Friday, October 21, 2011

Battle Between The Constitution & Guerriere 1812.

I well not give the account of the battle but I will list those who fought in the battle, and were either killed, wounded or came up missing.  One of the hardest thing as a surname rearcher is to find the names of those who fought for the other side.  We Americans of 1776 and 1812, always went into great detail of a battle, But rarely gave the names of the enemy who fall in battle even if they know who they were.  Of couse it was the  same for the British.  It's true a lot of names can be found on pay rolls rosters and so on, but to fine names of those that fall in battel is a lot harder.  I guess are forefathers thought it was more inportant to record these battles in great detail for future generations.  It's true these stories and reports are inportant to us for we can learn why these battles happen and what went on in these balltes.  But for generations after who are trying to find their roots.  The names are more inportant then the accounts of battle.

Captain Isaac Hull.


1. William S. Bush---First Lieutenant.
2. Jacob Sago---Seaman.
3. Robert Brice---Seaman.
4. John Brown---Seaman
5. James Read---Seaman.
6. Caleb Smith---Seaman.
7. James Ashford---Seaman.


1. Charles Morris---First Lieutenant, Dangerously.
2. John C. Alwin---Master, Slightly.
3. Richard Dunn---Seaman, Dangerously.
4. George Reynolds---Ordinary seanan, Dangerously.
5. Daniel Lewis---Ordinary seanan, Dangerously.
6. Owen Taylor---Ordinary seanan, Dangerously.
7. Francis Mullen---Marine, Slightly.

His Majesty's Ship Guerriere.
Captain James R. Dacres.


1. James R. Dacres---Captain.
2. Bartholomew Kent---Lieutenant.
3. Robert Scoot---Master.
4. Samuel Grant---Master's mate.
5. James Enslie---Midshipman.
6. John Little---Seaman.
7. James Miller---Ordinary Seaman.
8. Henry Verderie---Ordinary Seaman.
9. Hugh M'Kinley---Ordinary Seaman.
10. James Morris---Seaman.
11. T. Harrington---Armourer.
12. William Mee---Armourer's mate.
13. Peter Stempstead---Ordinary Seaman.
14. Peter Peterson---Ordinary Seaman.
15. Ralph Williams---Ordinary Seaman.
16. Henry Holt---Ordinary Seaman.
17. William Somers---Ordinary Seaman.
18. William Willington---Ordinary Seaman.
19. Patrick Murphy---Quarter Gunner.
20. J. Cromwell---Quarter Master.
21. Mat. Reardon---Ordinary Seaman.
22. John Campbell---Ordinary Seaman.
23. John Southgate---Ordinary Seaman.
24. Henry Dent---Ordinary Seamen.
25. Stephen Kelly---Boy.
26. John O'Hare---Ordinary Seaman.
27. Philip Dwyer---Ordinary Seaman.
28. D. Smith 3rd.---Seaman.
29. K. M'Donald---Seaman.
30. Alexander Ferguson---Ordinary Seaman.
31. George Meathers---Seaman.
32. James Crooker---Seaman.
33. David Lewis---Ordinary Seaman.
34. John Hibbs---Ordinary Seaman.
35. Joseph Lushwood---Ordinary Seaman.
36. Robert Taylor---Ordinary Seaman.
37. George Read---Seaman.
38. William Jones---Ordinary Seaman.
39. D. M'Meechen---Carpenter's Mate.
40. William Copper---Seaman.
41. Lawrence Norman---Seaman.
42. Emmerson---Sail-Maker.
43. J. Jameson---Seaman.
44. William Hall---Seaman.
45. John Bruntlot---Seaman.
46. J. Sholer---Boatswain's Mate.
47. R. Baily 1st., ---Boatswain's Mate.
48. J. Copeland---Seaman.
49. Samuel Miller---Seaman.
50. Roger Spry---Marine.
51. John Fake---Marine.
52. Melchis Archer---Marine.
53. John Goss---Marine.
54. Edward Daking---Marine.
55. William Cooper---Marine.
56. Samuel Long---Marine.
57. Thomas Chambers---Marine.
58. Joseph Fountain---Marine.
59. William Ryan---Marine.
60. Thomas Couther---Marine.
61. John Robinson---Marine.
62. William Jones---Marine.


1. H. Ready---Second Lieutenant.
2. J. Smith---Second Gunners Mate.
3. G. Griffiths---Quarter Gunner.
4. J. Tuck---Ordinary Seaman.
5. William Baker---Ordinary Seaman.
6. Alexander Cowie---Seaman.
7. Richard Chusman---Landsman.
8. William White---Seaman.
9. Henry Brown---Seaman.
10. J. A. Fox---Sergeant of Marines.
11. J. Wodcock---Marine.
12. T. Pratt---Marine.


1. James Johnson.
2. Moses Virgin.
3. Benjamin Hinworth.
4. James Greenwood.
5. William Cole.
6. James Johnson 2rd.
7. Corporal Webb---Marine.
8. John Griswell.
9. J. M'Gill.
10. James Batterwitch.
11. William Raysdon.
12. William Hammock.
13. Robert Mittwott.
14. A. Joaquin.
15. John Jacob.
16. James Pullman---Lieutenant.
17. Mr. Garton.
18. John Newman.
19. Robert Winn.
20. James Guy.
21. Robert Scott.
22. Robert---Lieutenant.
23. John Flavitt.
24. John Hosey.

Thursday, October 20, 2011

Daniel Martin ( Colored ) & Captain William Howland 1792-1807.

The following information was put together from documents of the Department of Foreign Relations, Vol. 3., 1807-15, pages 15-17.

I Benjamin Davis, of Westport, in the county of Bristol and commonwealth of Massachusetts, yeoman, being legally qualified to give evidence, do depose and say, that, about fourteen or fifteen years ago, William Howland, late of said Westport, mariner, decesed brought to Westport with him a colored boy, then about six years of age; that the name of said boy was Daniel Martin; that he was bound to said William, as an apprentice or servant, under the authority of laws of this commonwealth, by the selectmen and overseers of the poor of said town of Westport, and the indentures were executed at the house of the deponent, that the said Daniel was afterwards, on his arrival at the age of fourteen years, an apprentice or servant of Nancy Howland widow and relict of, said William Howland, and it is now about seven years since I have seen the said Daniel, he was then of common stature, straight built, and without any prominent marks by which to describe his person.  It was always understood by me that the said Daniel was from some Spanish settlement in America.
Benjamin Davis.

On this day July 13, 1807, I Nancy Howland, of New Bedford in the county of Bristol and commonweath of Massachusetts, widow and relict of William Howland, late of Westport in said county, mariner, do depose and say, that, in the month of August, in the year of our lord 1792, according to the best of my recollection, my said husband brought with him on a voyage from Buenes Ayres, Daniel Martin, a colored boy, then in the seventhyear of age, was bound to him, as an apprentice or servant by his mother; that after the death of my said husband and at the arrival of said Daniel at the age of fourteen years, he bound himself to me, the desponent and after living with me about a year, left me, and since that time, I have never seen or heard from the said Daniel.  At the time the said Daniel left me, he was common stature and no peculiar marks,he was very straight at the time.
Nancy Howland.

The following is extracted from the portage bill of the ship Caledonia.

Francis Mahaly master, who sailed, about the 25th., January, 1802, for Canton and returned about 13th., March, 1803.  "Daniel Martin seaman, shipped January 24, 1802; Discharged March 14, 1803; time on board, thirteen months, seventeen day's $12, a month; total wages, $162.75."

British consul's office, Norfolk Virginia, March 6, 1806.

Sir: The men named deserted some time since from His Majerty's ship Melampus in Hampton Roads, by running away with a gig, and the three first are stated to have entered at the rendezvous, now open and should they have entered for your service they are to be returned to their duty on board His Majesty's ship before mentioned.  Names William Ware, Daniel Martin and John Little.

Daniel Martin was pressed from on board the Brig Neptune, by the British Frigate Melampus, in the bay of Biscay has served fifteen months.  He is a native of Westport in Massachusetts, about thirdy miles to the Eastward of Newport Rhode Island; seved his time out of New York, with Captain Marrowby in the Caledonis.

Daniel Martin, states that some time in February last, there was an entertainment on board the Melampus, lying then in Hamption Road; that while officers were in engaged and all ships boat's except the captain gig; being hoisted in, themselve , and the two men before stated availed themselvees of a moment to seize the gig and row off; that as soon as they had got into the boat, they were hailed to know what they were going to do; they replied they were going ashore; a brisk fire of musketry instantly commenced from the ship; that, in defiance of balls, and the hazard of their lives, they continued to pull, and finally effected their escape to land, namely Lowell's Point; that they then carefully hauled up the boat on the beach, rolled up the coat, and placed that and the oars in the boat, give three cheers, and moved up the country.

Monday, October 17, 2011

Sloop Belt & Frgate President Those Killed And Wounded.

Sloop Belt & Frgate President in battle.

On May 16, 1811, the Belt was cruising of the coast of America, Cape Charles. The Belt saw a strange sail and started for it, at 2:30, they saw it was a frgate, the belt give a signal but got no answer. The officers concluded it was the frgate United States. The Belt give another singnal again no answer, and the frgate United States was now at full sail trying to stay ahead of the belt. Captain Bingham wanted to reach her befor dark and give chase. In the mean time he ready the guns. At about ten to 8 o'clock the Belt came along side of his chase, they were within pistol shot of each other. Captain Bingham called out “ What ship is this”, he got a amswer but couldn't make out was said, he called out again and the answer was a shot in her broadside. Captain Bingham give the order to fire. The battle only lasted fifthteen minutes. After the firing stopped a boat was take from the frgate to the Belt is was only then that Captain Bingham found that it was the Frgate President, under the command of Rodgers.

This of course this is a short of what happen as Captain Bingham told it at the British inquiry.  But there is always two sides of the story.  On August 30, 1811, a court of inquiry was held on the President in the harbar of New York.  In the inquiry the statement were the same as those of Captain Bingham but in reverse.  In the testimonies given they all said they saw a sail behind them but don't know what ship it was and being in full sail kept going.  Then around 7 o'clock they were in hard winds and lowered sail.  Then around 7 o'clock they saw the Belt coming down on them fast Rodgers gave the order to hold.  In the mean time he had his gunns at the ready.  When the Belt came along side Rodgers called out "What ship is this", the answer was hard to hear and not all was made out, so he called out again.  This time the answer was a shot in his broadside, Rodgers give the order to fire.  After about fifthteen minutes the firing stop.  Rodgers took a boat over to the Belt and it was then he found out what ship it was.  Rodgers asked if her colors had been down Bingham said no.

Of couse there's no real way to tell who was right or wrong but both sides took the saide of thier  commanders.  I read a lot of the official reports and I take neither side in some ways they both were in the wrong.  I looked at some site on the Belt and there is talk about her rating was she a ship or a sloop a sloop being a man-of-war.  I don't know about her rating but in the reports of both sides she was called a sloop.  The Belt carried 20 gunns but in fact she was to hold 24, she lost four gunns because the way the hammocks had to be hung.

Sloop Belt's wounded and died.


1. Mr. Samuel Woodward---Midshipman.
2. Charles Bennett---Captain, Foretop.
3. Jacob Greavey---Carpenter crew.
4. William Sheppard---Gunner's mate.
5. George Wilson---Able seaman.
6. James Grey---Ordinary seaman.
7. Robert Hardwood---Ordinary seaman
8. John Pardoe---Private marine.

Dangerously wounded.

9. Daniel Kilham---Lieutenant marine, died ten hours after action.
10. Robert Coody---Ordinary seaman, died twenty hours after action.
11. John Randall---Able seaman, died twenty hours after action.
12. Nicholas Manager---Gunner's crew, died twenty hours after action.

Severely wounded.

13. Mr. J. McQueen---Acting master.
14. James Dunn---Captain Maintop.
15. James Lawrence---Able seaman.
16. John Richards---Able seaman.
17. Thomas Ives---Able seaman.
18. Michael Skinners---Lieutenant marines.
19. William Fern---Boy.
20. David Dowd---Marine.
21. William Harold---Marine.

Slighty wounded.

22. Mr. James Franklin---Boatwain.
23. Mr. Benjamin Angel---Carpenter.
24. Peter Mccashell---Ordinary seaman.
25. William Western---Boy.
26. Edward Graham---Able seaman.
27. George Delany---Able seaman.
28. George Roberts---Boy.
29. George Shoard---Marine.
30. Daniel Long---Marine.

This author could not find a list of those killed or wounded on the Frgate President, if there was any, but I do have a list of some of the men that were on the President at the time of the action.

1. Charles Ludlow---Acting captain with rank of master commander.

2. John Orde Creighton---First Lieutenant.

3. Henry Caldwell---Captain, commandant of marines.

4. Raymond Henry Perry---Junior Lieutenant and signal officer.

5. Andrew L. B. Madison---Lieutenant of marines.

6. Jacob Mull---Sailing master.

7. Joseph Smith---Midshipman and acting master mate.

8. Henry Denison---Acting chaplain.

9. Michael Roberts---Boatswain.

10. Richard Carson--Midshipman.

11. Matthew C. Perry---Midshipman.

12. Silas Duncan---Midshipman.

13. John H. Clack---Midshipman.

14. Thomas Gamble---Second Lieutenant.

15. Alexander James Dallas---Third Lieutenant.

16. John M. Funk---Fourth Lieutenant.

17. Peter Gamble---Midshipman.

18. Edward Babbit---Midshipman, quartered gun deck.

19. Philp Dickerson Spencer---Midshipman quartered in third division gun deck.

20. Breasted Barns---Carpenter quartered gun deck.

21. John Niess---Captain, first gunn First division gun deck.

22. Eliphalet Carr, Captain, gun No. 2, First division gun deck.

23. John Jones---Gunn No. 3, First division gun deck and Sail-trimmer.

24. James Veitch---Gun No. 4, First division gun deck.

25. Trophemus Davis---Gun No. 5, First division gun deck.

26. John Layfield---Gun No. 6, Second division gun deck.

27. Benjamin Brown---Gun No. 7, Second division gun deck.

28. Edward Fitzgerald---Captain gun No. 8, Second division gun deck.

29. James Cornwell---Captain gun No. 9, Second division gun deck.

30. John Fitch---Captain gun No. 10, Second division gun deck.

31. Richard Thompson---Gun No. 11, Third division gun deck.

32. John Mason---Captain gun No. 12, Third division gun deck.

33. David Lawson---gun No. 14, Third division gun deck.

34. James Lee---gun No. 15, Third division gun deck.

35. James Thompson---gun No. 13, Third division gun deck.

36. Edward Walker---gun No. 1, Fourth division forecastle.

37. Moses Dunbar---Captain gun No. 2, Fourth division forecastle.

38. George Simomons---Second captain gun No. 3, Fourth division forecastle.

39. John McCormick---Second captain gun No. 4, Fourth division forecastle.

40. William Campbell---Captain gun No. 1, quarter deck.

41. Thompson Taylor---Captain gun No. 2, quarter deck.

42. Philip Warner---Captain gun No. 3, quarter deck.

43. Samuel Brown---Captain gun No. 4, quarter deck.

44. Richard Caffol---Second captain gun No. 5, quarter deck.

45. Edward Peterson---Captain gun No. 6, quarter deck.

46. John Anderson---Captain gun No. 7, quarter deck.

47. James Welch---Captain gun No. 8, quarter deck.

48. Silas H. Stringham---Midshipman.

49. James H. Ludlow---Midshipman.

50. David Gelston Ingraham---Midshipman.