Blankenship) not having time to mount, took to the brush on foot, hotly pursued by two of the sergeant's party. Before reaching the brush he came within range of the pursuers, and two shots were fired at him, both of which took effect in the body. He succeeded, however, in reaching the wood, and, taking advantage of the trees, managed to protect himself for some time. While in this position he raised his rifle, which he had carried throughout, and, taking deliberate aim, fired, mortally wounding Henry J. Rennison, private of Company B. The next instant a volley was fired at him from the remainder of the sergeant's party, who had arrived, and Blankenship fell, pierced by at least twelve balls, either of which would have proved fatal. The wounded soldier was conveyed to the residence of Mr. Bradford, near Licking, and died the next day while being conveyed in the ambulance to this post, where he could receive medical treatment.

The scout is still out, and since then has not been heard from.

Lieutenant S. A. Franklin returned yesterday from Rolla, whither he had gone on escort with 20 men of Company D, having been out seven days. Nothing of importance transpired during the trip.

I also sent out a scout of 8 men under command of Sergeant [H.] Heinze, Company G, on the 26th instant. They found, about 12 miles west from Houston, a trail of some seven horses, and, upon inquiry at a house, they were informed that the trail was made by three persons with four led horses and that they were about an hour behind them. They commenced pursuit, but their progress was very slow, owing to the mode of travel of the rebels. They followed to Mountain Store, where they lost the trail entirely, and, giving up the chase, returned to camp yesterday.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Captain, Commanding.

1. William Basket, Co. K., 6th., E. M. M., enlisted July 10, 1863, Rolla Mo., ordered into service September 2, 1863, Houston Mo., relived from duty March 18, 1864.

2. William C. Bangs, 5th., Co. D. enlisted June 14, 1863, Rolla Mo., mustered in same day, Prom. Captain, Co. I., 13th., Cavalry, January 11, 186 (?).

3. Thomas J. McDowell, 5th., Co. B., enlisted January 1862, Bloomfield Mo., Mustered in February 4, 1862, Cape Girardeau Mo., discharged March 15, 1864, for disability at Rolla Mo.

4. Henry J. Rennison, private, 5th., Missouri, cavalry Co. B., enlisted May 29, 1863, Cooper Co. Mo., mustered in June 30, 1862, Waynesville, Mo., killed by gun-shot November 28, 1863, Hestory Mo.

5. Samuel A. Franklin, Co. D., 5th., enlisted February 15, 1862, Miller Co. Mo., Mustered in April 1, 1863, Jefferson City Mo., Prom. First Lieutenant, Co. D., March 28, 1864, Mustered out March 31, 1865.

6. Herman Heinze, 5th., Co. G., enlisted February 18, 1862, St. Louis Mo., Prom. First Sergeant, January 1865, mustered out April 13, 1865.