Saturday, February 16, 2013

John Shoals,27th.,Mass.infantry.

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John Shoals, private company C.,not co.H., 27th.Massachusetts infantry,residence Amherst;farmer;age 18;enlisted October 1,1861, mustered the same.  Appointed Corpl.January,1863;re-enlisted November 25,1863.wounded May 9,1864; Arrowfield Church,Virginia.  wounded again on March 8,1865, at South West Creek, N..C. discharged for wounds September 4,1865. John Shoals,Co.C.,wounded in groin.  later to be wounded in leg,leg amputated.

Friday, February 15, 2013

Harrison Kelley or Kelly, 44th.,New York Infantry.

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Was a member of Col. Ellsworth's U. S. Zouave Cadets in Chicago and at the time they made their memorable tour of the principal cities of the country. He served with Battery A, Chicago Light Artillery in the three months' service; with Battery left Chicago for the front on the 21st day of April 1861, being the first troops that left that city for the War. Enrolled in the 44th N. Y. Vols., September, 1861.  Was in the hands of the enemy as a prisoner for about sixty days after the seven days' battle, in front of Richmond. Was wounded at the Battle of Fredcrickslnirg and was discharged on tender of resignation shortly after that engagement.

Service Record.

KELLEY, HARRISON.—Age, 21 years. Enrolled, September4, 1861; at New York city, to serve three years; mustered in asfirst lieutenant, Co. B, September 20, 1861; appointed adjutant,July 4, 1862; wounded in action, December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg, Va.; promoted captain, Co. G, December 18, 1862; discharged for disability, February 9,1863; also borne as Kelly; eonimiissioned first lieutenant, October 12,1861, with rank from September 20, 1861, vice L. S. Larrabee, promoted; adjutant, October 29, 1862, with rank from July 4, 1862, vice E. B. Knox,promoted; captain, February 25, 1863, with rank fnun December IS. 1862, vice C. R. Becker, resigned

Thursday, February 14, 2013


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A. W. Hosford was born June 14th, 1839, in Lorain county, Ohio, where he resided until the spring of 1855, when, with a determination to do and dare for himself, he packed his grip and started for the far west, arriving at Dubuque, Iowa, March 17th of that year. At this date no railway had penetrated the northwest as far as the Father of Waters, the terminus of the Illinois Central railroad then being Galena. Illinois. At this place he took stage for Dubuque, Iowa, a lively town of about eight thousand inhabitants. Having been brought up on a farm he sought employment as a farm hand : failing to find immediate employment in this line, he worked in a brick yard for three months, when he engaged with a farmer, receiving a man s wages, twenty dollars per month, though but sixteen years of age. Here he remained, working at whatever he could find to do, until August, 1857, when he concluded that to fight successfully the battle of life required a better education than he had yet received. So. gathering up his effects, which amounted to two hundred and fifty dollars, he returned to Oberlin, Ohio, where his mother then lived entering college at this place, pursuing special studies until the spring of 1859, when with a depleted treasury he returned to Dubuque, Iowa. Here he at once secured a position as teacher in a public school near Reed's Chapel, where he had formerly worked. After teaching this school one term, he was appointed teacher at Rockdale, near Dubuque. which position he held until the breaking out of the rebellion.

The disaster to the Union arms at the battle of Bull Run reimmediately enrolled his name in the cavalry company then forming in Dubuque, which became Company G, First Iowa Cavalry. In this company he served till its final muster out, February 15th, 1866. He was appointed corporal October 1st, 1861 ; promoted sergeant May llth, 1863 ; re-enlisted December 9th, 1863 ; commissioned Second Lieutenant, April 4th, 1864, and placed in command of detachment of Company G composed of nonveterans and recruits. This detachment he commanded until the return of the veterans from their furlough and Missouri campaign, when he was placed in command of the company. Was promoted Captain January 3d, 1865. Served as Provost Marshal on General Thompson s sin the Rockdale flouring mills, which with his partner he continued to operate until the autumn of 1884. The succeeding moved all doubt from his mind as to his duty to the Government he had early been taught to love and reverence. So he two years he improved and operated his farm at Manchester, Iowa.

January 1st, 1887. he opened a real estate, loan and insurance office, where at this writing, September 5th, 1890, he may be found, at the southeast corner of Main and Eighth streets, Dubuque, Iowa. He occupies a pleasant house with his wife and three children, Amanda L.. Richard W. and Ida F., in the suburbs of Dubuque, Iowa. Here he expects taff during the Texas campaign under General Custer.

After his muster out he returned to Dubuque, married Miss Sidonia Nailer, settled down on a farm, followed this avocation till the spring of 1874, when he sold out, and with his family visited Europe, where his youngest surviving child was born. Returning home a year later, he bought an interest to remain till he shall conquer his last enemy and be gathered to his fathers.

A. W Hosford gives statement on General Custer's Cruel treatment of his men, under his command.

I. A. W. Hosford. late Captain Company G, First Iowa Cavalry Vol unteers, would respectfully state on oath, that I was Provost Marshal on the staff of Colonel Wm. Thompson, commanding brigade during the campaign of 1865. from Alexandria, Louisiana, to Austin, Texas, under the command of General Ouster. That in the discharge of my official
duties I became an eye-witness of the operation and effects of the commanding General s heartless and infamous orders, most of which are published in the Adjutant General s report of 1867. For example, one order required the command to march in close columns of fours, and any trooper found out of his place in the column with his horse was dismounted and sent to the rear, and required to complete the campaign on foot, and his horse given to a trooper that had been marching on foot from the start.

In that malarious country many men were afflicted with the old army complaint on this campaign, and the frequent pauses of such kept them running- a great portion of the time to catch up with their horses, that had to be left in the moving column ; and in a num ber of instances have I seen them fall down completely exhausted, and I verily believe were left to die on the roadside, as the greater part of the few ambulances provided were kept with the commanding General  in the advance, for the accommodation of his tired dogs. To fully understand the operation of this order it is necessary to know that, though we had lain in Alexandria a good while, and many cavalry regiments had been mustered out of service, leaving the Government with an abundance of horses, yet fifty or more men from each regiment were started out on this campaign on foot something we had never before during our long service under any other commander been required to do. We had been in the service nearly five years, and now that the war was over, why we should be thus treated was a mystery ruone of us were able to solve.

Though this march was made in the hottest part of the year, August and September, we were required to keep our jackets buttoned, and all our arms, ammunition and rations slung to us, and the dust so thick much of the time we could not see our file leaders. To endure this was all a well man could stand. What must have been the suffering of the sick ones ? Our hardship and suffering would have been endurable had we been provided with enough wholesome food. But our rations
were of the poorest quality and scanty in supply. My recollection is that up to the time of the arrest of Horace C. Cure no rations of beef had been issued to the command, but instead, bacon alive with maggots and hogs 1 jowls with tusks six inches long by actual measurement. With such rations, and abundance of cattle in the country, I heard of no in stance of foraging or any depredations of any kind being committed, except the killing of the little steer by Horace C. Cure and others, for which he was punished so severely and disgracefully, while the value of the steer could not exceed at that time and place five dollars.

As Provost Marshal my duties required my presence in every part of the command, and not a single instance of highway robbery or the maltreatment of any citizen came to my knowledge, but I heard many of them speak of the orderly behavior and good demeanor of the troops comprising this command. Though the commanding General has now
gone to his reward, in justice to the honorable, loyal and brave heroes of his command he so maliciously slandered to vindicate himself. I can say no less than to pronounce him a heartless tyrant, totally unfit to have been trusted with an independent command.

As I read his endorsement by his lackey, James W. Forsyth, my blood fairly boils with indignation toward the man that would thus libel this command of veteran heroes, thus bartering- his honor as an officer and his character as a man for the promise of a promotion in the not distant future.

The fact of the matter is. General Custer was called upon to give anaccount of himself for his cruel and unlawful conduct toward his command, and to clear himself was willing to sacrifice every man in his command, and to give him a good send off his prototype, Forsyth, was willing to go him one better. But I will venture to say that this man Forsyth is the only one in that whole command by whom General Custer could substantiate what he says in his statement of October 26th, 1865, or the only officer that would approve of his arbitrary and cruel treatment of the men of his command.

I will further make affidavit to the truthfulness of Lieutenant Colonel A. G. McQueen's report of the campaign to the Adjutant General of Iowa, with the statement that it is not colored in the least.

(Signed,) A. W. HOSFORD,

Late Capt. Co. G. 1st Iowa Cavalry.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Isaac W. Derby.

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Corpl. Isaac W. Derby, Co. A.

Lost an arm at Bull Run. July 21, 1861. Was the first New Hampshire soldier to surfer a capital operation in the war. went to Boston in 1867, engaged in real estate business, and was a member of the Massachusetts House of Reps, in 1873-4. Has been for 21 years a Deputy Tax Collector for the City of Boston.

Isaac W. Derby, of Company A. His arm had been smashed in the affair at Cub Run, and amputation was necessary. Derby consenting, the operation was performed without the use of anaesthetics, and with no light except such as was afforded by a tallow candle and a flickering brush fire. Derby was a nervy man. He never entered a hospital at all, and after a few days was attending to such duties as a one-armed man could do about camp.

Service Record.

Second New Hampshire Infantry.

Isaac W. Derby, Company A., Born Fairlee, Vermont. Age 25, Residence Westmoreland.  Enlisted April 25, 1861, foe 3 months, not muster.  Re-enlisted May 21, 1861, for 3 years, Mustered in May 31, 1861, at Bladensburg Maryland.  Subsequent service Second Lieutenant Company H., V. R. C., P. O. address Charlestown Massachusetts.

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Henry Simon, Rhode Island.

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Henry Simon.

14th., Rhode Island Heavy Artillery ( Colored ).

Captain Henry Simon was a descendant of a noble family of Germany, bearing the name of Rinscoff. His father, Pierre Simon Rinscoff, emigrated from Frankfort-on-the-Main to France, where he dropped this patronymic, and retained only the christian and middle name, by which he was thenceforth known. The subject of our sketch, son of Pierre and Emily Simon, was born in Bordeaux, France, in the year 1S12. When he was about three years of age his father emigrated with his family to the United States, and settled in New York City. Henry Simon attended the public schools of that city in his youth. After leaving school he entered a book-store, but subsequently learned the jeweler's trade. After completing his term of service, he engaged in business on his own account, and obtained considerable celebrity for the manufacture of "curb chain," in which he was particularly skilled. In 1845 he went to Providence, and for several years was associated with Mr. James E. Budlong in the manufacture of jewelry. This connection was subsequently dissolved, and he continued in the same business.

Mr. Simon early interested himself in military affairs, and while in New York City joined the Light Guard, a celebrated military organization of that city, and thus was formed a natural taste for military life. At the outbreak of the Rebellion he manifested â–  patriotic desire to the Union cause, and when the Fourth Rhode island infantry was ized, on Oct. 2, 1S61, he was commissioned captain of Company C of that regiment, and accompanied General Burnside in his North Carolina expedition, lie shared with his regiment in the perils and discomforta of the voyage to Hatteras. The short allowance of water, inferior quality of rations, and the offensive atmosphere of closely packed quarte shipboard, were themes of mirthful description, while the sterneities of battles at Roanoke island, New Berne, and the siege of Macon, called out the finer qualities of a soldierly spirit. Captain Simon participated in all the varied experiences of the regiment, until Aug. 11,1862, when he resigned and returned to Rhode Island.

In the early formation of the Fourteenth he took an active interest and was appointed captain of Company B, Sept. 13, 1863. His company was attached to the First Battalion of the Fourteenth. He proceeded with it to New Orleans, and from thence to Fort Esperanza, Texas.  This battalion remained here until it was ordered to Camp Parapet, La., and in July by direction of Gen. T. W. Sherman proceeded to Fort Jackson and St. Philip, on the Mississippi, which forts the battalion soned for several months.

We quote from Bartlett's Memoirs of Rhode Island Officers: A sunstroke, from which he never entirely recovered, was followed by an attack of chills and fever, which, with his ordinary duties, ami the anxiety induced by the sickness of more than forty of his men. paved the way for the utter prostration of his system, and ultimate death.  Describing his situation at that time, he says:'I would far rather Inplaced in the front, liable at any moment to be engaged with the enemy, than in this. It is nothing, in comparison, to fall in the field, where at least one has an honorable death. Here, his eldest son, a youth of fifteen years, to whom he was devotedly attached, sickened of malignant typhoid and died September 6th. The loss of rest in constantly taking care of him, and the mental depression caused by the bereavement, together with anxious thought for his family, which occupied his mind to his latest hour, probably hastened the fatal termination of disease, that under brighter skies, might have been averted. Soon after the death of his son, Captain Simon was seized with the same malignant dl He was removed to Saint James Hospital, in New Orleans, where, Oct. 6, 1864, at the age of fifty-two years, he yielded up his mortal life.

"Captain Simon was a man of courteous manners, cherished a high sense of honor, and, as an officer, an excellent disciplinarian possibilities of the battle-field were ever present to his mind, and a filial trust in an all-gracious Providence disciplined him to contemplate calmly results that might prove fatal to himself. In the darkest experiences of life, a cheerful and hopeful nature looked forward with confidence to the lifting of the cloud. His purest enjoyments were in the midst of his family, to whom, in an extraordinary degree, he was tenderly devoted. To a surviving widow and nine children his loss is irreparable. With the fire department, under the volunteer system, he was honorably associated, and discharged the duties of his position with energy and fidelity. The strong hold he had upon the respect of those who knew him most intimately in private life, was equally apparent in his regiment, the officers and men of which, in token of regard, defrayed the expense of removing his remains from New Orleans to Providence, while the enlisted men of his company contributed and forwarded to his family, a purse of nearly one hundred and fifty dollars, — a spontaneous and touching tribute to the worth of their commander as a man and an officer."

Service Record.


Captains. Henry Simon. Commissioned captain Co. C, Fourth Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 13, 1861; mustered in Oct. 30, 1861; resigned at Fredericksburg, Va., Aug. 11, 1862; commissioned captain Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Dec. 10, 1863; assigned to Co. B; remustered to date Sept. 14, 1863; president of a general court-martial, Matagorda Island, Texas, March 20, 1864; on general court-martial, June 2-16, 1864; borne as absent sick in St. James Hospital, New Orleans, La., from Sept. 8, 1864, until Oct. 6, 1864, when he died.

William Pitt Follansbee.

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William Pitt Follansbee.

First Illinois Light Artillery.

The subject of this sketch was a native of Chicago, having been born in that city Oct. 29, 1841. His parents were Mr. and Mrs. Charles Follansbee, who were among Chicago's most prominent, old and wealthy- families. He always lived in the city of his birth, attending her schools during his boyhood days. After leaving school he was engaged as salesman for C H. Beckwith, wholesale grocer, and was so occupied when the war began. He left his situation and enlisted as private in Fatten "'A," July 28. 1861. He was with the battery continuously, taking a conspicuous part in all its engagements until mustered out at the expiration of his term of enlistment. [ulv 25, 1864. He then returned to Chicago and engaged in the grocery business with Lewis F. Jacobs, also a member of the battery, both having been messmates in the same squad throughout the war. He quit tins busin ss and went to Larkspur, Colo., where he purchased a large ranch and embarked in the cattle business, in which he was engaged at the time of his death, which occurred Feb. 25. 1870. Jib remains were brought home and buried in Graceland. He had never married. His mother and brothers still livee in Chicago.

Monday, February 11, 2013

James A. Dole, Maine.

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First Maine Heavy Artillery.
First Lieutenant JAMES A. DOLE. 

 Joined Company F as Corporal, was promoted to Sergeant and Orderly Sergeant for his recognized abiUty to fill this difficult position. His services as Orderly and Lieutenant in Company F marked him as one of the best among our many able and popular young officers. In action he was brave, cool and discreet. Careful to guard his men from useless waste of life, he would lead them into the fiercest of the fray when the supreme moment came. He accompanied the writer in an attempt to rescue some wounded comrades in the early morning of June 19 after the fatal charge. His courage could never be questioned afterwards. He has been prominent as merchant in Bangor and banker in California since the war.

Guerrillas of the Civil War.

Here are some faces of guerrillas and what happed to them after the War.
This information came from a book by John N. Edwards, pub. 1879.
This book can be found on line.

Oll Shepherd, was killed by a Jackson county vigilance committee, fighting to the death.

George Shepherd is ranching somewhere in the West.

Andy McGuire was hung by a mob at Richmond, Ray county,Missouri, charged but charged unjustly with having been engaged in the robbery of the bank there and the killing of three of the citizens of the town.

Payne Jones survived Quantrell's desperate raid into Kentucky, and returned to Missouri to be killed by Jim Crow Chiles. Later on Jim Crow Chiles himself was killed by a citizen of Independence.

Dick Burnes, another of Quantrell's most desperate men, went to sleep one might in an orchard where there was some straw, and when found the next morning he was found with his head cleft in twain as though while he slept some powerful assassin had cloven it with an axe.

John Jarrette has a sheep ranche somewhere in the wilds of Arizona.

Jesse and Frank James are outlaws and trading in cattle along the lower Rio Grande river, sometimes in Texas and sometimes as far in-land in old Mexico as Mont erey .

Fletch or Fletcher Taylor is a most worthy citizen, rich, popular , and universally respected.

James Anderson, William Anderson's brother, was cut to pieces in Texas in a bowie-knife fight.

Dave Poole is in New Mexico.

William Greenwood is a prosperous farmer in northeastern Missouri.

Dick Maddox was killed by a Cherokee Indian just after the close of the war.

George Maddox was arrested arbitrarily after the surrender for his participation in the Lawrence Raid, and was confined a long time in jail. He escaped, however, to go back into peaceful life, and made as good a citizen as he made a soldier.

Arch Clements was murdered in Lexington.

Frank Gregg, charged with the killing of a citizen of Lafayette county while the war was going on, was arrested in Independence and carried to Lexington for trial. Gen. Shelby interposed in his behalf, and Frank Gregg was acquitted.

Tom Little was hung by a vigilance committee in Warrensburg, Johnson county, one of the most virulent and bloodthirsty committees ever known to the criminal annals of Western Missouri.

Tom Maupin tends his flocks and herds far down in Texas.

Guerrillas Faces.
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Sunday, February 10, 2013

George F. Conn, First Ohio Cavalry.

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George F. Conn was born in Coshocton County, Ohio, October 30, 1836, and was a teacher before the war. Studied dentistry after leaving the army. Died at Soldiers Home (National) at Milwaukee, Wis., October 13, 1886. Captain Conn was appointed First Lieutenant of Company B, First O. V. C., August 17, 1861, and was promoted to Captain, June 10, 1862, and resigned September 20, 1864. Company B left Camp Chase about October 1, 1861, and about two months before the balance of the regiment left for the front. It was sent on an expedition against Humphrey Marshall and had a
sharp fight at Liberty, Ky., before the balance of the regiment arrived. Captain Conn was with his command almost contin
uously during his three years service, and commanded his com pany after Captain Laughlin was promoted to Major. While in command of his company at Washington, East Tennessee, defending a ford against the crossing of General Wheeler s forces, September 30, 1863, he was wounded in the hand. He was then sent home on leave of absence and did not see much further active service on account of his health

John Luwell Brigham.

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John Lowell Brigham.

Birth: 1832.

Death: Oct. 10, 1874.

Died aged 42 years 4 mos. 4 days.

1st Lieut., Cos. F & S., 1st Mass. Cavalry.

Burial: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachuset.

Service Recoed.

John L. Brigham, Private, Co. M., Mustered December 26, 1861, at Boston.  Regtl. Com. Sergt, 1st., Lieutenant Regtl. Com. of Sub,. March 7, 1862.  Exp. November 6, 1864.  Captain and Com. of Sub. October 25, 1864.  Staff of Major P. H. Sheridan.  Honorably mustered out as Captain and Bvt. Major, October 9, 1965.