Tuesday, June 23, 2009

They Were Captured Or Taken Prisioner.

Note. The dates beside the names will be the dates their letters or petitions were put before Congress.

John Kinsbury, 1781.

John Kinsbury, setting forth, that he was captured at Charlestown about the 12th of May 1780, That he had at the time of his being captured six thousand, two hundred dollars, part of which he received as pay. That by being under confinement from the time aforesaid until his parole was enlarged on the 15th. June last he hath lost the benefit of said money. That he is desirous of returning to North Carolina to adjust some necessary matters relative to his company, but wants money to pay his expenses; and relative to his company, but wants money to pay his expenses;and praying relief in the premises, and that the Board of War or Paymaster General be directed to advance him such sums of money as may be sufficient to defray his expenses. The Committee of the Week report that the same benefits have been extended to the Petitioner as to other officers in like circumstances. That Congress cannot at present advance any monies.

Samuel Curson, 1781.

Samuel Curson son of a New York merchant Richard Curson and who represented the Continental Congress and the family firm of Curson & Seton on St. Eustatius. When the British attacked the island in 1781, he was captured and taken prisoner to England.

Henry Johnson. 1777.

Henry Johnson, former captain of the privateer Yankee, had only recently returned to the United States after escaping from imprisonment on H.M.S. Rippon. He was appointed commander of the Lexington on February 5, 1777, and after leaving Baltimore on February 26, he reached Bordeaux on April 3. Johnson participated in a successful European cruise with Capt. Lambert Wickes, but after a forced departure from France he was captured again on September 19. Early the next year he escaped from Mill Prison and returned to the United States.

William Thompson. 1775.

William Thompson, of Carlisle, Pa., farmer, surveyor, and justice of the peace had commanded a battalion of riflemen organized and sent to Massachusetts in 1775. He was elected brigadier general on March 1, 1776, and ordered to New York in command of reinforcements being sent to Canada. On June 8, 1776, he was captured during the ill-fated attack on Three Rivers that he commanded, and although paroled and permitted to return to Pennsylvania soon afterwards, he was not exchanged until 1780.

Richard Thomas, 1863.

Richard Thomas, otherwise called Colonel Zarvona, was an officer of the Confederate Army at the time of his capture, under what circumstances he was captured, if those circumstances be known to the President, and why he has not been exchanged.

John Bedford, 1818.

John Bedford, praying to be paid the amount of moneys due him for his services as a soldier in the army during the late war, which is withheld in consequence of having been returned as a deserter, when in fact, he was captured by the enemy, and remained in captivity until a few months previous to the conclusion of the war.

Abigail Fernauld, widow of William Fernauld.

Abigail Fernauld, widow of William Fernauld, deceased, a prizemaster in the private armed naval service of the United States, in the late war with Great Britain, and who died at Dartmoor prison, in England, of ill treatment, received after he was captured by a British ship of war, praying to be allowed the pension granted in such cases.

John Burnham, 1793.

Captain John Burnham, late commander of the ship Hope, praying to be paid the balance due him for money advanced as the price of his ransom from slavery in Algiers, by one of whose corsairs he was captured in the year 1793.

Robert Lyell, 1794.

Robert Lyell, a Captain in the late Continental Army of the South Carolina line, be placed upon the invalid pension list, with the annual allowance of an invalid Captain of the said line, to commence at the time of his discharge, after the fall of Charleston, where he was captured by the British army.

Isaac Pool, 1824.

Isaac Pool, of the state of Maine, stating that, while commander of the schooner Evergreen, he was captured by a piratical vessel, in August, 1821; that he retook the said schooner Evergreen, and made prisoners of the prize crew on board; which said prisoners he delivered over to the judicial authorities upon his arrival in Boston, and that he was recognized to appear as a witness against the said prisoners, in consequence of which he alleges that he lost the command of his vessel, as also the command of other and larger vessels which he could have obtained; and praying such relief in the premises as Congress may in their wisdom see fit to grant.

William E. Meek, 1821.

William E. Meek, a sergeant in the army of the United States, and who belonged to the detachment sent in 1807, under the command of general, then lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike, on an exploring expedition into the interior of Louisiana, stating that, in the year aforesaid, whilst engaged in said service, he Was captured by a Spanish force, and carried far into the interior of the Spanish dominions, and held as a prisoner, the greater part of the in close confinement, until September, 1820, and praying that he may be allowed and paid his account for pay, rations, and clothing, during the whole of the time he remained in captivity.

John Gallagher, 1870.

John Gallagher, a native of Hunterdon County, in the State of New Jersey, volunteered in the army of the Union in the year 1863, at the age of sixteen years, but was discharged upon the petition of his mother, both on account of his extreme youth and her great need of his assistance for the support of herself and her two young children; and whereas afterward, in the year 1866, when about the age of nineteen years, without consideration, he was persuaded to engage with the Fenians in their expedition upon the Canadian frontier, where, with others, he was captured and sentenced to twenty years' imprisonment at Kingston, four years of which period he has suffered, and which has so greatly affected his health that it has recently been found necessary to remove him to a hospital, his mother in the mean time dying of grief, and his younger sisters brought to great distress by being deprived of his aid: Therefore, Resolved, That in view of his youth and the length of time he has already been imprisoned, and the effect thereof upon his health, the President of the United States is hereby requested, if not incompatible with the public interest, to intercede with the proper authorities of Canada or Great Britian in such a manner as he may deem expedient to secure the pardon and discharge of the said John Gallagher from custody.

Archibald Woodruff, 1836.

Archibald Woodruff, of the State of Ohio, setting forth that he was engaged in the shipping trade from Philadelphia, in the year 1813, that he was captured by the French, and his vessel and cargo destroyed, and praying that he may be entitled to receive a portion of the indemnity to be paid by France.

William Palms, 1840.

William Palms, of Baltimore, State of Maryland, stating that he was captured by the British in the last war, while attached to the revenue service, and retained a prisoner for twelve months, and praying that his pay for said period be granted him.

Samuel H. Moore, 1869.

Samuel H. Moore, late private in company G, fifty-seventh regiment Ohio veteran volunteer infantry, was entered on the rolls of his company as having deserted iii January, eighteen hundred and sixty-three ; and whereas there is satisfactory evidence that said Moore did not desert, but was captured by the enemy ; that his conduct previous to such capture was good; and that after his release by the enemy as a paroled prisoner of war he rejoined his regiment and remained and served with it until it was mustered out of service.

Robert McGuire, 1844.

Robert McGuire, a soldier who was captured by the Indians in the last war with Great Britain, praying compensation for the clothing of which he was plundered and the allowance of pay during the period of his captivity.

Harvey Wakefield, 1818.

Harvey Wakefield, stating that while acting as an assistant to a revenue officer, on the lines between the United States and Canada, in the late war with Great Britain, he was, whilst in the discharge of his official duty, captured by a body of hostile Indians, and remained a prisoner with the British till discharged under the treaty of peace, and praying compensation for the time he remained in prison, as also, for his sufferings while in captivity.

Thomas Eden, 1872.

Thomas Eden was attached as a marine on board of the United States schooner Ann Alossis, commanded by James Smith, and while in the line of his duty in the war of eighteen hundred and twelve, against Great Britain, was taken prisoner by the enemy and was imprisoned twelve months in the prison-ship La Arnathist, at Jamaica, in the year eighteen hundred and thirteen; subsequently released and served as a soldier in said war, in the company of Captain William A. Dunham, regiment commanded by Colonel James Johnston, and was honorably discharged when peace was proclaimed.

Major James B. Thompson, 1867.

Major James B. Thompson, of Perrysville, Juniata county, Pennsylvania, who was first lieutenant and subsequently captain of company F, one hundred and ninetieth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, having been commissioned during his confinement in rebel prisons. Whereas Major James B. Thompson, while serving in the Union army as second lieutenant, was taken prisoner by the rebels and confined at Andersonville and other rebel prisons, and during such confinement, to wit, on the sixth day of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, was commissioned as first lieutenant of company F, one hundred and ninetieth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, and on the nineteenth day of September following commissioned as captain of said company, but owing to being confined in rebel prisons was unable to join his company and regiment until March first, eighteen hundred and sixty-five; and whereas the disbursing officer decided that, under existing laws, he could not pay on said commissions until mustered in as such.

W. H. Cox, 1868.

W. H. Cox, a hale, hearty, young man of about twenty years of age, residing with his father Charles D. Cox, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, and being a part of his family, on the sixteenth day of February, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, was enrolled as a sergeant in company F, second regiment Pennsylvania artillery, to serve three years or during the war; that he was regularly mustered in as such, and at the battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, on or about the second of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, was taken prisoner by the rebels and sent to Andersonville, Georgia, and there confined as a prisoner of war for the period of ten months, and from exposure and lack of food became very much debilitated, and after being released he was on the eighth of August eighteen hundred and sixty-five, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by virtue of a telegram dated Adjutant General's office, May twelfth, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, honorably discharged from the United States service; and whereas the said W. H. Cox, after reaching his father's residence, made application for a pension under existing laws, in consequence of disease contracted in line of duty, and before the case was finally disposed of, to wit: July ninth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, he died of disease contracted.

Samuel Brown, 1812.

Samuel Brown, formerly of Massachusetts, and now of Ohio, stating that, whilst in the service of the United States, in the Revolutionary war, he was taken prisoner by the British at Quebec; that he bath not received any pay or rations for the time he was so in captivity, and that his claim therefor is now barred by the statute of limitation; and praying relief.

Theophilus Hardenbrook, 1852.

Theophilus Hardenbrook, representing that he was taken prisoner during the last war with Great Britain, and confined more than two years in Dartmoor prison, and praying a pension or some other remuneration for his sufferings and privations during that time.

Robert Lyon, 1794.

Robert Lyon, praying compensation for his services in the Militia, and as a volunteer in Colonel Hartley's regiment, on several expeditions against the Indians, in one of which he was dangerously wounded and taken prisoner, in the neighborhood of Fort Jenkins, on the Northeast branch of the Susquehannah, the last day of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty.

Peter Noble, 1776.

Peter Noble, a soldier belonging to Colonel Hinman's batallion, (Captain Watson's company) who was taken prisoner near Montreal, with Colonel Allen, ought to have the sum of 40 dollars advanced to him, and his receipt taken for the same, as part of his pay.

John M'Crea, 1816.

John M'Crea, of Franklin county, in the State of New-York, was a revenue officer, who, in the execution of his official duties, was taken prisoner in the late war with Great Britain, and subjected to much suffering and hardship.

Henry Wynkoop & Simon Wilmot, 1777.

Henry Wynkoop, Esqr. for board and nursing Lieutenant Simon Wilmot, of the 16 regiment of Queen's light dragoons, who was wounded and taken prisoner at Princeton, 3 January last, for nine weeks and two days, at two dollars per week, 20 51/90 dollars.

William Draggo, 1819.

William Draggo, stating that he was taken prisoner by the Indians, in the year 1783, and became a member of the tribe in which he resided, and married an Indian woman, by whom he has six children; he also states that the Indians made him a grant of a large quantity of land lying on the shores of Lake Erie, which is now in the possession of the United States, and praying for a confirmation of his said grant.
William Kincaid, 1806.

William Kincaid, of the State of Vermont, which was received and read, stating that, at the commencement of the Revolutionary war, the petitioner enlisted as a soldier in the army of the United States; that on the twenty-third of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, he was taken prisoner by the Indians and carried to Canada, where he remained in captivity until November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two; and that, during all the term of his captivity, his name was omitted in the muster rolls of the army, by which omission he is deprived of his pay and bounty of land.

General Nathaniel Woodhull, 1803.

General Nathaniel Woodhull, who commanded the militia on Long Island, in the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, and was then taken prisoner, and most cruelly put to death by the enemy.

Captain John Stotesbury, 1779.

Captain John Stotesbury, of the 11th., Pennsylvania regiment, a ballance of pay and subsistance, during his captivity, from the 8 April to 31 December, 1778, inclusive; and for extra services before he was taken prisoner, five hundred and one dollars and 24/90ths.

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