Saturday, December 29, 2007

Surnames Of The African American Through History.

All through history the African American has been called by many names Slave, Free black man, Man of color, Negro and so on it is my intent to go through my index’s using these titles and find as many surnames as I can to help you find that family member of the past.

Note. The information on this page comes from Bills and petitions that passed through Congress. Which are housed at the Library of Congress. If you would like to leave a comment or ask for help you may at the following.

Important note. Thinks to Dorene Paul, Reference Assistant, of the Sandusky Library Archives Research Center. She sent me a great article on Sophronia Jefferson a former slave. After reading the article I decided not to reprint the article here but to give their address so you can read it at their site. I looked over their site and found many great articles I would highly recommend this site.
Sandusky Library Archives Research Center.

Shandy Yard, a free black man, had the loss of property, and personal injuries which he sustained while in captivity among the Tripolines.

In 1843, John Cary a free man of color now at the age of 113 years, in consideration of his services near General George Washington at Braddock’s defeat in the year of 1755, and in the Revolution to be paid to him a pension of eighty dollars a year during his natural life.

In 1805, a petition of Ben Vicary, a free man of color, residing in the town of Edenton, in the State of North Carolina, praying such compensation as to the wisdom and justice of Congress shall seem meet, in consideration of a wound received by the petitioner at the battle of Camden, whilst a soldier in the Southern army, during the Revolutionary war with Great Britain.

In 1812, a petition of Prince Williams, a free man of color, praying a support in consideration of bodily injuries sustained by a fall from the top of the Capitol in the City of Washington, whilst in the employ of the public as a laborer:

In 1856, a petition of Joseph Clarke, a free man of color, who acted as waiter to a company of volunteers in the Creek war of 1836, praying a pension on account of a wound received in the service.

In 1812, a petition of sundry inhabitants of Lebanon, in the State of Ohio, praying that William Anderson, a free man of color, may be placed on the pension list of the United States, in consideration of wounds received whilst a soldier in the Revolutionary army.

In 1868, a petition of Charles L. Bradwell, a free man of color resident at Savannah, praying compensation for four bales of cotton taken by the government under orders issued by General Sherman in 1865.

In 1860, a petition of Sylvester Gray, a free man of color, praying that a patent may be issued to him for land settled and improved by him under the preemption act of 1841

In 1838, Abraham H. Kingsley had a petition in Congress for a pension.

Note. This information comes from.


Angelique Aury, a free black women of color, claims a tract of land situate on the Bayou Metairie in the parish of Jefferson and about six miles from the city on New Orleans. She got it through an inheritance of Pierre Langliche a free colored man who get in October 1, 1787.

Honore Bacchus, a free negro claims a tract of land situate in the parish of Jefferson and on the west bank of the Mississippi has held this land over forty years.

Mary Bacchus, a free women of color claims a tract of land situate in the parish of Jefferson on the west bank of the Mississippi, has held this land over forty years.

Note. This is not the same land as that above as they have different boundary’s

Marie Joseph Beaulieu, a free women of color claims a tract of land situate on the Bayou Metairie, in the parish of Jefferson about six miles from New Orleans.

Victoire Deslondes, a free women of color claims a tract of land situate in the parish of St. John the Baptist and on the east bank of the river of the Mississippi.

Michel Duplessis, a free negro claims a tract of land situate in the parish of Plaquemines and on the east bank of the Mississippi river, has hel this land over forty years.

Hiacinthe Thomas Hazeur, Charles Homer Hazeur and Jean Baptiste Hazeur, free men of color claim a tract of land situate in the parish of Jefferson about five miles from New Orleans, on both sides of the Public road called the Metairie road. They have held this land over fifty years.

Rosalie Isidor, a free women of color, claims a tract of land situate in the parish of St. Charles on the west bank of the Mississippi river.

Joseph Lalonier, a free man of color, claims a tract of land situate in the parish of Jefferson on the west bank of the Mississippi river.

Celeste Lamatte, a free women of color, claims a tract of land situate in the parish of La Fourche interior on the right bank of the Bayou La Fourche has held this land for over forty years.

Zenon Saulet, a free man of color claims a tract of land situate on the west bank of the Mississippi rive.

That on the 30th day of May, James Mitchell, the steward, a negro servant of the said Commander Uriah P. Levy, of the United States ship Vandalia, was called and sworn as a witness, on behalf of the prosecution, to testify against the said Lieutenant Hooe: that the accused objected to the examination of the witness upon the ground that he was a colored man.

Note. There is more to this if you would like it just ask.

Jonathan Painter (Black man) acted as a spy in the war of 1812, he got a pension of eight dollars per month.

Peter Amey was of the navy got a pension of ninety-six dollars per annum.

Civil War.

William J. Campbell, aged fifty-one years, born in Savannah; slave until 1849, and then liberated by will of his mistress, Mrs. Mary Maxwell; for ten years pastor of the First Baptist Church of Savannah, numbering about 1,800 members; average congregation, 1,900; the church property, belonging to the congregation (trustees white), worth $18,000.

John Cox, aged fifty-eight years born in Savannah; slave until 1849, when he bought his freedom for $1,100; pastor of the Second African Baptist Church; in the ministry fifteen years; congregation, 1,222 persons; church property, worth $10,000, belonging to the congregation.

Ulysses L. Houston, aged forty-one years, born in Grahamville, S. C. ; slave "until the Union army entered Savannah; " owned by Moses Henderson, Savannah, and pastor of Third African Baptist Church, congregation numbering 400; church property, worth $5,000, belongs to congregation; in the ministry about eight years.

William Bentley, aged seventy-two years, born in Savannah; slave until twenty-five years of age, when his master, John Waters, emancipated him by will; pastor of Andrew's Chapel, Methodist Episcopal Church (only on of that denomination in Savannah), congregation numbering 360 members; church property worth about $20,000, and is owned by the congregation; been in the ministry about twenty years; a member of Georgia conference.

Charles Bradwell, aged forty years, born in Liberty County, Ga. ; slave until 1851; emancipated by will of his master, J. L. Bradwell; local preacher, in charge of the Methodist Episcopal congregation (Andrew's Chapel) in the absence of the minister; in the ministry ten years.

William Gaines, aged forty-one years, born in Wills County, Ga. ; slave "until the Union forces freed men; " owned by Robert Toombs, formerly U. S. Senator, and his further, Gabriel Toombs; local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal Church) Andrew's Chapel); in the ministry sixteen years.

James Hill aged fifty-two years, born in Bryan County, Ga. ; slave "up to the time the Union army come in; " owned by H. F. Willings, of Savannah; in the ministry sixteen years.

Glasgow Taylor, aged seventy-two years, born in Wilkes County, Ga., slave "until the Union army come; " owned by A. P. Wetter; is a local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal Church (Andrew 's Chapel)" in the ministry thirty-five years.

Garrison Frazier, aged sixty-seven years, born in Granville County, N. C. ; slave until eight years ago, when he bought himself and wife, paying $1,000 in gold and silver; is an ordained minister in the Baptist Church, but, his health falling, has now charge of no congregation; has been in the ministry thirty-five years.

James Mills, aged fifty-six years, born in Savannah; freeborn, and is a licensed preacher of the First Baptist Church; has been eight years in the ministry.

Abraham Burke, aged forty-eight years, born in Bryan County, Ga. ; slave until twenty years ago, when he bought himself for $800; has been in the ministry about ten years.

Arthur Wardell, aged forty-four years, born in Liberty County, Ga. ; slave until "fried by the Union Army; " owned by A. A. Solomons, Savannah, and is a licensed minister in the Baptist Church; has been in the ministry six years.

Alexander Harris, aged forty-seven years, born in Savannah; freeborn; licensed minister of Third African Baptist Church; licensed about one month ago.

Andrew Neal, aged sixty-one years, born in Savannah; slave "until the Union army liberated me; " owned by Mr. William Gibsons, and has been deacon in the Third Baptist Church for ten years.

James Porter, aged thirty-nine years, born in Charleston, S. C. ; freeborn, his mother having purchased her freedom; is lay render and president of the board of wardens and vestry of Saint Spethen's Protestant Episcopal Colored Church in Savannah; has been in communion nine yeas; the congregation numbers about 200 persons; the church property is worth about $10,000, and is owned by the congregation.

Adolphus Delmotte, aged, twenty-eight years, born in Savannah; freeborn; is a licensed minister of the Missionary Baptist Church of Milledgeville, congregation numbering about 300 or 400 persons; has been in the ministry about two years

Jacob Godfrey, aged fifty-seven years, born in Marion, S. C. ; slave "until the Union army freed me; " owned by James E. Godfrey, Methodist preacher, now in the rebel Army; is a class leader and steward of Andrew's Chapel since 1863.

John Johnson, aged fifty-one years, born in Bryan County, Ga. ; slave "up to the time the Union army came here; " owned by W. W. Lincoln, of Savannah; is class leader and treasurer of Andrew's Chapel for sixteen years.

Robert N. Taylor, aged fifty-one years, born in Wilkes County, Ga. ; slave " to the time the Union army come; " was owned by Augustus P. Wetter, Savannah, and is class leader in Andrew's Chapel for nine years.

James Lynch, aged twenty-six years, born in Baltimore, Md. ; freeborn; is presiding elder of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and missionary to the Department of the South; has been seven years in the ministry and two years in the South.

Civil War 1861.

Philip, slave of John Fisher, Essex County, Va.
Junius, slave of Thaddeus Dellard, Surry County, Va.
Elijah, slave of Luther Bryan, Company F, Fifth South Carolina Regiment.
James Bush, slave of Griffin Bush, Montgomery County, Va.
Revel Garrison, slave of Edward Garrison, Accomac County, Va.
Richard Saunders, slave of George Strother, Stafford County, Va.
George Washington, slave of Calvin Goodlow, Franklin County, Va.
George and William, slaves of Dr. Charles Weisiger, Chesterfield County, Va.
Jim, slave of William Graham, Fortress Monroe.
Gray, slave of B. Barnes, Wayne County, N. C.
George, slave of Mrs. Morrison, Alleghany County, Va.
Charles, slave of Mr. Ashton, Portsmouth, Va.

These men ran away from Williamsburg.

Samuel and William belong to Mr. Samuel Latimere.
John Smith belong to Mr. Thomas Latimere.
Jack Allen belong to Mr. G. Mears.

slaves belonging to citizens of Southwest Missouri, described as follows.

Name of slave. Name of owner. Residence.

Mises (boy). George W. Andrews. Taney County.
Kelly (man). James Vaughn. Christian County.
Jim (man). Samuel Green. Webster County.
Viney (woman). John Wood. Greene County.

These free men of color worked for Richard B. Posey of Md.

Tom Davis.
Frank Wedge.
Theodore Neff.

Washington Spalding (colored) deposed: "The mother of a young colored man who lived here (in Louisville) moved across the river, and being on her deathbed sent for him; but on account of the law he could not go, and did not attend the funeral."

PORT ROYAL, S. C., May 12, 1862.

James Cashman, a colored man, saying the bearer of these leter was authorized to enlist 100 men on Ladies and Saint Helena and desired my co-operation, which I at once gave. Cashman was getting recruits, and had got perhaps twenty-five or fifty. I gave him a circular letter to the superintendents, requesting them to encourage all persons disposed to enlist, however important to the plantations.
Special Agent Treasury Department.

Jacob Garrick was a cook on the Schooner Enchantress.

COW CREEK RANCH, KANS., May 30, 1865.
Brigadier-General FORD,
Commanding Troops in the Field and District of the Upper Arkansas:
DEAR SIR: My colored man, George Ransom, who left Council Grove on the 14th of April for the Indians' camps, south, for the purpose of bringing them into the neighborhood of the Arkansas River for consultation, has just arrived from the North Fork of the Red River. Just before he arrived there the report that reached you of the advance of the Big Hill Osages also reached them through the friendly Indians. The Kiowas said at once it was a trap to catch them, and they started out different parties to watch the different military posts on the Santa Fe road. To-Han-Son, the old Kiowa chief, said they were only sent out to watch. Another report reached them through a half-breed from New Mexico, who told them that as soon as the grass started the troops would be after them, so they all put out south except To-Han-Son. Be afterward left and said he would be back in thirty days. From all he (George Ransom) could learn he was satisfied that all the tribes were near Fort Cobb holding a grand medicine lodge. They would hold it for about thirty days, twenty of which are passed. When he arrived at the mouth of the Little Arkansas (the 28th) the friendly Indians reported a command of soldiers south of the Chikaskia, about sixty or seventy miles southwest of the mouth of the Little Arkansas. A Caddo chief sent word to Chisholm that all the Indians wished for peace except the Cheyennes, who came amongst them this spring from the north. From this information I am led to believe that there are a very large body of Indians near Fort Cobb who are or will combine against any small force that may demonstrate on them from the north. I do hope a force will at once be sent sufficient to make them know their weakness. The stage from Kansas City has just arrived and reports 10,000 troops landing at that point. I did thing I would see you in person, but my health is not such as would warrant any exposure. Should be glad to hear of your progress and success. I send you a map. It may be of some service. George Ransom is satisfied that the Indian Captain Conkey saw was Kicking Bird, a Kiowa brave. It was his band that killed four Mexicans and stole the stock here and below. They also robbed-that is, the Kiowas-some Mexicans that came to trade with them, but said they must not come again, as the Mexicans with Kit Carson were fighting them.
Yours, truly,
U. S. Indian Agent.

Bishop Green, of the Methodist Church, Canada, deposed:
You do not see any of our respectable people here marrying any persons but their own associates.
John Kinney, an intelligent colored man, said:
The majority of the colored people don’t like the intermarriage of colored and white people.
Colonel Stevenson said:
The colored people don’t like to have one of their color marry a white woman.
Such marriages do occur in Canada, but they are rare.

A Supplemental Report A, on Colored Refugees in Canada West.

Mrs. Susan Boggs (colored), also of Saint Catherine's, said:
If it was not for the Queen's law we would be mobbed here, and could not stay in this house. The prejudice is a great deal worse here than it is in the States. A colored woman living in a cabin near Colchester said 'she was from Virginia, and the prejudice was "a heap" stronger in Canada than at home." "The people," she added, 'seemed to think the blacks weren’t folks anyway." She was anxious to go back. e The home of the American negro is in the Southern States. Let it be made a free home, and he will seek, he will desire, no other.

Mr. Samuel Harrison, who is a colored man, was duly elected, and on the 8th day of September, 1863, commissioned by Governor Andrew as chaplain of the Fifty-fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers in the service of the United States at Morrison Island, S. C., by the proper mustering officer, and actually performed the duties of chaplain of that regiment them and since serving in South Carolina. On demanding his pay as chaplain he was me by the following refusal writing, signal by the paymaster at Hilton Head:
Samuel Harrison, Chaplin of the Fifty-fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers (colored troops), asks pay at the usual rate, $100 per month and two rations, which, he being of African descent, I decline paying, under act of Congress, passed July 17, 1862, employing persons of African descent in the military service of the United States. The chaplain declines to receive anything less.

Frank W. Welch, a free colored man, a servant to a Connecticut volunteer officer.

Nicholas Johnson, (color man) commonly called Nick, was in the hospital at Annapolis.

James Wetzel, (white) who claims to have been taken prisoner from the U. S. Army, and a colored man named Charles Amos.

Brashear City, La., March 8, 1865.

Michael James, (Color man) has just been sent to me from Fort Buchanan, at which place be arrived about an hour since. He came from William Hays' plantation about one mile the other side of Centerville.

Saint Louis, October 20, 1864.

A colored man named Charles Thurston, organized and commanded a company of negroes, who eagerly bore their share of labor and danger.

May 15, 1864.
Captain KING,
Asst. Adjt. General, Third Division, Sixth Corps:
SIR: Last evening a colored man by the name of Solom Baker, a free man, dressed in the uniform usually worn by rebel soldiers, came into our lines, and he states to me that he has been for the past year a servant to Major Hamilton, of the First South Carolina Regiment. This man seems unusually intelligent, and, from his statements, could give to the major-general commanding some useful and perhaps valuable information.

Statement of Henry Martin, colored man: I left the rebel lines about one hour ago. I was after corn for my horses when your men captured me. General Forrest's men are cooking rations to go to Middle Tennessee. I heard the old general say so himself. He [Forrest] said that he was going to cut off the supplies. Forrest's command was near Ringgold. Forrest has two brigades [Armstrong's and Dibrell's], ten regiments, 200 to 300 men in each regiment. Some of the men are about starving; others have plenty. Forrest has two batteries. The killed and wounded amounted to 6,000 or 7,000, so General Dibrell said. I heard on Sunday evening that we had captured 11,000. I heard since that it was only 2,200. Some of the men have gone to Mobile. They went day before yesterday. It was reported 10,000 had gone. I saw them marching. It is reported that Bragg has 100,000 men. They say they have nothing to brag of. They say they intend to move you out of here. Some of the men are barefooted. None of the Virginia troops have gone back.

William H. Ringgold, an intelligent colored man, in report addressed to you December 2, 1861, specifies the following regiments as being on the Yorktown Peninsula and at Gloucester Point:
Sixth Georgia Infantry, Colonel Colquitt, numbering 1,000 men, within the intrenchments at Yorktown above described. Louisiana Zouaves, numbering about 950, encamped a short distance below Yorktown. Second Alabama Infantry, 1,050 men, 3 miles from Yorktown, on the road to Hampton. Fifth North Carolina Infantry, 800 men, 8 miles from Yorktown, on the road to Big Bethel. Eighth Alabama Infantry, Colonel Winston, 1,000 men, near Big Bethel Church. Cobb's Legion, 5 or 6 miles from Big Bethel Church, 2 1/2 miles west of the road to Hampton and opposite Little Bethel. This Legion consists of about 400 cavalry, armed with Maynard's rifles, and 600 infantry, all from Georgia, commanded by Thomas C. Cobb. Several Louisiana regiments at Williamsburg. At Gloucester Point, 5,000 infantry, 160 cavalry, and two companies of artillery. That the total rebel force on the York and James River Peninsula was estimated by the rebels at 25,000 men. That there is a telegraph from Richmond to West Point, also from Yorktown and Great Bethel to Richmond via James River and Grove Wharf. That there is much Union feeling among the poorer classes on the York and Rappahannock Rivers, especially among the oysterman and fisherman.

1 comment:

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