Friday, December 23, 2011
Frederick Winthrop, Civil War.
Frederick Winthrop, of New York, was promoted Captain on October 26, 1861, was promoted to Major by Brevet June 27, 1862, for distinguished services in the battle before Richmond.
Fifth New York Vet. Infantry.
WINTHROP, FREDERICK, Age,26 years. Captain, Twelfth United States Infantry; promoted colonel of this regiment and mustered in, August 6, 1864; wounded, August 18, 1861; killed in action, April 1, 1865, at Five Forks, V a. ; commissioned colonel, August 2, 1864, with rank from July 16, 1864, vice H . W. Ryder, declined.
No. 106. Report of Bvt. Brigadier General Frederick Winthrop, Fifth New York Veteran Infantry, commanding First Brigade, of operations February 5-7. 1865.
HDQRS. FIRST BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION, FIFTH CORPS,
February 14, 1865.
MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the command during the recent movement on Hatcher's Run:
At 8 a.m., on the 5th instant, broke camp near Gurley's house and marched down the Halifax road to Rowanty Creek; crossed the creek and so on to the intersection of the military pike road with the Vaughan road. Here the command lay in line of battle until midnight, when it moved back on the Vaughan road and occupied a line of breast-works to the left of the road, about a mile west of the run. At 1 p.m. moved out to the support of Gregg's cavalry, who were skirmishing heavily with the enemy some distance farther down the road. Relieved the cavalry pickets with the One hundred and forty-sixth New York Volunteers, and deployed the Fifth New York Veteran Volunteers and One hundred and fortieth New York Volunteers on the right-hand side and the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery on the left-hand side of the road in a large open field. These dispositions had hardly been made before our cavalry advanced to the attack with two brigades, and a third in support. They soon became actively engaged with the enemy's infantry, and, getting rather roughly handled, retired in considerable confusion, the enemy closely following. I immediately ordered up my three regiments at a double quick, and, delivering some very fair volleys, succeeded in checking their advancing column and driving it back to its shelter in the woods. Once or twice again the enemy attempted to advance over the open, but each time were handsomely repulsed by my troops, who fought with great spirit. Finally, about 5 p.m., being relieved by the First Brigade, First Division, and having replenished our cartridge boxes, we were ordered out on picket, covering the road leading to Dabney's Mill, where we remained until the afternoon of the 7th.
I regret to mention the loss of Captain Charles S. Montgomery, commanding Fifth New York Veteran Volunteers, who was shot through the brain during the engagement. He handled his regiment in a most creditable manner, and is a severe loss to the command. It is but simple justice to say that I have rarely seen troops fight with more animation or maintain their ground so stubbornly against such superior numbers as confronted them in the earlier part of the engagement. With such troops I shall always feel confident of success. From my staff-Lieutenant Campbell, acting assistant adjutant-general, and Lieutenant Leatz, aide-de-camp, and Lieutenant Raymond, pioneer officer-I received the most efficient assistance, and each and all of these gentlemen were conspicuous along the line, encouraging the men by their gallant bearing.
I have the honor to remain, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant, FRED. WINTHROP, Brevet Brigadier-General, Commanding.
General Griffin's report says:
In nearly every one of the numerous battles we have had with the enemy, my command had to lament the loss of some of its bravest and best, and the battle of Five Forks was not an exception to our former experience. Bvt. Brigadier General Frederick Winthrop, colonel of the Fifth New York Volunteers, commanding First Brigade, Second Division, was mortally wounded at the head of his command while making a successful assault. His conduct had always been distinguished for gallantry of action and coolness of thought, and no one carried with him more of the confidence and inspiration that sustains a command in trying scenes. His countrymen have lost no one of their soldiers who more deserves a lasting place in their memory.
August 3, 1839 - April 1, 1865, from The New York Times, April 13, 1865.