Monday, May 11, 2009

John Buchanan’s Station attacked 1792.

An account of the attack, by the Creeks and Cherokees, upon Buchanan’s Station, on the 30th September, 1792.

On the 30th September, about midnight, John Buchanan’s Station, four miles south of Nashville, (at which sundry families had collected, and fifteen gunmen) was attacked by a party of Creeks and Lower Cherokees supposed to consist of three or four hundred. Their approach was suspected by the running of cattle, that had taken fright at them, and, upon examination, they were found rapidly advancing within ten yards of the gate; from this place and distance they received the first fire from the man who discovered them, (John Mc. Rory.) They immediately returned the fire, and continued a very heavy and constant firing upon the station, (blockhouse, surrounded with a stockade) for an hour; and were repulsed with considerable loss, without injuring man, woman, or child, in the station.

During the whole time of attack, the Indian were not more distant than ten yards from the blockhouse, and often in large numbers round the lower walls, attempting to put fire to it. One ascended the roof with a torch, where he was shot, and falling to the ground, renewed his attempts to fire the bottom logs, and was killed. The Indians fired 30 balls through port-hole of the overjutting, which lodged in the roof in the circumference of a hat, and those sticking in the wall on the. outside, were very numerous.

Upon viewing the ground next morning, it appeared that the fellow who was shot from the roof, was a Cherokee half breed of the Running Water, known by the whites by the name of Tom Tunbridge’s step-son, the son of a French woman by an Indian, and there was much blood and sings that many dead had been dragged off, and litters having been made to carry their wounded to their horses, which they had left a mile from the station. Near the blockhouse were found several swords, hatchets, pipes, kettles, and budgets of different Indian articles; one of the swords was a fine Spanish blade, and richly mounted in the Spanish fashion. In the morning previous to the attack, Jonathan Gee, and --- Clayton were sent out as spies and on the ground, among other articles left by the Indians, were found a handkerchief and a moccasin, known one to belong to Gee, and the other to Clayton, hence it is supposed they are killed.

From the best account, the Indians who attacked Buchanan’s station on the 30th September, 179, appeared to have been, Creeks from 400 to 500 Cherokees, 200; Shawnees, from 30 to 40; of whom, three were killed, and seven wounded. The former were, Tunbridge’s step-son, left on the ground; the Shawnees warrior, dragged off; a Creek chief, dragged off The latter were, John Watts, with a ball through one thigh, and lodged in the other, supposed dangerous, but now on recovery; Unacata, or White Man-killer, supposed dangerous, but now on the recovery; the Dragging Canoe’s Brother, (alias) the White Owl’s Son, supposed mortal, a young warrior of the Look out, supposed mortal; a young warrior of the Running Water, on the recovery: a Creek warrior, since dead. warrior of the Running water since dead.

The Cherokees say the Creeks have long been boasting that they were men. and warriors but that they proved to be great cowards, and that most of them kept such a distance from the station, that they could hardly shoot a ball to it the station.

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