Tuesday, December 31, 2013

Steward D. Middaugh, 109th., N. Y., Infantry.

New York State Records.

MIDDAUGH, STEWART D.—Age, 18 years. Enlisted at Barton, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, Co. C., December 30, 1863; died, August 11, 1864, at hospital, New York, harbor.

Files of the Surgeon General.

CASE 106.  Private Steward D. Midtlaugh, company C, 109th New York volunteers; age I8; admitted from Washington, D. C., June 22, 1834. Chronic diarrhoea. [The records of Mount Pleasant hospital, Washington, D. C., show that this man was admitted June 15tli from the field hospital of the 9th Army Corps, White House Landing, Virginia. The diagnosis on the register is convalescent from typhoid fever. He was sent to New York June 21st, and admitted to this hospital at the date given above.] He stated that he had been sick 1 three months. For three days before death he had dome spasms, lasting from three to ten minutes at intervals, during which consciousness was interrupted, and the heart s action was hurried, feeble, aid irregular.  He died August 11th., during one of these spasms.

Autopsy eight hours after death: The thoracic viscera, liver, spleen, and kidneys were normal. The mucous membrane of the stomach was softened. Both small and large intestines were congested, inflamed, and ulcerated. [There is no record of any examination of the brain or spinal cord.]

Monday, December 30, 2013

Captain Lucius Cary Anderson, W. Virginia.


deceased, who, for many years was identified with the practical operating of the C. & O. Railroad, in Kanawha county, W. Va., and was a veteran of the Civil war, having served in the Confederate army in the noted regiment, the Richmond Howitzers, was a man whose sterling qualities were recognized by all who knew him and whose genial nature won and kept friends. His title was one that was given him by his railroad associates, in recognition of his fidelity and efficiency in that connection.

Lucius Cary Anderson was born April 26, 1837, in Hanover county, Va., and his death occurred at Charleston, W. Va., July 3, 1888. His father, John P. Anderson, was a native of Virginia and prior to the Civil war he was a slave owner and his large plantation was called Verdon, the station of that name being still so known on the C. & O. Railroad. The mother of Lucius Cary Anderson was a member of the old Doswell family of Hanover county, and they reared a large family, Lucius Cary
being one of the intermediate members. He was reared and educated in Hanover county and in early manhood became a hardware merchant at Richmond. After his father's death he turned his attention to railroading and subsequently was made conductor on the C. & O. line and he continued as such until within eighteen months of his death.

His efficiency was evidenced by the fact that during his many years of service, no accident ever occurred where he had control and not one dollar of railroad property was ever destroyed. His courtesy and unfailing good humor made him a general favorite with the traveling public. His military service continued through the Civil war and he was with his regiment when General Lee surrendered at Appomattox. He then returned home and resumed peaceful pursuits and his subsequent life proved that he was as reliable in these surroundings as he had been on the field of battle. He was once slightly wounded, but otherwise escaped the many hazards of war.

At Staunton, Va., Capt. Anderson was married to Miss Mabel Peyton, who was born at Charlottesville, Albermarle County, Va., and was carefully educated in a convent school, where she remained for seven years. Since the death of her husband she has resided at No. 212 1-2 Broad street, Charleston. She is a member of the Baptist church, as was her husband. Two children were born to Captain and Mrs. Anderson, namely : Ella Howard, born at Huntington, W. Va., who was educated >at Charleston, and is a very expert stenographer, residing at home ; and Bernard Peyton, who is a student also of the Charleston high school, and resides with mother and sister. He is now one of chief clerks for the Capitol City Supply Company.

Mrs.  Anderson was the only daughter born in a family of four children to her parents, the late Col. John Bernard and Isabel (Howard) Peyton. These names belong to Virginia's earliest history. Colonel Peyton was one of a family of ten sons born to his parents, all of whom were natives of Albemarle county, born at Park Hill, which was the name of the old Peyton plantation. Seven of the Peyton
sons served in the Confederate army and all returned home without injury with one exception, he losing an arm but not his life. Colonel Peyton gained recognition for his bravery as a soldier and he was equally honored in times of peace. For some years after the war he was chief clerk in the Virginia legislature and after settling at Charleston, in 1871, he was made chief clerk of the West Virginia legislature and was thus engaged at the time of his death.-

Friday, December 27, 2013

Samuel J. Lyle, 14th., Texas Infantry.

Company M, Randell's Regiment Cavalry; Company K,
Fourteenth Texas Infantry.
Born at Farmville, Va., March 10, 1830; reared and educated in said State; came to and settled at Moscow, Polk County, Texas, 1857, where he engaged in mercantile business with S. J. Thornton, brother-in-law, under firm name of Thornton & Lyle, continuing until its suspension after Secession in 1861 ; married Miss Louisa Carrington of Virginia, November 10, 1859. In 1862 enlisted as private in company organized by L. B. Wood, captain, with Wm. M. Harrison, Jno. F. Sharpe and Frank Jones, first and second and third lieutenants. On -death of Lieutenants Harrison and Sharpe, was elected first lieutenant and promoted to captain, vice L. B. Wood, resigned, in 1863, which position he filled with distinction, ability and satisfaction until surrender of said company at Hempstead, Texas, in May, 1865.
Commanded in battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, La., Jenkins Ferry, Ark., and through campaigns of Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas without being wounded. At close of war returned home and engaged in farming until within a few years of his death, August 10, 1911.

Was a gentleman, true to the principles of the "Old South," honorable and patriotic, a brave and true soldier, as an officer, ever reliable and devoted to the cause of the Confederacy, commanded with ability, and was highly esteemed by his men and associate officers ; as a citizen, stood for and among the best, and as a husband and father, all that the names imply.

Samuel J. Lyle.

Birth: Mar. 10, 1830.
Death: Sep. 10, 1911.

Wife: Louisa Carrington Lyle (1837 - 1918).

Children: Sarah Thornton Lyle Fortner (1869 - 1938), William Morton Lyle (1873 - 1942).

Burial: Carrington-Lyle Cemetery, Seven Oaks, Polk County, Texas.

Wednesday, December 25, 2013

George W. Beller, W. Virginia.

Date 1900-1901.
Push to enlarge.
George W. Beller, has been in business in Charleston, W. Virginia, since 1890, was born on April 28, 1856, at Malden, Kanawha county, W. Virginia, and is the son of Frank and Agatha ( Hurst ) Beller.
George W. Beller, died June 13, 1938, at the age of 82 years 1 month 15 days.  Buried June 15, 1938, Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Charleston, Kanawha county, W. Virginia. Occupation Bartender.

George W. Beller, was a wine merchant, his mother and father were from Germany, his father married his wife after they came to the United States, Frank Beller died in 1869, Agatha Beller was 82 in February of 1911..

Sunday, December 22, 2013

Pine Top, Kentucky, 1861.

Pine Top, 1861-1862.

Pine Top, Kentucky, is in the Northern part of Letcher County, 20 miles north of Whitesburg, the County Seat, Louisa is the nearest Railroad approach, 20 miles distant, Prestonburg, 40 miles south, is its nearest shipping point by water, on the west fork of the Big Sandy, and on the weekly mail and stage route to Whitesburg.  Population 200.  Daily mail.  Randolph B. Smith, Postmaster.

People of Pine Top.
A. A. Amburgey, Flour-mill, and Blacksmith.
Miss Jane Craft, School Teacher.
John Craft, Store Keeper.
James Hughes, Mill-wright and Medical Agt.
J. A. Hughes, Blacksmith.
William Madden, Live Stock.
Campbell Pigman, Flour-mill.
James M. Pigman, School Teacher, and Justice of Peace.
John Reynolds, Shoemaker.
Hardin Slone, Cooper.
I. Slone, Blacksmith.
James Slone, Mail contractor.
Rev. James H. Slone ( Baptist ).
Rev. John C. Slone ( Baptist ).
Rev. S. Slone ( Baptist )
J. B. Smith, Flour-mill and Justice of Peace.
Randolph B. Smith, Farmer and Postmaster.
John Stacy, Blacksmith and Carpenter.
Rev. John W. Stamper ( Baptist ).
W. R. Thomas, School Teacher.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

William Harrison Landis & Dr. J. A. Landis.

Push to enlarge.
William Harrison Landis.

William Harrison Lindis. son of Bryant and Margaret Landis, was born at Unionville, Bedford County, Tenn., January 16, 1841. and died May 15. 1915, at Memphis. Tenn. He was the oldest of ten children and was reared on his father's farm, near Unionville. When the War between the States began, he entered the Confederate service, joining a company commanded by Captain Blanton in 1861.

This company was sent to Camp Anderson, near Murfreesboro, where it was made Company A. of the 23d Tennessee Infantry, which was organized there and later commanded by Colonel Xeill. This legiment was soon added to Pat Cleburne's brigade, Hardee's Division, and ordered to Camp Trousdale, then to Bowling Green, and thence to Corinth, Miss. William Landis then took part in the battle of Shiloh, under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, where he was wounded on April 6, 1862, and he bore an empty sleeve from Shiloh plain that hot and bloody Sunday afternoon. After this he returned home and remained throughout the war. He was ever a loyal Confederate and took great interest in the Reunions, having attended many of them. In the company with him was the brother who survives him. Dr. J. A. Landis, who served as surgeon throughout the war.

In 1869 William Landis went to Memphis, Tenn., where he held the position of passenger agent of the N. & C. & St. L. Railway. Later he removed to Bellbuckle, Tenn., and spent many years of his life on a farm. In 1904 he returned to Memphis, where the remaining years of his life were spent.   On December 1, 1871, he was married to Miss Janet Hastings, of Memphis, who survives him with four of their five children Rev. W. D. Landis. of Monrovia, Cal. ; Rev. E. B. Landis, of Danvers, Ill.; Mrs. Thomas Wakefield and Mr?. Ida Batte, of Memphis.

Mr. Landis was a man of strong Christian character, loving, charitable, sympathetic, and his loss to his family and community is irreparable.

Ref; Confederate Veteran, Vol. 23, 1915. p. 370.

Thursday, December 19, 2013

David Crockett Boggs.

Push to enlarge.

David C. Boggs.

David C. Boggs was born March 15, 1834, and died January 10, 1922, at the Confederate Home of Missouri, of which institution he had been an inmate for a number of years, having long been deprived of his sight. He was a true and tried soldier of the South, having served through the entire four years of bloody war. He was a member of the 2nd Missouri Corps under Geneial Forrest; was in the battles of Elk Horn, Iuka, Co.inth, Hanisburg, Fort Pillow, and many others. May his long sleep be the slumber of a faithful soldier is the wish of his old comrades.
Burial: Confederate Cemetery, Higginsville, Lafayette County, Missouri.

Ref.  Confederate Veteran, Volume 30, 1922.

MONROE GOOCH, Colored Confederate..

Push to enlarge.

Born in the year 1844, in Davidson County, Tennessee. Entered the Confederate Army as cook with Capt. Wm. Sykes of the 45th Tennessee Infantry, and remained with him and Capt. Henry Irby, and true to the cause until the close, of the war, and is now proud to be numbered with the Veterans of 1861-1865. He had permission to visit his home at the time of Hood's raid into Tennessee, and could have remained, but true to his principles, he returned to Capt. Sykes, and remained until the surrender.

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

Miles P. Hatch, 161th., New York, Infantry.

New York State Records.

Miles P. Hatch, age 22 years.  Enlisted, September 6, 1864, at Jasper, to serve one year; mustered in as a private, Co. H., October 3, 1864; died January 13, 1865, at Marine Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Miles P. Hatch, Co. H., 161st. New York Volunteers, age 22 years, was admitted, on January 12, 1865, to St. Louis Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, with twenty other wounded men, injured on the occasion of the collision between the United States transport J. H. Dickey and John Rain, on the Mississippi River, fifteen miles below Vicksburg, on January 9, 1865.  Private Hatch was found to be still laboring under the effects of concussion of the brain.

He had received a violent blow, causing a wound of the scalp and fracture of the skull.  Symptoms of injury to the brain persisting, the wound in the scalp was enlarged and the fracture was exposed and a fragment of depressed bone was removed.  The case terminated fatally on January 14, 1865.

Burial: Chalmette National Cemetery, Chalmette, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana.,

Monday, December 16, 2013

Horace H. ( W.? ) Drew, 6th., Ohio Cavalry.

Ohio State Records.

Horace H. ( W.? ) Drew, Sergeant, Age 23, Enlisted Ohio 6th., Cavalry, Co. A., October 5, 1861, for 3 years.  Appointed Corporal July 1, 1862; Sergeant January 1, 1863; wounded May 9, 1865, at Irwinsville, Ga., transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps March 30, 1865; mustered out August 25, 1865, at Washington, D. C., by order of the War Department; Veteran.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Horace W. ( H.? ) Drew, Sergeant, Co. A., 6th Ohio, Cavalry, age 25 years.  Sabre cut two inches in length, of the right frontal region.  Ashland Station, May 12, 1864.  Admitted to Hammond Hospital, Point Lookout, Maryland, May 16, transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, May 4, 1865.  Mustered out of service August 24, 1865.

John E. Berst, Illinois.

Picture publish date 1918.
Push to enlarge.
John E. Berst.

Birth: December 21, 1871, Illinois.
Death: March 2, 1946.
Buried: March 5, 1946.

Father: John D. Berst.
Mother: Mary Ellenberger Berst.

First Wife: Sarah Elizabeth.
Secord wife: Mary Gresham Berst, married 1943, Arkansas, she was 65 and he 71.

Children: Edith P., Albert L., Ray H., and John berst.

Burial: Oakwood Cemetery, Joliet, Will County Illinois.

Saturday, December 14, 2013

Captain Daniel Wilson, 5th., West Virginia..

Push to enlarge.

Daniel Wilson was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, August 24th, 1824.  His father's name was William F.; mother's. Jane - maiden name, Booth. His parents moved to Barbour county. Va.., in 1825. He married Miss Naomi Reger, of Barbour county, in 1845, by whom he had seven children. She died before the close of the war, and he afterwards married a second wife, who bore him four children. He was engaged in farming till 1854, when he went to merchandizing, which he followed in Barbour and Taylor counties till 1860. He was a devoted friend of the union, never flinching from any duty, no matter how arduous or hazardous.

He ably assisted Col. Latham in the enlisting of Company B, in May, 1861, went to Wheeling with the company, and was mustered in as second lieutenant. He was promoted from second lieutenant to captain on the 20th day of May, 1862. He was never very robust in health, but was in all the engagements with his company and regiment, until compelled to resign on account of failing health, April 22d, 1863. In 1864 he was appointed post master at Crafton, which position he held until 1876. when he resigned and moved to Michigan, in 1877, on account of his health, and died there in 1878. He has one son, James L., who graduated with honors at West Point, and is now first lieutenant in the Fourth Artillery; and one son, Lloyd L. . who is a practicing physician at Grafton, West Va.

Friday, December 13, 2013

James Welch, 8th., Vermont Infantry.

Battle of Cedar Creek.
From the eighth Vermont Regimental History.
Push to enlarge.
Page 209.  Lieutenant James Welch, with Company G, advanced into the woods as skirmishers, and were soon hurled back by the overwhelming forces of the enemy. But the brigade knew why it had been sent there, and firmly met the shock on ground which could not long be held.

Page 217.  Lieutenant Welch,  who so gallantly led the skirmish line at daybreak, and was then fighting like a tiger, was shot in the thigh, but stood his ground till the regiment went back.

Page 233.  Lieutenant James Welch, of Company G, entered the service as a private, and rose to be sergeant, then second lieutenant, then first lieutenant of his company. At the morning battle at Cedar Creek, he commanded Company G as skirmishers, and his line first met the Confederates as they came rushing; through the woods. In this engagement he was  severely wounded, and as the forces fell back, barely escaped being captured by the enemy. On account of consequent disability he was honorably discharged from the regiment. But as soon as he recovered sufficiently to sit on a horse, he wished to return to the field, and the governor of Vermont appointed him quartermaster of the Eighth Regiment, March 27th, 1865;  and in that capacity he did good service until the close of the war.

Page 261.  Lieutenant James Welch has been a successful farmer and manufacture.

Page 267.  James Welch. Private Company G, Nov. 20, 1861 ; sergeant Feb. 18, 1862 ; 2d lieutenant May 5, 1863 ; honorably discharged as 2d lieutenant Feb. 17, 1865, for wounds received in action Oct. 19, 1864, at Cedar Creek ; quartermaster, March 27, 1865 ; mustered out June 28, 1865 ; commanded the skirmish line of second brigade, first division, 19th A. C, at battle of Cedar Creek.

Tuesday, December 10, 2013

Lieutenany Colonel John W. Crosby.

The following is from the Sixty-First Regimental History. 
Push to enlarge.
Page 105.  Major Crosby of the 6 Corps, wounded in the Wilderness, was in a hospital in Washington, and when he heard the 6th Corps was coming, applied for leave to join his regiment.  His application was refused on the ground that his wound in the head was not sufficiently healed to permit wearing a hat or going where there was dust, and over heating would be dangerous.
Nevertheless, he went to a livery stable, hired a horse and joined the regiment, taking command, as he was the ranking officer.  When nearing the regiment at Fort Stevens, having his horse, a fellow officer met Crosby, who was then on foot, and begged him to return because of his feeble condition.  This he refused to saying "I must go to my boys.."
Page 107.  Major Crosby commanding the sixty-First Pennsylvania, who had but just recovered from the bad wound he received in the Wildness, was taken to the hospital were the surgeons removed his left arm from the shoulder.
Page 137.  Lieutenant Colonel John W. Crosby of the 61st, an old resident of Philadelphia, was mortally wounded.  He was carried to the rear as soon as he was stricken down, and died in a few minutes.  It was the fourth wound he had received in the service of his country, by one of which, received in front of Washington on July 12, 1864, he had lost an arm.  Gallant, high spirited, generous to a fault and more then brave, his name was added to the list of "Officer Killed."
Page 147.  John W. Crosby, Lt. Col., 61st., Pennsylvania, Field & Staff, mustered in September 2, 1861, for 3 years.  Promoted from Captain, Co. G., to Major April 22, 1864; wounded at Wilderness May 6, 1864; wounded at Fort Stevens July 12, 1864; mustered out December 15, 11864, re-commissioned  Lt. Col. February 22, 1865; killed at Petersburg April 2, 1865.

Sunday, December 08, 2013

Broom Hotel, Ogden Utah, 1883.


For many years Ogden, the railroad center of the Rocky Mountain region, suffered from the lack of appropriate hotel facilities, and thousands of travelers both pleasure-seeking tourists and business men passed by the city after a few moments' stop at the depot, who other-wise would have remained a day or two in the town.   This deficiency was finally supplied by Mr. John Broom, an old-time citizen and a man of enterprise, who, in April, 1882, commenced the excavation for the foundation for the Broom Hotel, on the corner of Main and Fifth Streets, where formerly a row of low wooden
structures had served as permanently dangerous firetraps. 

The Broom Hotel covers an area of 66 feet on Main Street, by 100 feet on Fifth Street. The part of the building on Main Strict fronts to the east, and that on Fifth Street faces to the south. It is built of the best fire- proof brick and is three stories high. On the first floor on Main Street there are three elegant stares. The first room on the floor on Fifth Street is 30 x 60 and is designed for the office, baggage room, etc. The billiard hall is 30 x 52 feet, and its appointments are equal to any other on the Pacific Slope. At the west end of the building and facing the south is the apartment 15 x 60 feet, fitted in neat, tasteful style and occupied by Mr. John G. Chambers, the pioneer bookseller, newsdealer, etc. On this floor in the west end of the building are the culinary departments, the kitchens, larder, laundry, etc., with ranges and all other appliances of the latest improved styles. Water is abundant for all necessary purposes.

On the second story there are 34 elegant hotel parlors, with bay windows fronting the south and east. In addition to these is the magnificent dining hall, 52 x 28 feet, splendidly arranged, lighted, and painted. The third story also contains 35 rooms similar in size and construction to those on the middle story, with bath rooms and all other conveniences. This handsome structure has nine double-bay windows, artistically ornamented, and supported with Corinthian columns. The architecture is, in some respects, similar to that of the Palace Hotel in San Francisco. From the roof it is lighted by seven large crystal skylights.

The Broom Hotel was designed and constructed by Mr. J. C. Matthews, architect, Oakland, California. The rock work in the foundation, etc., was done by Mr. D. J. Doyle, the brick work by Mr. Joseph T. Johnson, the carpenter work was superintended by Mr. J. E. Blethen.

The plastering was clone by Messrs. Taylor & Shupc, the painting by Mr. Robert Wilson. The erection of this splendid structure cost between $60,000 and $70,000, exclusive of the furniture, which has been imported from the East, and cost $25,000. It is the finest edifice and best hotel between San Francisco, Cal., and Denver, Col. The Broom Hotel was opened on January 15th, 1883, by Mr. A. D. Shakespeare, under whose management the patronage of this hostelry has so rapidly increased that an addition of 33 feet front is being built to it, on the north side, of the same height and style as the main building.

Saturday, December 07, 2013

John F. McKernan, 23rd., & 82nd., Pennsylvania.Infantry.

Push to enlarge.

As you well note his name is spelled different ways, his real name is John F. McKernan.

23rd., Co. A., Pennsylvania, Infantry.

John M'Kernon,Corporal, mustered in August 8, 1861, for 3 years. Transferred to 82d Regiment P. V., September 14, 1864; Vet.

82nd., Co. F., Pennsylvania, Infantry. 

John T. M'Kernan, 1st Sergeant, mustered in February 24, 1864. Commissioned 2d Lieutenant, June 12, 1865, not mustered; died at City Point, Va., of wounds received April 18, 1865; Vet.

23rd., Regimental History.

John McKernon, Corp., mustered in August 8, 1861, for 3 years.  Transf., to Co. F., 82nd., P. V., as 1st., sgt., Comm., 2nd., Lieut., Killed at Petersburg April 2, 1865., Vet., Wounded at Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864.

Under the picture it reads; John MCKernon, Co. A., and Lieutenant Co. F., 82 P. V.  Killed at Petersburg April 2, 1865.

Burial: Old Cathedral Cemetery, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

Friday, December 06, 2013

Policeman of Topeka Kansas, 1871-1905.

There are many who know or think they know, their ancestor was in the Topeka police forces, but can't find  any listing of him.  Well now is your chance.  The names listed here were policeman or patrolman ( policeman ), depending the year. I have also listed the names of the Matrons, Wagon Drivers and Jailers when listed.  I have not listed the Police Chiefs, Lieutenants or Sergeants, however if you think your ancestor was one of these ranks I will be glad to look, just give me a name and a time frame.

Topeka 1871.

A. Folks, Policeman
T. Harper, ".
Hiram Shields, ".
Levi Williams, ".

Topeka 1872-1873.

John P. Carter, Policeman.
H. Cheeksfield, ".
P. J. Gilman, ".
H. P. Streeter, ".
J. H. Tincher, ".
C. Weidner, ".

Topeka 1874.

H. C. Lindsey, Marshal.
John T. Long, Deputy Marshal.
Thomas Archer, Constable.
A. A. Arnott, Constable.

Topeka 1880.

James Dustan, Marshal.
Pat. Sherman, Asst. Marshal.
C. T. Tompkins, Policeman.
W. S. Gilman, "
Andy Gregg, "
C. J. Earley, "
A. W. Copeland, "
J. W. Young, Policeman on bridge.
Byron Jewell, Policeman.

Topeka 1882-1883.

Thomas W. Cochran, Marshal.
J. F. Carter, Deputy Marshal.
J. W. Hughes, Constable.
Alfred Kuykendall, "
W. S. Gilman, Policeman
E. A. Collum, "
F. E. Cook, Policeman, North Side.
A. Gregg, Policeman.
R. M. Curtis, Policeman.
Charles F. Chase, "
J. T. Taylor, "
H. Kennedy, "
William Buford, "
T. J. Wintrode, "
J. W. Byrtn, "
J. King, "
J. Lamor, "
S. M. Evans, "

Topeka 1885-1886.

William Buford, Policeman.
J. O. Robertson, "
A. Nickerson, "
John W. Allen, ".
R. J. Blazo, ".
Green  I. Currier, ".
Dran J. Curtis, ".
J. W. Gardiner, ".
J. E. Stewart, ".
William H. Williams, ".

Topeka 1887-1888.

William Brommel, Policeman.
Wesley Buford, ".
Peter Callahan, ".
G. I. Currin, ".
Charles Earley, ".
Steve Franklin, ".
John W. Gardiner, ".
Dennis Hope, ".
Jas. McCormick, Policeman, U. P. Depot.
J. C. Robertson, Policeman.
Frank Sommers, ".
Sims Watts, ".
?--Youngblood, ".

Topeka 1888-1890.

James Weaver, Policeman.
M. Lewis, "
J. H. Hicks, ".
J. E. Stone, ".
F. M. Engle, ".
Byron Jewell, ".
Alexander Barnes, ".
John Ewing, ".
W. Buford, ".
John King, ".
A. Nichols, ".
S. J. Bruster, ".
G. W. Cannon, ".
A. Welman, ".
Pat. Wilson, ".
F. M. McKee, ".
William McDowell, ".
G. L. Currin, ".
Frank Sommers, ".
Joseph Neal, ".
J. B. Baratton, Mounted Policeman.
G. W. Watson, ".

Topeka 1890-1891.

Pat. Wilson, Patrolman.
Moses Nowls, ".
I. A. Strauss, "
A. R. Jester, Jailer.
Everett Pavey, Wagon Driver.
Peter Lindburg, Patrolman. .
Andrew Nichols, ".
G. W. Cannon, ".
J. A. Lowe, Policeman.
Wesley Buford, ".
H. M. Steele, ".
D. J. Carden, "
L. P. Ward, ".
Nathan Lewis, ".
J. A. Myers, "
B. F. Goodman, ".
G. W. Kerchival, ".
F. L. Honeywell, ".
J. F. Dumont, ".
G. W. Charles, ".
Henry Bernard, ".

Topeka 1893-1894.

F. H. Waite, Jailer.
M. Sage, Patrol Driver.
J. G. Blumenstock, Policeman.
H. Stell, ".
John Dagg, ".
M. C. Jenkins, ".
J. Campbell, "
C. Whiting, ".
J. C. Pickins, ".
L. J. Darr, ".
J. Arterbridge, ".
William Russell, ".
J. R. Lvtle, ".
H. Shafer, ".
C. H. Dyal, ".
J. H. Hinks, ".
J. Orcutt, ".

Topeka 1896-1997.

W. D. Disbrow, Day Jailer.
A. W. Hopkins, Night Jailer.
M. Bundy, Patrol Driver.
L. E. Thorpe, Police Matron.
John Ewing, Patrolman.
J. R. McElroy, "
H. Washburn, ".
R. T. Hurgess, ".
A. W. Fowkes, ".
C. Carlson, ".
J. E. Owen, ".
C. A. McDowell, ".
Frank Parsalls, ".
J. E. Lucas, ".
Wesley Hale, ".
J. C. Johnston, ".
K. K. Pingston, ".
C. Long, ".
M. H. Aye, ".
R. Boyd, ".

Topeka 1899-1900.

Laura E. Thorpe, Police Matron.
Henry Bernard, Policeman.
C. A. Goff, ".
S. M. Hall, ".
Fred Hendricks, ".
J. L. Lucas, ".
Jacob E. Maze, ".
J. R. McElroy, ".
Marion Owen, ".
Frank A. Parcells, ".
E. T. Pavey, ".
F. E. Scudder, ".
M. C. Simpson, ".
Charles A. Smith, ".
Henry D. Smith, ".
E. L. Walker, ".
Moses Wims, ".

Topeka 1902.

Laura E. Thorpe, Police Matron.
A. R. Jester, Jailer.
H. D. Smith, Jailer.
Frank Asher, Patrol Driver.
Henry Aye, Patrolman.
Henry Bernard, ".
C. H. Black, ".
T. A. Blank, ".
. C. Botham, ".
George W. Cannon, ".
W. M. Dowie, ".
A. H. Henderson, ".
W. M. Hutton, ".
J. W. James, ".
C. Long, ".
J. E. Lucas, ".
C. C. Morthland, ".
E. F. Pavey, ".
Frank Parcells, ".
Kent Raub, ".
M. Simpson, ".
C. P. Smith, ".
E. G. Volles, ".
Ed. Walker, ".
J. J. White, ".

Topeka 1905.

H. D. Smith, Jailer.
J. Kenny, Jailer.
L. E. Thorpe, Police Matron.
Nellie E. Thorpe, Asst. Police Matron.
William White, Patrol Driver.
. F. Dickson, Patrol Driver.
Mitchell Bundy, Patrolman.
E. E. Coons, ".
J. R. Douglas, ".
E. m. Duncan, ".
J. F. Hart, ".
A. Henderson, ".
Frank Hendricks, ".
William Hutton, ".
J. W. James, ".
J. W. MIldfelt, ".
J. R. Palmer, ".
Frank Parcels, ".
E. Small, ".
C. A. Smith, ".
H. C. Smith, ".
E. G. Voiles, ".
E. L. Walker, ".
A. A. Woodard, ".
S. W. Zickafoose, ".

Wednesday, December 04, 2013

John H. Cruver, 96th., Illinois Infantry.

From history company B., 96th., Illinois Infantry.

In the first charge John H. Cruver was wounded in the right elbow so severely that he afterward suffered three operations, having portions of the elbow and five inches of the bone above taken out, and being compelled to carry his arm in a sling three years.

From the 96th., Regimental Rosters.

John H. Cruver. Age 19 ; born in Chicago, Ill; farmer; enlisted from Wauconda; was wounded at the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 1863, in the right elbow; an operation was performed on his arm at
Chattanooga in September, 1863, and another at the Marine Hospital, Chicago, in 1864 ; and another in 1866; after being discharged, the entire elbow joint was taken out and five inches of the bone from the elbow up ; the arm is now stiff ; was compelled to carry his arm in a sling for nearly three years; was discharged from Hospital at Camp Butler, Springfield, Ill, in September, 1865. Was Bailiff in the Circuit Court of Cook County in 1866 and 1867, and a letter carrier in Chicago for some years; is now a manufacturer of knit goods at 27 West Lake Street, Chicago, Ill..

Files of the Surgeon General.

John H. Cruver, Private, Co. B., 96th., Infantry, Age 22, was wounded at Chickamauga, September 19, 1863, "Wound through the right elbow," discharged September 4, 1865, and pensioned.

Tuesday, December 03, 2013

Charles A. Ball, 89th., New York Infantry.

New State Records.

BALL, CHARLES A.—Age, 18 years. Enlisted at Elmira, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, Co. K, November 18, 1861; re-enlisted as a veteran, January 5, 1864; promoted corporal, June 1, 1865; mustered out with company, August 3, 1865, at Richmond, Va.

Files  of the Surgeon General.

Charles A. Ball, private, Co. K., 89th., New York, age 16 years.  In the Spring of 1862, at Roanoke Island, while jumping for exercise , accidentally sprang against the point of a bayonet, "Wound of the knee joint."  After recovery he again entered the ranks of duty.  He was wound again at the battle of Chapin's Farm, September 29, 1864.

Monday, December 02, 2013

William M. Nesbit or Nesbitt, Vermont..

William M. Nesbit or Nesbitt.

Birth: 1833, Greensboro, VT.
Death: before 03/25/1903.
Burial: May be buried in ..., , Kansas.


Age: 28, credited to Greensboro, VT.
Unit(s): 4th VT INF.
Service: Enlisted 8/20/61,Mustered in 9/21/61, CORP, Co. D, 4th VT INF, Re-enlisted 2/10/64, Re-enlisted 2/10/64, Wounded, Wilderness, 5/5/64 (left arm, amputated), Discharged / Wounds, 7/30/65; $400 bounty.

Files of the Surgeon General.

William M. Nesbit, Corporal, Co. D., Fourth, Vermont Infantry, Age 31 years, was wounded at Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864. "Gun shot of the upper left Arm", which was amputated at the shoulder, was discharged from the service July 29, 1865.  Pensioned from the date of his discharged.  Pension was paid March 4, 1875, received money for his artificial arm.. 

Sunday, December 01, 2013

Topeka, Kansas, Saloons, 1871--1882.

A saloon was opened on lower Kansas avenue in the spring of 1857, with all the necessary goods and appurtenances and sales were made for several days to Indians and whites without interruption.
Finally, a mass meeting was called, presided over by Dr. S. E. Martin, at which resolutions of protest were passed, and a committee appointed to wait upon the offender and request him to discontinue the dram shop. The resolutions failed to produce the desired result and more rigorous measures were
resorted to. The committee seized the barrels and kegs of liquors and rolled them out into the street, where they were destroyed.

It is not an extravagant claim to make that there are young men in Topeka of voting age who can truthfully declare that they have never seen a saloon sign, a public bar or any other evidence of a place where intoxicating liquor is sold. There is not at this time, nor has there been since 1885, a single open saloon in the city of Topeka. The amendment to the State constitution prohibiting the manufacture and sale of liquor was submitted by the Legislature of 1879 to a vote of the people, which was had at the general election of 1880. It was adopted by a majority of 8,998, the vote for the amendment being 93,302, and against, 84,304.
The amendment, as adopted, was written by a citizen of Topeka, Noah C. McFarland, at the request of a mass meeting of temperance workers held on February 7, 1879, in Topeka. Upon the adoption of the amendment, the Legislature of 1881 enacted a law making it effective May 1, 1881. There was considerable difficulty in enforcing the constitutional provision at first, and succeeding Legislatures enacted several laws to carry it into effect, notably the Murray drug-store law, the metropolitan police law and the Hurrell search and seizure law.
The metropolitan police law was subsequently repealed. It is undeniable that there have been many infractions of the law throughout the State, and in some localities it is totally ignored, but in Topeka it has been as well enforced as most other statutes of restraint. It was not until 1885 that its strict enforcement was accomplished in Topeka. At the beginning of that year there were probably 100 saloons in the city. All were closed within 60 days, and since that time no open saloons have existed. The question of prohibition has been a source of endless contention and litigation, both in the city and the State, and several attempts have been made to have the amendment submitted, so that the people might have an opportunity to express themselves as to its wisdom, but all such efforts have thus far proved futile.
Authors Note.  Although there were no saloons after 1885, there were many Billiard Halls & Pool Halls and not much like too day you know they sold liquor and beer, but these are not recorded here unless they were part of a saloon.  The address of these saloons are the lot numbers as the numbering system was not in use as yet. 
Topeka 1871.
Ed. Bradshaw, saloon, 119 Kansas Ave., Residence 77 Jackson.
J. Burns, saloon, beds 107 sixth Ave.
Jas. S. Conwell, saloon,164 Kansas Ave., Residence 206 Tyler Street.
H. Curry, saloon, Residence corner Van Buren & Curtis Streets, North Topeka.
J. Dory, saloon, beds 107 Seventh Street.
J. Eastman, saloon, 67 Kansas Ave., Residence Cap Dogar.
A. R. Hainey, saloon, 67 Kansas Ave., Residence Sargeants
E. Hughs, saloon, REsidence corner Sixth & Monroe.
G. H. Kimmel, saloon, Opp. K. P. depot,, North Topeka.
GEorge Klein, saloon, Sixth between Kansas & Quiney.
Count LaTourette, saloon..
G. Lurdgren, saloon, beds 153 Kansas Ave.
A. Marston, saloon, 119 Kansas Ave., Residence between Foster & Second.
A. Morrison, saloon, 119 Kansas Ave., Residence Topeka Ave., North end.
J. N. Young, saloon, corner Sixth & Kansas Ave.

Topeka 1872-1873.

John Billard, Hotel & saloon, east side Kansas Ave., near Crane Street, Residence same.
James Conwell, saloon, 164 Kansas Ave., Residence east side Tyler Street, between Sixth & seventh Street.
J. S. Dowdell & W. P. Wilson, saloon, S. E., corner Railroad Ave., & Jackson Street.
Joseph Richard, saloon, 69 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, Residence same.
Fred Fensky, saloon, Boarding house ect., 66 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, residence same.
George Gehring, Restaurant & Saloon, 193 Kansas Ave., Residence same.
William Haug, Billiard Hall & Saloon, Fifth Avenue Hotel.
Charles K. Herboldsheimer & J. H. Tobon, Restaurant & Saloon, 105 east Sixth Ave.
N. A. Johnson, saloon, 165 Kansas Ave.
George Kimmerle, saloon 71 Kansas Ave., North Topeka.
George Klein, saloon, 100 east Sixth Ave.
John C. Miller, saloon, 162 Kansas Ave., Residence corner Third & Van Buren.
L. H. Ogee & T. J. Lazzell, saloon & Billiard Hall, under Adams National Bank, North Topeka.
L. Pauly, Bakery, saloon, ect., 148 Kansas Ave.
F. Poppendick, Restaurant & saloon, 105 east Sixth Ave.
T. D. Sanborn, Senate Saloon, 216 Kansas Ave.
Nelson Young, S. W. corner Sixth Ave., & Tyler Street.

Topeka 1874.

Hance & Sutherland, saloon, 177 Kansas Ave.
Curl Richardson, saloon, east side fifth between Kansas AVe., & Quincy.
W. P. Wilson, saloon, 160 Kansas Ave.,  Harrison & Railroad North Topeka.
Robert Wright, saloon, 13 Kansas Ave., between First & Kansas Ave.

Topeka 1880.

Fred Ahrens, Saloon & Billiard Hall, 57 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, Residence same.
John P. Bauer, saloon, 30 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, Residence 97 Kansas Ave., North Topeka.
L. Blackman, saloon, 104 east Sixth Ave., Residence 91 Quinct Street.
G. N. Boutell & Oscar McConnell, Arcade Saloon, 155 Kansas Ave.
Walter H. Conness, Saloon & Billiards, 181 Kansas Ave., Residence west side Kansas Ave., between Third & Fourth Streets.
C. W. Jahn, saloon, 35 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, Residence 33 Van Buren Street, North Topeka.
George Kimmerle, saloon, 27 Kansas Ave., North Topeka, Residence 68 Harrison Street, North Topeka.
Thomas W. Mcllvain, saloon ect., 172 Kansas Ave., Residence 133 Quincy Street.
James Martin, ( Colored ), saloon ect., 75 Kansas Ave., Residence same.
P. L. Mulligan, saloon ect., corner Railroad street & Kansas Ave., beds Palace Hotel.
E. F. Olferman & Henry Elsnor, Home Brewery & Saloon, 165 Kansas Ave.
Gorge Smith, saloon, ect., 107 east Seventh Street beds west side Quincy Street, between Seventh & Eighth Ave.
WIlliam Zimmerman, saloon, cigars, ect., 221 Kansas Ave., Residence east side Topeka Ave., between Second & Third Streets.

Topeka 1882.

G. N. Boutell, Opera House & Billiard Hall. 194 Kansas Ave., Residence 177 Harrison Street.
Laban Collins, ( Colored ), saloon,  99 First Ave., E. corner 10 Ave.
J. S. Dowdell, saloon, 18 Railroad Street, Residence 35 Jackson Street, North Topeka.
G. F. Funk, saloon, 56 Kansas Ave., Residence corner First Ave., & Harrison Street.
Charles Jockheck, Saloon & Billiard Hall, 160 Kansas Ave., Residence 129 Van Buren Street.
William Kictzman, saloon, 126 Kansas Ave., Residence same.
Joseph & Charles Kraemer, Cigar Maf'rs, 150 Kansas Ave., & saloon, 107 Fifth Street.
Ed. Bradshaw, saloon, 119 Kansas Ave., Residence 77 Jackson Street.
J. Burns, saloon, beds 107 Sixth Ave.
Jas. S. Conwell, saloon, 164, Kansas Ave., Residence 206 Tyler Street.
H. Curay, saloon, Residence corner Van Buren & Curtis Streets, North Topeka.
J. Dory, saloon, beds 107 Seventh Street.
J. Eastman, saloon, 67 Kansas Ave., Residence Cap Dogar.
A. R. Hainey, saloon, 67 Kansas Ave. Residence Sargent's.
E. Hughs, saloon, Residence corner Sixth & Monroe.
G. H. Kimmel, saloon, Opp., K. P. depot, North Topeka.
George Klein, saloon, Sixth between Kansas & Quiney Streets.
Count LaTourette, salon.
G. Lurdgren, saloon, beds 153 Kansas Ave.
A. Marston, saloon, 119 Kansas Ave., Residence between Foster & Second Streets.
A. Morrison, saloon 119 Kansas Ave., Topeka Ave., North end.
J. N. Young, saloon Corner Sixth & Kansas Ave.

Push picture to enlarge.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Guerrilla Lieutenant James "Bill" Jackson.

A while back a Mr. Roger Hunt, wrote me asking if I ever heard of the guerrilla Bill Jackson, who rode through Davis County Iowa, of course I had not.  He was kind enough to sent me some information on him.  I found it very interesting, and looked for more information on him and found it in a book called ( The History of Davis County Iowa ), in the book there is a full report on the guerillas.  Now I won't copy this report word for word I'll just give you the highlights, However at the end of this page I will give you the link to the book so you can read the full report.

In October of 1864, a group of guerrillas 12 in number entered the southeast corner of Davis county, the precise point they first entered is not known.

The guerrillas were twelve in number, dressed in Federal uniforms and mounted on splendid horses and armed with two to seven revolvers each.  On the morning of October 12, 1864, they rode up to the house of Mr.  Gustin, and entered and robbing him of his gun which they broke, took a watch which was a gift from his dying father and about $160, in money.

While at Mr. Gustin's house part of the group went to the home of William Downing, broke his gun and robbed him of what money he had in his pocket then took him prisoner. 

Next they went to the house of Thomas Miller, and took $110, dollars.

They next rode to the houses of Neckadier and Chris. Waggler, broke Waggler's gun.

Next they rode on to Blough's where they thought they made a grand haul. in getting a purse of gold, but found it had only twenty-five copper cents and a small sum of silver cons; belonging to a little boy; but they robbed the boy of his pocket knife.

Three of the gang rode from the Blough's and went on to Mr. William Power, a wealthy farmer who lived about a quarter of a mile of the Blough's place and robbed him.
Authors Note.  There is a lot more on Mr.  Power's, which can be read in the report.

They stopped at the house of David Baughman, broke his gun and took some apples.

They rode on to Perry Brown and broke his gun, then came upon James Brown, formerly of Co. B., 13th., Iowa and ordered him to :Fall in", which he understood and obeyed.

They next went to Mr. William Millsaps, but from the appearance of the house thought them poor and did not stop.

They went on too Mr.  Rease house and took his musket and broke it and robbed him of $26 dollars.

Then on to Mr.  Daniel Swartzendrover's and robbed him of $15 dollars which five belong to Mr.  William Millsaps, who they had thought was poor.

Authors note.  I fine there are just to many name, to give highlights on their stories, it won't be just to them.  So I will list many of the names in the report, some names will only have a line or two, while others will have a paragraph or two.  I know there will be some names I missed, as the report is so large.  Not on the list are many names of the militia and Iowa's Volunteer Army, which you will read in the report.

List of names.
Jacob King.
Jeremiah Miller.
David Gibson.
Isaac Smith.
Wallace Power.
James Paris.
William Sterritt.
Loyal Hotehkiss.
Frank French.
Morris McCracken.
Mr. Haney.
Thomas Hardy.
Elizar Small.
Captain Phillip Bence.
Frank Dabney.
William Losey.
Lieutenant William Niblack.
The following information is given by Roger Hunt.
I got this information from the Kansas City Public Library – it confirms that Jim Jackson was given amnesty after the war but grudges die hard.  He was captured and executed by firing squad.  I also found that he buried in the Santa Fe Cemetery in a "Plot at the rear of cemetery - possibly unmarked, or marked by rocks".
Bill Jackson and Tom Woodson's band of guerrillas, had a skirmish with Union troops near Longwood< Missouri ( about six miles distant ) on the evening of September 22, 1864.  Their bands wounded about 123 men.  The guerrillas were reported killed.  Jackson was the son of Claiborne Jackson.  He was killed during the month of June 1864 in the Warrenburg, Missouri, area.  Ref; Western Journal of Commerce, July 9, 1864; Bartels.   
BIll Jackson and a band of five guerrillas on September 23, 1864, near Arrow Rock, Missouri.  He was with Bill Anderson on October 16, 1864 and November 14, 1864.  He surrendered on May 19, 1865 at Glassgow, Missouri.  Ref; Block; O. R.
Roger Hunt.
Link to Davis County, Iowa.

History of Davis County, Iowa, containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc., a biographical directory of many of its leading citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of Iowa and the Northwest . (1882).
The report pages are from 556--566.

Monday, November 25, 2013

Augustus B. Jones, 3rd., Vermont, Infantry.

Corp Augustus B. Jones. 

Birth: abt 1843, Victory, Vermont.
Death: May 25, 1864

Note: 3rd VT Inf Co D Burial: Arlington National Cemetery Arlington Arlington County Virginia

Military Service.

Service: enlisted 8/11/62, mustered in 9/22/62, private, Co. D, 3rd VT INF, Wounded, Funkstown, 7/10/63 (neck and chin, badly), promoted  CORP 5/10/64, wounded in action, 5/10/64, died of wounds 5/25/64

Augustus B. Jones.
At Lincoln General Hospital, Washington, D.C., May 26, of wounds received May 10, Augustus B. Jones, aged 21 years, a member of D, 3d Vermont Regiment/ He was the son of Giles and Nellie Jones of Victory.
Courtesy of Deanna French.

Taken from the files of the Surgeon General.
Augustus B. Jones, Corporal Co. D., 3rd. Vermont Infantry, age 21 years, was wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, May 10, 1864, laid out on the battle field one day and night, was removed to field hospital, from there carried by boat to Washington, and jolted over a rough road of two miles to Lincoln Hospital.  Died fifteen days later.  "wound of the stomach".

Captain Philip H. Bence, 30th., Iowa Infantry.

Push to enlarge.
BENCE, CAPTAIN PHILIP H., was born in Floyd count}', Ind., December 22, 1818, where he resided for thirty-two years, and received his education in the common schools. In 1854 he came to Iowa, settling in this township, where he lived until the dark days of the war came, when he enlisted in company F, thirtieth Iowa Infantry, as third sergeant, and afterwards was promoted captain, taking an active part in nineteen battles. He returned home October 7, 1864, and on the 12th was taken by a band of rebel bushwhackers, into Missouri and shot.

Thus ended the life of one of Iowa's bravest soldiers, a true Christian, a kind husband and father; he left a wife and three children to mourn his loss. He was a member of the M. E. church, and Odd Fellows. Mrs. C. Bence, widow of the late Captain Pence, was born in Harrison county, Ind., and when quite young went to Spencer county, and lived two years, then returned, and three years later went to Floyd county. She was married to P. H. Bence, September 14, 1843. They had eight children, three living: George W., John W. and Theodore E. She is pleasantly located on a snug little farm of thirty-five acres. She is a worthy member of the M. E. Church; her life has been an eventful one, and not unmixed with trials and afflictions, but she has trusted in the Lord, and done the best she could.

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Warren Miller, 73rd., Ohio Infantry.

Ohio State Records.

Warren Miller, Private, 73rd., Ohio Infantry, Co. B., Age 18, Enlisted December 5, 1861, for three years.  Wounded July 3, 1863, in battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  Discharged January 2, 1864, at Columbus Ohio, on Surgeon Certificate of Disability.

Files of the Surgeon General..

CASE 278. Private Warren Miller, Co B, 73d Ohio, aged 19 years, was wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. He was admitted to Seminary Hospital on the same day, with "gunshot compound fracture of right shoulder, wound of left arm and of left side " and was transferred to Camp Letterman Hospital on July 25th, where the following report of the case is made by Acting Assistant Surgeon E. A. Koerper : "Wounded July 2d, by a miuie ball, entering near the crest of the left ilium, six inches to the left of the last lumbar vertebra, and lodging; the ball cannot be iound. August 9th, the wound was discharging considerable pus mixed with frecal matter. August 10th to 20th, general health good; his bowels move regularly. September 10th fzecal passages still continue from wound. October 20th to November 8th, health good ; still discharging faecal matter from wound." On November 17th, he was transferred to Camp Chase, where he was admitted on the 19th, and the wound reported as "gunshot wound of the left hypochondriac region, perforating the colon, resulting in an artificial anus." He was discharged the service on January 5, 1864; disability, three-fourths. Pension Examiner O. J. Phelps, Picktoii, Ohio, under date of February 23, 1864, states: "One wound was in the left forearm, taking out a section of the ulna; another in the left side; ball entered just above the ilium ; ball probably remaining in. The third wound was in the flesh on the top of the right shoulder.
Disability, total ; in part permanent."

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Sergeant Erskine Carson, Co. I., 73rd., Ohio Infantry.

Ohio State Records.
Erskine Carson, Commissary Sergeant, age 23, Enlisted November 7, 1861, for 3, years.  Promoted from Sergeant Co. I., August 5, 1862.  Discharged October 29, 1862, for wounds received August 30, 1862, in battle of Second Bull Run, Virginia.
The wounding of Erskine Carson, I found very interesting in that he tells how he was wounded in battle and what happened to him will in the hospital.  I would liked to have copied the information but I was unable to do so, so I copied the pages from the files of the Surgeon General Office.
Erskine Carson case number is 651.  Those who would like to copy this information for their records may do so without asking. Push picture to enlarge.

Friday, November 22, 2013

Andrew Y. Austin, 23rd., Ohio Infantry.

Ohio State Records.

Andrew Y. Austin, Captain, Co. F., 23rd., Ohio Infantry.  Enlisted August, 1861, Age 23, for three years.  Promoted from 1st., Lieutenant Co. A., July 1, 1864.  Died September 8, 1864, of wounds received September 3, 1864, in battle of Berryville, Virginia.

Files from Surgeon General.

Andrew Y. Austin, Captain, 23rd., Ohio Infantry, Co. F.,  Date of injury; September 3, 1864.  Nature of injury; Shot fracture of the neck of the right humerus.  Date of operation; September 4, 1864.  Operation; Amputation of arm at shoulder joint.  Result; Died September 5, 1864.

Wounded Pennsylvania Soldiers.

This information was put together from the files of the Surgeon General Office.

1. Joseph S. Deyolia, 76th., Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. A., Private, Age 32, Mustered in August 27, 1861.  Wounded at Drury's Bluff, May 16, 1864.  Wounded in left thigh and knee, died June 1, 1864, of Gangrene.  Buried at Point Lookout, Maryland.

2. Abraham Kending, Private, 97th., Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. B., Mustered in March 15, 1864.  Wounded at Bermuda Hundred, May 18, 1864, Age  31.  Wounded in right left thigh, died of exhaustion, June 4, 1864.

3. John Merkel, Private, Co. A., 4th., Pennsylvania Cavalry, Age 30, thrown from his horse in September of 1862, falling onto a tree stump.  Discharged from service February 7, 1863.

4. William Blair, Corporal, Co. F., 63rd., Pennsylvania Infantry, Mustered in August 1, 1861, Age 26, Flesh wound by a conoidal ball, at Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864, wound became infected and died June 30, 1864.

5. Richard B. Seybert, Private, Co. H., 11th., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Wounded at Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862.  Had converted his tin cup into a pail, by putting a hoop of sixteenth of an inch iron wire to it and slinging it to the right side of his belt.  A conoidal musket ball struck the wire, twisting it and entered the abdominal walls.  He was returned to duty January , 1863.  His age was 26, years.  Pension was last paid March 2, 1872.

6. Warr'n D. Wikel, Private, Mustered in February 4, 1864, Co. D., 20th., Pennsylvania Cavalry, Age 18, wounded in left side of the abdomen, at Piedmont, June 5, 1864.  He was left on the field.  On September 1, 1864, he was paroled and placed on the flag of trpce steamer New York, and taken to Annapolis.  On October 14, 1864, at Mower Hospital, Philadelphia, he was discharged from the service.  On February 26, 11870, he was asking for a increase in his pension, in April 1873, the pension was still unadudicated..

7. Robert Johnson, private, mustered I August 16, 1862, Co. B., 138th., Pennsylvania Infantry, age 20.  Wounded at Mine Run, November 27, 1863.  A conoidal ball entered one inch to the right of the xiphoid appendage, passed downward and forward and lodged at the anterior third of the ninth rib.  Died December 20, 1963.

8. Matthew G. Allegar or Alleger, Corporal, mustered in August 31, 1863, age 23, at being wounded at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863.  Wound minie ball entered the abdomen and passing through the liver and gallbladder.  Died August 6, 1863.

9. John Green, private, mustered in August 16, 1862, Co. H., 148th., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Wounded at Gettysburg July 2, 1863.  Wound ball entered and fracturing the eight rib, ending one inch in the liver.  Died August 15, 1863.

10. Peter Fallenstein, Sergeant, muster in August 21, 1861, Co. F., 96th., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Age 28, at the time of being wounded at Winchester, September 19, 1864.  Wound ball through the liver.  He was returned to duty January 26, and mustered out of service June 29, 1865.  Pension last paid September 4, 1872..

11. Joseph S. Fry, Corporal, mustered in February 23, 1864, Co. B. & K., 14th., Pennsylvania Cavalry.  Wounded at Milwood, December 17, 1864, by a conoidal ball, entered to the right of the spine, wounding the lung and liver.  On May 31, 1865, he was discharged from the service.  Pension was paid to March 4, 1873.

12.  George P. Deichler, Lieutenant, mustered in August 29, 1861, Co. I., 69th., Pennsylvania Infantry, being 22 years at the time of being wounded by a conoidal musket ball at Hatcher's Run, Virginia, March 25, 1865, ball passing through the colon.

13. Jeremiah Labar, private, mustered in July 6, 1861, Co. E., 28th., Pennsylvania Infantry, was accidentally wounded by a falling comrade at Leesburg, March 12, 1862.  "Gunshot wound of the right side, ball passing through the liver".  Discharged from the service September 29, 1862, and pensioned.  In June 1866, pension was increased from eight to twenty dollars per month.  Died June 12, 1867.

14. Philip Hill, private, mustered in August 17, 1861, Co. C., 46th., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Wounded at Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862.  Ball entered the right natis and passed into the abdominal cavity.  Discharged from the service November 14, 1862, name is not on the pension list.

15. Warren Post, private, Co. G., 84th., Pennsylvania Infantry, age 18, at the time of being wounded.  Received a wound of the abdomen at Port Republie, June 9, 1862.  Discharged from service November 20, 1862, not a pensioner.

16. Charles Upjohn, Sergeant, mustered in September 11, 1862, Co. E., 191st., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Age 21, at the time of being wounded at Laurel Hill, Spottsyvania, May 12, 1864.  "Shot wound of the right thigh and scrotum".  Returned to duty April 14, 1865.  Discharged from service May 30, 1865, and pensioned.  Died July 3, 1873.

17. George M. Oberly, private, mustered in August 11, 1862, Co. D., 129th., Pennsylvania Infantry.  Wounded at Chancelloasville, May 3, 1863.  "Gunshot wound of the pelvis".   Returned to duty June 3, 1863.  Pension paid June 4, 1873.

18.  J. Williams, private, Co. A., 6th., Pennsylvania Cavalry, age 26, while in a state of intoxication resisted arrest and attempted to use violence, and one man of the provost guard stabbed him with his sword, in the upper left arm.  On October 16, 1862, he was ordered to report to duty.

19. Philip Smith, Sergeant, mustered in 1861, Co. E., 84th., Pennsylvania Infantry, 33 years at the time of being wounded, at South Side Railroad, September 30, 1864.  "Gunshot flesh wound of the right arm."  Died of exhaustion, November 22, 1864.

20. Walter Sobbee, private, mustered in September 4, 1861, Co. G., 61st., Pennsylvania Infantry, age 29, at the time of being wounded near Fort Stevens, July 12, 1864.  "Shot flesh wound of the right arm, by a minie ball."  Discharged from service November 10, 1864.

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Timothy E. Gay, 9th., Ohio, Cavalry.

Ohio State Records.

Timothy E. Gay, Private, Age 18, Enlisted in the 9th., Ohio, Cavalry Co. H., August 21, 1863, for three years.  Wounded at Floreoce, Ala., discharged November 25, 1865, at camp Dennison, Ohio, on Surgeon's Certificate of disability.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Timothy E. Gay, Co. H., 9th., Ohio Cavalry, Age 19, was shot in the left thigh while on guard duty, at Cypress Creek, April 22, 1864.  "Wound was the result of an accident".  The missile a carbine ball, entering the knee joint.  The upper third of the femur was amputated.  He was furnished with an artificial limb seven months after the injury, by the firm of Douglas Bly.  On November 17, 1864, he was discharge from the service and pensioned.  His pension was paid on September 4, 1879.

Charles Crandall, 2nd., N. Y. H. Artillery..

New York State Records.

CRANDALL, CHARLES.—Age, 18 years., Enlisted, December 29,1863, at Herkimer; mustered in as private, Co. K, January 7, 1864, to serve three years; discharged, December 12, 1864, at Carver General Hospital, Washington, D. C, of wounds received in action, May 19,1864, at Spottsylvania, Va.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Charles Crandall, Private, Co. K., 2nd., New York Artillery, Age 18 years, was wounded in the left foot, at Spottsylvania, May 18, 1864 and entered Carver Hospital at Washington six days afterwards.  "Wound was caused by a musket ball".  On May 29, 1864, a partial amputation of the foot.  September 30, 1864, the wound was entirely healed, but was still unable to stand on it.  He was discharged from the service December 12, 1864, and pensioned.  He died May 12, 1867.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Alexander Rutter, 100th., Pennsylvania Infantry.

Alexander Rutter, was mustered in the 100t., Pennsylvania infantry, Co. C., as a private, February 29, 1864, for three years.  Wounded at Bethesda Church, June 2, 1864, Age 20.  "A shot fracture of the right leg by a minie ball.  The leg was amputated and later he was transferred to Judiciary Square Hospital, where he was furnished with a artificial limb, by the Jewett's Patent Leg Company.  He was discharged from the service May 4, 1865, and pensioned.  His pension was paid June 4, 1880.

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Daniel S. Crawford, 47th., Pennsylvania Infantry.

Daniel S. Crawford.

Birth: May 24, 1844, Mount Bethel, Northampton County, Pennsylvania.
Death: Feb. 16, 1881, West Point, Cuming County, Nebraska.

Wife: Emmeline Wolfe Crawford (1846 - 1935).

Children: Mary Crawford (1872 - 1974), Newton W. Crawford (1873 - 1948).

Burial: Mount Hope Cemetery, West Point, Cuming County, Nebraska.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Daniel S. Crawford, Enlisted July 1, 1864, mustered in the same, as a private, Co. A. 47th., Pennsylvania infantry, age 20.  Was wounded at Cesar Creek, October 19, 1864.  He had received a shot of the right leg of the lower third which a amputation was performed.  He was sent to Jarvis Hospital where he was discharged from the service May 31, 1865.  He was afterwards supplied with a "Palmer", artificial leg.  His pension was paid June 4, 1880.

Saturday, November 16, 2013

Isaac C. Fulton, 4th, N. Y. Heavy Artillery.

New York State Records.

Isaac C. Fulton, Age 18 years.  Enlisted January 26, 1864, at Claverack; mustered in as a private, Co. I., January 26, 1864, to serve three years, wounded date not stated; died of wounds October 1, 1864, at City Point, Virginia.

Files of the Surgeon General.

Isaac C. Fulton, private, Co. I., 4th., New York,, Heavy Artillery, was wounded, October 1, 1864, in the trenches before Petersburg by a fragment of a shell which shattered the upper extremity of his left femur and lacerated the soft tissues on the outside of the thigh.   He was immediately carried to the second corps field hospital.  A consultation was held, at which time it was determined that an amputation at the hip joint was the only resource that could possibly preserve life.  Isaac C. Fulton, survived the shock of the injury and operation, but a few hours, and died at City Point, Virginia, October 1, 1864, "Died from Shock".

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Faces Of Officers Of The 19th., Illinois Infantry.

Here is a group picture of officers of the 19th.,  there well be no information on these men.
I posted this picture in the hope it will give you a chance to have a picture of your ancestor if you didn't have one.

Push to enlarge.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Jacob Harp, Pennsylvania.

Jacob Harp, Private, 23rd., Pennsylvania infantry, Company B., Mustered in August 2, 1861, for 3 years.  Re-enlisted, Transferred from Company F., killed At Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864, Veteran.

Authors note.  If you
have any info you would like to add to the page let me know.

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Ex-Slave Lewis Evans.

Lewis Evans, was 96 years old when he told his story, no date is given.

Lewis Evans lives on the lands of the estate of the late C.L. Smith,about ten miles southwest of Winnsboro, S.C. The house is a two-room frame structure, with a chimney in the center. He has the house and garden lot, free of rent, for the rest of his life, by the expressed wish of Mr. Smith before his demise. The only other occupant is his wife, Nancy, who is his third wife and much younger than Lewis. She does all the work about the home. They exist from the produce of the garden, output of fowls, and the small pension Lewis receives. They raise a pig each year. This gives them their meat for the succeeding year.

"Who I b'long to? Where was I born? White folks tell me I born after de stars fell, (1833), but maybe I too little to 'member de day. Just have to go by what I hear them say. Think it was 'bout 1841. All accounts is, I was born a slave of Marster John Martin, near Jenkinsville. Old Mistress, his wife, named Miss Margaret. All I can 'member 'bout them is dis: They had 'bout fifteen slaves, me 'mongst them. His daughter married a doctor, Doctor Harrison. I was sold to Maj. William Bell, who lived 'bout ten or twelve miles from old Marster. I's a good size boy then. Maj. Bell had ten families when I got dere. Put me to hoein' in de field and dat fall I picked cotton. Next year us didn't have cotton planters. I was took for one of de ones to plant de cotton seed by drappin' de seed in de drill. I had a bag 'round my neck, full of seeds, from which I'd take handfuls and sow them 'long in de row. Us had a horse-gin and screwpit, to git de cotton fit for de market in Charleston. Used four mules to gin de cotton and one mule to pack it in a bale. Had rope ties and all kinds of bagging. Seems to me I 'members seein' old flour sacks doubled for to put de cotton bales in, in de screw-press.

"Us raised many cows, hogs, sheep, and goats on de Bell place. Us worked hard. Us all had one place to eat. Had two women cooks and plenty to eat, cooked in big pots and ovens. Dere was iron pegs in and up de kitchen chimneys, chain and hooks to hold pots 'bove de fire. Dat's de way to boil things, meats and things out de garden.

"Whippin's? Yes sir, I got 'most skinned alive once, when I didn't bring up de cows one Sunday. Got in a fight wid one of Miss Betsie Aiken's hands and let de cows git away, was de cause of de whippin'. I was 'shamed to tell him 'bout de fight. Maj. Bell, dis time, whipped me. hisself.

"My white folks was psalm singers. I done drove them to de old brick church on Little River every Sabbath, as they call Sunday. Dere was Miss Margaret, his wife, Miss Sallie and Miss Maggie and de two young marsters, Tom and Hugh. De two boys and me in front and my mistress and de two girls behind. Maj. Bell, when he went, rode his saddle horse.

"Who-ee! Don't talk to dis nigger 'bout patrollers. They run me many a time. You had to have a pass wid your name on it, who you b'long to, where gwine to, and de date you expected back. If they find your pass was to Mr. James' and they ketch you at Mr. Rabb's, then you got a floggin', sure and plenty. Maj. Bell was a kind master and would give us Saturday. Us would go fishin' or rabbit huntin' sometime.

"Us had two doctors, Doctor Furman and Doctor Davis. White folks care for you when you sick. I didn't have no money in slavery time, didn't have no use for none. Us had no quarters, houses just here and dere on de place, 'round de spring where us got water.

"My Marster went to de old war and was a major. He had brass buttons, butterflies on his shoulders, and all dat, when he come back.

"De Yankees come. Fust thing they look for was money. They put a pistol right in my forehead and say: 'I got to have your money, where is it?' Dere was a gal, Caroline, who had some money; they took it away from her. They took de geese, de chickens and all dat was worth takin' off de place, stripped it. Took all de meat out de smoke-house, corn out de crib, cattle out de pasture, burnt de gin-house and cotton. When they left, they shot some cows and hogs and left them lying right dere. Dere was a awful smell round dere for weeks after.

"Somethin' d'rected me, when I was free, to go work where I was born, on de Martin place. I married Mary Douglas, a good-lookin' wench. A Yankee took a fancy to her and she went off wid de Yankee. She stayed a long time, then come back, but I'd done got Preacher Rice to marry me to Louvinia then. Dis second wife was a good gal. I raised ten chillun by her, but I's outlived them all but Manuel, Clara and John. When Louvinia passed out, I got Magistrate Smith to jine me and Nancy. She's still livin'. Home sick now, can't do nothin'.

"White people been good to me. I've been livin' in dis home, free of rent, given me for life by Mr. Jim Smith, 'cause I was his faithful servant twenty years.

"Many times I's set up in de gallery of de old brick church on Little River. They had a special catechism for de slaves, dat asked us who made you, what He made you out of, and what He made you for? I ain't forgot de answers to dis day.

"Marster Major give us Chris'mas day and a pass to visit 'bout but we sho' had to be back and repo't befo' nine o'clock dat same day.

"I got my name after freedom. My pappy b'long to Mr. David R. Evans. His name was Steve; wasn't married reg'lar to my mammy. So when I went to take a name in Reconstruction, white folks give me Lewis Evans.

"I b'longs to de Baptist church. Am trustin' in de Lord. He gives me a conscience and I knows when I's doin' right and when de devil is ridin' me and I's doin' wrong. I never worry over why He made one child white and one child black. He make both for His glory. I sings 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, Jesus Gwine Carry Me Home.' Ain't got many more days to stay. I knows I'm gwine Home."

Friday, November 08, 2013

Rebel Spy, John M. Goldsmith.

On June 24, 1861, near Mathias Point, Virginia, the U. S. S. Resolute under the command of acting Master Budd made a descent on Dr. Hooe, house.  Dr. Hooe home was a depot for the rebels.  Dr. Hooe was the owner and proprietor of the depot.  He had sent word to the rebels to burn the Christiana Keen ( A New Jersey Schooner which was burned later).  Dr. Hooe had a number of mounted troopers quartered in and lying about his premises.  Their purpose was protecting boats which got across Maryland with men ect.

Dr. Hooe's place was a barrack's and had accommodations put up in his schoolhouse and outhouses for twenty-five men.  When the U. S. S. Resolute attacked there won't many enemy troopers at the house.  After landing the premises was set a fire and completely destroyed.

After the attack a Dragoon uniform ( Officers ), was found.  It was found that one of the rebel agents was a spy and the uniform was his.

The Spy was John M. Goldsmith, was an officer, he was small and slight of figure, had short black hair and a small black moustache.  He had no whiskers, had deep blue eyes, he had a small head and face.  HIs complexion was fair, he was quick in action and speech and had a strong voice.

Goldsmith came across from Baltimore on the 21st, and went to Fredericksburg, then returned from Fredericksburg and left Dr. Hooe's house the evening before the attack.  He is supposed to be there purchasing revolvers.

Authors note.  The Doctor's name was either Hooe or Howe, neither the Rebel's or union was for sure.  It was not known if the spies real name was Goldsmith as spies used many different names.  However there was a Private, John M. Goldsmith, in the First Maryland Infantry, Co. H., was this the same man, only more research well tell.

The information above was put together from two reports taken from the files of the ( Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion ), Series !. Vol. 4, p. 533-536.

Thursday, November 07, 2013

U. S. S. Shawmut.

USS Shawmut was a 593-ton steamer acquired by the U.S. Navy and put to use by the Union during the American Civil War.

Shawmut served the Union Navy primarily as a gunboat with howitzers for bombardment, and various other rifles and cannon for use at sea in apprehending blockade runners attempting to “run” the Union blockade of the Confederate States of America.

Shawmut—a screw gunboat begun on 2 February 1863 by the Portsmouth Navy Yard (Kittery, Maine) -- was launched on 17 April 1863; sponsored by Miss Lucy Hall; departed Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on 20 October 1863; was towed to New York City where her engine and machinery were installed by the South Brooklyn Works; was delivered to the Union Navy on 16 October 1864; and commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 1 November 1864, Lt. Comdr. George U. Morris in command.

Two days later, Shawmut got underway to search for Confederate Navy commerce raider, CSS Tallahassee (renamed Olustee), which had recently preyed upon Northern shipping off the Delaware capes. After cruising in Nova Scotian waters without seeing or hearing of her quarry, Shawmut returned to the Portsmouth Navy Yard on the 20th.

On 9 January 1865, the gunboat was ordered to proceed to Wilmington, North Carolina, to join the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. She participated in the attack on and capture of Fort Anderson, North Carolina, from 18 to 20 February. On the latter day, a boat from Shawmut was destroyed by a torpedo (the Civil War term for a mine) as it swept waters in the area.

U. S. S. Shawmut, February 20, 1865.

Casualties from a torpedo explosion under the bow of the Shawmut.
James Cobb, Seaman, Killed.
James Hayes, Seaman, Drowned.
Acting Ensign, W. B. Trufant, Severely wounded.
Martin Wall, Seaman, Slightly wounded.

Wednesday, November 06, 2013

Wilson J. Wells, 144th, N. Y. Infantry.

New York State Records.

WELLS, WILSON.—Age, 18 years. Enlisted, August 30, 1862, at -Masonville, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co.B, September 27, 1S62; promoted corporal. October 1, 1864; wounded in action, November 30, 1864, at Honey Hill, S. C.; died of his wounds, December 2, 1864, in hospital, at Hilton Head, S. C; also borne as Wilson J. Wells.

Files of the Surgeon General.

CASE 219. Corporal W. J. Wells, Co. B, 144th New York, aged 19 years, was wounded in the abdomen at Honey Hill, November 30, 1864. He was taken to the regimental hospital, where Surgeon John R Leal, 144th New York, records the case as a "gunshot wound of the bowels; mortal." On the same day, the patient was transferred to the hospital at Hilton Head, where Assistant Surgeon John F. Huber, U. S. V., notes the injury as a " lesion of the small intestines from a fragment of shell." Death resulted December 2, 1864. A knuckle of the jejunum was divided, and the contents of the bowel had passed into the peritoneal cavity.

Burial: Beaufort National Cemetery, Beaufort, Beaufort County, South Carolina.

Tuesday, November 05, 2013

Ogden B. Reed.

Captain Ogden B. Reed.
Push to enlarge.
Ogden B. Reed, a younger son of Hon. David Reed, was born in Colchester, Vt., Sept. 16th, 1843. At the time of the breaking out of the civil war he was a student in the University of Vermont, a member of the class of 1864.  When the President's call for troops in July, 1862, was issued, he abandoned his college course and enlisted as a private soldier, with his older brother, James M. Reed, with a company then being organized by Giles F. Appleton. This organization became Co. D, Tenth Regiment Vermont Volunteers, and Appleton its Captain.

Reed was mustered into the U. S. service with the regiment, continuing in the ranks until Dec. 26th, when he was promoted a Corporal and retained this position, sharing in all the experiences of the regiment until the 28th of March, 1864. He was then discharged for appointment in the colored troops and commissioned a Captain in the Thirty- ninth U. S. Colored Infantry. In a few days less than a year, he was appointed Brevet Major of Volunteers, and mustered out with the regiment in the following December.

Brevet Major Reed had now become attached to the military service and decided to take up the profession of a soldier as an occupation for the remainder of his life. He was appointed a Second Lieutenant in the Eleventh U. S. Infantry on the 23d of February, 1866. April 25th he was made a First Lieutenant and transferred to the Twelfth U. S. Infantry. In September following, he was returned to the Eleventh Infantry and promoted a Captain Jan. 23d, 1873.

He was engaged while in the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac, at Bristow Station, Kelly's Ford, Brandy Station, Locust Grove and Mine Run ; in the Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac, in the Wilderness campaign, 1864 ; siege of Petersburg ; Petersburg mine, July 30, 1864, severely wounded. He was on general recruiting service from Sept. 18th 1874, to Oct. 1st, 1876, and in action with the hostile Sioux near Poplar river, Montana, Jan. 2d, 1881.

Further than this, of the character and extent of Captain Reed's services, either in the Volunteer or the Regular Army, there are no means of knowing. Judging, however, from the length of time he served and the frequency of his promotions, it may be inferred that his record was creditable to himself and satisfactory to his superior officers and to the Government. He died a tragic death at the U. S. Barracks, Plattsburgh, N. Y., April 13, 1889.