Saturday, July 28, 2012

Uncle Ned Hawkins & William Johnson ( Colored )

Uncle Ned Hawkins.
Push pietures to enlarge.
Living on the banks of the Rappahannock, in the county of Culpeper, is a venerable old colored man, known by all near him as "Uncle Ned." His fidelity to his old mistress, his loyalty to the Confederacy, and his devotion to our soldiers were truly remarkable.  He risked his liberty and his life more than once for the safety of our citizens and soldiers. On one occasion some of our scouts called at the house of his mistress knowing they were ahvays welcome there and while she and her sister, assisted, of course, by "Uncle Ned," were busily engaged in preparing for them a much needed breakfast, the dreaded cry was heard : "The Yankees are coming!'' They were guided by the ever faithful "Uncle Ned" to the pines near by, and he returned to the house, after the Yankees left, he took the breakfast in an old haversack, with a few ears of corn on top, and told our scouts if all was right when approaching them he would raise his hat and scratch his head, and if not, his hat would remain on his head: and should he meet the Yanks, with those ears of corn, his excuse would be that he was hunting his sheep. Many, many such acts he did for the safety of our soldiers, and now he and his aged companion are struggling hard for a living; and -O that some brave Confederate could assist them in their good old age! He is certainly worthy of notice.

William Johnson.

William Johnson (colored) lives by Nolensville, Tenn., near liis birthplace. He was a slave, and the property of Mr. Ben Johnson, as was also his mother.  In 1862 a part of the army commanded by Gen. Forrest was stationed at Nolensville, and- young William Johnson (fifteen years old) drove one of the wagons with provisions for the army. Capt. B. F. White, who had been assistant adjutant general on the staff of Gen. Forrest, had been detached, and was in command of a battery of artillery captured at Murfreesboro. Seeing the boy William, he liked him, and proposed to buy liim. Mv. Johnson sold him to Capt. White for $1,200, and he went with Cajit. White in the regular field service.

Soon after his purchase of Willianl, the great battle of Murfrcesboro was fought ; and while on the battlefield, during the battle Capt. White was attacked suddenly with inflammatory rheumatism. His servant William was with the wagon train, and did not reach him until the next day. The day
following, the Confederates retreated, and the Federals, who also had been falling back, retraced their movements and Occupied the area in which Capt. White was left in that painful and awful predicament, attended  only by his servant William. For three months Capt. Wliite was guarded by the Federals in a house on Thomas Butler's jilantation. near the village of Salem. One bitter cold night the guard went to his camp some distance away, when the Captain asked William if he couldn't get him away from there.  It was soon arranged for him to take a spring wagon and a broken down army horse on the Butier farm.

He put his charge in the wagon, and by a circuitous route got away without apprehension. Late in the night the horse so nearly gave out that William walked in water and ice over his boots, and would lift the \yhecls of the vehicle out of the mire, and moved on until they were safe in the Confederate lines. A better horse was procured, and the afflicted officer was taken to Shelbyville, and from there he was permitted to visit Mobile, where he recuperated, William of  course going with him. This faithful servant remained with Capt. White, who went back into field service, but his health failed, and when his constitution gave down he was put on post duty, and at the end of the war he was paroled at Albany, Ga. He brought William back to Nashville, leaving him with an uncle when he left to reside in Memphis. He afterwards moved to California. They never met again.

When the notice of Capt. White's death appeared in the December Veteran for 1899, William saw it,and asked to pay tribute to his memory. That desire becomes the occasion for the Veteran to pav just and well merited tribute to William Johnson. He resumed his original name after the war.

William has lived all these years in the neighborhood of his birthiilacc, and has maintained a eputation as an honest, upright man such as will ever have the devoted friendship of the white people, and who wiII prove it if later in life misfortunes sliould render him unable to support himself.

During the time of Capt. White's confinement in the Federal lines he allowed William to carry three young ladies through the lines to Shelbwille. They were Misses Sallie J. McLean and Lizzie and Julia Lillard. After his return from that trip, Capt. White gave him permission to visit his mother, at Nolensville, before they escaped to the South.

Comrade James W. Hill writes of these ladies going to .Shelbyville, and that Miss McLean was his "best girl," that "she was and is the fairest rose that ever bloomed in Tennessee."

T. B. Monroe & Ben J. Monroe

Left Major T. B. Monroe Right Captain Ben J. Monroe.

Maj.T. B. Monroe was born at Franktort, Ky.. July 8, 1838 He enlisted at Nashville, Tenn., in September, 1861, and was elected Lieutenant in the Fourth Kentucky Infantry. He was soon afterward promoted to Major of  of this Regiment and He was in  command of it when mortally wounded at Shiloh.

Capt. Ben J. Monroe, a native of Frankfort, Ky., Aug. 7. 1836, enlisted at Camp Rurnell. Tenn., in September, 1861 He was elected Captain in the Fourth Kentucky Infantry. He was so severely wounded in the leg at Shiloh that he never recovered and died in. Marshall County, Miss., Oct. 4, 1862.

Thomas Bell Monroe.
Birth: unknown.
Death: Apr. 7, 1862.

Residence Frankford KY; 28 years old. Enlisted on 10/15/1861 at Bowling Green, KY as a Major. On 10/15/1861 he was commissioned into Field & Staff KY 4th Infantry He died of wounds on 4/7/1862, (Died on the field)He was listed as: Wounded 4/7/1862 Shiloh, TN. Burial: Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky.

Benjamin James Monroe.

Birth: Aug. 7, 1839, Montrose, Fayette County, Kentucky.
Death: Oct. 5, 1862, Marshall County, Mississippi.

Residence was not listed; Enlisted on 8/24/1861 at Camp Burnett, TN as a Captain CSA. On 9/21/1861 he was commissioned into "E" Co. KY 4th infantry. He died on 10/5/1862 at Marshall County, MS. He was listed as: Wounded 4/6/1862 Shiloh, TN.

Parents: Thomas Bell Monroe (1791 - 1865), Eliza Palmer Adair Monroe (1790 - 1871.)
Burial: Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky.

Friday, July 27, 2012

Edmund Kirby Smith.

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Edmund Kirby Smith.

Birth: May 16, 1824, Florida.
Death: Mar. 28, 1893, Sewanee, Franklin County, Tennessee.
Burial: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Franklin County, Tennessee.

Confederates States Army General. Edmund Kirby Smith was born on May 16, 1824, in St. Augustine, Florida. Son of Joseph Lee and Frances Kirby Smith, His father Joseph Lee Smith was a lawyer and a judge. Enrolled in the United States Military in 1841, graduating in 1845, and was commissioned a Brevet Second Lieutenant in 5th U.S. Infantry. He served in the Mexican War under General Zachary Taylor and General Winfield Scott and was brevetted for gallantry. After the war he taught mathematics at the Military Academy and served in the 2nd U.S. cavalry in Texas. When Texas seceded, Smith, now a major, refused to surrender his command to the Texas State forces and expressed his willingness to fight to hold it. In 1861 he resigned from the army to join the Confederate forces. He served as chief of staff to General Joseph E. Johnston at Harper's Ferry and helped organize the Army of the Shenandoah.

He was commissioned colonel of the cavalry and rose to the rank of general. While commanding a brigade in the army, he was severely wounded at Manassas (Bull Run). In January 1863, Smith was transferred to command the Trans-Mississippi Department (primarily Arkansas, Western Louisiana, and Texas) and he would remain west of the Mississippi River for the rest of the war. He surrendered the last military force of the Confederacy on May 26, 1865. After the war he went to Mexico and Cuba to avoid prosecution for treason, but returned in November to take the Oath of Amnesty. He was president of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Company, co-chancellor of the University of Nashville from 1870 to 1875. In 1875 he left to become a professor of mathematics at the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. He died on March 28, 1893, at Sewanee, the last surviving full general of either army. He is buried University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Franklin Co., Tennessee.

Confederat Veteran Magazine, 1893, p. 372.

On Good Friday, March 31, 1893, Gen. Edmound Kirby Smith was laid to rest in the cemetery at Sewanee, Tenn., where for many years he had devoted his life to educational work as Professor of mathematies at the University of the South.  No stone marks the grave of this noble and great man, faithful educator, and distinguished soldier.  His name is honorably inseribed in the history of his county, and is dear, to the memory of his beloved south.

It is now desired to place a suitable monoment over his grave.  The admirable design accompanying this notice, chaste, simple, and appropriate, has been obtained for a monumont, which can be erected coplete for the sum of $1,000.  We expect to provide this amount by the aid of individual gifts from each of his comrades in arms, from the alumni, officers, and students of the University of the South, and from his many personal friends.

We trust that all these will deem it a pleasure to contribute $1, or more, if convenient, for the purpose as early as possible.  It is desirable that the monument be contracted for at an early date, and that it should be unveiled, with suitable Commencement Day of the University of the South, August 1, 1895.  Contributions may be sent to Mr. S. A. Cunningham, Nashville, Tenn.

George Middleton Third Indiana Cavalry.

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I pick George Middleton, becouse of his face he looks so young.  There is not a lot of information on him.  But I felt that those of his family line who have no pieture of him would like to have one.  If any one has information on him and would like to see it posted here drop me a line, and I will be glad to have it.

George Middleton - Civil War.

Age: 17.
Date Enrolled: 1862/02/26.
Where Enrolled: Madison, Indiana.
Regiment: 45.
Company: E. Cavalry/ Battery Unit: 3rd Cavalry.
Notes: Transferred to Co. B, Reorg. Recruit.
Side notes.  Brith between 1845 & 46.  Brith place Massachusetts.  Residence Jefferson, Madison Township, Indiana.

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Gilbert Armstrong, Indiana 58th., Infantry.

Was mustered in with the Regiment at Camp Gibson, and was with the Regiment until the battle of Chickamauga, when he was severely wounded. After the completion of his three years' term of service, he returned to his former home in Dubois county. His death occurred several years after.  The gun shown in the cut is the Henry rifle, presented to him by some of his friends in the Regiment, for bravery shown in the battle of Stone River.

The following was taken from the 58th., Regimental History.

Of Company E, Sergeant Gilbert Armstrong, a famous sharpshooter, who sported a Henry rifle, was severely wounded in the shoulder. The historv of this man is full of thrilling interest. He was in the Mexican war. He was a Western steamboatman in the meantime. His rifle was a present from his fellow soldiers. When he was wounded he gave his rifle to Lieutenant H. J. Barnett, of Companv F. I must not omit to drop a tear to the memory of "Grant," a celebrated fighting cock, belonging to the old sharpshooter. He had long rode in the ambulance to the exclusion of weary men's knapsacks and the annoyance of the sick. He was a great terror to mv mare, who alwavs passed him on double quick. He was appropriately left on the battlefield. When he could be seen no more he was heard to crow. Poor rooster, I fear nay, hope he was eaten bv some hungry soldiers on that fatal frosty night.

Civil War Card.

Name: Gilbert Armstrong.
Date Enrolled: 1861/10/13.
Where Enrolled:Jasper, Indiana.
Discharge Date:1865/01/
Notes: Corporal. Promoted Sergeant June 30 1863. Terrell Volume 5 Page 659. Resident of Ireland. Mustered out November 11 1864. Mustered out Savanah, GA. No day given on discharge

Four Faces, First New York ( Lincoln ) Cavalry.

These page is in two parts, the first is information taken from the rosters.  The secon part is information taken from the Regimental History, it will give you some idea what the man was like. 

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Top Left to Right.

KENT, JOHN.—Age, 23 years. Enlisted July 16, 1861, at New York; mustered in as private, Company D, July 16, 1861, to serve three years; promoted corporal and sergeant, dates not shown; mustered out with a detachment, August 16, 1864, at Harper's Ferry, Va.

BURR, ELIAS.— Age, 21 years. Enlisted August 21, 1861, at New York; mustered in as private, Company F, August 21, 1861, to serve three years; re-enlisted January 1, 1864; promoted corporal, date not shown; to commissary sergeant February 4, 1865; mustered out with company June 27, 1865.

Bottom Left to Right.

VERRINDER, WTLLIAM Jr.—Age, 18 years. Enlisted August 21, 1.861, at,New York; mustered in as private, Company H, ' August 21, 1861, to serve three years; captured at Winchester, Ya, June 13, 1863; paroled at City Point, Ya., July 8, 1863; captured at Mt. Jackson, December 20, 1863; paroled at
Charleston, S. C, December 16, 1864; mustered out, to date February 25, 1865, at New York city.

BELL, JEROME.— Age, 19 years. Enlisted July 19, 1861, at New York; mustered-in as private, Company B, July 19, 1861, to serve three years; captured at Charleston, Va., October 18, 1863; paroled at City Point, Va., December 28, 1863; mustered out August 20, 1864, at Harper's Ferry, Va.

John F. Kent, not much was said about him only that he found a home in Minnesota.

Elias Burr, nothing was said about him.

William Verrinder Jr.The following was given about Verrinder after a battle with Mosby's men:

Coming back they saw a horse standing on the other side of the river. A Confederate officer, supposed to be Captain Meade of Early's staff, had been killed with the sabre by Ed Goubleman while crossing the river. This might be his horse. The men halted opposite the horse.  Verrinder of company H., took off his clothes, swam the river, and brought the horse back.

Jorome Bell.  The following tells how Bell was captured.

The 16th, another detail went to Smithfield, Berryville and Charlestown. Here six men from Co. B with a few of Somers' men were sent back to Berryville for some purpose. A number of the enemy appeared and disputed  the right of way. Sergeant Westbrook attacked them.  There was a lively skirmish with what proved to be a superior force. Westbrook did his best, but had to retire, losing Jerome Bell and John Stuart, two good men, captured, but who, after several months in prison, returned to do good service.

Many of the men of company B., Sang for enjoyment and would sing at the drop of a hat.  Jerome Bell was one of the singers.  The following tells of the company singers:

There were capable men in the ranks who enjoyed doing their duty without caring for promotion. They became well known throughout the ranks, and their cheerful service was a Jiealthful feature of camp life. They were never discouraged or depressed. They sang in the camp; they sang on the march. They sang and shouted as they went into a charge. Their singing acted as a tonic.

A lad had grown up singing among the oyster beds of Long Island Sound. And day after day in the first camp in Elm Park, Jerome Bell, a hearty, cheerful, robust man gifted with a stentorian voice, was called upon to sing "The Star Spangled Banner." He had sung, as well as fought, his way through his term of service. He had done his comrades good by his singing. He was missed in this winter camp. The Confederate authorities had interfered with his re-enlisting : they held him prisoner.

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Jack Morrow.

The following is told by Captain Eugene F. Ware, Co. F., Seventh Iowa Cavalry.  At the time of the Indian trubles in 1864 covering Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming. 
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On December 23rd the officers of our posts were invited up to Jack Morrow's ranch to dinner. Myself and Captain O'Brien went up, leaving the company in charge of our First Lieutenant. A couple of the officers of the other company, the First Sergeant and the Post Sutler (Ben Gallager), were in the party. Jack Morrow's ranch was out on the prairie, nearly south of the junction of the two Platte rivers. North Platte had much more water in it than the South Platte. Between our post and Jack Morrow's the high hills of the tableland ran far north in a bold promontory, broken at the point into a sort of peak, which could be seen a long distance both up and down the river, toward which it projected. We had to go past this to get to Morrow's ranch. This point was called the " Sioux Lookout." Going up, we detected with a field-glass an Indian's head peering over the top of the ridge at us, but he afterwards scudded away and disappeared. We were told at Morrow's that the Indians were keeping constant lookout from that point, although the weather was exceedingly cold. There was a canyon came in near there called "Moran Canyon," also filled with large cedars.

Jack Morrow was said to have cut out five thousand cedar logs from the canyon for his own use, and for sale to other persons ; and to have got out two thousand fine cedar telegraph poles. It was also said that he would not allow anybody else to cut any timber in that canyon. Morrow had as large an outfit, nearly, as the Gilmans. He claimed to have cattle and goods and improvements worth $100,000, but he overstated it. He was a tall, raw-boned, dangerous-looking man, wearing a mustache, and a goatee on his under lip. He was said to be a killer, to have shot a man or two, and to have passed his life on the plains. He was said to have daily altercations with pilgrims, and to have gone on drunks that were so stupendous in their waste of money and strange eccentricities that he was known from Denver to Fort Kearney and very largely in Omaha. He was said to have had an Indian wife, although I never knew whether that was true or not.

He had a very large stock of goods, and a row of "pilgrim quarters.'' His ranch-house was built of cedar logs, and was two and a half stories high and sixty feet long. The third story was divided into rooms, and the cross-logs were not sawed out to admit doors, so that in going from one room to another it was necessary to crawl over six feet of cedar-log wall to get into these rooms. Yet he had people sleeping in those rooms a great deal of the time. He stored away great quantities of furs, robes, dried buffalo-meat and beef, and other stuffs, for shipment, in a sort of annual caravan, which he made down to Omaha.

One time Jack Morrow was at the post and was inebriated as usual, and he confided to me how he got his start. He said: I came from Missouri, and got to whacking bulls across the plains ; after a while I got onto a Government train loaded with ammunition. I unscrewed the boxes, took out the ammunition and sold it to the ranch men, filled the boxes with sand, and screwed them down.  Then before we got to Laramie I had a rumpus with the wagonmaster and he pulled a pistol and I skinned out for somehere else and nobody got onto it.'' He said, " I never heard a word from it ever afterwards, but I sold a big lot of ammunition.'' This statement might have been true, or not, but it was nevertheless the fact that in the commerce of the prairie, a great difficulty lay in guarding against theft in transit, and this was one of the main duties of the wagon-master in conducting his train.

Authors note.  There is a lot more to read about Jack Morrow, in Eugene F. Ware, book, which can be found and read on the internet.

Men And Women Who Married More Then Once.

Have you ever wondered if your Great-G-G-Grand father or Grand mother had been married onec before.  Then maybe you knew, but didn't know their names.  Now maybe you can.  On this page you will find many men and women who were married more then once.  This information come from many official document.  I have only taken the names from these documents, but if you would like to see the document it will be given upon request.

James Sutherland, wife Rebecca, formerly Rebecca Parkerson.

Keziah Pritchett, formerly widow of David Moore.

Amelia Fish, formerly widow of Nathaniel Stowell.

Nancy Terry, formerly widow of John Davis.

Sarah Adams, formerly widow of John Green.

Mary Reed formerly widow of Francis Ryan.

William Besly, wife Sarah (?), Besly, now married to Doctor Henry Adams.

William Slavin, wife Parmelia, who is now married to John Blue.

Nancy M. Gunsally, formerly wido of Lyman M. Richmond.

Nathaniel Alward or Alwood, first wife Petesy Freeman, second wife Margaret S. Van Arsdale.

Bishop Ames, first wife Almire Ticknor, second Isabell C. Curtis.

Joseph Ames, first wife, Rubie Marithew, second Elizabeth Kingsbury and third Dorathy Berry.

Abraham Anderson, first wife Elizabeth McMullen, second Elizabeth Mattox.

Charles Anderson, first wife Ellen Smoot, second Mary Jetton and third Martha J. Burge.

George Baker, first wife Mildred Lipscord, second Mary Wade.

Lester Baker, first wife Sibyl House, second Margarett Odell.

Samuel Baker, first wife Sarah H. White, second Sally Howland.

John Barnett, first wife Mary Warnack, second Polly Barker.

Thomas Barnett, first wife Nancy Kigg, second Elizabeth Davis.

Smith Benedict, first wife Anna Brown, second Catherine Roberts and third Hannah Bush.

William Benson, first wife Catherine Shell, second Sarah E. Parker.

Alexander Briggs, first wife Nancy Jones, second Rebecca Williams.

William Britt, first wife Anna Barnett, second Polly Pruffy and third wife Moaning Bishop.

James Campbell, first wife Rachael Hazelwood, second Charlotte Dardie.

John Campbell, first wife Mary Lewis, second Catharine Dove.

Robert Caples, first wife Eleanor Tracy, second Nancy Davis.

Edward Crosson, first wife Hannah Borroughs, second Orpha Stearns.

Joseph Crouch, frist wife Jerusha De Hart, second Margaret S. Lattimer.

Andrew D. Crow, first wife Betsy King, second Milly Brown.

Joseph Easter, first wife Mary Smith, second Lucretia Evans.

Jesse Eastman, first wife Sally Wyman, second Lydia McMurphy.

Thomas S. Easton, first wife Abigal G. Mart, second Elizabeth C. Smith.

William Fair, first wife Jemima Jones, second Nancy Chapman and third wife Martha M. Wilson.

Benjamin Fairchild, first wife Mary Budd, second Mary J. Johnson.

Daniel Farnham, first wife Priscella Brackett, second Maria Witham and third wife Sally W. Wiggin.

Samuel Fleck, first wife Hannah Scoutler, second Sarah Bovard.

Carr Fleming, first wife Sally Spcer, second Martha M. Montagoe.

Aquilla Gilbert, first wife Elizabeth Hewitt, second Rachel Farmer.

John Gilbert, first wife Mary Porter, second Mary Deitz.

Charles Gillum, first wife Phoebe Spillman, second Polly Newgent.

John W. Gookin, first wife Elizabeth Smith, second Mary Hamilton.

Samuel Harry, first wife Lucy Ann Fowler, second Mary Ann Manor.

Cyrus Haymond, first wife James Somerville, second Mary Carpenter.

David Haynes, first wife Sally Halsey, second Maria Osborn.

William Healy, first wife Lavina Hall, second Sophia Norton.

Monday, July 23, 2012

Andrew Pray, 7th., Michigan Cavalry.

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Andrew Pray,Sergeant Co. "D."
Dimondale, Mich.

Born January 4th, 1845, in Superior Township, Washtenaw County, Mich. ; enlisted at Grand Rapids, Mich., November 12th, 1862, as Private in Co. "D," 7th Michigan Cavalry; promoted to Corporal in 1863, and to Sergeant in 1864; taken prisoner March 2nd, 1864, on Kilpatrick's Raid, escaped the same night of capture; mustered out at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, October 28th, 1865, and honorably discharged.

Remarks : On the 10th day of November, 1862, in company with C. H. Holmes and William Bell, I left Windsor Township for Kalamo to enlist under George McCormick.  On arriving there we found that McCormick had gone to Grand Rapids. Holmes and I then started on foot for Grand Rapids, getting as far as Portland the first day. The next morning we took the stage to Lyons and from there took the cars on the D., G. H. & M. R. R., arriving at Grand Rapids in the evening; enrolled our names in Co. "D," 7th Michigan Cavalry, and were mustered into the U. S. service on the 13th day of November, 1862. I think I walked much farther to enlist than I would have done one year later.

By Andrew Pray.

The night of March 2nd, 1864, after the first attack by the Confederates, while on the Kilpatrick Raid to Richmond, Lieutenant Sessions sent me with four men to the left and across a road along a fence at the edge of a clearing to hold them back on that side of camp. We had not been there long when I heard firing in our rear and suggested to the boys that we had better get out of there and make a run for camp. In the woods where our horses were we could see men about our camp fires and supposed they were our men until we were right among them, and they invited us to surrender. There were three Rebs hitched to me, one hold of each arm, and the third had hold of my coat in front. The one in front unbuckled my sabre belt and he and the one that had hold of my right arm began quarreling over my revolver and let go of me. I had my carbine on my shoulder and I raised it up with my right hand over my head, when the Johnnie that still had hold of me said, "You have a gun, too, have you ?" and let go of me.  I said, "Yes, sir," and turned and ran for where I supposed my Regiment was.

The three with some others took after me, hollering "Halt !" Seeing a line of skirmishers at the lower edge of our camp, I thought they were our men until I was within two rods of them, when one of those following me shouted, "There goes a Yankee, shoot him." Then I saw what I was up against, but was too frightened to stop. The skirmishers, even facing the same way I was running, and I ran between two of the Rebs, who cut loose at me. I was running down the hill and they firing high was all that saved me that time. After I got to the bottom of the hill and away from the light of the camp fires and in the timber I saw the reflection of water in a ditch.  I gave a leap for the other side, struck a grape vine with my head and went back into the ditch casouse, sitting down in the water nearly up to my shoulders. I crawled out on my hands and knees and found it was an old fence row with a road running along near it. I took to the middle of the road I ran about half a mile and caught up with the rear guard of our command.

From there on for about three miles I was putting in my best efforts, part of the time I was head of our rear guard and part of the time between the two lines. The roads were a muddy slush and I got so tired out that I would stub my toe and fall full length in the mud. I finally got a lead horse from a darky and rode it until I caught up with my Regiment, which had gone into camp. I was so played out when I got to camp that I laid down by the first fire I came to.  I had lost everything I had to wear or cover up with, as all I had left was pants, boots and jacket. When daylight came and we were ordered to move I was so sore and lame I could not move myself. The boys of my company picked me up and put me onto a stray horse they had caught and without saddle or bridle, having only a halter, I rode through to Yorktown. When the command went into camp the boys would take me off the horse and when they moved again they would load me on again. I absolutely had no use of my legs.  The associations of such times and the hardships passed together and endured are what makes us comrades to-day.

By Andrew Pray.

Early on the morning of April 9th, 1865, when we started on the advance there were just five of Co. "D" present for duty, four Sergeants and one Corporal. The Corporal held the horses and the Sergeants went to the front to fight on foot.  We drove the Rebel skirmishers back over a long hill and the four of us then stopped in the point of a flat-iron shaped piece of timber and lay in fence corners surrounding it. The Rebel lines began to advance and we were so busily engaged trying  to keep them out of our neck of the woods that we did not notice they were getting around to our left and rear and into the woods. The first we knew the woods was full of them. They commenced firing at us from the flank, then we began to look for the rest of our skirmish line, but they were all gone, so we struck out across an open field to our right and rear.

It was about half a mile back to the top of the hill and running up hill was not easy work for a dismounted Cavalryman. The Rebel skirmish line that was in front of us was advancing and those in the woods pecking at us from our right, but running up hill was helping us out, as they were all shooting low. The minnie balls and gravel were flying around our feet and as Charlie Holmes said as he and I were making our best time side by side, "Sandy, this makes a fellow pick up his feet mighty quick, don't it." George Ferris and Al. Shotwell were better on foot or had better wind than Holmes and I, for they reached the top of the hill first, but they did not have to wait long for us.

When we got to the top of the hill we saw our Infantry coming out of the woods.  moved over towards them out of range of the Rebel line that came to the top of the hill, but when they saw our Infantry advancing, turned about and went back. We waited until our Infantry came up when we went back to the top of the hill with  them. Shotwell and I retired to the shade of a tree to rest, thinking we would see an Infantry battle. Ferris and Holmes went back with the skirmishers to get a little revenge for the run they had given them, but we were all disappointed, as the skirmishers had not reached the foot of the hill when the flag of truce came out and there was a happy time along the whole line. We then went over to our right to our command and horses.

Boy Colonel James R. Hagood.

Colonel James R. Hagood.
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Colonel of (Hagood's) First S. C. Regiment of Volunteer
Infantry, C. S. Army.

Of him General Lee wrote as follows: "It gives me pleasure to state that Col. J. R. Hagood, during the whole term of his connection with the Army of Northern Virginia,was conspicuous for gallantry, efficiency and good conduct.

By his merit constantly exhibited, he rose from a private in his regiment to its command, and showed by his actions that he was worthy of the position.

(Signed) R. E. Lee.

Lexington, Va. 25th March, 1868.

J. R. Hagood volunteered as a private in the above named regiment, just before its departure to Virginia, in the summer of 1862, under the command of Col. Thomas Glover, who had succeeded Johnson Hagood to the colonelcy of the regiment upon the latter's promotion to brigadier-general.

J. R. Hagood was promoted sergeant-major of the regiment August, 1862. He was promoted adjutant of the regiment November 16th, 1862. He was promoted captain of Company K January, 1863. He was promoted colonel of the regiment on 16th of November, 1863. His commission being dated within ten days of his nineteenth birthday, he was doubtless the youngest colonel commanding a regiment in the Confederate Army,

This rapid promotion came to him while serving in and forming a part of "that incomparable infantry which bore upon its bayonets the failing fortune of the Confederacy for four long and bloody years." He surrendered at Appomattox, with Lee's Army, having participated in nineteen battles in which at least 20,000 men were engaged.

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Samuel T. Craig

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DUVALL S BLUFF, ARKANSAS. August 26th. 1863.

Commanding Cavalry Division. Brownsville. Arkansas:
DEAR SIR : In compliance with your special order I took charge of the steamboat Progress at Clarendon. Arkansas, and proceeded down White river, and thence up the Mississippi river, arriving at Helena. Arkansas, at midnight on the 17th inst. I delivered your dispatch to the Adjutant General at post, to be forwarded to General Steele the following morning, he having moved his forces for Clarendon. Arkansas.

The 15th inst. We took coal and proceeded to Memphis, Tennessee, arriving there at eight o clock on the 18th inst., and delivered your letter and presented requisitions for ammunition to Lieutenant Colonel Benmore, A. A. General, Sixteenth Army Corps, District Memphis ; the steamer Progress being much damaged, caused by running into the river banks and breaking its wheel.

The stream, White river, is so narrow and crooked, and the captain and pilot either had determined to sink the boat or were so frightened that they caused the vessel to run at such a- rate of speed that she could not make the bends of the river at many places without striking the bow and then whirling clear around, and being a stern-wheel boat she was much damaged. Captain Sweet required until the 20th inst to repair her. Having ascertained from the Ordnance Department at Helena and Memphis that Lieutenant Hubbard did not procure ammunition for the batteries on account of the informality of the requisitions,I reported to General Hurlburt and informed him of the necessity of your getting the ammunition, and he ordered the Ordnance Department at Memphis to issue ammunition upon my requisitions for batter ies and small arms required by the division.

The steamer being repaired and landed we proceeded down the Mississippi river at three o clock p. m. on the 20th inst. ; arrived at Helena the 21st inst. at six o clock A. M. Quartermaster Noble, of the post, took charge of the steamer and loaded her with convalescent soldiers of the Twenty-seventh Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers and commissary stores. We proceeded from Helena on the 22dinst. at six o clock A. M.: arrived at the mouth of White river at three o clock p. M. ; and we were ordered by the Admiral in charge of gunboats and convoys to assist the steamer Sallie List in towing two barges of hay up White river, but refused to furnish us with convoy.

We proceeded up White river, and our cargoes being wide and the stream very narrow, and the night very dark, we attempted to anchor, but our anchors being insufficient to hold the cargoes, the hay barges being placed between the steamers, the front barge extending about half its length in front, with some difficulty we steamed up the river until we arrived where the banks of the river were low and marshy. We tied up at the cut-off, about two miles below St. Charles landing, on the night of the 23d inst. and by placing lumber on the shore we were able to put out a picket guard, but were not molested during the night, for it was impossible for an enemy to approach us on account of the marshy ground. At daylight we proceeded, and while passing Crockett s landing about seven o clock A. M..

The enemy fired into our boats several volleys with small arms from the south banks of the river and wounded six of our men on the steamer progress. The Lieutenants in charge of the convalescent soldiers not showing any disposition to command notwithstanding they outranked me. I took command and with the assistance of my ordnance sergeant rallied the convalescent soldiers, and forming protection for the men by placing boxes of hardtack around the outer railing of the boat and placing their knapsacks upon the same, they were caused to kneel down and fire upon the enemy without waiting for further orders. There being two surgeons on the steamer Sallie List, the wounded were taken below and properly cared for and are doing well. Having one section of the Fifth Ohio Battery on board.

I placed the gun on the front of the barge of hay, which extended in front of the boats about half its length,and the sergeant in charge of gun was enabled to shell the timber in which the enemy were concealed. This had the desired effect and dispersed them. I had placed guards over the pilots from the fact that the one piloting the steamer Progress had threatened to turn over our cargo to the enemy before we returned. But it so happened that when we were fired upon Captain Sweet was at the " wheel" and stood unflinchingly at his post, notwithstanding his pilot house was pierced with the enemy s bullets, showing the dangerous position he occupied. The pilot house of the steamer Sallie List was well protected with sheet iron, but the pilot abandoned his post, and the mate of the same had suffered or allowed the boat to be partially cut loose from our boat, so that she was dragging us to shore, evidently planned to land us so that the enemy could board our boats.

But with the assistance of my ordnance Sergeant with revolvers in hand we went aboard of her and demanded that the mate make her fast to our boat, which he did immediately, and with the untiring energy and efficiency of Captain Sweet we steamed up the river ; and under my directions the sergeant in charge of the piece of artillery shelled the banks of the river on the south all the way up to Clarendon wherever the banks of the river were sufficiently high for the enemy to approach the river. A squad of colored people at one time approached the river and made signs for us to land, but I didn't think it prudent.

Our loss was six wounded three severely and three slightly. One was Brown, clerk of the sutler of Merrill s Horse ; the other five were of the Twenty-seventh Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers.

We arrived at Clarendon. Arkansas, on the 24th inst. and were ordered by the commander of the post to await for convoy. We proceeded from Clarendon, Arkansas, with convoy, at two o clock the 25th inst., and arrived at this place at seven o clock p. M. on the 26th inst. and at the same hour of the day commenced loading on wagon train all the ordnance for the purpose of transporting- the same to your command at Brownsville. Arkansas.

Hoping that the above and foregoing report will be a sufficient explanation for my seeming delay.

I have the honor to be. General.
Your obedient servant,

2d Lieut. Co. H, 1st Iowa Cav. Vol.


Samuel T. Craig was born March 22d, 1835, in Corydon, Harrison county, Indiana. His parents, Dr. Thomas and Mary E. Craig, emigrated to Waveland, Montgomery county, Indiana, while he was a mere child, where he received a common school education and learned the carriage making trade with N. Glover. He emigrated with his parents to Albia, Monroe county, Iowa, in the spring of 1855, being in his twentieth year. He manufactured the first buggy made in Monroe county, Iowa.

In the spring of 1858 he and his brother David traveled overland in an open buggy to St. Paul, Minnesota, there being no railroad west of the Mississippi river except a short line from Burlington to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and the city of Minneapolis was but a village.

He was one of the unfortunate gold hunters during the Pike s Peak excitement in 1859-60. He returned home to Albia, Iowa, in the fall of 1860, with a view of returning to the gold fields early in the spring
of 1861. The late war of the rebellion of 61, and the call of President Lincoln for volun.eers to defend the National flag, changed his base of action, and at the fall of Fort Sumter declared his intentions to defend the Government.

He enlisted as private of Company H, First Iowa Cavalry Volunteers, June 13th, 1861. Was promoted after about two years 1 service to orderly sergeant, thence to Second Lieutenant, thence to First Lieutenant all in same company and regiment.

He served on staff of Colonel J. M. Glover, commanding Second Brigade Cavalry Division, for nearly a year. Was first in the city at the capture of Little Rock, Arkansas, and captured several prisoners.
Served on staffs of General Cyrus Bussey, Carr and Davidson, at Little Hock, Arkansas, and on staffs of Generals E. D. Osband and B. S. Roberts, commanding cavalry division at Memphis, Tennessee. Participated  in nearly all the engagements with the enemy west of the Mississippi river, including Prairie Grove, Van Buren, Little Rock, Prairie DeAnue, Poison Springs, Camden, near Mark s Mill, Saline River, et al. Was mustered out of service while under the command of General Custer, at
Austin, Texas, February 15th, 1866 having served four years, eight months and three days.

He cast his first vote for John C. Fremont, republican candidate for President ; also voted for Lincoln and Grant twice, Hayes, Garfield.  Blaine and Harrison for same office. Was a consistent republican as
well as a prohibitionist. Was elected county auditor on the republican ticket in 1869, 71, 73 and 75, four consecutive terms, serving eight years. He has since been engaged in the mercantile business at Albia, Iowa. Married May 17th, 1870, to Miss Helen B. Higgins, from Chardron, Ohio, and had sons, Samuel T. and Charles H., and daughters, Helen and Laura, and are members of the Christian Church.
Samuel T. Craig, was born March 22, 1835, died March 17, 1902, was buried at Oakview Cemetery, Albia, Monroe County, Iowa.

Iowa 7th. Infantry Drun Corps.

Push Pietures to enlarge.
The drum corps of the regiment was organized by W. E. Thayer, a drummer of company "B," who was appointed Drum Major August 27th, 1861. The corps was made up from details from the regiment, and the original members were as follows:


George Craig, Company B., ( Veteran.) Age 27.  Residence Charles City, Nativity Canada.  Enlisted July 8, 1861, as Drummer.  Mustered in July 24, 1861, reenlisted and remustered January 25, 1864.  Mustered out July 12, 1865, Louisville Ky.
George Kesler, was not found on any Iowa rosters.

James Dunham, was not found on any Iowa rosters. .

John Conaha, was not found on any Iowa rosters.  

David Bales, Company K.  Age 18.  Residence Richaland, Nativity Iowa.  Enlisted August 23, 1862, as Drummer.  Mustered August 23, 1862.  Mustered out May28, 1865, expiration of term of service. 


William Johnson, Company C.  Age 33.  Residence Oskaloosa, Nativity Ohio.  Enlisted July 15, 1861.  Mustered July 24, 1861.  Promoted Fife major August 30, 1861.  Mustered out March 27, 1863.

Elbridge M. Thayer, Company B.  Age 24.  Residence Bradford, Nativity New York.  Enlisted July 8, 1861, as Musician.  Mustered November 14, 1861.  Promoted Fifer October 14, 1861.  Discharged October 3, 1864, expiration of term of service.

Charles Goodno, Company A.  ( Veteran.)  Age 18.  Residence Muscatine, Nativity Maine.  Enlisted July 16, 1861, as Musician.  Mustered July 23, 1861.  Wounded in arm February 15, 1862, Fort Donelson, Tenn.  Reenlisted and remustered January 5, 1864.  Mustered out July 12, 1865, Louisvill Ky.
Isaac Friedney, was not found on any Iowa rosters. .

John W. Akers, Company G.  Age 19.  Redisence Millersburg, Nativity Ohio.  Enlisted June 24, 1861  as Secone Corporal.  Mustered July 24, 1861.  Promoted Musician March 1, 1862; Fife major June 1, 1863.  Mustered out August, 1864, expiration of term of service.