Saturday, April 26, 2008

Names of the Continental Army.

This information is housed at the library of Congress under claims and comes from a report called: Officers belonging to the continental army, who died in the service, or who were killed in action, previous to the 28th May, 1778, and to whose widows or orphans seven years’ half-pay was granted, taken from the returns of the respective States, on file in the war Office of the United States.

If you have any questions or would like to add any information, to any of the names, you can at the following address:

New Hampshire.

1. Joseph M. Thomas.

Joseph M. Thomas was a Lieutenant and Adjutant of Tash’s regiment of the New Hampshire militia from August to November of 1776. Was a 2d Lieutenant in the 3d New Hampshire on November 8, 1776. Became a 1st., lieutenant July 14, 1777, was killed at Bemus Heights September 19, 1777. His family would receive $1,200, dollars in pension.

2. Winborn Adams.

Winborn Adams. Was born about 1735, his father was Samuel Adams, mothers name unknown. He married Sarah Barttlett, about 1760, Saratog New York. His family got a $2, 500 dollar pension.
Service: Captain of the 2d., New Hampshire, from May 23, through December of 1775, became Captain of the 8th. Continental infantry on January 1, 1776. In November of 1776, he became major of the 2nd., New Hampshire. Became a Lieutenant-Colonel on April 2, 1777, was killed at Bemus Heights on September 19, 1776.

3. Andrew Colburn.

Andrew Colburn, was born on March1, 1736, Dudley, Worcester, Massachusetts, father was Andrew Colburn, was mother was Jane Allen. He married Mrs. Phebe Bacon, on November 27, 1774, His family would receive a pension of $2,500, dollars.
Service: Became a Major of the 4th., Continental on January 1, 1776, was wounded at Harlem Heights, in October of 1776. Became a Lieutenant-Colonel of the 3rd., New Hampshire, on November 8, 1776, Died September 19, 1777, from wounds he received at Stillwater.

4. Zacharian Beall.

Zachariah Beall, was a 1st., Lieutenant of the New Hampshire from June 18, to December of 1777. Became 1st., Lieutenant of the 8th., Continental in January of 1776. Was captain of 3rd., New Hampshire on November 7, 1776. Died of wounds he received at Fort Mercer on October 22, 1777. His family would receive a pension of $1,680, dollars.

5. Frederick Mordaunt Bell.

Frederick M. Bell, wife was Elizabeth Gage, were married December 1. 1773, his family would receive a pension $1,680, dollars.
Service: Frederick M. Bell was a 1st., Lieutenant of the 2nd., New Hampshire from Mat 23, to December of 1777. Captain of the 8th., Continental infantry on January 1, 1776. Captain of the 2nd. New Hampshire November 8, 1776. Was wounded at Stillwater September 19, 1776, and died from his wounds on October 9, 1777.

6. Richard Benjamin Shortridge.

Richard Benjamin Shortridge was born October 20, 1734, his father was Richard Shortridge and mother was Abigail French, he married Mary Pitman, he left her a pension of $1,680,dollars.
Service: Richard B. Shortridge was a Captain of the 2nd., New Hampshire, from May 23, to December 1775, Captain of the 8th., Continental infantry on January 1, 1776, was killed at Gwynn’s Island on July 8, 1776.

7. Joseph Wait.

Joseph Wait was born November 30, 1772, father was John Wait, mother was Annah Flagg, another record states that Anna Wellington was his mother, this needs more looking into. He married Martha Stone on January 20, 1773. Left his family a pension of $2,250, dollars.
Service: Lieutenant-Colonel of the Bedel’s regiment of the New Hampshire Rangers, January 1176. Died September 28, 1776.

8. Joseph Fay.

Joseph Fay, was born September 27, 1738, Wife name was Lucy Warren, lefy her a pension of 840, dollars.
Service: Joseph Fay, was a Ensign of the 3rd., New Hampshire November 8, 1776. Died November 2, 1777, from wounds he received at Stillwater on September 19, 1776.


9. John Thomas.

John Thomas was born November 9, 1724, father was John Yeoman Thomas, mother was Lydia Waterman. He married Hannah (?) Thomas on September 12, 1761, he left his family a pension of $3,150, dollars.
Service: John Thomas was a Colonel of a Massachusetts regiment May of 1775, Brigadier General in the Continental Army June 22, 1775. Major-General March 6, 1776, died May 30, 1776.

10. Abner Cranston.

Abner Cranston, was a Captain of Whitcomb’s Massachusetts regiment, May to December 1775. Captain of the 6th., Continental infantry from January 1, to December 31, 1776. ( A major of the same name is reported as been killed on May 29, 1777. ) The name as reported as being a major left his family a pension of $2,100, dollars. Note this name needs more research.

11. Ezekiel Goodridge or Goodrich.

Ezekiel Goodridge was a 2nd., Lieutenant of the 8th., Massachusetts January 1, 1777. He was killed on October 7, 1777, at Saratoga. He left his family a pension of $1,120, dollars.

12. Edward Payson Williams.

Edward Payson Williams was born February 26, 1746, father was Jeremiah Williams and mother was Catherine Payson. He married Sarah Craft, on May 24, 1772. He left a pension of $2,100, dollars.
Service: Captain of Heath’s Massachusetts regiment from May to December 1775. Captain of the 24th., Continental infantry from January to December of 1776. Major of the 3rd., Massachusetts January 1, 1775. Died on May 25, 1777, was still a Major.

13. Aaron Steel or Steele.

Aaron Steel was born July 13, 1739, father was John Steele, mother was Abigail Brooks, his wife was Sarah Rumrill, they were married November 15, 1763. Left a pension of $1,120, dollars.
Service: Aaron Steel, was a 2nd., Lieutenant of the 25th., Continental infantry from January 1, to December 31, 1776, was a 1st., Lieutenant of the 7th., Massachusetts January 1, 1777. Died November 25, 1777, from wounds he received at Fort Mifflin November 14, 1777.

14. Ebenezer Town or Towne.

Ebenezer Town was born on September 22, 1744, father was Elijah Town, mother was Lydia Lock. He married Huldah Wheelock on December 15, 1778.
Service: Was a Ensign of the 4th., Massachusetts infantry, January 1, 1777, died February 11, 1778.

15. David Bryant or Briant.

David was a 1st., Lieutenant of Knox’s regiment Continental Artillery, December 13, 1775, Captain Lieutenant August 1776, Captain Lieutenant of the 3rd., Continental Artillery January 1, 1777, Captain May 10, 1777, died September 12, 1777 from wounds he received at Brandywine September 11, 1777. Left a pension of $2,100,dollars.

16. Joseph Andrews.

Joseph Andrews was a 1st., Lieutenant of the 3rd., Continental Artillery February 1, 1777, died November 22, 1777, from wounds he received at Brandywine, September 11, 1777, left a pension of $1,400, dollars.

17. Edward Kingman.

Edward Kingman was a ensign of the 2nd., Massachusetts January 1, 1777. Killed near Saratoga New York, September 26, 1777. Left a pension of $480, dollars.
Note. Other records says he died October 1, 1777.

18. Ephraim Jackson.

Ephraim Jackson was born October 12, 1729, father was Edward Jackson, mother was Abigil Gale. His wife was Mary Davis, left a pension of $2,250, dollars.
Service: Lieutenant-Colonel of the 10th., Massachusetts, November 6, 1777, died December 19, 1777, left a pension of $2,250,dollars.

19. Jacob Allen.

Jacob Allen was a 1st., Lieutenant of Thomas Massachusetts regiment, May to December 1775. Captain of the 23rd. Continental infantry January 1, to December 31, 1776. Captain of the 2nd. Massachusetts January 1, 1777, killed at Bemu’s Heights September. Left a pension of $1,680, dollars.

20. William Perry.

William Perry was a ensign of the 14th., Massachusetts January 1, 1777, died October 10, 1777, from wounds he received at Germantown October 4, 1777. Left a pension of $840, dollars.

21. Aldridge or Aldrich Wiley.

Aldridge Wiley was a ensign of the 16th., Continental infantry from January 1, to December 31, 1776, was a 1st., Lieutenant of the 8th, Massachusetts January 1, 1777, killed a Stillwater October 7, 1777, left a pension of $1,120, dollars.

22. John Skillings.

John Killings was a captain of the 11th., Massachusetts November 6, 1777, was killed on April 2, 1777, left a pension of $1,680, dollars.

23. Ebenezer Francis.

Ebenezer Francis, was born December 22, 1740, father was 1, Ebenezer Francis, 2. Ebenezer Tuffs, mother was Rachel Whitemore, His wife was Judith Wood married on January 2, 1766.
Service: Ebenezer Francis was a Captain of Mansfields regiment Massachusetts, From May-December 1777. Captain of the 11h, Massachusetts November 6, 1776, Killed at Hubbardton July 3, 1777. Left a pension of $3,150, dollars.

24. Luke Roundy.

Luke Roundy was born March 13, 1751, father was Benjamin Roundy, mother was Anna Roundy. He married Mary Goodridge July 4, 1773.
Service: Luke Roundy was a ensign of the 27th., Continental infantry from January 1,-December 31, 1776. Was a 2nd. Lieutenant of the 11th., Massachusetts. January 1, 1777, he died October 22, 1777, left a pension of $480, dollars.
Note. One record states he died as a ensign, another states he died as a 2nd., Lieutenant if this so he should have gotten a high pension this needs more research.

25. Josiah Bragdon.

Josiah Bragdon was born August 19, 1747, father was Samuel Bragdon, mother was Mercy Main. He married Mary Swett on November 11, 1769.
Service: Was a Lieutenant of the Scammon’s regiment from May-December 175, Lieutenant of the 11th., Massachusetts November 6, 1776. Died April 27, 1778, left a pension of $1,120, dollars.

26. Benjamin Reed.

Benjamin Reed was born September13, 1748, father was Hezekiah Reed, mother was Hannah Hadlock, he married Levine Reed, January 19, 1770.
Service: He was a Lieutenant, he died or was killed on September 19, 1777, left a pension of $1,120, dollars.

27. Edward Turner.

Edward Turner was born in 1739, father was Joseph Turner, mother was Sarah Hartshorn, He married Hannah Fisher.
Service: Was a Lieutenant, was killed on December 26, 1777, left a pension of $1,120.,dollars.

Rhode Island.

28. Augustus Mumford.

Augustus Mumford was a Adjutant died August 28, 1775, left a pension of $756, dollars.

29. Sylvanus Shaw.

Sylvanus Shaw was born May 4, 1750, father was Benjamin Shaw mother was Elizabeth Potter. Left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Was a Lieutenant of Church’s Rhode Island regiment May 3, 1775, taken prisoner at Quebec December 31, 1775, exchanged about August of 1776. Was captain of the 2nd., Rhode Island May 4, 1777, Killed at Red Bank October 22, 1777.

30. Benajah Carpenter.

Benajah Carpenter was born in April 27, 1748, father was Stephen Carpenter, mother was Thurston. He married Sarah Taylor August 18, 1771. Left a pension of $1,120, dollars.
Service: He was a Captain-Lieutenant of Knox’s regiment continual light artillery December 10, 1775, was killed at Long Island August 18, 1771.

31. John Waterman.

John Waterman was born in 1728, father was Richard Waterman, mother was either Mary Corne or Mercy Corp or could have been both. Left a pension of $1,120, dollars.
Service: Was a lieutenant Quartermaster of the 2nd., Rhode Island March 1, 1777, died April 20, 1778,


32. David Wooster.

David Wooster was born some time between 1710 and 1711, his father was Abraham Wooster mother was Mary Walker. He married Mary Clapp, he left a pension of $2,250, dollars.
Service: Major General Connecticut Troops April 1775, Colonel 1st., Connecticut May 1, 1775, Brigadier-General of the Continental Army June 22, 1775, Died May 2, 1777 of wounds he received at Richfield April 27, 1777.

33. Nathan Stooddard, Stoddart, or Stoddard.

Nathan Stoddard was born August 8, 1742, father was Deacon Gideon Stoddard, mother was Olive Curtis, he married Eunice Sanford about 1774. He left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Captain of the 8th., Connecticut January 1, 1777, Killed at Fort Mifflin November 15, 1777.

Note. They have him kill in three different moths May 5 1777, November 15, 1777 and October 15, 1777, this name needs more researching.

Update 5-31-2010.

Mr. Peter Stoddard, has informed me that his 4th,-great-grandfather was killed on November 15, 1777, was killed by a cannon shot to the head.

Note. You can learn more about him by reading the comments at the end of this page.

34. Jeremiah Parmelee or Parmelie.

Jeremiah Parmelee was born February 10, 1744, 1. Father Hezekiah Parmelee, 2. Father Jeremiah Parmalee mother was Sarah Hopson, He had two wife’s 1. Abigail Russell married January 14, 1767, 2. Sarah Doolittle married November 21, 1768. He left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Private in the Lexington Alarm. April 1775, Ensign 1st., Connecticut from May1, to December 30, 1775, Captain 1st., Canadian Livingston’s regiment, February 1, 1777, died March 24, 1778.

35. David Dimon.

David Dimon was born August 23, 1741, father was Ebenezer Dimon, mother was Mary Burr, wife was Ann Allen married November 15, 1762. He left a pension of $2,520,dollars.
Service: Captain in the Lexington Alarm, April 1775; Captain of the 5th., Connecticut from May 1, to December 1775; Brigade-Major to General Wooster from June13, to September 18, 1775, and to General Schuyler September 18, 1775 to December 1776; Lieutenant-Colonel 6th., Connecticut January 1, 1777; died September 18, 1777, from wounds he received at Brandywine on September 11, 1777.

36. Hezekiah Davenport.

Hezekiah Davenport was born January 14, 1737 or 38, father was John Davenport IV, mother was Sarah Bishop, married Ruth Ketchems on December 7, 1763.
Service: Lieutenant of the Connecticut Militia; killed at Ridgefield April 27, 1777.

New York.

37. Richard Montgomery.

Richard Montgomery was born December 2, 1738, father was Thomas Montgomery, mother was Mary Franklin. He married Janet Livingston on July 24, 1773. He left a pension of $6,972, dollars.
Service: Brigadier-General Continental Army June 22, 1775; Major-General December 9, 1775; was killed in the assault on Quebec on December 31, 1775.

New Jersey.

38. Andrew McMeyers or McMyers and McMires.

Found no family information, left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Captain of the 1st., New Jersey from December 15, 1775 to November 10, 1776; Captain of the 1st., New Jersey November 29, 1776; was killed at Germantown on October 4, 1777.

39. Philip Johnson.

Found no family information, he left a pension of $1,612 and sixty-six and two third cents.
Service: Lieutenant-Colonel of Hunt’s regiment New Jersey Militia June 14, 1776; Colonel August 1, 1776; killed at Long Island August 27, 1776.

40. Daniel Neil.

Daniel Neil was born about 1745, Married Elizabeth Mallam. Left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Captain Eastern company New Jersey Artillery State Troops March 1, 1776; killed at Princeton January 3, 1777.


41. Nathan Adams.

Found no family information, left a pension of $1,680,dollars.
Service: Captain Delaware regiment January 19, 1776; killed at Long Island on March 27, 1776.

42. Thomas Holland.

Found no family information, he left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: 2nd., Lieutenant of the 4th., Pennsylvania Battalion January 8, 1776; resigned March 15, 1776; 2nd., Lieutenant Delaware regiment April 25, 1776; !st., Lieutenant and Adjutant August 1776; Captain December 4, 1776; died October 13, 1777 of wounds he received October 4, 1777, at Germantown.


43. Moses Hawkins.

Moses Hawkins was born between 1745 & 1750, father was Benjamin Hawkins mother was Sarah Willis, he married Susannah Strother on March 1, 1770, he left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: Captain of the 14th., Virginia, February 24, 1777; killed at Germantown October 4, 1777.

44. John Humphries

Found no family information, he left a pension of $1,680, dollars.
Service: 1st., Lieutenant of Morgan’s company Virginia Rifleman September 1775. Killed at Quebec December 31, 1775.

45. Hugh Mercer.

Hugh Mercer was born 1725, father was William Mercer mother was Anne Monroe; he married Isabella Gordon some time before 1764. He left a pension of $2,250, dollars.
Service: Colonel of the 3rd., Virginia February 13, 1776; Brigadier-General of the Continental Army June 5, 1776; died January 12, 1777, from wounds he received at Princeton January 3, 1777.

46. John Seayres or Sayres.

Found no family information, left a pension of $2,520, dollars.
Service: Captain of the 1st., Virginia September 18, 1775; Major of the 4th., Virginia August 13, 1776; Lieutenant-Colonel of the 9th., Virginia January 30, 1777; killed at Germantown on October 4, 1777.

Thursday, April 24, 2008

They Drowned.

In the olden days it was a sad fact that many of our ancestors drowned. There were many reason for these drowning floods, sinking of a ship, swimming. Many of these men drowned while in the service of their country.
There is not a lot of family information here but in my hopes of founding as many surnames as I can I place their names here less they not be forgotten. If you find a ancestor here you may find something about them you never knew. This information is just little leads and may lead you in a new direction. If you find a family mumber here and would like to add some informaion to help others in their hunt you may do so at the following:

Note. This information comes from Memorials, Petitions and Bills, which are housed at the Library of Congress and The official records of the war of the rebellion which is housed at Ohio State University.

1. John Adams' Diary

1777. Sept. 18. Thursday.
The violent N.E. Storm which began the Day before Yesterday continues We are yet in Philadelphia, that Mass of Cowardice and Toryism. Yesterday was buried Monsr. Du Coudray, a French Officer of Artillery, who was lately made an Inspector General of Artillery and military Manufactures with the Rank of Major General. He was drowned in the Schuylkill, in a strange manner. He rode into the Ferry Boat, and road out at the other End, into the River, and was drowned. His Horse took fright. He was reputed the most learned and promising Officer in France. He was carried into the Romish Chappell, and buried in the Yard of that Church.

MS (MHi). Adams, Diary (Butterfield), 2:263.

2. Charles Gouler, late a private in company F, ninth regiment New Hampshire volunteers, who was drowned in the Delaware river October 24, 1864, while absent from the hospital on leave, his widow is E. M. Gouler.

3. In 1856, Henry J. Paul, late a lieutenant in the navy, who was drowned in the Gulf of Mexico, his mother was Alison Logan.

H. R. 2484


For the relief of Elizabeth Zluhan.

Whereas Jonathan Zluhan, late a private in the Ninety-third Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, in his lifetime, established his right, under act of June seventeenth, eighteen hundred and seventy, to an artificial arm, by reason of the loss of the left arm in the service of the United States, and, under the provisions of section two of said act, elected, instead, the commutation in money provided in said section: and Whereas the Acting Commissioner of Pensions, on the eighth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, directed the pension-agent at Philadelphia to pay said commutation to said Zluhan; and Whereas said order has never been paid, and the officers of the Government refuse to pay Now, therefore, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Commissioner of Pensions be, and he is hereby, Authorized and directed to pay, or cause to be paid, to Elizabeth Zluhan, widow of said Jonathan Zluhan, the sum of fifty dollars, commutation-money as foresaid, to which said Zluhan was entitled in his lifetime.

Passed the house of Representatives April 24, 1872.

5. In 1813, Margaret Arundel, widow of Robert Arundel, late a sailing master in the navy, stating that her late husband was severely wounded in an engagement with the enemy on the lakes, and was afterwards knocked overboard and drowned.

6. In 1809, Levi Bates, of the State of Massachusetts, was drowned while building a public pier on Plymouth beach, in the State aforesaid, he leaves a wife Mrs. Lucy Bates.

7. In 1828, Gabriel Alexander, of Harrodsburg, in the State of Kentucky, drowned near that place.

8. In 1822, Robert Wright son, Major Clinton Wright, was drowned whilst descending the Flint river.

9. In 1854, Walter S. Chandler of the army, was drowned while in the discharge of his duty, his mother was Margaret Chandler.

10. In 1866, Julius Himpelman, private company H, 46th regiment New York volunteers, was drowned at Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 22d of March, 1864, while absent from the general hospital on a furlough, his wife was Sabina Himpelman.

11. 1848, Emily Maria Pinkney, father was a naval officer who was drowned while in the discharge of his duty.

12. In 1818, Hanson Catlett, a surgeon in the army of the United States, had a negro slave, who was drowned while attending him as a servant, during the late war with Great Britain.

13. In 1866, William Laughlin, of company C, third Maryland cavalry, was drowned by the sinking of the United States steamer North America in the month of December, 1864, while absent from his regiment on furlough, on account of sickness contracted in the service, his wife was Mrs. Agnes W. Laughlin.

14. In 1846, The memorial of Sarah Ann Hart, widow, and Monmouth B. Hart, Joel Kelly, and William Close, sureties of Benjamin F. Hart, deceased, a purser in the navy, who was drowned at sea

15. In 1834, A petition of John Hall, of the State of Georgia, praying to be paid the value of a negro man owned by him, which negro man was drowned while in the service of the United States engineer department, and while engaged in public works on the Appalachicola harbor.

16. In 1847-1850, A petition of Lieutenant David D. Porter, in behalf of Eliza Bache, window of the late Lieutenant George M. Bache, praying remuneration for the property and money of her late husband, which was swept overboard from the United States brig Washington, when he was drowned.

17. In 1870 a Bill stated, Whereas on the night of Sunday, January 2, the American schooner Statesman was wrecked on Rockaway Beach, Long Island, and in a heroic and successful attempt to rescue the crew of said vessel, Frank Abrams, of Rockaway, one of the crew of the life-boat from the government life-saving station on that beach, while in the actual effort to snatch from death a sinking fellow-man, fell overboard and was himself drowned, leaving a wife and one child in straitened circumstances; and whereas similar instances of gallant self-sacrifice in the cause of humanity have heretofore occurred on the coasts of Long Island and New Jersey, where these life-saving stations are located: Therefore, Be it resolved, That the Committee on Invalid Pensions be, and they are hereby, instructed to inquire into the expediency of reporting a bill granting a suitable pension to the widow of the said Frank Abrams during the continuance of her widowhood; and also further to consider the propriety and advisability of a general bill granting pensions to all such members of the crews of life-saving stations, on the said coasts, as shall hereafter lose their own lives in similar efforts to save the lives of others.

18. In 1873, A petition of Margaret C. Bell, widow of the late Rear-Admiral H. H. Bell, drowned in Osaka Harbor, Japan.

19. In 1842, A petition of citizens of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, praying that suitable provision be made for the widow of David Ross Crawford, a passed midshipman, who was drowned in attempting to save the life of a seaman.

20. In 1840, A petition of Sarah Ralston, of Charleston, in the State of South Carolina, praying remuneration for the loss of two slaves, who were drowned while in the employment of the United States, in the year 1839.

21. In 1871, A Bill Authorizing the payment of a sum of money to the widow of Henry C. Fillebrown, a civil engineer, who lost his life by drowning in the Coosa River, in the State of Alabama, when engaged in the service of the United States.

22. In 1832 it was announced the death of Charles C. Johnston, one of the Representatives of the State of Virginia, which took place at Alexandria, in the District of Columbia, on the 17th instant, by drowning.

23. Battle on Elk Creek, Creek Nation, July 17, 1863.
At. 11 p. m. on the 16th instant. There privates of Company F, Second Regiment Indian, home Guard, Brigade, were drowned while attempting to swim the Arkansas river- Privates Huston Mayfield, Key Dougherty, and To-cah-le-ges-kie.

24. Fort Craig, N. Mex., May 9, 1865.
GENERAL: It is my melancholy duty to report that a serious accident occurred here yesterday afternoon. After much labor we succeeded in getting a good, substantial rope across the river just below the post, and had commenced crossing Company F, First New Mexico Volunteers, Lieutenant George H. Pettis commanding. The company had successfully crossed, together with Lieutenant Pettis' family, when, on the second trip of the boat, she sank forward and went down. On board were Captain D. B. Haskell, First Veteran Infantry California Volunteers; Lieutenant John S. Crouch, same regiment; Lieutenant A. B. Johnston, acting commissary of subsistence; Mr. John Hubbell, brother of Judge Hubbell; Doctor Strachn, of Albuquerque; Wagon-Master John Mull, from Albuquerque, and a number of the men and laundresses of Company F, First New Mexico Volunteers. Captain Haskell, Mr. John Hubbell, and some eight men of Company F, First New Mexico Volunteers, were drowned.

Annapolis, Md., February 5, 1863.
Lieutenant-Colonel SANGSTER,
Commanding Post, Annapolis, Md.
SIR: In compliance with your request I have the honor to report the following in regard to an accident which occurred to paroled (Federal) prisoners while on their way from their prison to the railroad for City Point to meet flag-of-truce steamer New York, January 27, 1863. The detachment of 800 paroled (Federal) prisoners left the prison at about 4. 30 a. m. and on their way to depot while crossing the canal bridge, an iron structure over which 1,000 of our men had passed the day before, gave way and precipitated about 100 men into the canal. Private George Epart, Company H, Thirtieth Indiana Volunteers, and Private David Lampa, Company K, Thirtieth Indiana Volunteers, were drowned.

26. May 12, 1864, Captain [Thomas G.] McClelland drowned yesterday in crossing White River.

27. January 7, 1864, Sergeants Matthews and Jones, Corporal McKinley, Privates McKinley, Connor, J. and F. Secrist, Thomas Wadsworth, James Seaborn, May, Mcneley, Walton, A. C. Johnson, Hines, Gibson, Copeland, and Howell; George M. Bowie has not been found, but no doubt he was drowned

28. CAIRO, ILL., April 20, 1862.
President LINCOLN:
Governor Harvey, of Wisconsin, was drowned last night about 11 o"clock at Savannah, on the Tennessee River, while passing from one boat to another. All search for his body had proved fruitless up to the time dispatch left.

Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Army & Navy Uniforms & What They Ate-1783-??

I know a lot of you researchers are always looking for something new about your ancestors. This page may be of help. I know as you write your ancestors story of those who were either in the army or navy, I bet you were wondering what they may be eating or wearing on that night before the battle or it may be a social event, and what colors their uniform was. These are the thing that help us get a better picture and understanding of are ancestors. This information will be in two parts army and navy.

Note. All information comes from the army affairs and navy affairs, which is housed at the library of congress.

Army, 1813.



The coat of the infantry and artillery shall be uniformly blue. No red collars or cuffs, and no lace, shall be worn by any grade, excepting in epaulettes and sword knots. All officers will wear coats of the length of those worn by field officers. All the rank and file will wear coats. The button holes of these will be trimmed ‘with tape on the collar only. Leather caps will be substituted for felt, and worsted or cotton pompous for feathers.

General officers, and all others of the general staff, not otherwise directed, shall wear cocked hats, without feathers gilt bullet buttons; and button holes in the herring-bone form. The epaulettes of Major Generals will have, on the gold ground of each, strap, two silvered stars. The epaulettes of Brigadiers will have, on each strap, one star. The uniform of the physician and surgeon, and apothecary generals, and hospital surgeons and mates, shall be black; the coats with standing collars, and, on each side of the collar, a star of embroidery, within half an inch of the front edge.

The rules, with respect to undress, are dispensed with; excepting that cockades must always be worn.

The General Staff.

The Coat Single breasted, with ten buttons, and button holes worked with blue twist, in
front, five inches long at the top and three at the bottom. The standing collar to rise to the
tip of the ear, which will determine its width. The cuffs, not less, than three and a half
nor more than four inches wide. The skirts faced with blue, the bottom of each not more
than seven, nor less than three and a half, inches wide; the length to reach to the bend of
The knee. The bottom of the breast and two hip buttons to range.

1. On the collar one blind hole, five inches long, with a button on each side.

2. The blind holes on each side of the front, in the herring-bone form, to be in the same
direction with the collar, from the top to the

3. Blind holes (in the like form) to proceed from four buttons, placed lengthwise, on each
Skirt. A gilt star, on the centre of the bottom, two inches from the edge.

4. The cuffs, to be indented within one and a half inch of the edge, with four buttons
lengthwise on each sleeve, and holes to the three upper buttons, corresponding with the
indention of the. cuff, on the centre of which is on the centre of which is to be inserted the
lower button.

5. All general officers will be permitted to embroider the button holes. The Commissary
General of Ordnance, the Adjutants, Inspectors, and Quartermasters General, and the
Commissary General of Purchases, will be permitted to embroider the button holes of the
collar only.

Vest, breeches, and pantaloons-White (or bill for general officers-blue pantaloons may be
worn in winter, and nankeen in the summer. Vests single breasted, without flaps.

1. Breeches, or pantaloons, with four buttons gilt knee on the knee, an tickles.

2. High military boots and gilt spurs. Black stock of leather or silk.

Chapeaux of the following form: the fan not less than six and a half, nor more than nine
inches high in the rear, nor fess than fifteen, nor more than seventeen and a half inches
from point to point, bound round the edge with black binding half an inch wide.

1. Button and loop, black.

2. Cockade, the same, four and a half inches diameter, with a gold eagle in the centre.

Swords Yellow mounted, with a black, or yellow, gripe. For the officers of the Adjutant,
Inspector, and Quartermaster General’s departments sabers; for all others, straight

Waist Belts—of black leather. No sashes.

Epaulettes of gold; according to rank.

Officers of the corps of engineers will wear the uniform already established for that corps.
The dress of the hospital stiff will conform, as to the uniform of the staff except that They
will wear pocket flaps and buttons placed across the cuffs, four to each, and covered
Buttons in all instances, of the color of the coat, (black.)

Officers of the line appointed to a staff station, which confers no additional rank, will
wear the uniform of their rank in the line, with high, boots and spur.

The Artillery.

Coat—of the same general description with that of the staff.

1. Pocket flaps, cross indented be1oy, not less than two and a half nor more than three
inches wide, with four buttons and blind holes; two buttons at the opening of the pocket
of each skirt; and a diamond. of blue cloth, ornamented one and a quarter inch on each
side, the centre two inches from the bottom of the coat.

2. The blind holes on either side of the front, with the coat buttoned c1ose to the collar, accurately to form lines with the corresponding ones opposite, from to the bottom, i. e. not to represent herring-bone.

3. The cuffs, with four blind holes, extending from our buttons placed across on each.

4. Two blind holes on the collar, five inches long, with two buttons on each side.

5. Gilt buttons of the size and insignia furnished the commissary General of Purchases, from the war Department.

Vests, breeches, and pantaloons for the field and staff, the ‘same as those described for the general staff: and vests and pantaloons, for the officers of the line, the same, except the first and second particular articles.

Stocks and Chapeaux of the same general description with those of the general staff:

1. Button and loop of the chapeau; yellow.

2. Black cockade of leather, four and a half inches diameter, with a gold eagle in the centre. A white feather to rise eight inches that of the adjutant; white and red.

Swords cut and thrust yellow mounted; with a black of yellow gripe.

Waist Belts—of white leather.

Sashes to be worn only on a tour of duty, and round the waist.

Epaulettes—of gold (bullion and strap) according to rank. The Adjutant, Quartermaster, and Paymaster, to wear a counter strap on the opposite shoulder.

The surgeons and mates, to include garrison surgeons and mated, will wear the same uniform except the cape, which is of black velvet; the plume black.

The Infantry.

The same as that pointed out for the officers of artillery, with the following exceptions:

1. The sword of the saber form, and with mounting of silver, or plated. For he medical staff, small swords.

2. Epaulettes, buttons, spurs, buckles, and trimmings, silver or plated; and caps may be worn on duty.

Clothing for the non-commissioned officer, musician and private.

This is a list of the clothing they were given for the years of 1783-1818.

1. Uniform coat, 2. Woolen Vests, 3. Cloth breeches. 4. Woolen overalls, 5. Woolen stockings, 6. Woolen socks, 7. Hat or cap, 8. Shirt, 9. Linen overalls, 10. Shoes, 11. Blanket 12. Rifle shirt, 13. Woolen gloves, 14. Shoe buckles, 15. Stocks, 16. Roundabouts, 17. Fatigue frocks, 18. Flannel shirt, 19. Gaiters, 20. Knapsacks, 21. Haversacks, 22. Fatigue trouser.

The amount for each article of clothing would change each year.


The order of 1787, was each non-commissioned officer and soldier was allowed one ration per day, to consist of the following articles:

1 pound of bread or flour.
1 pound of beef or three fourths pound. of pork.
1 gill of common rum.
For every 100 rations.
1 quart salt.
2 quarts vinegar.
2 pounds of soap.
1 pound candles.

Note. The cost of rations was between fourteen and a half cents to twenty cents.
In 1792, St. Louis, the common prices were high but it was the same through the territory. Brown sugar was fifty cents and coffee seventy-five to one hundred cents per pound.

Rebel-Prison Rations.

The rations at the rebel prisons was usually composed of:

1. Beef.
2. Bacon.
3. Rice.
4. Beans ( Black.)
5. Cow peas
6. Corn.
7. Corn meal.
8. Corn bread.
9. Pea soup.
10. Sorghum molasses.
Some times a sweet potato.


Slop clothing worn in 1818.

1 pea jacket ( to serve two years. ), 2 Blue cloth jacket, 2 Blue trousers, 2 White flannel shirts, 2 White flannel drawers, 2 Pair yarn stockings, 2 Black handkerchiefs, Duck frocks, 2 Duck trousers, 1 Duck banyans, 4 Pairs of shoes, 1 Red Vest and two Hats.

And for their comfort.

1 Mattress 2 Blankets and one hammock.

Clothing for foreign stations.


White duck jackets, trousers and Vests.


Blue jackets, trousers and red vests, ( The buttons of which shall be yellow), and blacks hats.

Some of the things they would have eaten in 1798.

Beef, Pork, Molasses, Rice, Butter, Cheese, Vinegar, Beans, Rum, Flour, Bread, Potatoes and salt fish.

For their comfort.

Candles, Soap, Lamp oil.

What a sailor would eat in a week in 1818.

Suet, half pound.
Cheese, six ounces.
Beef, three and a half pound.
Pork, three pounds.
Flour, one pound.
Bread, ninety-eight ounces.
Butter, two ounces.
Sugar, two ounces.
Tea, four ounces.
Peas, two half pints.
Rice, two half pints.
Molasses, one half pint.
Vinegar, one half pint.
Spirit, seven half pints