Saturday, January 09, 2010

Court Martial Of Farnifold Green 1827.

On November 1, 1827, Philadelphia, Midshipman, Farnifold Green stood before a general court-martial while the charges were read. The charges were; Conduct unbecoming a gentlemen an a officer, and Disobedience of orders. ( The specifications of each charge will not be read here.) Farnifold Green answer to the charge was “Not Guilty.”, The first witness came forward.

John White, was ask a question. State if you please the circumstances referred to in the specifications, so far as they occurred within your knowledge.

Answer, On the 16th day of December, 1826, in consequence of its being reported to me that there was a disturbance on board the Independence, I went to the midshipmen’s mess room, and inquired what the disturbance was. I was answered by some one whom I did not then know, “Who are you? you are the ghost; avaunt! thou ghost!” He followed me out on the main deck; it was Mr. Green; and said, “I’ll let you know who I am; my name is Green, Farnifold Green, of North Carolina, and care for no northern officer.” He said, “Who are you?” I answered, I would let him know to-morrow. I advised him to go to bed. Finding he was going on with abusive language, I quit him and went to the cabin; he appeared to me to be in a state of intoxication, which was the cause of my forbearance. The next morning, on my way to the office to report Mr. Green’s conduct to Captain Crane, commandant of the station, I was overtaken by Mr. Green, who apologized for his conduct the evening before; in consequence of which I forgave him, on condition that nothing of the kind should again occur. We both returned on board the ship; I then directed Midshipman Justin, the executive officer, to make known to the midshipmen’s mess that I had overlooked Mr. Green’s conduct, on condition of his not offending again.

On the 23d of December I had company in the cabin, and heard a great disturbance in the mess room. I went into the mess room to ascertain the cause of the disturbance; I was accosted by Mr. Green with, “Who are you, and what right have you in my room?” I expostulated with him on his conduct and directed him to be quiet, threatening to make use of coercive measures if he were not. He followed me out from the mess room, repeating a great deal of abusive language; I could scarcely understand what he did say. He then said, “I am Green, Faruifold Green; and ready to see you or any northern officer.” I asked him in what way; lie replied, “In any way;” and, after a pause, “in any way regarding duty; but, remember, I am Farnifold Green.” I told him I thought he was blue Green; I believe lie was then intoxicated.

On the night of the 19th of January I had company on board, who quit the ship about twelve o’clock; at about half-past twelve I was partly undressed, going to bed; my servant came in to Consequence of what he said, I went into the mess room. Mr. Green was up when I first went in; I told him his conduct had been of such a nature that he deserved a thrashing, but that his insignificance protected him. He answered, “ You thrash me!” and threw himself into an attitude for boxing, and said, “now come on.” He shook his fist in my face, and said, “I’ll crush you to hell, by G--d!” I directed him to be quiet and go to his hammock; he refused, and made use of a great deal of ill language which I do not recollect; as I was in ill health and not dressed, I returned to the cabin to put on my clothes; I directly returned to the mess room, ordered him to dress and follow me. He opened two or three drawers, and was a long time poking about after waiting some time he announced himself ready to follow me, which he did, upon the spar deck. When I came to the gangway, the usual post of the sentry, there was no sentry there. Finding no sentry there I returned with him, and saw him into the mess room; I then proceeded to the marine barracks, and requested Captain Harris to furnish me with a file of marines; he sent down a file of men, and Mr. Green was put under charge of one of them. I made my report the next morning, of the circumstances, to Captain Crane, who ordered me to suspend him; to confine him to his room; to keep a sentry constantly over him, and not to allow the sentry to quit him for a moment and to see that he had no improper communication with any person. The orders were carried into execution. I thought Mr. Green intoxicated on this occasion.

On the evening of the 26th of December I was sitting in the cabin writing. Mr. Green came in, and requested permission to go on shore, which I refused ; told him he was on the sick list; he answered, then I can’t go sir; I said, no sir, you cannot; he replied, in a very supercilious manner, it’s very well sir. I answered, it is very well sir, and you cannot go ; he then quit the cabin. I sent for him, the next morning, and inquired how he came to go out of the ship last night; and if he had the permission of the surgeon. He said he had. I told him Dr. Kearney told me he had no permission from him. He then said, he had reported his having been out to the surgeon’s mate, when he returned. I have not a distinct recollection of what occurred on the 30th December; I believe it was on that day I left the ship in charge of Lieut. Grant.

On the morning of the 20th January, after the orders of Captain Crane had been carried into execution, I found a jug of brandy on the table, in the mess room. I took the brandy; Midshipman Green, then under charge of a sentinel, abused me with insulting language, and asked me what right I had to take his brandy; told me I had no right in the. mess room; it was his room; the next morning, I sent and intercepted a jug of brandy and cider.

On the 2d day of April, 1821, two of the midshipmen requested permission to go on shore, which I refused; on their return to the mess room, they stated that they had been refused permission to go on shore. I heard Mr. Green say, “Don’t you mind him; go, by G--d! go; you are fools, if you don’t go.” I do not recollect which of the midshipmen it was; I believe Mr. Young was one of them; there were a great many midshipmen there at the time.

On. the evening of the 29th day of December, as Mr. Green’s name did not appear on the sick list, I inquired of the surgeon1if Mr. Green was fit to go to duty, who answered in the affirmative. I sent him a written order to go the next day on hoard the Warren; gave the letter to my servant. Mr. Green did not go.

There were written regulations, in respect to fires, on board the ship; but I have not them with me. I gave verbal orders to Mr. Justin, the executive officer of the ship, to have the fire put out, in the mess room, at nine o’clock; sometimes I would allow particular individuals to have a fire until ten, the officer to whom the privilege was given, being responsible for its being extinguished at that tune. On the morning of the 20th January, at half-past twelve in the morning, I found a fire burning in the mess room; nobody up in the mess, none but Mr. Green: I had it extinguished about two o’clock.

Cross-examined on behalf of the accused:

Question. You say that, on the morning of the 20th January, you reported to Capt. Crane the conduct of Mr. Green on the preceding night; repeat what you did report to Capt. Crane.

Answer. I reported the facts that occurred, and which I have here stated; but cannot recollect the particular language used.

The next witness stepped forward.

Mark Hale, a midshipman in the navy, was asked a question; State the circumstances connected with the specifications.

I cannot remember the particular dates of the transactions; I remember one night Mr. White came into the door of the mess room, and asked what the noise or disturbance was. Mr. Green asked, “Who are you sir. are you the ghost?” Mr. White replied, “I will let you know to-morrow morning, by God.” I do not remember anything more that passed on that occasion. I do not recollect whether there was a light burning in the mess room; I should think there was light enough to distinguish the person of one coming in, unless the hammocks should prevent it.

On one previous evening Mr. White came into the mess room, and asked what the disturbance was. Mr. Green was sitting near the door in a chair. Mr. Green told Jack, the mess boy, to rub his feet Some conversation passed. Mr. White, I think, asked Mr. Green what was the matter. He replied that his foot was cramped: presently he got up, and they both went out on the gun deck. On one night subsequent, I had been on deck till 12 o’clock, having the watch from 8 till 12 P. M. I was relieved, went below, and turned in on a settee, near the mess room door. Mr. Green was sitting near the stove when I went in: there was fire in the stove: Mr. Green had a stick in his hand, about a foot or two in length; presently some one came to the door and knocked. No one bid him walk in. Mr. Green was then standing near the door. The person opened the door, and. Mr. Green threw the club towards the door. I soon discovered, by the voice, that it was David Trusty, Mr. White’s servant. He said, “Take care, sir,” and turned and went away.

Mr. Green immediately turned into the cot, which was swung on the other side of the door, with Midshipman Justin. Mr. White and Trusty came into the mess room immediately after. Mr. White had a lamp in his hand, and asked where is he? Trusty pointed to the cot where Mr. Justin and Mr. Green were, and said, that is the man, I would take my oath of it. Mr. White asked if it was Mr. Green, and Trusty replied, yes sir. Mr. Green raised himself in. the cot and said, prodigious! Mr. White then, I think, told him to prepare for a watch. Mr. Green got up and begun to put on his clothes. While putting them on, Mr. White said, I came in for the purpose of giving you a damned thrashing but look upon you with too much contempt to do it. Mr. Green replied, you dare not do it, and, I think, placed himself in an attitude of defense for boxing: told him if he did do it he would crush him to hell, by God. Some little conversation passed, which I do not particularly recollect. I think, Mr. Green asked Mr. White, if he had to stay on deck, he wished to know what dress to put on. Mr. White told him to prepare himself for a long watch on deck. The night was cold. They went together out of the room, and in a few minutes Mr. Green returned, and, I think, then turned in. The first night that I have spoken of, in point of time, when the boy was rubbing Mr. Green’s leg, Mr. Green went to some one, I think Mr. Key, and asked him for a dirk; he did not state for what purpose nor do I know whether he obtained one. The night that Mr. White came with Trusty, there was a jug of brandy on the table, which Mr. White took, awl either carried out or sent by Trusty. After he had. done this, Mr. Green asked him what right he had to come into his room and carry off his brandy. Mr. White told him, that did not concern him, or gave him some indifferent answer. He then went on, as I have stated before, dressing, and went on deck. Nothing, I think, was said that night about a dirk. I remember Mr. Green’s being arrested, and put under charge of sentry. There was no sentry in the room when the jug of brandy was taken. I cannot say whether there had been any one over him.

The fires were required to be put out in. the mess room at nine o’clock in the evening, unless by special permission of the commanding officer; whenever this was not done, Mr. White would remark, that such were his orders. The night that I saw Midshipman Green sitting by the stove, I had reported to Mr. White the fires out at nine o’clock. I know of no other evening when Mr. Green had fire without permission. On the 3d of April, a messenger had been sent to me from the spar deck. Mr. Green stopped the boy at the door, and directed him to get a chair for him. He said he had a message for Mr. Hale. Mr. Green repeated his order for him to go below and get him a chair. I was sitting at the table, eating dinner. Presently the boy returned with the chair, and told me Lieutenant Bruce, officer of the deck, wished to see me on deck. I asked him why he did not deliver the message earlier; he said Mr. Green would not let him. I turned to Mr. Green, and told him I would thank him not to intercept messages when they were sent to me by any person.

He replied that if he had offended me he would give me any satisfaction I chose. 1 told him he had not offended me in the least; and repeated that I would thank him not to intercept messages that were sent to me. Mr. Green rose from the table, advanced towards me, and said : None of your damned presumption your damned Yankee Varmount presumption. I told him. that I had presumed nothing, and that he must not think of frightening me, for he would have more than he could do. He then advanced still nearer to me, shook his finger very near my face, and said, you are a fool, then turned away, and I think, repeated the same expression. I then told him I should report him, as it was the only satisfaction I could obtain, and did report him. Mr. Green left the ship; the next day he received a communication from the Secretary of the Navy, which he said was a permission to leave the ship.

Cross-examined, on. behalf of the accused:

Question. Do you recollect any verbal order to Mr. Green, or any general verbal order, that the fires should be put out at a particular hour?

Answer. I do not know of any general verbal order, or that they were ever given to Mr. Green.

Question. (By the court.) Was the general written order relating to fires hung up in any public part of’ the ship?

Answer. Yes; it was put up with wafers in the mess room.

Question. On any of these occasions you specified, was Mr. Green sober or intoxicated?

Answer. On the first occasion in point of time, I thought him very much intoxicated; on the other occasion, I cannot say that he was. The day following the first occasion, I cannot say he was sober.

Question. When you returned from the deck, on the night you mention, finding a fire in. the mess room, who was in the mess room at the time?

Answer. I do not recollect the names of the officers who were present, except Mr. Justin. There was no one sitting up but Mr. Green. There were others in the room, but they had all turned in. On the first occasion I have spoken of; when the boy was rubbing Mr. Green’s feet, the mess boy was frightened by Mr. Green, and went out on the gun deck and hid himself: Mr. Green called him, but obtained no answer; he then called the master-at-arms; told him to- find Jack. The master-at-arms found Jack, and brought him in. Jack came in and said to me that Mr. Green wanted to kill him, and wished me to take care of him. I told him no one would hurt him; to keep still. After the boy had come in, Mr. Green told him, if he did not stay by him, he would dirk him. On this evening, I saw Mr. Green drink very freely, and, as I have already mentioned, 1 believed him to be intoxicated. The boy’s name was John Van Dreest, a black boy.

Question. (By the accused.) Was the threat to dirk the boy before or after Mr. White came in?

Answer. I think it was before.

Question. Had the boy been rubbing Mr. Green’s feet before or after the threat to dirk him?

Answer. I think it was before.

David Trusty, a black man, servant of Lieutenant White, being duly sworn, according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Do you remember going, one night last winter, into the mess room of the Independence, by orders of Lieutenant White? State what occurred.

Answer. One night Mr. White sent me into the room to carry a letter for Mr. Green. Mr. F. Green asked me who the letter was for. I said it was for big Mr. Green--there were two Mr. Greens on board; I had forgotten his first name at the time. He told me to hand it to him. I did so. The next thing was, he inquired what my name was. I told him my name was David Trusty. He asked what Mr. White sent that letter for. I said I did not know what was in it. He said I guess your name is Mr. Black; and then I went out.

On another time, I was sent by Mr. White to the mess room, to get Charles Green’s hammock. I rapped at the door twice or three times. No person answered me. I shoved the door open to go in; Mr. Farnifold Green was standing partly aside of the door. There was a light in. the room so that I could see; I saw him making a blow at me I raised my arm, and received the blow on the arm; it was with a stick. The stick broke over my arm; part of it flew over my shoulder. Mr. Green then walked among the hammocks which were hanging in. the mess room. I looked at him, to be satisfied who be was, and. went into the cabin to tell Mr. White.

I went back with Mr. White to the room ; we looked around when. we first got in, and did not see any person, but presently found Mr. Green lying aside of Mr. Justin on a cot. He had no bed-clothes over him. Mr. White asked me if I would swear he was the person that struck me. I told him I would. Mr. White asked him what he was doing there. One word brought on another; after a while Mr. White told Mr. Green he had been tempted to thrash him, but that he would not condescend to do it. Mr. Green made answer, to thrash me to thrash me, repeating it two or three times, and at the same time, raising his hand, said, I’ll crush you to hell, by God. Mr. Green had got up out of the cot, and was standing in the room; he was not dressing himself or doing anything. I cannot recollect what occurred after that I went into the cabin, leaving Mr. White behind.

I was, at the time, the servant of Mr. White, in the service of the United states, whom I left on the 3d of June. I met Mr. White on the 7th or 8th of November, in New York, and am now with him in his service.

John L. Spencer, a midshipman in the navy of the United States, being duly sworn. according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Were you on board the United States ship Independence, under the command of Lieutenant White, during the last winter?

Answer. Yes, as a midshipman.

Question. State what you know of the circumstances referred to in the present specifications.

Answer. I do not recollect to have seen Mr. Green intoxicated within the period mentioned in the first specification. On one occasion I had been asleep and was waked. Mr. White was speaking, and said

he had come with the intention of giving Mr. Green a thrashing, or had a mind to do so, or something of that kind. Mr. Green made some reply; what it was I do not recollect. Mr. White said afterwards he would not commit himself. Mr. White ordered Mr. Green immediately on deck. I do not recollect of anything further. The sentry was not placed over Mr. Green till next morning. I heard Mr. Green on the same night ask Mr. White what he took out of the room. Mr. White replied, a bottle of brandy heard nothing more. It was about twelve o’clock that the brandy was taken.

Samuel Penballow, a midshipman in the navy of the United States, being duly sworn, according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Were you attached to the Independence last winter?

Answer. Yes.

Question. State such circumstances as you know of connected with the specifications.

Answer. I cannot remember what passed when Mr. White came into the mess room. I was not there when Trusty was struck. I was present at the time of the conversation between Mr. Hale and Mr. Green I cannot say what passed. When off duty I was generally reading. I do not know anything of the first specification.

The court adjourned till 2 o’clock to-morrow morning.

Thursday, December 6.

The court met pursuant to the adjournment of yesterday. Present: as before. The proceedings of yesterday were read.

Mark Hale again called:

Question. Did Mr. Green throw the stick at Trusty, or strike him with it?

Answer. I thought he threw it; whether it hit him I cannot tell.

Question. Do you remember anything of the stick before Trusty came to the door, and what Mr. Green said about it?

Answer. I remember seeing Mr. Green pounding upon the deck with it before Trusty came. He said if the ghost came again he would beat his brains out. Who he meant by the ghost I do not know I never knew him to apply the term to any one.

Question. Were you on board the Independence one evening when Mr. Cornwall expostulated with Mr. Green about having a fire after 9 o’clock? State what passed, and, as nearly as you can, when it occurred.

Answer. I remember one evening when Mr. Cornwall, Mr. Key, and myself had been at a wedding; I think it was the 11th of January; we came on board, I think, between 11 and 1Z at night; found on deck Mr. Green and a midshipman, the officer of the deck, and I think we all turned in excepting Mr. Green. There was a fire in the stove when we came on board. Mr. Green presently went to put more wood in the stove. Mr. Cornwall, who was the executive officer at the time, told him it was against the orders of the ship to make a fire, and said something about the other midshipmen taking advantage of him while in the execution of his duty; and told Mr. Green that no gentleman. would take that advantage. Mr. Green replied, “If you say I am no gentleman you lie, sir.” Some other conversation occurred which I do not particularly recollect, and I believe the fire was extinguished.


Question. Where was Mr. Green standing when Trusty came in, and when he threw the stick?

Answer. As nearly as I can recollect he was standing about six or eight feet from the door, and in front of it.

Dr. John A. Kearney, surgeon in the navy of the United States, being duly sworn, according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Were you attached to the station at Charlestown, Massachusetts, during the last winter, as the surgeon?

Answer. I was.

Question. Do you recollect Mr. Farnifold Green’s being on the sick list on or about the 26th of December last?

Answer. I do not remember particularly the date, but about that time he was on the sick list.

Question. Did he apply to you for, and obtain permission from you, to go on shore on the 26th of December?

Answer. No.

Question. Did you see Mr. Green repeatedly; during the last winter and spring, on board the Independence and at Charlestown and Boston?

Answer. I have seen him on board the ship and at Charlestown repeatedly.

Question. What do you know in relation to the first specification of the first charge?

Answer. I know nothing personally of the transactions on board the Independence; I lived in the same house at Charlestown with Mr. Green, but in a different mess. I have seen him intoxicated during the period embraced in the specification. Once I saw him carried, by the servant, by the room where I messed with some other officers, to bed. We were attracted by the noise made in taking him.

Cross-examined on behalf of the accused:

Question. Did you go out of your room when Mr. Green was taken by?

Answer. I wel1t to the door, opened it with the other gentlemen, saw what I have stated, and returned.

Question. Do you know how Mr. Green had been engaged; whether dining with company, or not?

Answer. I do not know.

Charles F. Kiander, a private in the marine corps, being duly sworn according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Were you on board the Independence, as a sentry, on the 19th of December last?

Answer. I was, on some night in December, near Christmas.

Question. Were you taken from your post; by whom, and what occurred?

Answer. I was posted at the cabin door, from 12 midnight At half-past 12, a boy was passing up the ladder; I beckoned him to come to me; I asked him if he could have the goodness to give me a drink of water. He went upon deck, and presently a midshipman came to me, asked me where the corporal of the guard was. I told him he was somewhere forward in the ship, and I could not call him loud. I suppose the midshipman himself found out the corporal, for when he came to me, he asked what I had been doing; he was ordered to relieve me. I answered, I asked the boy, as he was passing by, for a drink of water. I was then relieved, and brought upon the spar deck, before the officer of the deck. I do not know who the midshipman was that came down to me; it was not Mr. Green. I stood at the fife rail till 2 o’clock; when I was taken, by order of Mr. Green, to be put on post at the larboard. gangway, on the spar deck.

Lieutenant White, again called:

Question Look at the papers shown you; were you present when these depositions were taken? State how they were taken, and where was Mr. Green?

Answer. The one I hold in my hand, (the deposition of Van Driest) was taken in the cabin of the Independence. I was present.

Note. It should be noted here that this trial is about 30, pages long, and for this reason I have omitted most of the legal talk to shorten this page.

Francis S. Key, a witness, produced, sworn, and examined, on behalf the accused, deposes and says:

Question. Were you on board the ship Independence, lying at Charlestown, during the last winter and spring, and in what capacity?

Answer. I was on board for three or four weeks, as a midshipman. I joined the ship early in January.

Question. Relate your knowledge of the circumstances set forth in. the charges and specifications against Mr. Green, and of his general conduct and character on board the ship?

Answer. I have known Mr. Green for a number of years, and never knew him to be intoxicated. I knew nothing of the circumstances of Trusty being struck, further than that there was a stick thrown, which fell inside of the steerage, against the bulk-head. I was in my hammock, and cannot say who threw it, or at whom it was thrown. I know nothing of Mr. Green’s preparing himself with a club, or posting himself at the door, for the purpose of striking Mr.. White. I remember one night Mr. White came into the room; he told Mr. Green he came there for the purpose of giving him a damned thrashing. Mr. Green posted himself in an attitude for defending himself; ts for putting his fist near Mr. White’s face, I did not see it. Mr. Green said, as nearly as I can recollect his words, “By heaven, sir, you dare not thrash me.” There was some conversation passed; I do not recollect whether or not Mr. Green used the expression that he would crush him to hell; I laid down in my hammock, and took but littlie notice of what passed. I was asleep when Mr. White came in, and the first words which I particularly remember, were what I have stated. Mr. Green came to my hammock, and asked me if I thought him intoxicated? Mr. White had accused him of being intoxicated. I said no. Whether this was before or after what I have stated, I do not recollect.

I also recollect Mr. White directing Mr. Green to go on deck. Mr. Green asked him what he was to go on deck for? how he was to dress himself? I do not recollect the language used by Mr. White in reply; the substance of it was, that he was to prepare himself to spend a cold night on the spar deck. Mr. Green went on deck with Mr. White, and after a few minutes, returned to the steerage. I think a guard of marines was then sent for, and one of them posted near the mess room on the gun deck. I do not know of Mr. Green saying anything about a dirk, after his return to the room; he made no noise, and what he did say was in a low voice. I do not remember anything of the taking of the jug of brandy. On one evening I had been to a wedding; on my return it was very cold, and I made a fire Mr. Cornwall jumped up, ordered Mr. Green to put it out, and threw water on it. I told him I made the fire. It was a general habit on board the ship to make fires, and I do not know that one of the officers did it more frequently than another. I have no particular recollection of any officer making a fire except in the instance I have mentioned, when I made it.

Question. After Mr. White threatened to thrash Mr. Green, did you hear hhn say he would not commit himself?

Answer. I think he remarked to Mr. Green, he was trying to get him to commit himself; but that he would not commit himself.

Question. (By the court.) How long before the conversation between Mr. White and Mr. Green, which you have related, had the stick been thrown?

Answer. I do not recollect whether it was that night or not.

Question. When you returned from the wedding the night you have spoken of, where did you see Mr. Green on your first getting on board?

Answer. I cannot positively say; I think it was below.

Question. Are you certain that you saw a stick thrown at the time you have mentioned, or did you hear one had been thrown?

Answer. I did not see the stick thrown. I distinctly remember hearing it strike the bulkhead, and fall inside of the mess room.

Question. Did you hear any one at the door at the time?

Answer. I do not recollect.

George W. Palmer, a surgeon’s mate in the army of the United States, being duly sworn according to law, deposes and says:

Question. Were you on board the ship Independence, at Charlestown, during the late winter or spring and in what capacity?

Answer. I was on board in the capacity of assistant surgeon from. December 20th till June. I lived on shore.

Question. Relate what you know of the matters in the charges and specifications of Mr. Green.

Answer. I do not know of his being intoxicated; he may have been excited. I remember two instances when I thought him excited; once was an evening when I was on board the ship, with a good many officers. Something was said about a ghost. I do not know how far the term intoxicated extended. He conversed regularly he had. the use of his reason and limbs. There was company on board; we had all been drinking more or less. The other occasion was in Boston, when we met Mr. Jones, from New York, when I think Mr. Green might have been excited by wine. It was at the Exchange Coffee House. I think we did not dine there. There was several of us there, and we drank some wine. Mr. Green walked to the boarding-house, a distance of from a half to three-quarters of a mile, or more. It was in a public sitting-room attached to the dining-room. There was no riotous or disorderly conduct. On the first occasion I have mentioned, Mr. White came into the room I think it was after ten o’clock the room was somewhat dark Mr. Green was still up. As Mr. White came in Mr. Green said, Who are you? and perhaps repeated the question. I believe I was not in bed yet. Mr. White, if I recollect right, then advanced a little, and said, “Damn you, sir, I’ll let you know,” or something to that effect, and left the room. Mr. Green, I think, said, “Avaunt, thou ghost!” whether as Mr. White came in, or as he left the room, I cannot recollect.


Question. You have mentioned that Mr. Green walked from the Exchange Coffee House to the boarding house on that occasion; did he walk without assistance, and how did he get to bed?

Answer. We walked home together, arm in arm. I gave him no assistance, because I had
been drinking as much wine as he had. He went to bed with me without assistance; it was about 11 P. M. when we went home.

Question. You have said something was said about the ghost on board the ship; was there anything more said than you have mentioned?

Answer. I do not remember.

Question. Do you know who was alluded to by the term ghost?

Answer. I do not remember ever hearing Mr. Green say, or any other person in Mr. Green’s presence say, who was alluded to.

Question. (By the court.) How came you to remain on board the ship the night you have spoken of?

Answer. I was invited to do so by some one of the gentlemen on board.

Joseph S. Cornwall, late a midshipman in the navy of the United States, a witness, produced, sworn, and examined. on behalf of the accused, deposes and says:

Question. Were you on board of or attached to the ship Independence, during the last winter and spring? How long, and in what capacity? Relate all you know of the matters mentioned in the charges and specifications against Mr. Green.

Answer. I was there during the last winter, a midshipman, as executive officer under Mr. White. I went on board the Independence during the months of December and January. I can not say whether during the whole time, I knew Mr. Green, and did not know him to be intoxicated and expose himself during the time mentioned. On one occasion, in the month of December, when Dr. Palmer was there, I thought Mr. Green somewhat excited, but by no means intoxicated. That was the only instance I know of. I saw very little of Mr. Green on shore. We messed in the same room until the midshipmen of the Java came on board. I was a messmate of Mr. Green. about three or four months. About the middle of December we had a number of gentlemen on board the ship it was the same evening I have already spoken of. Mr. White allowed us lights and fires after the usual hour; whether ten or eleven o’clock I do’ not remember. He requested me to see them out at the hour mentioned. I saw them out, and turned into my hammock.

As I was dozing, was awaked by the voice of Mr. Green, saying, “What ghost is that?” He again said, “Avaunt, thou ghost!” Mr. White stepped forward to the stove; seeing him step forward I rose in my hammock, and said, “Mr. White, the fire is out.” Mr. Green asked him, “Who are you, sir?” (Mr. White had a cloak wrapped around him.) Are you the ghost that has been cruising about the ship for some time past?” Mr. White then said, “By God, I will let you know to-morrow morning.” This he said as he was going out of the door, which he slammed to as he went out. Mr. While left the room in a great rage. I was not on board when Trusty was struck. On one occasion, in January, I had been to a wedding. After I returned I turned into my hammock; partly asleep, I awoke up, and found a fire burning in the stove. I saw Mr. Green and Mr. Key standing near the stove. I supposed Mr. Green had made the fire, as Mr. Key was a stranger on board the ship, having joined her but a few days before. I said, Mr. Green, what do you mean by kindling a fire at this hour of the night? Put it out immediately. He told me he did not think proper to put it out. I jumped out of my hammock, seized a basin of water, and extinguished the fire myself. Mr. Key then told me I was mistaken, that it was not Mr. Green, but himself who had kindled the fire.

Question. (By the court.) Did you ever hear Mr. Green, or any other person in his presence, say who was alluded to by the name ghost?

Answer. I never did. There was a common saying in the steerage there was a ghost. I do not know who was meant. I once thought, when I first joined the ship, it was meant for me.

Question. Did Mr. Green follow Mr. White out of the mess room after he had said, “ Avaunt, thou ghost?”

Answer. No.

The accused stated that he had no further evidence to lay before the court.

The court adjourned till one o’clock to-morrow.

FRIDAY, December 7.

The court met pursuant to the adjournment of yesterday Present: as before

The proceedings in the case were read.

The accused presented his defense, which was read, annexed, and marked.

The court was cleared to deliberate upon the case; and, having maturely considered the charges, the evidence, and the defense, is of opinion that the first specification of the first charge is proved, with the exception of the word “Boston;” that the second, third, fifth, sixth, eighth, eleventh and thirteenth specifications are fully proved; and that the tenth specification is proved, with the exception of the word “mutinous;” that the fourth, seventh, ninth and twelfth specifications are not proved. The court does adjudge and declare that the accused is guilty of the first charge. The court is also of opinion that the second specification of the second charge is proved, and that the other specifications thereof are not proved; and it does therefore adjudge and declare the accused guilty of the second charge. The court does sentence and adjudge the said Midshipman Farnifold Green to be cashiered.

Thursday, January 07, 2010

The Chesapeake vs. The Shannon

The Chesapeake vs. The Shannon.
The British frigate "Shannon" was under the command of Captain Philip Bowes Vere Broke. The American frigate "Chesapeake" was commanded by Captain James Lawrence. The "Chesapeake" carried 50 guns, 26 broadsides, 28 long 18 pounders on the gun deck, and on the spar deck two long 12 pounders, one long 18 pounder, and eighteen 32 - pound carronades, and one 12 pound carronade. The crew of the American frigate consisted of 379 men.

On June 1st, 1813, at about noon, the "Chesapeake" left Boston Harbour. At 5:30 p.m. the American frigate was heading right for the "Shannon". The British captain feared the "Chesapeake" would pass under the "Shannon's stern and rake her deck. But for some reason Captain Lawrence overlooked his advantage. At 5:50 the "Shannon" opened fire, the "Chesapeake" replyed with a heavy broadsides. Although the American broadsides were inflicting heavy damage on the British frigate, the "Chesapeake" also suffered greatly from the British frigate's guns. Minutes later with her jib sheet and foretop sail tie shot away, the "Chesapeake" was exposed to the "Shannon's" heavy broadsides. These broadsides inflicted heavy cassualties on the American crew, but they continued to exchange cannon fire with the British frigate.

At 6:00 p.m. the two frigates came together, the British captain ordered the two ships lashed together. On board the "Chesapeake" there was mass confusion. Captain Lawrence while standing on deck giving orders to his crew was shot down, he was carried below exclaiming "Don't Give Up The Ship".

At 6:02 Captain Broke and 20 men boarded the "Chesapeake", as they did the American gun crews left their guns and ran below deck. The only man that seemed to make a stand was the chaplain, Mr. Livermore, who came toward the British captain firing his pistol. Captain Broke stopped him with a swipe of his Toledo blade which nearly severed the chaplain's arm, he died later of his wounds.
The marines continued to defend the "Chesapeake" bravely, but of the 44 men, 14 were dead and 20 were wounded.

Lieutenant George Budd tried to get the crew below to follow him up on deck to defend the ship, but only a few followed him. They repulsed the British briefly, then surrendered. Captain Broke wrote: "The enemy fought desperately, but in disorder."

At 6:05 p.m. the "Chesapeake's" colours were hauled down ending the battle, 15 minutes after the first shot was fired.
The "Chesapeake" had 61 killed and 85 wounded. The "Shannon" had 33 killed and 50 wounded. The British sailed the American frigate to Halifax, Nova Scotia where the American Captain James Lawrence and Lieutenant Ludlow were buried with military honors.

Return, of killed and wounded on board the United Stoles frigate Chesapeake, James Lawrence, Esq., Captain, in the action with the British frigate Shannon, on the 1st of June, 1813.



1. Edward I. (J. ) Ballard, Acting lieutenant.
Service; Midshipman, 24 February, 1809. Lieutenant, 2 June, 1813. Killed in action 1 June, 1813. (Commission issued before news of the action was received.)

2. William A. White, Sailing master.
Service: Sailing Master, 15 July, 1812. Killed In action 1 June, 1813.

3. Pollard Hopewell, Midshipman.
Service: Midshipman, 4 June, 1812. Killed in action 1 June, 1813.

4. John Evans, Jr., Midshipman.
Service: Midshipman, 1 January, 1811. Killed in action 1 June, 1813.

5. Courtland Livingston, Midshipman.
Service: Midshipman, 15 November, 1809. Killed in action 1 June, 1813.

6. Abraham Cox, Ordinary seaman.

7. George Craton, Boy.

8. Sterling Clark, Seaman.

9. Daniel Burnham, Quartermaster.

10. Alexander Marhio, Ordinary seaman.

11. Thomas Evans, Ordinary seaman.

12. John Miller, Seaman.

13. Daniel Martin, Seaman.

14. Robert Bates, Seaman.

15. James Woodbury, Quartermaster.

16. William Russell, Seaman.

17. Harris Ball, Ordinary seaman.

18. Andrew Williams, Seaman.

19. Joseph Simonds, Seaman.

20. John W. Duggin, Ordinary seaman.

21. David Bias, Seaman.

22. Henry Munroe, Seaman.

23. Josiah Shatfield, Seaman.

24. John Philips, Seaman.

25. Benjamin Esday, Ordinary seaman.

26. John Reed, 2d., Seaman.

27. Michael Kelley, Quarter gunner.

28. Samuel Mullen, Ordinary seaman.

29. Michael Sawyer, Ordinary seaman.

30. James Betton, Seaman.

31. John Carter, Boatswain’s mate.

32. John Crabb, Seaman.

33. Samuel M. Perkins, Ordinary seaman.

34. Joseph Judith, Seaman.

35. John. Jones, Seaman.

36. Christopher Houston, Seaman.

Marines Killed,


1. James Broom, First lieutenant.
Service: Second Lieutenant, 21 April, 1810. First Lieutenant, 14 April, 1812. Killed in action, 1 June, 1813

2. Thomas Wheaton, Private.

3. Benjamin Morrison, Private.

4. John Mulligan, Private.

5. John German, Private.

6. John Huntress, Private.

7. James Traenor, Private.

8. Jacob Preston, Private.

9. Philip Bryant, Private.

10. Redmond Berry, Private.

11. Robert Standley, Private.

12. Delaney Ward, Private.



1. James Lawrence, Captain, Since dead.
Service: Midshipman, 4 September, 1798. Lieutenant, 6 April, 1802. Master Commandant, 3 November, 1810. Captain, 4 March, 1813. Died 5 June, 1813, of wounds received in action.

2. Augustus C. Ludlow, Lieutenant, Since dead.
Service: Midshipman, 2 April, 1804. Lieutenant, 3 June, 1810. Died of wounds received in action, 1 June, 1813.

3. George Budd, Lieutenant, Severely.
Midshipman, 22 November, 1805. Lieutenant, 23 May, 1812. Master Commandant, 28 March, 1820. Died 3 September, 1837.

4. William Cox, Acting Lieutenant, Slightly.

5. Samuel Livermore, Acting chaplain, Severely.

6. Francis Nichol or Nichols, Midshipman, Severely.
Service: Midshipman, 18 June, 1812. Resigned 29 November, 1813.

7. Walter Abbott, Midshipman ?
Service: Midshipman, 1 January 1812. Lieutenant, 5 March, 1817. Died 12 July, 1825.

8. William A. Weaver, Midshipman, Severely.
Service: Midshipman, 4 February, 1811. Lieutenant, 27 April, 1816. Cashiered 27 November, 1824.

9. Edmund K Russell, Midshipman, Slightly.
Service: Midshipman, 18 June, 1812. Lieutenant, 17 May, 1828. Died 21 July, 1838.

10. William Berry, Midshipman, Slightly.
Service: Midshipman, 17 December, 1810. Lieutenant, 27 April, 1816. Died 17 July, 1824.

11. Peter Adams, Boatswain, Since dead.
Service: Boatswain, 25 August, 1809. Killed in action 1 June, 1813.

12. James Sprout, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

13. John Appleton, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

14. Peter Quantin, Ordinary seaman, Dangerously.

15. James Butler, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

16. John. Johnson, Ordinary seaman, Dangerously Since dead.

17. John Peterson, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

18. Thomas Sterling, Ordinary seaman, Slightly.

19. Jefferson Griffith, Quartermaster, Slightly.

20. Peter John, Seaman, Slightly.

21. James A. Lewis, Quartermaster, Severely.

22. John Smith, Seaman, Severely.

23. Joseph Weylaud, Ordinary seaman, Slightly.

24. Francis Symonds, Seaman, since dead.

25. Forbes Dela, Quarter gunner, Since dead.

26. Eliphalet Carr, Seaman, Severely.

27. Thomas Flanagan, Seaman, Severely.

28. John Hodgman, Seaman, since dead.

29. Francis Franklin, Ordinary seaman, Slightly.

30. Henry Hyde, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

31. Alexander Grant, Ordinary seaman, Slightly.

32. Enoch Hacket, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

33. Andrew Mercer, seaman, Slightly

34. John Talman, seaman, Severely.

35. James Parker, seaman, Severely.

36. Ebenezer Day, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

37. Giles Cone, Ordinary seaman, Dangerously.

38. Andrew Vandemear, Seaman, Slightly.

39. Samuel Hatton, Sailmakers mate, Slightly.

40. Darby Lee, Seaman, Since dead.

41. John Hunt, , Ordinary seaman, Since dead.

42. Rola Peters, Seaman, Slightly.

43. Robert May, Seaman, Severely.

44. Thomas Finnegan, Gunner’s yeoman, Slightly.

45. Joseph Vaughan, Ordinary seaman, Severely.

46. John Devo, Seaman, Since dead.

47. Noah Dearborn, Seaman, Severely.

48. John Rollins, Seaman, Slightly.

49. Charles Sargent, Seaman, Slightly.

50. William Metcalf, Seaman, Slightly.

51. Charles Thompson, Seaman, Severely.

52. Abraham Richards, Seaman, Severely.

53. James Durfee, Seaman, Slightly.

54. Thomas Smith, 2d., Quarter gunner, Dangerously.

55. John Veazy, Quarter gunner, Severely.

56. Lewis Hanscom, Ordinary seaman, Since dead.

57. William Hubar, Seaman, Severely.

58. John Giles, Quarter gunner, Slightly.

59. Benjamin Sumner, Seaman, Dangerously.

60. William McAfferty, Seaman, Slightly.

61. Thomas Kouse, Quarter gunner, Severely.

62. Marcus Mansel, seaman, Since dead.

63. John Dezink, Seaman, Severely.

64. John Peterswing, Seaman, Slightly.

65. William Peterson, Seaman, Slightly.

66. William Stewart, Seaman, Severely.

67. Asa Newball, Seaman, Severely.

67. Alexander Brown, Seaman, Severely.

68. Mathias Douglass, Ordinary seaman, Dangerously.

69. John McNiel, Seaman, Since dead.

70. John Orutchett, Seaman, Severely.

71. Thomas Jones, 2d., Seaman, Slightly.

72. John Caldwell, Seaman, Severely.

73. William Gardiner, Seaman, Severely.

74. Thomas Jackson, 2d., Quartermaster, Severely.

75. John Kegan, Seaman, Severely.

76. Michael Twee, Ordinary seaman, Slightly.

Marines Wounded.


1. John Twiss, Sergeant, Slightly.

2. William Harris, Sergeant, Slightly.

3. William Dixon., Corporal, Since dead.

4. Richard Hoffman, Private, Slightly.

5. James Brown, Private, Severely.

6. Joseph Twiss, Private, Slightly.

7. George Upham, Private, Slightly.

8. John Crippen, Private, Slightly.

9. Samuel Jackson, Private, Slightly.

10. John Johnson, Private, Slightly.

11. John Wright, Private, Dangerously.

12. Miles Morris, Private, Severely.

13. Matthias Wolberry, Private, Severely.

14. Warren Fogg, Private, Shghtly.

15. Thomas Johnson, Private, Shghtly.

16. George Clyne, Private, Severely.

17. Joseph Crane, Private, Shghtly.

18. William Lewis, Private, Severely.

19. John Livre, Private, Severely.

20. John Brady, Private, Severely.

Master roll of the officers and men belonging to the late United States frigate Chesapeake, who were carried to Halifax as prisoners of war.

Here are the links to this information you may have to use the enlarging box to view this information.


Monday, January 04, 2010

Revolutionary Pensioners Of The Sourh.

I have a new index that deals with pension applications of the men of the revolutionary war who are from the south. However this is a little miss leading, true these men are from the south, however many fought for other states that were not southern. All these men are now living in a southern state and are putting in for a pension from that state.

I will list a few names, as there are to many to put here. I will give just enough information so you may know you have the right person. I have all the pension application for all the men listed here.

Note. Those of you who didn’t find a name of interest here can ask for a look up, as I have over 7, thousand pension application of the men of the south. If you ask for a look up the man must be from the south. Please remember to give ( the title of this page ) when asking information on a name or ( I may not be able to help you. ) My address can be found in my profile.


1. Solomon Abbott, private, resident of Spartanburg District of South Carolina aged 74 years.

2. David Abernathy, State of Tennessee, Giles County, was from the County of Lincoln in the State of North Carolina.

3. Jeremiah Adams, State of North Carolina, Mecklenburg County, has a sister named Martha Burnett of Iredell County, North Carolina.

4. William Alexander of the County of Mercer & State of Kentucky, enlisted in Virginia , has a son named George.

5. Richard Allen, County of Wilkes, State of North Carolina. He was born on the 21st day of November 1741 in Baltimore County, State of Maryland, enlisted from Rowan County
North Carolina.

6. Christopher Ammon a resident of the County of Rockingham of Virginia, he was born in Culpepper [sic: Culpeper] County state of Virginia.

7. Leonard Anderson, State of Kentucky, Logan County, he was born in Augusta County in the State of Virginia in the year 1755.

8. Charles Ammonette, State of Virginia, & County of Powhatan, wife Phoebe, married Charles in Chesterfield County on 2 Feb 1798 .

9. Evin Andress [Evan Andrews?], Western District of Florida, Washington County, lived in Franklin County N. C. when called into service and moved thence to Georgia and now lives in Florida.

10. Francis Ayers (Ayres, Rank, Private, 9th., Virginia, wife Mary, daughter Sarah Sowards.

11. Elias Baker, State of Georgia, Gwinnett County, entered the service from Rowan county, North Carolina were he was living.

12. John Bagwell, State of South Carolina, Anderson District, Born in Halifax County, State of North Carolina, was living in Bute County in North Carolina when called into this Service.

13. Ephraim Banner, State of North Carolina, County of ( Stokes ) was surry county.

14. John Bantham:, County of Coshackton in the State of Ohio, wife Rachel Bantham.

15. Osborne Ball, State of North Carolina, Warren County, wife Mary Ball, d. 1845.

16. Leven Balance (Levin Ballance), State of North Carolina, Currituck County, was drafted in December 1779.

17. Paul Barringer, Leah Smith, of Cabarrus County, NC., child of Paul Barringer and his wife Catharine Blackwelder Barringer, another child Polly Harris by second marriage.

18. Benjamin Barton, State of South Carolina, Pickens District, wife Dorcas Barton.

19. Peter Bashaw, County of Davidson, in the State of Tennessee, was born in
Fauquier County in the State of Virginia.

20. Israel Baxter, was drafted in the militia of South Carolina in Georgetown District, father Theophilus Baxter.

21. John Cabbage, State of Tennessee, Campbell County, enlisted from
Shenandoah County in the State of Virginia. Brother Adam Cabbage.

22. William Caldwell, State of Ohio, Butler County, father, John Caldwell, he enlisted in the state troops of South Carolina. He was born in the County of Antrim in Ireland in May 1763.

23. Thomas Campbell, county of Northumberland State of Virginia.

24. James Cardwell, Mercer county, State of Kentucky, wife Sally Cardwell, son John Cardwell.

25. Thomas Carney, Caroline County of Maryland, enlisted from Caroline County in the State of Maryland.

26. Walter Carson, Clark County State of Georgia, wife Mary Carson married 1780, York District South Carolina, Walter Carson was from York District South Carolina, wife his now widow moved to Clark County State of Georgia in 1833.

27. Giles Landon Carter, Knox County, State of Tennessee, wife Sela Carter married in Rutherford County North Carolina. He died on the 26th day of July in 1856, in the County of Roane and State of Tennessee.

28. Hugh Caruthers, Anderson County, State of Alabama, was a resident of the State of North Carolina in the County of Orange at the time of his enlistment .

29. John Casey, County of Casey [sic: Franklin] & State of Kentucky, enlisted in 1779 in Hillsborough in North Carolina.

30. Thomas M. Caul, County of Lewis, State of Virginia, was born in Augusta County in the State of Virginia near the town of Staunton on the 1st day of Oct. in the year 1763.

It should noted that many of the wife’s now widows and asking for their husband pension. And it also is noted that many of these men substituted for other members of their family or other men up to three time and in some cases more.

31. James Day, Mecklenburg County State of Virginia, service of the State of Virginia, wife Mary,

32. Moses Dean, Washington County, State of Georgia, wife Rachel Dean. He Entered the service of the United States as a substitute in Bluford County North Carolina [sic, Beaufort County?], then enlisted in the regular Army.

33. Henry Delap, Rockingham County, State of North Carolina, draft in militia in the County of
Henry, State of Virginia. Was born in the County of King George State of Virginia on Jun 12 1738.

34. Henry Deshasure, Mercer County, State of Kentucky, was born in Prince Edward County in the State of Virginia, was enlisted from said county and State.

35. Hezekiah Deweese, Dewese or Dewise, Mecklenburg County, State of at Halifax Old
Courthouse - State of Virginia for nine months. I enlisted under him June 1778, was born in the State of Delaware in the year 1760. Moved to Mecklenburg, county North Carolina 1800. He entered the service of the United States in the year 1778 June at Halifax Old Courthouse State of Virginia.

36. William Dixon, Brown County, State of Ohio, enlisted the fall of 1782 in the State of Virginia. Children James, Thomas, Betsey and Harrison

37. George Doherty, Jefferson County, State of Tennessee, lived in Augusta County in the state of Virginia, during the Revolutionary War, moved to Greene County, Tennessee where he lived eight years, then removed to Jefferson County where he now lives.

38. Edward Douglass (Dugless), Jefferson County, State of Tennessee, was living in Surry County North Carolina when the war came, then removed to Knox County Tennessee then to Jefferson County Tennessee where he now lives. He was born in the year 1763 in Orange County North Carolina, near Hillsborough.

39. Philip Drum, Iredell County, State of North Carolina, was drafted 1st of June 1780, at Rowan and now Iredell County. Wife Mary Drum, married 24 Feb 1820.

40. Elisha Dyar (Dyer), County of Franklin, State of Georgia, enlisted the Militia of North Carolina in
Granville County in said state, in March 1778 (then but sixteen years old), Was born in Virginia near the Big Falls [possibly Great Falls] of Potomac in May 1763.

41. John Ealy [Ely], Fayette County, State of Tennessee. Enlister in 1776, from where he resided in the State of Georgia St. John's parish, was borned in the year 1757 in the State of Georgia St. John's parish. After the war moved to the State of South Carolina Newberry County.

42. James East:, Rockbridge County State of Virginia, was born in Goochland County State of Virginia in
August 1753., wife Martha East married 9 Feb 1778.

43. Arthur Elliott, Habersham County, State of Georgia, wife Mary Elliott married
4th day of July 1784, Arthur Elliott died the 12th day of November 1837.

44. Matthias Elmore, State of South Carolina. He is a resident of Spartanburg District in the State of South Carolina. He was born in the State of North Carolina in the neighborhood of New Garden Guilford County, in the year 1755. When called into service, he was living in Newberry County (now District) in the State of South Carolina.

45. Joseph England, Anderson County, State of Tennessee, He was born in New Kent
County Virginia on the 25th day of December 1762.. He was living in Surry County in the
State of North Carolina when called into the service, about the first of November 1779.

46. Andrew Evans, Owen County, State of Indiana, born on the 28th of September 1759. Was as a Volunteer, in the Virginia Militia, entered the service from Washington County, Virginia, being his place of residence. Wife Elizabeth Evans married in 1781.

47. Peter Everhart, Davidson County, State of North Carolina, wife Mary Everhart married on 27 August 1788; and that her husband died June 12, 1836.

48. Nathaniel Everitt, Washington County, was born in this County (then Tyrrell) in March 1763.

49. Alexander Ewing, Bedford County, State of Tennessee, was born in Mecklenburg County North Carolina about the year of 1762, entered service from Mecklenburg North Carolina. Has a brother Robert Ewing, Alexander Ewing wife was Sarah Ewing, married him in 1791 in Mecklenburg County North Carolina.

50. Timothy Ezell, State of Tennessee, resident in the County of Giles. He enlisted the 2nd of February 1782, at Salisbury, in the State of North Carolina. Sarah Edwards is his daughter.

51. Ebenezer Fain, Habersham County, State of Georgia, he first
entered the service of the United States in Montgomery in Washington
County in the State of Virginia in June, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Six as a militiaman he was about fourteen years of age. he was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania on the 27th day of August Seventeen Hundred and Sixty Two.

52. Matthew Farmer, Franklin County, State of Virginia, born in Chesterfield County Va. who lived in Halifax Va. When the war came. In 1834, his pension was transferred to St. Charles County MO.

53. Conrad Fight, Rowan County, State of North Carolina, wife Elizabeth Fight married Conrad Fight on the 19th day of February in the year 1788, Conrad Fight died on the 21st day of December 1832.

54. Samuel Findley, Spencer County, State of Indiana, was born in Guilford County North Carolina in April of 1762. He lived in Kentucky upwards of 30 years but now resides in Spencer County Indiana.

55. George Fisher, a resident of Goodland Swamp near Edisto in the County or District of Orangeburg and State of South Carolina.

56. Philip Fix, Rockbridge County, State of Virginia, was born nine miles below Reding [sic: Reading], on the Schuylkill in Pennsylvania in the year 1754. Wife Margaret Fix.

57. Doctor Henry Collins Flagg, wife Rachael Flagg married 5th day of December, in the year of 1784.

58. William Flanagan (Flannegan ), Hall County, State of Georgia, wife Sarah Self married January 1783, children, Winna Bearden and Priscilla Flannagan father died September 15, 1845.

59. Joseph Fog (Fogg), Warren County, State of North Carolina, He enlisted in October 1777. Children, James, a son, 14 years, Fanny, a Daughter, 18 years, and Sally 16 years.

60. William Freeman, Burke County, State of North Carolina, enlisted at Halifax in North Carolina July 1778. Was born in Bertie County on 26th October in 1759. Died either January 27 or 28, 1838 in Greene County, Missouri, wife Mary Bryan married about 1786 in Martin County, N. C., children, Riddick , John, Larry, Lemuel H., Elizabeth and James (twins), Nancy, Frances, Rachel.

Last note. As I stated this list is just a few names so if you didn’t find a name here remember I have over 7 thousand pension application for men of the south. I will be glad to do a look up for you.

James Bailey Military & Family 1778-1840.

Pension Application of James Bailey W5214

Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris

State of N. Carolina } Superior Court of Law Surry County } September Term 1819.

On this the 7 day of September AD 1819 before me th the subscriber one of the Judges of the Court aforesaid personally appeared James Bailey aged seventy eight years last May, resident in the County of Surry and State aforesaid, who being by me first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provision made by a late act of Congress entitled “an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States in the revolutionary war”, that he the said James Bailey enlisted for the term of three years on the 27th of April 1778 in Queen Ann’s [sic: Queen Annes] County in the State of Maryland, in the company commanded by Capt James Gald, or Gauld [probably James Gould], of the 5th Maryland Regiment, and was transferred by a consolidation of the Regiments to the first Regiment, the 5th Regiment having been commanded by Col. John Hawkins, and the first by Col. John Gunby, as will more fully appear by reference to the rolls of the army and the annexed discharge signed Perry Benson Capt dated 27th April 1781; That he was in the Line of the State of Maryland on the continental establishment; that he continued in the service of the United States as above declared until the 27th of April 1781 when he was discharged from service at Saunder’s Creek near Camden in South Carolina as appears also from the annexed discharge; that he was in a skirmish on Staten Island near New York; in the Battle of Guilford [Guilford Courthouse, 15 Mar 1781] in North Carolina where he was wounded; in another skirmish near Camden South Carolina just before the British left that part of the Country [9 May 1781], and in some other skirmishes perhaps not worth mentioning; and that he is in reduced circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his country for support; and that he has no other evidence now in his power of his said services except the discharge before alluded to and hereto annexed.

This may Certify that the bearer Sergeant James Bailey 1st Maryland Regiment has served three years being his term of Enlistment in the Cont’l Army. Given Under my Hand Camp at Saunders’s Creek April 27th 1781, P. Benson Ca.

Sergeant James Bailey [illegible]

late fifth Maryland Regiment having served the term for which he was enlisted is hereby
discharged the service Given under my hand at Camp [illegible] this 27th day April 1781 Given by Colonel.

State of North Carolina } Surry County } August term, 1820.

On this 15th day of August 1820, personally appeared in open Court, which is declared a Court of record by the laws of the State and opened and held this day for the County of Surry James Bailey aged about eighty years who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath declare that he served in the revolutionary war as follows (Viz) that he the said Bailey enlisted about the year 76 or 77 as well as he now recollects, in the 5th Maryland Ridgement and was transfered from thence to the 3rd Maryland Ridgement in Capt James Golds company of the 5th Ridgment and Capt Perry Bensons of the 3rd all which has satisfactorily appeared to the War department as the original discharge of said Bailey was forwarded and a pension certificate obtained; but as the certificate was put in the hands of a [illegible word] for collection the declarant cannot now state the number or the date. And I James Bailey do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not since that time by gift, sale or in any manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provisions of an act of Congress entitled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land & naval service of the United States in Revolutionary War passed on the 18th day of March 1818. And that I have not nor has any person in trust for me any property or securities contracts or debts due to me; nor have I any income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed & by me subscribed. And the said James Bailey further declares that his family consists of himself, his wife & one child named Betsey, that he himself is in eightieth years since May last, that he is unable to work, so as to obtain his living by manual labor; that his wife is hearty enough, that his daughter Betsey is eleven years old and not able to assist materially in procuring sustenance Sworn to in open Court James Bailey. Schedule of the property belonging to James Bailey of the County of Surry.

A debt of ten dollars is due him $10.00
2 narrow axes & one broad axe 4.
3 hoes 1.50
Another debt of 2 dollars 2.
one small hog worth one dollar 1.
Sworn to in open Court James Bailey.

NOTE: On 13 Apr 1840 Elizabeth Bailey, 70, applied for a pension stating that she married James Bailey on 20 Mar 1793, and he died in Oct 1829. On 9 Nov 1840 she deposed that she was married by William Eliott Esq. after the banns were published by a Methodist minister named John Pennell?], and that she could not go to court “a distance of 18 miles over bad Roads & dangerous River without manifest danger to her Health.” Other documents indicate that her name before marriage was Elizabeth Runegar, and that she had a large number of children, including the first-born Permelia, who died in infancy, and Lucy.

Note. The following was found by my research.

Pension Rolls Of The United States.

James Bailey, of the State of North Carolina, county of Surry, rank private, was of the Maryland Cont’l line, his allowance was $96, dollars per years, the sums he received was $971.04, dollars, was placed on the rolls on March 9, 1820, the commencement of his pension was on Sept. 19, 1819, years of age 89. Died on Oct. 19, 1829.

Sunday, January 03, 2010

John Abbot Or Abbott Militray & Family 1778-1825.

Pension application of John Abbot S39925

Transcribed by Will Graves.

Original Claim
Declaration in order to be placed on the pension list under the act of the 18th of March 1818.

County of Grainger, State of Tennessee.

On this 22nd day of November 1825 personally appeared in open Court(being a court of record for Grainger County having the power of fine and imprisonment) John Abbot resident in said County, aged sixty seven years who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provision made by the act of Congress of the 18th of March 1818 and the 1st of May 1820 that he said John Abbot enlisted for the term of three years on __ [blank in original] day of __ [blank in original] 1778 in the State of North Carolina in the company commanded by Captain Edward Yarbrow [sic, Yarborough?] in the Regiment commanded by Colonel __[blank in original] Dixon in the line of the State of North Carolina on the Continental establishment, that he continued to serve in said corps until after the Eutaw [Eutaw Springs] battle when he was discharged from the service in high hills of Santee in the State of South Carolina, that he hereby relinquishes any claim to a pension what ever except the present; that his name is not on the roll of any state except North Carolina and that the following are the reasons for not making earlier application for a pension, that he never knew how to procure [word obliterated] he could draw a pension at until about two years ago, when he procured his claim to be made out and forwarded but as he is advised his papers never reached the proper department.

And in pursuance of the act of the first of May 1820, I do solemnly swear that I was a resident Citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818 and that I have not since that time by gift, sale or other wise disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provision of an act of Congress entitled “an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States in the revolutionary war” passed on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not nor has any person in trust for me any property, or securities, contracts or debts due to me nor have I any income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed and by me subscribed
Schedule of property, to wit

2 horses valued at $60 each $120.00
1 little wagon 30.00
1 Cow and calf & 1 heifer 18.00
5 small hogs 7.50

That he is by occupation a farmer, that he is very unable to pursue it on account of a [illegible word, looks like “wen” possibly could be intended to be the word “wound”] on his shoulder and a general disability. He has nine in family, that his wife is forty seven years old and is afflicted with rumatic [sic, rheumatic] panes [sic, pains] in both arms and is frequently unable to do anything. The name of his wife is Susana, His oldest child Alexander is about nineteen years of age and is about leaving him. His second is William aged sixteen years he is very ungovernable and goes and comes where he will. The third is a tour for about fourteen; her name is Sally and she has frequent bad health. 4th Betsy about nine years old. 5th Andrew a boy about seven, born with the rickets. 6th is Agge a daughter about four. 7th a grand-son who's fall but is dead; his name is John Landingham, he is about four years old. He states that there has been no changes in his property since 1818 except casual changes. S/ John Abbot Sworn to and declared on the 22nd day of November 1825 in open Court. S/ Wm. E. Cocke, D. C. State of North Carolina Secretary's Office I William Hill Secretary of State in & for the State aforesaid, do certify that it appears from the muster rolls of the Continental line of this state in the revolutionary war, that John Abbott a musician in Captain Hogg's Company of the 10th Regiment enlisted 20th of July 1778 for nine months. That John Abbott a Sergeant in Captain Yarborough's Company of the 10th Regiment enlisted in the year 1781 for 12 months, that his time was out on the 22nd day of April 1782. Given under my hand at Office in Raleigh 21st December 1825 S/ Wm Hill.

Note. The following was found by my research.

John Abbot or John Abbot, was a Sergeant, of the North Carolina Con. Line, his allowance was $96, dollars per year, he had received the sum of $236, dollars, he was placed on the pension roll on Jan. 9, 1826, his commencement of pension was on Nov. 23, 1825, age was 70, years. He died on May 10, 1828.

Slaves and Slave owners.

This page is links to slaves and there owners. I know it can be hard to do research if you don’t know just the right words to put in your search box, so I have done some hunting for you, to help make it a little easier to find those names you have been looking for. All these links will take you to pages that are full of names of slave owners and the slaves themselves.

Note. I picked these sites for their easy use and the information was very interesting.

Slave owners of Cook county Alabama, 1832.

This site has many names of slave owners and slave names.

slavery in Pennsylvania.

Here is a link to this site it has hundreds of owners names and those of slaves this site is worth looking over if you are looking for a slave or owner from Pennsylvania.

Register of Colored Persons of Caroline County, State of Virginia, cohabitating together and husband and wife on 27th February, 1866.

Register of Negroes and Mulattoes.

Jefferson County, Indiana
Auditor's Office, Courthouse
1853 - 1860
Transcription by Ruth A. Hoggatt.

Negroes and Mulattoes who were inhabitants of the State of Indiana, prior to the first day of November, 1851, and entitled to reside therein, were required to appear before the clerk of the Circuit Circuit Court for registry.

Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Research Library
The parish of Kingston.


Those of you who have a slave ancestor or are a ancestor of a slave owner and they lived in Illinois and if you have some info about them, you may be able to find even more info on them by using this link.

Illinois database of Servitude and Emancipation Records (1722–1863).


For those of you who have slave or slave owners in Maryland and know some names will find this site helpful, to do a search use the link at the bottom of their page,

Maryland State Archives, Reference & Research.


Here is a site full of info, for you who are looking for a African American ancestor or a slave or slave owner.


Here is a site with thousands of slave names, from a cross the United States.