Sunday, April 18, 2010

Indian Home Guards.

The Indian Home Guards played a very important part in the Civil War, although they were give little recognition on their part they played. These regiments were mostly under the command of whites and are the only ones recorded on the rosters, even though many Native Americans held high rank, they will not be found on the National Army Registry.

These Native Americans can be found on the mustered rolls and pay rolls of each company for each regiment. If one is looking for a Native Americans ancestor that was in one of these regiments should be able to find some record of him in the National Archives. As far as I can tell there were at least five Indian Home Guards regiments but was unable to find little of no information on the Forth nor on the fifth regiment.

At the bottom of each regiment Registry I will add the names of any Native Americans I found in the battle reports.
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First Indian Home Guards.

William Addison Phillips.

Birth: Jan. 14, 1824, Scotland.
Death: Nov. 30, 1893, Fort Gibson, Muskogee County, Oklahoma.

Photo provided by Bill McKern.

William Addison Phillips, Commander of the First & Third Indian Home Guards.

US Congressman. Elected to represent Kansas first as an At-Large Delegate, then from the 1st District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1873 to 1879.

FIRST REGIMENT INDIAN HOME GUARDS.

Rank--- Name--- Date of Commission--- Remarks.

Major Phillips Wm. A. June 2d, 1862 Promoted Colonel Third Regiment Indian Home Guards.

Major Phillips James A. July 10th, 1862 From 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant Fourth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieut. and Adjt., Gillpatrick J. H., November 1st, 1862., Promoted Major Second Kansas Colored Infantry.

1st Lieut and R. Q. M.. Prouty S. S., June 21st, 1862 Resigned.

1st Lieut and R. Q. M., Cox John T., February 28th, 1863.

1st Lieut. and Adj., Chess Joh, May 28th, 1863., Mustered out with Regiment May 31st, 1865.

1st Lieutenant, Bicking Alfred F., September 10th, 1862., From Company I, Second Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Jacobs Ferdinand R., September 10th, 1862., Resigned April 29th, 1865.

1st Lieutenant, Thompson Robert T., April 1st, 1863., Mustered by Special Order War Department.

1st Lieutenant, Fox Francis J., September 10th, 1862., From Company G, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Flanders Albert, July 1st, 1863., From Company H, Second Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Ayers Benj. F., March 29th, 1863., From Company C, Ninth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Burlingame Milford J., December 28th, 1863., From Company B, Twelfth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Crafts frederick, September 10th, 1862., From Company G, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Lowe Eli C., September 10th, 1862., From First Kansas Battery.

1st Lieutenant, Roberts William, July 1st, 1863 Dismissed.

1st Lieutenant, Young John D., August 25th, 1865., From Company K, Sixth Kansas Cavalry.

Here is a list of men that were of the First Indian Home guards but are not listed on the rosters.

1. Captain, No-Ko-So-Lo-Chee.
2. Captain, So-Nuk-Mik-Ko.
3. Captain, Jon-neh, Uches.
4. Captain, Billy Bowlegs, Seminoles.
5. Captain, Tus-Te-Nup-Chup-Ko, Creek.
6. Captain, ( ? ) Willetts, Killed December 1863.
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SECOND REGIMENT INDIAN HOME GUARDS.

John Ritchie.

Birth: Jul. 17, 1817.
Death: Aug. 31, 1887.

Photo provided by Gregory Speciale.

Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General. He served in the Civil war first as Colonel and commander of the 5th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, then as Colonel of the 2nd Indian Home Guards, then finally as an Aide-de-Camp to Major General Samuel R. Curtis. He was brevetted Brigadier General, US Volunteers on February 21, 1865, but, with the belief that he wasn't a competent enough officer, and his brevet commission was obtained through political influence, the War Department refused to issue it. He was one of the founders of Topeka, Kansas.

SECOND REGIMENT INDIAN HOME GUARDS.

Rank--- Name--- Date of Commission--- Remarks.

Colonel, Ritchie John, From Fifth Kansas Cavalry.

Lieutenant Colonel, Schaurte Fred. W., From Second U. S. Cavalry.

1st Lieut. and Adjt., Robinson E. W., From civil life.

1st Lieut. and Adjt., Palmer John C., From Company A, Fifth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieut. and R. Q. M., Huston George, Appointed R. Q. M. Fourteenth Kansas Cavalry.

Surgeon, Ritchie A. J., From civil life.

Assistant Surgeon, Campdorus M. A., From civil life.

Captain, Bruce James H., May 27th, 1863., From Fourth Kansas Infantry.

Captain, Moodey Joel, Unknown From civil life.

1st Lieutenant, Lenhart Charles, October 15th, 1862., From civil life. Died of consumption February 21st, 1863.

1st Lieutenant, Hunter John M., September 14th, 1862., From Company E, Eleventh Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Bruce James H., Unknown Promoted Captain.

1st Lieutenant, Kendall William H., December 8th, 1862., From Company C, Eleventh Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Moffit John, Unknown From Company K, Second Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Gillpatrick E. P., Unknown From Company F, Eleventh Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, WAterhouse A. J., From Company K, Sixth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Hunter Silas, June 2d, 1862., From civil life.

1st Lieutenant, Painter David A., June 2d, 1862., From civil life.

1st Lieutenant, Scott ( ? ), June, 1862., From civil life.

Here is a list of men not list on the rosters, and those listed as wounded or killed.

1. Lieutenant J. C. Palmer, was wounded at the skimish on Greenleaf Paririe.
2. Private, Huston Mayfield Co. F., drowned in the Arkansas river.
3. Private, Ta-Cah-Le-Ges-Lie, Co F., drowned in the Arkansas river.
4. Private, ( ? ) Grass, Co. B., drowned in the Arkansas river.
5. Captain, George Scraoer, Co. H., Killed September 21, 1863.
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THIRD REGIMENT INDIAN HOME GUARDS

Andrew W. Robb.

Birth: Jan., 1840
Death: Nov. 24, 1909.

Civil War Veteran, 1st Lieut. Co. F, 3rd Indian Territory Infantry. 1st Lieut. Co. F, 3rd Kansas Indian Home Guard Infantry.

THIRD REGIMENT INDIAN HOME GUARDS.

Rank---Name---Date of Commission---Remarks.

Colonel, Phillips Wm. A., July 11th, 1862., From Major First Indian Home Guards.

Major, Foreman John A., July 11th, 1862., From Captain Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieut. and Adjt., Gallaher William, July 11th, 1862., From Company C, Sixth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieut. and R. Q. M., Larzelere Alfred, July 11th, 1862., From Tenth Kansas Infantry.

Captain, Spillman A. C., November 4th, 1862, From Company F, Sixth Kansas Cavalry.

Captain, Anderson Henry S., November 15th, 1862., From Campany B, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

Captain, Phillips Maxwell, May 28th, 1863., From civil life.

Captain, Kaufman Solomon, May 28th, 1863., From Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Parsons Luke F.. July 11th, 1862., From Company F, Sixth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Hanway John S., July 11th, 1862., From Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Robb Andrew W., July 11th, 1862., From Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Scott Harmon, July 11th, 1862., From Company H, Ninth Kansas Cavalry.

1st Lieutenant, Whitlow Benjamin, July 11th, 1862., From Company H, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

1st Lieutenant, Brown Charles, April 1st, 1863., From Company D, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

2nd Lieutenant, McCulloch William, December 21st, 1862, From Company A, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

2nd Lieutenant, Nc/crea Basil G., December 21st, 1862., From Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

2nd Lieutenant, Cayitt Jule C., May 28th, 1863., From Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.

Here is a man that would not be found on the rosters.

1. Private, Arch Benner, Co. H., wounded.

1 comment:

Howard Mann said...

Third Indian Home Guard.
Company C, 2nd Lt. Jules Cayotte
Company C 2nd Lt. Basil McCrea