Saturday, December 22, 2007

Men And Women And Their Horses.

The horse was a very important part of the soldiers life it carried him into battle and pulled his wagons too get his family from place to place. These men and women either lost their horses in battle or were taken away from them by soldiers or other reasons. The names here are to help you find a family members there may not be a lot of information on this name but they will give you little leads as to where to look for that family member. This information will be dates, States, county’s and military service if any, these leads may give you a new place to look for that lost family member and may help you tear down some of those brick walls we all find ourselves at from time to time.

Note. The information on this pages comes from Bills and petitions that passed through Congress. These records are housed at the Library of Congress. If you would like to leave a comment or ask for help you may at the following:

Moses Ally came from upper Canada he came to the United States in 1812, where he reported to Gen. Dearborn, but the General found him a suspicious character and he was arrested and sent to Greenbush New York, at the time of his arrest, his sorrel-horse was placed in the possession of Mr. Benjamin Van Vleek.

Note. There is more to this story if you would like it just ask.

Henry Hollingworth of Maryland, States that on September 3, 1814, at Baltimore he lost one hundred and twenty dollars by the lose of his horse in the failure of the United States to furnish proper forage, at the time he was the Veterinary surgeon of the seventh cavalry regiment.

Frederick Coates lost his horse, he was employed as a vidette between Baltimore and Annapolis. He says that the horse died of excessive fatigue and the horse was worth ninety dollars.

1. William Fitzpatrick, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
2. James T. Megowan, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
3. B. A. Chapman, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
4. Alfred Argabright, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
5. A. C. Bryan, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
6. Lawrence Daly, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
7. Thomas Bryan, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
8. David Shepherd, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
9. Richard M. Adams, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
10. R. P. Whitney, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
11. William D. Ratcliffe, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
12. James Mahoney, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
13. John Morgan, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
14. James Jones, loss of a horse by his son Clement Jones, who was killed in the battle of Buena Vista.
15. John W. Bell, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
16. George W. Runyon, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
17. Shephard, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
18. Samuel Pigg, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
19. David C. Jones, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
21. John J. Finch, lost a horse while a prisoner in Mexico.
22. Sylvester Conover, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
23. Charles E. Mooney, lost a horse in the war with Mexico.
24. Catharine Ramey, lost a horse by her son Nat. Ramey, who was killed in the battle of Buena Vista.
25. Mary Carty, praying lost a horse by her son Henry Carty, who was killed in the battle of Buena Vista.

Daniel Bradly in 1798 was with the 4th. United States regiment and was to remove intruders from the lands claimed by the Cherokee Indians, The intruders became so obnoxious they took his horse from him and took it to the Cumberland mountain and shot it.

Joseph Wilson had his horse shot by a sentinel while on duty in the night of October 1813, thinking some one was passing his post.

Amey Dardin widow of David Dardin had a stud-horse by the name of Romulus, taken by the United States Army.

John A Webster was a sailing master and had his horse killed at the battle of Bladensburg.

John L. Miles was a second Lieutenant of the second Indiana battery and had his horse lost in May of 1864, at Fort Smith Arkansas for inadequate supply of forage the horse was worth one hundred and fifty dollars.

Jacob Watson was confined in jail in Philadelphia for debts contracted on public account and that part of his misfortunes came from buying a horse from captain Charles Proctor Turnbull of the Artillery which belong to the United States Army.

Richard Gidley states, that in the month of May, 1775, being then acting under a Commission of the State of Massachusets, as Colonel of a Regiment of Artillery, he was furnished with a Horse and Sulky, for the purpose of conveying himself and his Surveying Instruments, to such Places as the Public Service should require, by Major Brown who was employed to provide the Army with such Articles as they might want. That the Horse so furnished was Killed at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, and the Sulky (being kept in the Public Service 'till the Year 1780) rendered altogether useless.

Theophilus Cooksey lost a horse in 1813, from lack of forage while in the military service he was paid sixty dollars.

Orson Sparks lost a horse while in the service was paid forty-five dollars.

John Watson lost a horse while in the service was paid forty-five dollars.

John Long of Kentucky lost a horse was paid ten dollars.

Joel Abbott Jr. lost a horse was paid eighty dollars.

Peter Yandez lost a horse while towing a boat to Ogdensburg while in the military service value of one hundred and twenty dollars.

John McCarty lost a horse in the Seminole campaign in 1818, for want of forage.

Joel F. Royston of Missouri lost a horse in the service value eighty dollars.

James Plunkett wife now (Jane Taylor) paid one hundred and fifty dollars for the impressed of a horse and accoutrement to aid in transporting ordnance of the day at the engagement with the enemy at Bladensburg.

Henry Knowles Sr. had his horse impressed into service in 1814, by captain Humphreys of Virginia to transport the baggage of his company to Baltimore.

Joel Sartain lost a horse in the military service value of fifty-five dollars.

Fielding Jone had a horse impressed into service.

George Skinner had a horse impressed into service value at seventy-five dollars.

Joseph Bruce lost a horse in the military service value at sixty-five dollars.

Daniel Converse had two horses taken from him by the military value at one hundred and forty dollars.

George Miller had a horse taken into service value at thirty-five dollars.

Thomas C. Withers had four horses a wagon and gear impressed into military service value at three hundred and seventy dollars.

John Holmes of Alabama lost a horse.

Cornelius Huson had two horses impressed into service then drowned at Lake Ontario in 1813, value at two hundred and fifty dollars.

William Dooly had six horses, bridles and halters impressed into military service.

William Gwynn of Alabama had a horse killed in the battle of Oak Fusky on January 22, 1814, value of forty-seven dollars.

James Pierrce of Ohio had a horse and wagon taken into service value thirty dollars.

John Holmes had a horse killed in a action with the creek Indians at Emuckfaw January 22, 1814, value of sixty dollars.

Frederick D. Mills had a horse captured by the enemy in the war with Mexico.

Baker T. Anderson of Kentucky lost a horse and equipage and rifle in an expedition to Canada.

Simon Creel of Kentucky lost a horse in the war of 1812.

William M. Greenwood of Kentucky lost a horse in the war of 1812.

John L. Chisholm lost a horse in the service.

Robert Shaw lost a horse in the service.

Samuel B. Spencer of Georgia lost a horse in the service.

Jose Baya lost a horse in the service.

Morgan Brown had a horse killed in the war with the Creek Indians.

Christian Wilman lost a horse in the service.

Leroy P. Evans of Arkansas lost a horse in the service.

Phineas Taylor of Danbury, Connecticut lost a horse in the service.

James Roby had a horse impressed into service.

Chauncey A. Horr had a horse and other property stolen by the Omaha Indians in the Territory of Nebraska.

J. F Stone of Co. C. had his horse killed July 5, 1861, near Dry Fork, 12 miles north of Carthage, the county seat of Jasper county Missouri.

Orderly Lewis B. Paul of the 126th., Ohio was wounded and had his horse killed under him while carrying the brigade flag in the battle of Opequon.

Orderly Lewis H. Shreeve 6th., Maryland had his horse shot out from under him at the battle of Opequon.

Colonel J. B. Howell commanding the first brigade had his horse short out from under him and was wounded in two places near Ware Bottom church.

Captain Cristoval Benavides had his horse killed from under him.

Thursday, December 20, 2007

Women Behind Men In The Time Of War.

Man always had a woman behind him, she may be a wife, child, mother or just a friend, but no matter where she stood in his life, he looked towards her for comfort and love. In the time of war man not only fought for his country but for the love of his woman to know she would be safe and always have a home. Some of the women named here would be hero’s and others spy’s, but mostly they were mothers, wife’s and lovers but no matter where she stood in a mans life she always stood beside him.

Note. The information on this pages comes from Bills and petitions that passed through Congress. These records are housed at the Library of Congress.

Note. Many of these women named here will have more information about them, so if you see a name and would like to know more you can E. mail me at:

1863, Mrs. Martha Vaughn and Mrs. Louisa Jackman, then residents of Kentucky, in March, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, did, by their patriotic exertions, save the State of Kentucky from great devastation of property and sacrifice of life by conveying information of the plans of the rebel General Pegram, then invading the said State, which they had artfully acquired, to Colonel Frank Woolford, of the Union Army; and Whereas the information thus conveyed did, in all human probability, save the State of Kentucky from rebel control; and Whereas, in consideration of such patriotic hazard and daring in conveying this valuable information, and the immense benefits secured to the nation thereby, in the property captured from General Pegram and his expulsion from the State, as well as the great sacrifices thus prevented, it is but right and proper that such acts should be encouraged by suitable rewards and national recognition

Susan Decatur is the widow of Stephen Decatur, who was a Lieutenant in the United States Navy, entered the harbor of Tripoli, on February 16, 1804, in a small Ketch called the Intrepid and boarded and captured and destroyed the Tripolitan frigate, the late United States frigate known as the Philadelphia.

Note. Here is more information.

Served as Midshipman on the USS United States, 1798-1799, War with France. Conspicuous for gallantry in War with Tripoli, 1803-1804. Recaptured the USS Philadelphia from the Tripolitans, in the harbor of Tripoli, and destroyed her, 16 February 1804. War of 1812, distinguished for the capture of the HMS Macedonian 25 October 1812; commanded the USS United States at this time. In the spring of 1814 commanded the President and a squadron of three vessels, in the West Indies and flew the pennant of Commodore. 15 January 1815, the USS President had a severe engagement with the British West India Squadron, and surrendered after having lost a quarter of her crew and being surrounded by three frigates Decatur was made prisoner, taken to Bermuda, and from there sent to New London on parole, in the British frigate HMS Narcissus.

Mary Ann Dodd is the widow of Matthew W. Dodd who had been a Carpenter in the United States Navy, His record: Carpenter, 18 June, 1845. Died 9 March, 1859.

Margaret Webber is the widow of John Webber who had been a Gunner in the United States Navy, John Weber became a Gunner, 26 May, 1852. Died 28 November, 1869.

Mrs. Lucy H. Carroll administrator of George W. Carroll, of the State of Arkansas and of the county of Conway, had taken from his Plantation 389 bales of cotton taken, by the United State Army.

Mrs. Hibernia Armstrong of the State of Arkansas in the county of Conway had 102 bales of cotton taken from her Plantation, by The United States Army.

Lucy A. Rice, Late, of Richmond Virginia by her courage and patriotic devotion in saving Colonel Streight and his party and enabling them to make their escape from the hands of the Rebels.

Mrs. Susan Ten Eyck Williamson widow of Charles L. Williamson.

Mrs. Rachel McMillan widow of Robert McMillan who was a Surgeon in the United States Army.

Mrs. Ann P. Derrick widow of W. S. Derrick who was a clerk in the Department of the State.

Mrs. Ann Turner widow of Elbert Turner of Norfolk Virginia.

Mrs. M. E. McKnight widow of Francis McKnight who was accidentally killed will at his duty’s as an Artificer Ordnance, on June 22, 1855.

Mrs. Jane M. McCrabb widow of captain John W. McCrabb assistant quartermaster of the United States Army.

Mrs. Olivia W. Cannon widow of Joseph S. Cannon who was a Midshipman in the United States Navy, His record: Appointed Sailing Master, 16 January, 1829. Dismissed 31 December, 1829.

Mrs. Margaret Hetzel widow of A. R. Hetzel who was a assistant Quartermaster in the United States Army.

Mrs. Agatha O’Brien widow of Brevet Major J. P. J. O’Brien who was a Captain of artillery.

Mrs. Sally T. B. Cochrane widow of Lieutenant R. E. Cochrane who had a horse in the public service for the use of express riding by order of Lieutenant Colonel Garland at Fort Smith.

Mrs. Eliza A. Merchant widow of First Lieutenant and Brevet Captain Charles G. Merchant.

Mrs. A. W. Angus widow of Captain Samuel Angus of the United States Navy, His record: Midshipman, 6 November, 1799. Lieutenant, 4 February, 1807. Master Commandant, 24 July, 1813. Captain, 27 April, 1816. Dismissed 21 June, 1824.

Mrs. Anna G. Gaston of the city of Washington, widow of Albert G. Gaston who was a Lieutenant in the United States Army who had contracted a disease and died, he was of the sixteenth regiment of the Virginia Volunteers.

Mrs. Rebecca Irwin widow of Archibald Irwin who was a private in battery C., First Rhode Island light artillery.

Mrs. Sally Andrews of Buxton, York county Maine widow of Elisha Andrews who was a quarter gunner on board the Levetta Adams.

Mrs. Louisa Eldis of Sandusky Ohio had losses sustained by the occupancy of her stone building in Sandusky Ohio, by the 103 regiment New York Volunteers during the months of January, February, March and April of 1864.

Mrs. Eliza Hicks widow of Colonel Stephen G. Hicks, of the fortieth regiment Illinois Volunteers.

Mrs. Abigail Chaplin who was the widow of Josiah Snelling Jr. a Colonel in the United States Army.

Mrs. Jane Dulany widow of Colonel William Dulany an officer of the United States Marine Corps.

His record: Second Lieutenant, 10 June, 1817. First Lieutenant, 19 June, 1819. Captain, 1 July, 1834. Major, 17 November, 1847. Colonel, 26 July, 1861. Brevet Captain, 19 June, 1829. Brevet Major, 3 March, 1843. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, 13 September, 1847. Died 4 July, 1868.

Mrs. Catherine Easton who is now married to John Bender of Blair county Pennsylvania.

Mrs. Rachel McClelland widow John F. McClelland who was a private in company E., of the sixteenth regiment of the Ohio Volunteers.

Mrs. Susan Carson of Cottonwood Grove, bond county Illinois who is the widow of Robert G. Carson, their children were: Frances A., John A., Kansas A., Louisa L., Sarah J.

Mrs. Abby Green, then of Richmond, Virginia, by her courage, patriotic devotion and assistance from May, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, to February, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, enabling one hundred and nine officers and soldiers of the United States to make their escape from Libby prison, in Richmond, Virginia, and from the hands of our enemies, has deserved well of the country.

Mrs. Elizabeth Fletcher widow of captain L. W. Fletcher of the 13th., regiment Co. A., of the Tennessee cavalry.

Mrs. Jane Clements of the District of Columbia widow of Ignatius Clements.

Mrs. Joanna Winans mother of George W. Winans who was a acting assistant paymaster in the United State Navy, His record: Acting Assistant Paymaster, 30 October, 1863. Drowned 1864.

Mrs. Emma A. Porch, who was then Emma A. Smith, acted as a scout and spy in November of 1864, in he State of Missouri during the Price raid.

Mrs. Margaret S. Fair widow of William C. Fair who was killed in April of 1864, while recruiting a regiment in Polk county, Tennessee, by order of Major General Thomas commanding the Department of the Cumberland.

Mrs. Mollie L. Roberts widow of John S. Roberts who was a First Lieutenant in the 22nd., regiment Indiana Volunteers.

Mrs. Nancy E. Pugh widow of David E. Pugh captain of company B., 27th., regiment United States Colored Troops.

Mrs. Jane W. McKee widow of William R. McKee Colonel of the 2nd., regiment of the Kentucky Volunteers.

Mrs. Polly W. Cotton widow of Wayne W. Cotton captain of Co. G., 7th., regiment of the Tennessee Volunteers.

Mrs. Mary J. Trueman widow James Trueman private in company B., of the 12th., regiment of the West Virginia Volunteers.

Mrs. Alice A. Dryer widow of Hiram Dryer Major of the 13th., regiment of The United States Infantry.

Mrs. Eleanor C. Ransom was order to board the steamship North America, as a nurse to take care of the sick, then on December 22, 1864, the North America was sunk.

Mrs. Charlotte E. Reed widow of John D. Reed of Falls Church, of Fairfax county Virginia.

Mrs. Mary Ann Henry of Pennsylvania widow of Henry Henry captain of the United States Navy, His record: Sailing Master, 1 July, 1812. Lieutenant, 5 March, 1817. Master Commandant, 9 February, 1837. Captain, 27 February, 1847. Died 26 July, 1857.

Mrs. Mary Davis mother of Charles B. Davis captain of Co., F., of the 6th., Pennsylvania cavalry Volunteers.

Mrs. Ruhany Brown widow of Henry Brown, enlisted on September 1, 1863, in the tenth regiment Co. H., Tennessee cavalry, and died at Richmond on January 31, 1864.

Mrs. Harris widow of George W. Harris of the State of Oregon furnished supplies and rendered services to the volunteers in the Oregon Indian war of 1856.

Mrs. Mercie E. Scattergood widow of Edward Scattergood of the United States Navy, His record: Third Assistant Engineer, 26 August, 1859. Second Assistant Engineer, 1 March, 1862. First Assistant Engineer, 1 October, 1863. Died 20 September, 1864.

Mrs. Ann E. Smoot widow of captain Joseph Smott of the United States Navy, His record: Midshipman, 1 December, 1809. Lieutenant, 27 April, 1816. Master Commandant, 3 March, 1835. Captain, 8 September, 1841. Reserved List, 1 October, 1855. Died 13 March, 1857.

Mrs. Ann Marble (Now Strong) had loses by depredations committed by the Cheyenne Indians in August of 1864.

Mrs. Constance Bateman was Mrs. Constance DeCaindry had her Vegetable and fruit garden and premises damaged by the United States soldiers in their defense of Baltimore at Fort McHenry in 1814.

Mrs. Lewright Browning widow of Robert L. Browning of the United States Navy, His record: Midshipman, 4 March, 1823. Passed Midshipman, 23 March, 1829. Lieutenant, 21 June, 1832. Drowned 27 March, 1850.

Mrs. Altazera L. Willcox of Chenango county of the State of New York widow of William Willcox private of Co. B., of the 114th., regiment of the New York Volunteers.

Mrs. Fanny Kelly had her property taken and destroyed by the Sioux Indians in 1864.

Mrs. Margaret A Laurie rented her house and premises in the district of Columbia to the United States for medical and hospital from June 30, 1862 through June 30, 1865.

Tuesday, December 18, 2007

Hostages of War 1776-1865.

In the time of war there will always be hostages it is my intent to name as many as I can. I will not give any personal information on any names. I will give as much information on their capture as I can. I will give names and places and dates, It is my job as a surname researcher to help you find your lost family member. In war there will be hostages on broth sides and the civilians always caught in the middle. If you find a name and would like to know more about him or her I will be happy to help all I can and of course all my research is (Free).

Note. There was a fine line between being a prisoner of war and being a hostage a value was given to prisoners either because of rank or numbers or the status of a civilian. Those that had value were placed either in a county jail or in a different part of the prison or ship to be held as hostages to be exchange for other hostages of the same value.

Important note. Many of these names will have more information so if you see a name let me know and I will see what I can find.

Note. The information on this page comes from Military affairs Vol. I-II, These records are housed at the Library of Congress, and the official records of the Civil War, which are housed at Ohio State University. If you would like to leave a comment or ask for help you may at the following:

1. John Stevens, captain in the army of the United States, he commanded a company raised in Connecticut, he was taken hostage in May of 1776, and held in Canada till February of 1782.
3. Around 1785, Aaron Hill was an Indian hostage while residing at Fort Schuyler.
4. Col. Archibald Campbell, a British Officer was held as a hostage in Massachusetts to guarantee good British treatment of Gen. Charles Lee, a prisoner of war.
5. In 1776, Bryan Lefferty was a hostage, no info.
6. In 1776, Captain Ebenr Green was held as a hostage at Cedars Canada.
7. In 1776, captain Ebenezer Sullivan was a hostage at Cedars in Canada.

These men were captured at Queenstown, in upper Canada on October 13, 1812, and taken to England for trial on the pretext of being British subjects. They were from the 1st., 6th., 13th., regiments of the United States Army.

1. Henry Kelly, 2. John M’Gowan, 3. John Donnrlly, 4. Henry Blaney, 5. James Gill, 6. John Currey, 7. George M’Cammon, 8. John Fulsum, 9. Nathan Shaley, 10. John Dolton, 11. Patrick M’Braharty, 12. Edward M’Garigan, 13. Michael Condin, 14. Matthew Mooney, 15. John Dinnue, 16. Peter Burr, 17. John Fitzgerald, 18. George Johnson, 19. Andrew Doyle, 20. John Wiley, 21. John Clark, 22. Patrick Karns, 23. John Williams.

Thomas King, seaman confined at Bermuda made his escape from the prison ship and reached home again after navigating the ocean for nine days alone in an open boat.

William Nichols was the commander of the Brig Decatur, a privateer armed ship. His ship was captured January 18, 1813, by his Britannic Majesty’s frigate Surprise, in command was captain Cochrane and taken to Bermuda where he and his crew were paroled but was later arrested and took to England as a hostage.

These men are still being held as hostages.

1. Joshua Penny, 2. John Swanton, 3. Thomas Goldsmith, 4. Witmore Knaggs, 5. John Steven.

William Mayton a British subject and prisoner of war was a Master’s mate of the British ship of war Ramilies, to be held as a hostage to answer for the safety and proper treatment of Joshua Penny.

William Lincoln a British subject was the mate of the merchant Brig Fly, to be held as a hostage for the safety of John Swanton, captain of marines of the privateer Globe of Baltimore.

January 27, 1863.

Joseph Stiles.
John Flagg.
Jim Allen.
George Miller.

May 16, 1863.

Col. Zarvona was a Union Officer and was being held as a hostage by the Confederates they were asking for a exchange of seven Confederates being held by the Union they were: Captain Thomas Damron, Lieutenant Wilson Damron, Lieutenant David V. Auxier, Lieutenant Issac Goble and privates Sauel Pack, William S. Dils and J. W. Howe.

These men were taken hostage on August 7, 1864, by the rebels they were:
1. Rev. Dr. John B. Kerfoot, president of the Collage of Saint James.
2. Isaac Nesbitt, Clark of the Circuit Court.
3. Andrew H. Hager, a leading Miller and Merchant.
4. Frederick C. McComas, inspector of whiskey.

Waldo P. Goff of Clarksburg, son of Major Nathan Goff Jr., of West Virginia.

Francis J. Keffer, captain of Co. H., California regiment. Left home July 15, 1861, was taken hostage at the battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861.

Robert H. Tyler captain eight Virginia infantry.

These men have been held by the rebles since December 1862.
1. James E. Gaddy, Co. E., sixth Illinois cavalry.
2. Bernard Collins, Co. E., thirty-ninth Ohio infantry.
3. A. M. Shipman, Co. D., forty-third Ohio infantry.
4. Nicholas Hoit, Co. C., seventh Iowa infantry.

These men were held hostage by the Union and were exchanged for the above named.
1. James McFall, Co. A., tenth Kentucky.
2. William Leton, Co. K., twentieth Tennessee.
3. E. W. Brown thirty-seventh Mississippi.
4. W. H. Tomlin sixth Flord.

These men are being held by the Confederates, Major Charles Williams, Fredericksburg; Peter Couse, Spotsylvania County; Squire Ralston, Thomas Morrison, Moses Morrison, Burnham Wardwell, A. M. Pickett.

These men are being held as hostage by the Union at the Old Capitol prison for the release of the above named: Rev. William S. Broaddus, Thomas F. Knox, Charles C. Wellford, James McGuire, Beverly T. Gill, James H. Bradley, John F. Scott, George H. C. Rowe, Benjamin Temple, Dr. James Cooke, John H. Roberts, John Coakley, John J. Berry, Abraham Cox, William H. Norton, Michael Ames, Lewis Wrenn, M. Slaughter, mayor.

The following-named citizens of Fredericksburg have been arrested and placed in confinement at Washington under an order of the Secretary of War of the United States to be held as hostages for the release by the Confederate States of the four prisoners aforenamed, viz, Messrs. Thomas S. Barton, Charles C. Wellford, Beverly T. Gill and Thomas F. Knox, who were arrested on the 22nd of July last; Messrs. James H. Bradley and James McGuire, who were arrested on or about the 26th of July last, and the Rev. William S. Broaddus, who was arrested on or about the 29th of July last. These citizens have been kept in confinement at Washington since the date of their several arrests, except Mr. Barton, who was discharged on parole to remain in Baltimore because of infirm health. On the 13th of the present mouth Messrs. Montgomery Slaughter (mayor of Fredericksburg), John Coakley, Michael Ames, John F. Scott, John J. Berry, John H. Roberts, James Cooke, William H. Norton, Lewis Wrenn, George H. C. Rowe, Benjamin Temple and Abraham Cox, citizens of Fredericksburg, were arrested under a like order from Washington, and have been committed to prison in that city. The latter order declared that they would be held as hostages for the four persons first named herein and for three other persons who were held as prisoners by the Confederate Government, viz, Burnham Wardwell, A. M. Pickett and Squire Ralston. The nineteen persons thus arrested as hostages are among our oldest and most esteemed citizens. Some of them are in advanced age and in very infirm health. We ask leave to submit to the consideration of Your Excellency the following facts and suggestions: Among the seven persons so stated as held in custody by the Confederate States four are well known to the people of Fredericksburg, viz, Thomas and Moses Morrison, Peter Couse and Charles Williams. The Messrs. Morrison emigrated some five or six years past from Delaware and bought lands in Spotsylvania County on which they resided at the time of their arrest.

These women were taken hostage, Mrs. Phoebe Munden, wife of Lieutenant W. J. Munden, and Mrs. Elizabeth Weeks, wife of Private Pender Weeks, of Captain John T. Elliott's company. The first was arrested at her own house in the presence only of her three children, of whom the oldest was ten years of age, on Saturday, the 12th day of December, conveyed a few miles to Elizabeth City, confined in a room without fire, bed, or bedding, with several male prisoners, and tied by the feet and hands. A negro guard was placed in charge of the prisoners.

A last note. There were thousands of hostages and I can’t name them all so if you don’t see a family member here ask and I will see what I can find.

Monday, December 17, 2007

Merchant Ships of the World-1776--???

There has been a lot written on the merchant ship and there will be a lot more but its not my intent to write a history on the merchant ship. As a surname researcher I hope to help you find your family members. I will list many ships (Merchant only. ) In the hope that you will find that family member. There are many ship with the same name some were sold and renamed over the years, and the Masters and captains names will change through the years. There will be no order in the dates or names they will be put down as I find them.

Important note. This information will come from The Library of Congress Departments of: Naval Affairs, Foreign Relations, Finances, Commerce and Navigation, Claims and Miscellaneous.
If you would like to leave a comment or ask for help you may at the following:

Pennsylvania Evening Post November 6, 1776.

It is law that no private ships or vessels of war, merchants ships be permitted to wear pendants when in company with continental ships or vessels of war, without leave from the commanding officer. If any merchant ship or vessel shall wear pendants in company with continental ships or vessels of was without leave first obtained from the commander he is authorized to take away the pendants from offenders and if any ship or vessel refuse to show the respect due to the continental ships or vessels of war the captain or commander shall lose his commission.

These merchant ships and master of said ship were in Charleston S. C. in January of 1791, They were asking Congress for certificates and Government contracts so the southern states could do trade with Europe, many have found themselves destitute for employment.

Ship Name-- Master-- Tons--Where Owned.

1. Thomas- Thomas Thomas- 230- Newburyport Mass.
2. John- Albert Smith- 295- Boston.
3. Brig William- John C. Whitney- 152- Boston.
4. Oliver Branch- Samuel Calder- 170- Gloucester Mass.
5. Brig Hope- Isaac Pepper- 135- Boston.
6. Brig Mary- Joseph O’Brion- 206- Newburyport Mass.
7. Brig Essex- John Green- 197- Salem Mass.
8. Brig Peggy- Amos Hilton- 170- Salem Mass.
9. Brig Katy- John Lincoln- 140- Boston Mass.
10. Peggy- James Vesy- 160- Salem Mass.
11. Sisters- Daniel Tucker- 204- Portland Maine.
12. Mary- Samuel Barnes- 244- Boston Mass.
13. Lovina- Josiah Edes- 220- Boston Mass.
14. Diana- Ozias Goodwin- 227- Boston Mass.
15. Fair American- Benjamin Lee- 318- Boston Mass.
16. Brig Martha- Elisha Small- 182- Newburyport Mass.
17. Hunter- David Smith- 235- Portland Maine
18. William- William Russell- 277- Portland Maine.
19. Eliza- Nat. Stone- 189- Boston Mass.
20. Hudson- Robert Folger- 235- Hudson New York N. Y.
21. Rainbow- Richard Salter- 200- Portsmouth New Hampshire.
22. Nancy- John Murphy- 201- Salem Mass.
23. Brig Fanny- John Baas- 160- Charleston S. C.
24. Conception- Henry Stephens- 152- Philadelphia Penn.
25. Brig St. Caroline- Timothy Coggeshall- 125- Charleston S. C.
26. Mary- James Payne- 268- Charleston S. C.
27. Bethia- Edward Allen- 250- Boston Mass.
28. Anger- James Cassel-160- Baltimore Maryland
29. Columbia- J. Reed- 220- Nottingham Maryland.
30. Patuxent Planter- Fielder Dorset- 270- Nottingham Maryland.
31. Friendship- W. B. Smith- 280- Baltimore Maryland.
32. Brig Union- Samuel Foster- 170- Beverly Mass.
33. Charleston- William Hunter- 180- Charleston S. C.
34. Brig Columbus- Joseph Selman-129- Marblehead Mass.
35. Brig Governor Pinckeny- William Hall- 93- Charleston S. C.
36. Pennsylvania- David Harding- 287- Philadelphia Penn.
37. Brig Lydia- Alexander Coffin Jr.- 152- Salem Mass.
38. Brig Harriet- Henry Elkins- 180- Salem Mass.
39. Brig Grange- Richard B. Gillmot- 87- New York N. Y.
40. Schooner Polly- Joseph Hinckly- 110- Salem Mass.
41. Federalist- Samuel Makins- 277- New York N.Y.

In May of 1794, Thomas and Peter Mackie, of the city of Philadelphia, merchants, hoping that the ship Fame, which was chartered by the memorialists in February last, may be released from the operation of the present embargo; and that the said ship, together with her cargo, may be allowed to proceed from the port of Philadelphia to Amsterdam, in Holland, the place of her destination.

In January of 1812, a petition of Bordman and Pope, Joseph Bray, Richards and Jones, Jonathan Amory, and Thomas Clements, junior, merchants, of Boston, praying permission for their ship, called the "American Hero," to return to the United States with the avails of her voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, and to places beyond the same; which ship sailed from the United States previous to the passage of the non-importation act of the second of March, one thousand eight hundred and ten.

In February of 1816, a petition of James Sanderson, John Bonowdale, Robert Young, John and Thomas Vowell, and John Harper, merchants of Alexandria, setting forth that they are the owners of two foreign built ships, which they purchased in the year 1804, on which they have been obliged to pay the duty imposed on foreign tonnage, and praying that the same may become American registered vessels.

In December of 1817, a petition of Andrew Ogden, and Thomas C. Butler, of the city of New York, merchants, owners of the Ship Koran, stating that certain smugglers in conjunction with the keeper of said ship, clandestinely conveyed on board the same, a quantity of coffee, in consequence of which she has been seized, libelled and condemned in the district court of New York; and, inasmuch as the fraud was committed wholly without the consent or knowledge of the petitioners they pray for such relief in the premises, as to Congress may seem just and proper.

In January of 1818, a petition of William W. Haddock, and Thomas W. Jenkins, merchants of New York, stating, that, whilst their ship was proceeding from Wales to New York, with a cargo of slate, she was compelled by stress of weather to put into Halifax, and was there found to be so disabled, as to render it necessary to transfer the cargo to other vessels, which they did, and as there was no American vessels in port, they were compelled to employ British, and that upon the arrival of the said cargo in New York, it was charged with foreign duty and light money on foreign vessels, and as the voyage was expensive and disastrous, they pray that they may not be compelled to pay other charges, than they would have paid, had their own vessel brought the cargo into the United States.

In March of 1818 there was a petition by Thomas Tenant and George Stiles, of the city of Baltimore, merchants and ship owners, praying that certificates of registry may be granted to their vessels.

In December of 1804, a petition of Thomas Ketland of Philadelphia, merchant, stating that he with John Ketland and James Williamson, were, in June, 1799, owners of the ship Washington, during a voyage to Batavia, and praying the allowance of a drawback on exportation of certain merchandise, in the said ship imported.

In February of 1800, a petition of Abraham Franklin, and John Franklin, jun. merchants, of the city of New York, and owners of the ship Amelia, captured in the year 1799, by a French national corvette, and re-captured by the United States ship of war Constitution, and by the said Franklins purchased at public auction, praying for a new register.

In May of 1784, Mr. John Brown Merchant of Providence in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations setting forth that a certain ship called the Warren, whereof he is owner and Pardon Sheldon of the same place is Captain is now in Virginia taking in bound up the Mediterranean on a Merchant's voyage and praying for Sea Letters to be granted him.

In February of 1818, a petition of John Patrick, merchant of the city of New York, stating, that whilst his ship the Harriet, was on her voyage with a cargo of wine, from Tenneriffe to New York, she was compelled by stress of weather, to put into the British port of Nassau, in the island of New Providence, where he was compelled to abandon the Harriet, and charter a British vessel to transport said wines to New York, where it was charged with duties on wines imported in foreign vessels; and praying that the said wines may be placed on the same footing with respect to duties and drawbacks, as if it had arrived in the Harriet.

February of 1813, a petition of Ebenezer Breed, junior, and John Breed, merchants, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, praying a restoration of their ship Palinure, which has been seized, libelled, and condemned, for a violation of the non-importation act, which violation was unintentional and accidental on the part of the petitioners.

In February of 1803, a petition of William Breck, junior, commander of a merchant ship called the Despatch, employed in the East India trade, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, praying that such reasonable allowance may be made to him as Congress in their wisdom may deem proper, for provisions and sea stores which he furnished to a certain Stephen Bruce, on a voyage from the Northwest coast of America to Canton, in China, and from thence to the State of Massachusetts.

In April of 1812, there was a memorial of Peter Hoffman, jr. and others, merchants, of the city of Baltimore, stating that their ship William, on the last day of March last, received a clearance for a voyage to Cadiz, and on the day following sailed from the port of Baltimore, previous to the late message of the President of the United States recommending an embargo; that the vessel proceeded on her voyage, and, whilst on the high seas, was met by a revenue cutter, and brought back to the port of Baltimore; and praying permission for the said vessel to depart and pursue her contemplated voyage.

Note. The merchant store-ship called Eliza,was armed with twenty-eight twelve-pounders. Her crew consisted of one hundred and forty men.

In December of 1833, Stephen Kingston, merchant, of the city of Philadelphia, complaining of the loss and damage he sustained by the unjust seizure of his ship at a port in Ireland, by the officers of the British Government, and praying the aid of the Government of the United States in obtaining redress.

In July 1862, Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt, of New York, gratuitously presented to the United States the ocean steamer Vanderbilt, by many esteemed the finest merchant ship in the world. She has ever since been, and still is doing, valuable service to the government. For the patriotic act in making this magnificent and valuable present to the country.

In 1800, Daniel Cotton chartred to Ebenezer Stevens his ship the Anna Maria, for a voyage from New York to Tunis, with a cargo for account of the Government and that the cargo was delivered in safety but was seized by Bey Tunis for the purpose of taking a cargo of oil to Marseilles.

Jared Shattuck ship the Mercator, and cargo was detained in the year of 1800, by Lieutenant William Maley commanding the Schooner Experiment, a vessel of war of the United States, and ordered to Cap Francois for examination, and while they were in possession of Lieutenant William Maley’s Prizemaster they were seized by the British privateer General Simcoe, and carried to Jamaica and condemned in the court of Vice-admiralty as prize to the privateer. Jared Shattuck brought suit against Lieutenant William Maley and the United States and won $33,864.55.

On January 20, 1812, Richard Forrest as agent on the part of the United States chartered the ship Allegany, Captain Ebenezer Evelith commanding for the house of Bowie & Kurtz and others of Georgetown in the District of Columbia for the purpose of conveying a cargo of naval and military stores to the Dey of Algiers.

Note. There is a lot of information on this to much to put here if you would like to know more let me know.

The ship Liberty belonging to William Haslett was captured in the month of December of 1809, on a voyage from Cagliari to Gibralter, by a French cruiser and taken to Tunis were it was sold at public auction on January 8.

Note. There is a lot of information on this to much to put here if you would like to know more let me know.

Charles Whit was the owner of a schooner named Neptune commanded by Joseph Hughes who arrived to this port from Miraguane in Hispaniols, were captain Joseph Hughes embezzled part of the cargo, the ran to defraud the revenue of the duties. Whereon the said schooner was seized and condemned.

Ship Alexander, captain Thomas Woodward, with a cargo of 1,595, barrels of flour was captured August 5, 1793, by the frigate Agricola and taken to Rochefort and stripped of all the crew except the cabin Boy.

The Brig Olive Branch, captain John Buffington was captured August 30, 1793, and taken to L’Orient with a mixed prishable cargo.

Ship Woodrup Sims, captain Hodgson captured by the Jacobin and Atalanta was taken to Rochefort with a perishable cargo.

Ship President, captain John Anderson Smith, with a cargo of flour from Baltimore.

Ship Hawk, captain Moses West cargo of leather.

Alonzo B. Munoz owner of the ship Amiable Isabella, who sailed from Havana Cuba his home and headed for Hamburgh, then on or about November 1813, was captured by Roger Quarles an American cruiser and taken to Wilmington North Carolina.

A last note. If you don't see a family member here I have hundreds of merchants in my index's I would be happy to help you find that family member and of course its all ( free ).